|"Province of "Belgium|
|• Governor||Jan Briers|
|• Total||2,991 km2 (1,155 sq mi)|
|Population (1 January 2017)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
East Flanders ("Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen "[ˌoːst ˈflaːndərə(n)] ("" listen), "French: (Province de) Flandre-Orientale, "German: Ostflandern) is a "province of "Flanders, one of the three "regions of "Belgium. It borders (clockwise from the North) on "Zeelandic Flanders (the "Netherlands) and (in "Belgium) on the provinces of "Antwerp, "Flemish Brabant (both in "Flanders), of "Hainaut ("Wallonia) and of "West Flanders ("Flanders). It has an area of 2,991 km² which is divided into six administrative districts (arrondissementen in Dutch) containing 65 municipalities. The provincial population is 1,408,484 and the capital is "Ghent.
During the short-lived "Napoleonic Empire, most of the area of the modern province was part of the "Department of Escaut, named after the "River Scheldt. Following the defeat of "Napoleon, the entity was "renamed after its geographical location in the eastern part of "historic Flanders; although the province is actually situated in the western portion of Flanders, in the "contemporary sense of the word.
The provincial flag has a black lion with red tongue and claws, on a background of horizontal white and green stripes. This is a recent adaptation; formerly, East Flanders used the "Flemish flag, a black lion on a yellow background, as in the current coat of arms. The old flag is still publicly used, e.g. for road signs.
The province has several geographic or tourist regions:
East Flanders is divided into 6 administrative "arrondissements (districts), subdivided into a total of 65 municipalities. In addition, there are 3 judicial and 3 electoral arrondissements.
|District||"Ghent District:||"Oudenaarde District:||"Eeklo District:||"Aalst District:||"Dendermonde District:||"Sint-Niklaas District:|
The province has a population of almost 1.5 million. It had 734,000 inhabitants in 1830, when it was the most populated province of Belgium, and about a million in 1900. Population growth halted around the 1980s, but has increased again in the 21st century. Population figures in recent years is as follows:
|1 January 1990||1,331,608|
|1 January 1995||1,349,382|
|1 January 2000||1,361,623|
|1 January 2005||1,380,072|
|1 January 2010||1,432,326|
|1 January 2015||1,477,346|
|1 January 2017||1,496,187|
The capital and biggest city is "Ghent, also the second largest city in the "Flemish Region. Other smaller cities are "Aalst, "Sint-Niklaas and "Dendermonde in the east of the province. The eastern part of the province, part of the "Flemish Diamond, is more densely populated than the western part.
The provincial council (provincieraad) consists of 72 members which were last elected in the "2012 elections. Previously it consisted of 84 members. The council currently consists of the following political parties:
Six people chosen by and from the council form the daily government, called the deputation (deputatie). The deputation of East Flanders is a coalition of the political parties "CD&V, "Open Vld and "sp.a. The biggest party in the council, "N-VA, is not included.
The daily government is led by the governor, who is appointed by the "Flemish Government. "André Denys ("VLD) has been the governor of East Flanders from 26 November 2004 until 21 January 2013. Jan Briers, who is not member of a political party but was nominated by "N-VA, succeeded him on 1 February 2013.
The province has a yearly budget of approximately 300 million euro.
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