|Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic|
|Republic within the Russian SFSR|
Map of the territory claimed by the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Republic.
|Capital||"Kharkov, later "Luhansk|
|Government||"Soviet Socialist Republic|
|Chairman of the "Sovnarkom||"Fyodor Sergeyev|
|Historical era||"World War I|
|•||Established||12 February 1918|
|•||"Treaty of Brest-Litovsk||3 March 1918|
|•||Incorporated into the "Ukrainian SSR||20 March 1918|
|Today part of|
Part of "a series on the
|"History of Ukraine|
|"" "Ukraine portal|
The "Donetsk–"Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic ("Russian: Донецко-Криворожская советская республика) was a self-declared "Soviet republic of the "Russian SFSR founded on 12 February 1918. The republic claimed "self-determined" territories in the "Ukrainian Treaty of Brest-Litovsk; it was founded three days after the government of Ukraine signed the treaty with the Germans, which recognised the borders of the "Ukrainian People's Republic, within which the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was located. On 29 March 1918 it became a republic within the "Ukrainian Soviet Republic, where it was merged with the "Ukrainian People's Republic of Soviets (capital in Kharkov, founded 25 December 1917) and the "Odessa Soviet Republic (founded 1 March 1918), until the last was fully occupied by the German forces.
The Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic claimed the territories south of the neighbouring "Ukrainian People's Republic, which included the "Donbass, "Kharkov, "Yekaterinoslav, and part of the "Kherson Governorates. In the beginning, the republic's capital was the city of Kharkov, but later with the retreat of the "Red Guard it was moved to "Luhansk. The Soviet government of Russia supported it as the existence of the state set an anarchy in the region.["clarification needed] The newly created government challenged the authority of the "General Secretariat of Ukraine and the "People's Secretariat. Some of the commissars held positions as secretaries in another Bolshevik government in Ukraine, the People's Secretariat.
The Republic was disbanded at the second "All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets on 20 March 1918 when the independence of Soviet Ukraine was announced. It failed to achieve recognition, either internationally or by the Russian SFSR and in accordance with the March "Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was abolished.
The legacy of the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was revived during the "War in Donbass that began in 2014. On 5 February 2015, the legislature of the unrecognised separatist "Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) adopted a memorandum declaring the DPR to be the legal successor to the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, with "Artyom as its founding father. The flag of the Donetsk People's Republic is claimed by the separatist authorities to be based on the flag of Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic. However, there is no proof of any such flag in 1918. The current flag is most likely based on Interdvizheniye Donbasa, an organisation whose roots started only in August 1989, in a lecture theatre of Donetsk University.
But Vladimir Kornilov, the world's leading – and only – specialist on the short-lived state (and author of The Assassinated Dream, a book on its history), does not agree. ... The myths that grew around the Republic, [Kornilov] added, led to distorted views of its history, and 'pictures of some flag which was never actually used.' In fact, the flag used by the Donetsk People's Republic is, with alterations, that of the International Movement for Donbas or the Interdvizheniye Donbasa, an organisation whose roots started only in August 1989, in a lecture theatre of Donetsk University.