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An economic union is a type of "trade bloc which is composed of a "common market with a "customs union.["citation needed] The participant countries have both common policies on product regulation, "freedom of movement of "goods, "services and the "factors of production ("capital and "labour) and a common "external trade policy. When an economic union involves unifying currency it becomes an "economic and monetary union.

Purposes for establishing an economic union normally include increasing "economic efficiency and establishing closer political and cultural ties between the member countries.

Economic union is established through "trade pact.


List of political-economic unions[edit]

Stages of "economic integration around the World (each country colored according to the most integrated form that it participates with):
  "Economic and monetary union ("CSME/"EC$, "EU/", Switzerland–Liechtenstein/"CHF)
  "Common market ("EEA–Switzerland, "ASEAN)
  "Customs union ("CAN, "EAC, "EUCU, "SACU)

Note: Every "economic and monetary union includes an economic union.

Additionally the "autonomous and "dependent territories, such as some of the "EU member state special territories, are sometimes treated as separate "customs territory from their mainland state or have varying arrangements of formal or de facto "customs union, "common market and "currency union (or combinations thereof) with the mainland and in regards to third countries through the "trade pacts signed by the mainland state.[8]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Economic union between all EU member states, but those of them inside the "Eurozone are also part of an "economic and monetary union.
  2. ^ Established by the "Treaty of Rome in force from 1958-1-1. WT/REG138/2
  3. ^ Established by the "Treaty of Chaguaramas in force from 1973-8-1 WT/REG92/R/B/1 Archived 2009-03-27 at the "Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Common market since 1960, customs union since 2004.
  5. ^ Customs union since 2010, common market since 2012.
  6. ^ Gulf states form common market, BBC News. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  7. ^ "GCC customs union fully operational". The Peninsula. 3 January 2015. Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  8. ^ EU "Overseas countries and some other territories participate partially in the EU single market per part four of the Treaty Establishing the European Community; Some EU Outermost regions and other territories use the "Euro of the "currency union, others are part of the "customs union; some participate in both unions and some in neither.
    "Territories of the United States, "Australian External Territories and "Realm of New Zealand territories share the "currency and mostly also the "market of their respective mainland state, but are generally not part of its "customs territory.
  9. ^ Leaders set to approve Arab customs union
  10. ^ Twelfth Andean Presidential Council Act of Lima Archived 2010-07-07 at the "Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

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