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Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic
  • Донецко-Криворожская
  • советская республика
Republic within Russian SFSR
Map of the territory claimed by the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Republic.
Capital "Kharkov, later "Luhansk
Languages "Russian
Government "Republics of the Soviet Union
Chairman of the "Sovnarkom "Fyodor Sergeyev
Legislature "Soviet council
Historical era "World War I
 •  Established 12 February 1918
 •  "Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 3 March 1918
 •  Incorporated into the "Ukrainian SSR 20 March 1918[4]
Currency "Ruble
Preceded by
Succeeded by
"Russian SFSR
"Ukrainian People's Republic
"Ukrainian Soviet Republic
Today part of
Part of "a series on the
"History of Ukraine
""Arms of Ukraine
""Flag of Ukraine.svg "Ukraine portal

The "Donetsk–"Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic ("Russian: Донецко-Криворожская советская республика) was a self-declared "Soviet republic of the "Russian SFSR founded on 12 February 1918. The republic claimed self-determined territories in "treaties of Brest-Litovsk; it was founded three days after the government of Ukraine signed the treaty with Germans, which recognised the borders of "Ukrainian People's Republic, within which the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was located. On 29 March 1918 it became a republic within "Ukrainian Soviet Republic, where it was merged with "Ukrainian People's Republic of Soviets (capital in Kharkov, founded 25 December 1917) and "Odessa Soviet Republic (founded 1 March 1918), until the last was fully occupied by the German forces according to treaties of Brest-Litovsk.

The Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic claimed the territories south of the neighbouring "Ukrainian People's Republic, which included the "Donbass, "Kharkov, "Yekaterinoslav, and part of the "Kherson Governorates. In the beginning, the republic's capital was the city of "Kharkov, but later with the retreat of the "Red Guard it was moved to "Luhansk. The Soviet government of Russia supported it as the existence of the state set an anarchy in the region.["clarification needed] The newly created government challenged the authority of the "General Secretariat of Ukraine and the "People's Secretariat. Some of the commissars held positions of secretaries in another Bolshevik government in Ukraine, the "People's Secretariat.

The Republic was disbanded at the second "All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets on 20 March 1918 when the independence of Soviet Ukraine was announced. It failed to achieve recognition, either internationally or by the "Russian SFSR and in accordance with the "Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was abolished.

The legacy of the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was revived during the "War in Donbass that began in 2014. On 5 February 2015, the legislature of the unrecognised separatist "Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) adopted a memorandum declaring the DPR to be the legal successor to the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, with "Artyom as its founding father.[5] The flag of the "Donetsk People's Republic is claimed by the separatist authorities to be based on the flag of Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic. However, there is no proof of any such flag in 1918. The current flag is most likely based on Interdvizheniye Donbasa, an organisation whose roots started only in August 1989, in a lecture theatre of Donetsk University.[1]



After a government crisis and resignation of Vasilchenko, Zhakov and Filov on 29 March 1918, the Sovnarkom relocated from "Kharkiv to "Luhansk.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ""A black-blue-red tricolour has widely been attributed to the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Republic, and is used by organisations such as the self-proclaimed "Donetsk People's Republic. There is no historical record of this flag having been used in 1918, however, and the tricolour is believed to have originated with the International Movement for Donbass in the 1980s.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ a b Edwards, Maxim (9 June 2014). "Symbolism of the Donetsk People's Republic". "openDemocracy. Retrieved 3 June 2017. But Vladimir Kornilov, the world's leading – and only – specialist on the short-lived state (and author of The Assassinated Dream, a book on its history), does not agree. ... The myths that grew around the Republic, [Kornilov] added, led to distorted views of its history, and 'pictures of some flag which was never actually used.' In fact, the flag used by the Donetsk People's Republic is, with alterations, that of the International Movement for Donbas or the Interdvizheniye Donbasa, an organisation whose roots started only in August 1989, in a lecture theatre of Donetsk University. 
  2. ^ Novikova, Galina (24 April 2014). 'Донецкая республика' существовала еще при Ющенко ['Donetsk Republic' existed even prior Yushchenko]. Komsomolskaya Pravda (in Russian). Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Volynets, Aleksei (15 April 2014). Донецкая республика: мифы и реальность [Donetsk Republic: myths and reality]. (in Russian). Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
  4. ^ Soldatenko, Valerii (4–10 December 2004). Донецко-Криворожская республика — иллюзии и практика национального нигилизма [Donets-Krivoy Rog Republic - the illusions and practice of national nihilism]. "Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian) (49 (524)). Archived from the original on 22 September 2007. 
  5. ^ "The DPR became a legal successor of the Donetsk-Krivoy-Rog Republic". 5 February 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

"Coordinates: 49°54′00″N 36°18′00″E / 49.9000°N 36.3000°E / 49.9000; 36.3000

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