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Echetlaeus ("Greek: Ἐχετλαῖος) or Echetlus ("Greek: Ἔχετλος) was an "ancient Athenian mythical hero of the "Battle of Marathon with the "Persians of the Achaemenid Empire. The latter name was also the name of a hero of ancient Thebes.


The hero of the Athenians[edit]

The following tradition was current in ancient Athens after the Battle of Marathon.

During the battle, a man appeared among the Athenians, who resembled a rustic, and slew many of the Persians with his plough. After the battle, he disappeared. When the Athenians searched for him, they couldn't find him anywhere.When they consulted the "oracle, they were commanded to worship the hero Echetlaeus, that is the hero with the echetlon, or "ploughshare.[1]

Plan showing the major buildings of the Agora; the Stoa Poikile is number 20

This Echetlus was depicted in the painting which represented the Battle of Marathon in the "Stoa Poikile (Painted Porch), erected during the 5th century BC and located in the "Ancient Agora of Athens. The Stoa Poikile was one of the most famous sites in ancient Athens, due to its display of war-related paintings and loot.

Echetlus of Thebes[edit]

In addition, in the play "Seven Against Thebes, Echetlus is the name of one of the defenders of "Thebes. He is killed when the seven attacked the city.[2]


  1. ^ Pausanias 1.32.5
  2. ^ Statius, Thebaid, 10.296 [1]


"" This article incorporates text from a publication now in the "public domain"Smith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 

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