The new treaty was proposed with plans drawn up in 2004 to introduce a "monetary union with a common currency, the "East African shilling, some time between 2012 and 2015. There were also plans for a "political union, the East African Federation, with a common President (initially on a rotation basis) and a common parliament by 2010. However, some experts like those based out of the public think tank "Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), noted that the plans were too ambitious to be met by 2010 because a number of political, social and economic challenges are yet to be addressed. The proposal was the subject of National Consultative discussions, and a final decision was to be taken by the EAC Heads of State in mid-2007. In 2013 a protocol was signed outlining their plans for launching a monetary union within 10 years.
Single tourist visa
|This article is part of a series on the
"politics and government of
the African Union
It had been hoped that an East African Single Tourist Visa may have been ready for November 2006, if it was approved by the relevant sectoral authorities under the EAC's integration programme. Had it been approved, the visa would have been valid for all three current member states of the EAC (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda). Under the proposal for the visa, any new EAC single visa could be issued by any member state's embassy. The visa proposal followed an appeal by the tourist boards of the partner states for a common visa to accelerate promotion of the region as a single tourist destination and the EAC Secretariat wanted it approved before November's World Travel Fair (or World Travel Market) in London. When approved by the EAC's council of ministers, tourists could apply for one country's entry visa which would then be applicable in all regional member states as a single entry requirement initiative.
A single East African Tourist Visa for the EAC countries of Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda has been available since 2014.
As of July 2015, the combined population of all five EAC member states was 169,519,847. The EAC would have the ninth largest population in the world, if considered a single entity.
Largest population centres of East African Community
National Bureau of Statistics (Tanzania) CIA Factbook Open Data Kenya
|Rank||City name||"State||Pop.||Rank||City name||"State||Pop.|
"Dar es Salaam
|1||" "Dar es Salaam||"Tanzania||4,364,541||11||"Mbeya||"Tanzania||385,279||""
|2||" "Nairobi||"Kenya||3,768,000||12||"Juba||"South Sudan||321,000|
The EAC contains 5 cities with populations of over one million, the largest being Dar es Salaam. "Kampala is the largest urban centre located on "Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world and "Mwanza coming in second and "Kisumu third.
|This paragraph needs additional citations for "verification. (April 2016) ("Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
The East African Community's current urban population stands at about 20%
(Billions of $US)
(Billions of $US)
|East African Community||169,519,847||411.813||158.568||68.35|
"English is designated as the official language of the EAC, with "Kiswahili, often known as Swahili, designated for development as the "lingua franca of the community. Within the EAC, there are two countries whose official language is "French: Rwanda and Burundi. Numerous local languages are also spoken: for example, there are 56 "local languages spoken in "Uganda and 42 "local languages in Kenya. "Kinyarwanda is spoken in "Rwanda and Uganda. In Kenya and Uganda, the medium of instruction in all schools is English.["citation needed]
East African passport
The East African passport was launched on 1 April 1999. The East African passport has been introduced as a travel document to ease border crossing for EAC residents. It is valid for travel within the EAC countries only and will entitle the holder to a multi-entry stay of renewable six months' validity in any of the countries. The passport is issued in three of the five EAC member states ("Kenya, "Uganda and "Tanzania). The passports are available at the headquarters of the respective Immigration Departments in "Nairobi, "Kampala and "Dar es Salaam. Only East African nationals may apply to be issued with the passports. The passport costs US$10 or the equivalent in EAC currencies. Processing of applications for the passports will normally take two to three weeks. Although the passport is only valid within the EAC, modalities of internationalising the East African passport were being discussed with the aim towards having a common travel document for EAC residents by 2006.
Other measures meant to ease border crossing for East African Community residents include the issuance of interstate passes (which commenced on 1 July 2003), a single immigration Departure/Entry card (adopted by all three member states), the finalisation of harmonised procedures of work permits and the classification process, and the compilation of studies on the Harmonization of Labour Laws and Employment Policies (now in its final stages).
Current leaders of the EAC
- 2000-2001 " "Francis Muthaura
- 2001–2006 " "Amanya Mushega
- 2006–2011 " "Juma Mwapachu
- 2011–2016 " "Richard Sezibera
- 2016-present " "Libérat Mfumukeko
Comparison with other regional blocs
|"African Economic Community
|Area (km²)||Population||GDP (PPP) ($US)||Member
|in millions||per capita|
|Area (km²)||Population||GDP (PPP) ($US)||Member
|in millions||per capita|
|1 Economic bloc inside a pillar REC
2 Proposed for pillar REC, but objecting participation
smallest value among the blocs compared
largest value among the blocs compared
During 2004. Source: "CIA World Factbook 2005, IMF WEO Database
- "17th EAC Extra Ordinary summit
- "EAC Railway Masterplan
- "East African Federation
- "East African Community Treaty
- "Economy of Africa
- "List of Trade blocs
- "Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
- "Southern African Development Community (SADC)
- "Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
- "Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
- "Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
- The World Fact Book, United States Central Intelligence Agency, accessed 3 December 2016
- International Montetary Fund - Population Estimate for 2016, accessed 3 December 2016
- "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- International Monetary Fund - Gross Domestic Product (Current Dollars) Estimate for 2016, accessed 3 December 2016
- "East African Community – Quick Facts". Eac.int. Archived from the original on 19 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "FACTBOX-East African common market begins". Reuters. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "East African trade bloc approves monetary union deal". Reuters. 30 November 2013.
- "From Co-operation to Community". eac.int. Archived from the original on 2008-05-10.
