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Erkenwald
"Bishop of London
""Chertsey Breviary - St. Erkenwald.jpg
Erkenwald teaching monks in a historiated initial from the Chertsey Breviary (c.1300)
Province "Canterbury
Installed 675
Term ended 693
Predecessor "Wine
Successor "Waldhere
Other posts "Abbot of "Chertsey
Orders
Consecration "c. 675
Personal details
Born circa 630
"Kingdom of Lindsey
Died 693
"Barking Abbey
Buried "Old St Paul's Cathedral, London
Denomination "Christianity
Sainthood
Feast day 13 May
24 April
30 April
14 November in England
Attributes bishop in a small chariot, which he used for travelling his diocese; with Saint "Ethelburga of Barking
Patronage against gout, London
Shrines "St. Paul's, London

Erkenwald[a] (died 693) was "Bishop of London in the "Anglo-Saxon "Christian church between 675 and 693.

Life[edit]

Erkenwald was born at "Lindsey in "Lincolnshire,[1] and was supposedly of royal ancestry.[2] Erkenwald gave up his share of family money["citation needed] to help establish two "Benedictine abbeys, "Chertsey Abbey in "Surrey[3] in 661 for men, and "Barking Abbey for women.[1][4] His sister, "Æthelburg, was Abbess of Barking,[1][5] while he served as "Abbot of Chertsey.[6]

In 675, Erkenwald became the Bishop of London, after "Wine.[7] He was the choice of Archbishop "Theodore of Canterbury.[6] While bishop, he contributed to King "Ine of Wessex's law code, and is mentioned specifically in the code as a contributor.[8] He is also reputed to have converted "Sebba, King of the East Saxons to Christianity in 677.["citation needed] Current historical scholarship credits Erkenwald with a large role in the evolution of Anglo-Saxon charters, and it is possible that he drafted the charter of Caedwalla to Farnham.[5] King Ine of Wessex named Erkenwald as an advisor on his laws.[9]

Erkenwald died in 693[7] and his remains were buried at "Old St Paul's Cathedral. His grave was a popular place of pilgrimage in the Middle Ages, and was destroyed together with a number of other tombs in the cathedral during the Reformation.[10]["page needed]

Erkenwald's "feast day is 30 April, with translations being celebrated on 1 February and 13 May.[2] He is the "patron saint of London.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also Ercenwald, Earconwald, Erkenwald, Eorcenwald or Erconwald

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Walsh A New Dictionary of Saints p. 182
  2. ^ a b Farmer Oxford Dictionary of Saints p. 175
  3. ^ Kirby Earliest English Kings p. 83
  4. ^ Yorke "Adaptation of the Anglo-Saxon Royal Courts" Cross Goes North pp. 250–251
  5. ^ a b Kirby Earliest English Kings p. 102
  6. ^ a b Kirby Earliest English Kings pp. 95–96
  7. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 219
  8. ^ Yorke Conversion of Britain p. 235
  9. ^ Kirby Earliest English Kings p. 103
  10. ^ Thornbury, Walter Old and New London: Volume 1, 1878.
  11. ^ Farmer Oxford Dictionary of Saints p. 494

References[edit]

External links[edit]

"Christian titles
Preceded by
"Wine
"Bishop of London
675–693
Succeeded by
"Waldhere
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