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East Flanders
"Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen
"Province of "Belgium
""Flag of East Flanders
Flag
""Coat of arms of East Flanders
Coat of arms
""Location of East Flanders
Coordinates: 51°00′N 03°45′E / 51.000°N 3.750°E / 51.000; 3.750"Coordinates: 51°00′N 03°45′E / 51.000°N 3.750°E / 51.000; 3.750
Country  "Belgium
Region  "Flemish Region
Capital "Ghent
Government
 • Governor Jan Briers
Area
 • Total 2,991 km2 (1,155 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total 1,496,187
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Website www.oost-vlaanderen.be

East Flanders ("Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen "[ˌoːst ˈflaːndərə(n)] (""About this sound listen),[2] "French: (Province de) Flandre-Orientale, "German: Ostflandern) is a "province of "Flanders, one of the three "regions of "Belgium. It borders (clockwise from the North) on "Zeelandic Flanders (the "Netherlands) and (in "Belgium) on the provinces of "Antwerp, "Flemish Brabant (both in "Flanders), of "Hainaut ("Wallonia) and of "West Flanders ("Flanders). It has an area of 2,991 km² which is divided into six administrative districts (arrondissementen in Dutch) containing 65 municipalities. The provincial population is 1,408,484 and the capital is "Ghent.

Contents

History[edit]

During the short-lived "Napoleonic Empire, most of the area of the modern province was part of the "Department of Escaut, named after the "River Scheldt. Following the defeat of "Napoleon, the entity was "renamed after its geographical location in the eastern part of "historic Flanders; although the province is actually situated in the western portion of Flanders, in the "contemporary sense of the word.

The provincial flag has a black lion with red tongue and claws, on a background of horizontal white and green stripes. This is a recent adaptation; formerly, East Flanders used the "Flemish flag, a black lion on a yellow background, as in the current coat of arms. The old flag is still publicly used, e.g. for road signs.

Geography[edit]

The province has several geographic or tourist regions:

Important rivers are the "Scheldt and the "Leie which merge in "Ghent. The "Dender merges into the "Scheldt in the city of "Dendermonde.

Subdivisions[edit]

East Flanders is divided into 6 administrative "arrondissements (districts), subdivided into a total of 65 municipalities. In addition, there are 3 judicial and 3 electoral arrondissements.

District "Ghent District: "Oudenaarde District: "Eeklo District: "Aalst District: "Dendermonde District: "Sint-Niklaas District:
Location ""ArrGentLocatie.png ""ArrOudenaardeLocatie.png ""ArrEekloLocation.png ""ArrAalstLocation.png ""ArrDendermondeLocatie.png ""ArrSint-NiklaasLocatie.png

"HASC
"NUTS
"NIS
Population
Area

BE.OV.GT
BE234
44
553,961
944 km²

BE.OV.OD
BE235
45
123,330
419 km²

BE.OV.EK
BE233
43
84,113
334 km²

BE.OV.AL
BE231
41
286,741
469 km²

BE.OV.DM
BE232
42
199,553
343 km²

BE.OV.SN
BE236
46
248,489
475 km²

Municipalities

Demographics[edit]

The province has a population of almost 1.5 million. It had 734,000 inhabitants in 1830, when it was the most populated province of Belgium, and about a million in 1900. Population growth halted around the 1980s, but has increased again in the 21st century. Population figures in recent years is as follows:

Year Population
1 January 1990 1,331,608
1 January 1995 1,349,382
1 January 2000 1,361,623
1 January 2005 1,380,072
1 January 2010 1,432,326
1 January 2015 1,477,346
1 January 2017 1,496,187

The capital and biggest city is "Ghent, also the second largest city in the "Flemish Region. Other smaller cities are "Aalst, "Sint-Niklaas and "Dendermonde in the east of the province. The eastern part of the province, part of the "Flemish Diamond, is more densely populated than the western part.

Government[edit]

""
""
The "Gravensteen in "Ghent, the provincial capital

The provincial council (provincieraad) consists of 72 members which were last elected in the "2012 elections. Previously it consisted of 84 members. The council currently consists of the following political parties:

Six people chosen by and from the council form the daily government, called the deputation (deputatie). The deputation of East Flanders is a coalition of the political parties "CD&V, "Open Vld and "sp.a. The biggest party in the council, "N-VA, is not included.

The daily government is led by the governor, who is appointed by the "Flemish Government. "André Denys ("VLD) has been the governor of East Flanders from 26 November 2004 until 21 January 2013.[3] Jan Briers, who is not member of a political party but was nominated by "N-VA, succeeded him on 1 February 2013.

The province has a yearly budget of approximately 300 million euro.

Governors[edit]

Timeline:

Jan Briers André Denys Herman Balthazar Roger de Kinder Albert Mariën Maurice Van den Boogaerde Louis Frederiq Jules Ingenbleek Karel Weyler André de Kerchove de Denterghem Maurice Lippens (governor) Raymond de Kerchove d'Exaerde Léon Verhaeghe de Naeyer Emile de T'Serclaes De Wommersom Edouard De Jaegher Leander Desmaisières Louis de Schierve Charles Vilain XIV Werner de Lamberts-Cortenbach Pierre De Ryckere

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB)
  2. ^ In isolation, Vlaanderen is pronounced "[ˈvlaːndərə(n)].
  3. ^ "The governor, province East Flanders". Retrieved 2006-03-14. 

External links[edit]

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