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Most of the schools in "Macau are private or subsidized schools. As of the 2015-2016 school year, there were 74 primary and secondary schools that provided formal education, including ten public schools and 64 private schools. Of the schools all but ten were a part of Macau's free education network. As of 2006[update] many of the schools in Macau are operated by Catholic organizations. A basic 15 years compulsory, free "education, is offered to those pupils who have been enrolled at the schools which have met certain requirements stipulated by the government.
Moreover, the majority of the schools in Macau are "grammar schools, which offer "language learning, "mathematics, "science subjects, "social studies, etc. to the pupils. There are only a few "vocational schools in Macau, offering technical subjects such as car-repairing, electronics, constructions, etc.
As prescribed by the "Basic Law of Macau Chapter VI Article 121, the "Government of Macau shall, on its own, formulate policies on "education, including policies regarding the educational system and its administration, the language of instruction, the allocation of funds, the examination system, the recognition of educational qualifications and the system of academic awards so as to promote educational development. The government shall also in accordance with law, gradually institute a "compulsory education system. Community organizations and individuals may, in accordance with law, run educational undertakings of various kinds.
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By the early 1950s pro-Communist and pro-Nationalist forces competed over how much influence they had in Macau's education system. Christian schools in Macau gained strength at the expense of secular schools since the Christian schools received support from Christian organizations: the "Roman Catholic Diocese of Macau assisted the Catholic schools and various churches based in and outside of Macau assisted the Protestant schools. There were ten schools affiliated with Nationalist forces in Macau during the early 1960s, and at the time the Nationalist forces had more influence than Communist ones. After 1967 and 1968 riots disrupted Nationalist forces, that faction's schools closed.
As of the 1990s secular private schools, including those supported by the pro-Mainland Macau Chinese Education System, other welfare organizations, and philanthropists; and the Christian schools had about equal amounts of influence and numbers of students.
|Education in Macau|
|Other Macau topics|
At present, most schools in Macau follow a so-called ″local education system″ . That is, 6 years "primary school education, 3 years for junior "secondary school education and 3 years for senior "secondary school education up to Form 6. In their senior secondary school years, students are usually required to stream in science, commerce, or arts. Pupils who plan to study further would usually sit for the exam organised by the higher education institutes, or international assessment bodies like "Edexcel, "CIE and "College Board, or the related government bodies in mainland China and Taiwan.
|Typical age||Grade/Level||Curriculum Stages||Schools|
Jardim de infância
|6—10||Primary 1||Primary Education
|12—16||Form 1||"Junior Secondary Education
|"Junior Secondary School
Escola secundária geral
|15—19||Form 4||"Senior Secondary Education
|"Vocational and Technical Education
|"Senior Secondary School
Escola secundária complementar
Regarding language learning in Macau, "Cantonese and "English are offered at most of the schools. "Macau Portuguese School is currently the only school in Macao offering curricula similar to those of Portugal and a "Portuguese-language education for pupils from 1st grade to 12th grade.
There are more than ten higher-learning institutions in Macau. Some students choose to further their studies in the local universities or polytechnics whereas some others choose to further their studies in mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, the UK, the US, Canada, Australia, or some other places.