- "EAC Update E-newsletter". www.eac.int. Directorate of Corporate Communications and Public Affairs. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- "East African Economic Community". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "– Born in anonymity". Ms.dk. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- East African trade zone off to creaky start, Christian Science Monitor, 9 March 2006
- We Celebrated at EAC Collapse, Says Njonjo.
- "History of the EAC". EAC. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
- "East African Nations agree to disagree". All Africa. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
- "South Sudan: Big trading potential for EAC". IGIHE. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- Mazimpaka, Magnus (8 July 2011). "South Sudan: Rwanda Hopeful of South's Strategic Link to North Africa". allAfrica. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- "Welcome South Sudan to EAC!". East African Business Week. 10 July 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- "South Sudan to link to Kenya oil pipeline". Reuters. 6 July 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "South Sudan needs African neighbours to survive". DAWN. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- "South Sudan 'free to join the EAC'". The Citizen. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- Amos, Machel (17 September 2011). "South Sudan delays membership in regional bloc". Daily Nation. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- South Sudan readies for EAC membership
- "Uganda says South Sudan likely to join EAC in 2014". Xinhua News Agency. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Ugandan MPs oppose South Sudan joining East African community". The Africa Report. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Tanzania warms up to South Sudan membership". The EastAfrican. 8 December 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
- "EAC prepares to admit South Sudan". The EastAfrican. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
- "allAfrica.com: East Africa: EAC to Decide On South Sudan Admission by April 2014". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- "South Sudan defers EAC admission". The Observer. Observer Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "East Africa: South Sudan's Push to Join EAC Gains Momentum", The East African, reported by Fred Oluoch, 7 November 2015, reprinted at allAfrica.com, accessed 14 November 2015
- "South Sudan admitted into EAC", Daily Nation, 2 March 2016, reprinted at nation.co.ke, accessed 4 March 2016
- "COMMUNIQUÉ: SIGNING CEREMONY OF THE TREATY OF ACCESSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN INTO THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY". East African Community. 2016-04-15. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
- "Germany Ambassador pays courtesy call on EAC Secretary General". East African Community. 2016-05-09. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- "Republic of South Sudan deposits Instruments of Ratification on the accession of the Treaty for the establishment of the East African Community to the Secretary General". East African Community. 2016-09-05. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- CIA, The World Factbook, Country Comparison by Area
- IMF Report for Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda on Population, GDP, GDP per Capita (2014) — Burundian GDP and all populations except Ugandian are estimates. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "imf_data" defined multiple times with different content (see the "help page).
- Report by the International Monetery Fund for Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda on purchasing power parity GDP, purchasing power parity GDP per capita (staff estimates for 2017)
- David Booth, Diana Cammack, Thomas Kibua and Josaphat Kwek (2007) East African integration: How can it contribute to East African development? "Overseas Development Institute
- allAfrica.com: Tanzania: Fast-Tracking Political Federation
- EAC federation fears justified? Tanzania's Daily News on Saturday; 5 May 2007
- Kenya: Tears for Mt Elgon as Schools Re-Open
- Sabiny Demand Land as Karamajong Raid Reduce
- http://www.eala.org/new/magazine/file". [PDF] Removal of NTBs top priority for EAC
- "Daily Times | Malawi News | Sunday Times | The Weekend Times". The BNL Times. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- Ihucha, Adam (18 September 2011). "EAC split on Khartoum's bid to join community". The East African. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- "Why Sudan's EAC application was rejected". 2011-12-05. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "Somalia applies to join EAC bloc". "98.4 Capital FM. 2012-03-06.
- "COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 14TH ORDINARY SUMMIT OF EAC HEADS OF STATE". East African Community. 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
THE SUMMIT CONSIDERED THE APPLICATION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF SOMALIA TO JOIN THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY. THE SUMMIT DIRECTED THE COUNCIL TO ENGAGE THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF SOMALIA AND UNDERTAKE A VERIFICATION PROCESS OF THE APPLICATION AND REPORT AT THE 15TH SUMMIT OF EAC HEADS OF STATE.
- "East African body rejects S. Sudan, Somalia membership bids". 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "Not yet, S. Sudan and Somalia told by East Africa Community". Daily Nation. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- Agritrade. "Final stage of EPA negotiations generating tensions between EAC members". CTA. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Agritrade. "Launch of EAC–US TIP negotiations potentially complicated by other trade agreements". CTA. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "EA Market Protocol officially launched". Kenya Broadcasting Corporation. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "Five East African Nations to Declare Common Market Tomorrow". Business Week. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "Kenya fetes EAC Common Market with work permit fee waiver". Business Daily. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "What are the goodies in the EAC Common Market Protocol?". The Standard. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "Dawn of an era for East Africans". The Standard. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "Kenya Fights Off Port Competition With $13 Billion Plan: Freight". Bloomberg L.P. 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- Millennium IT. "Live Trading commences at Nairobi Stock Exchange". millenniumit.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- *Sunday Nation (Business Sunday) – 7 January 2007
- "Single East African visa for tourists coming in November". Archived from the original on 2008-05-31.
- "East Africa geared for single tourist entry visa program". Archived from the original on 2009-03-05.
- Fran. "In 2014: a single East African visa for seamless traveling". Your African Safari. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- "http://myuganda.co.ug/uganda-tribes-and-languages" . Uganda Tribes and Languages
- "http://myuganda.co.ug/uganda-tribes-and-languages". List of Uganda Tribes and Languages
- "East African Community (EAC)". Africa-union.org. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "Ministers Sign Memorandum of Understanding". EAC News ... Archived from the original on 2007-09-28.
- "Travelling in East Africa". Archived from the original on 2008-05-11.
|""||Wikimedia Commons has media related to East African Community.|