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Education in Papua New Guinea
""National Emblem of Papua New Guinea.svg
Department of Education
National education budget (2016)
Budget 1242.8 million PGK [1]
General details
Primary languages "English, "Tok Pisin, "Hiri Motu and "others
System type Public, religious, private
Literacy (2015 est)
Total 64.2% [2]
Male 65.6% [2]
Female 62.8% [2]
Enrollment (2014)
Total 1,805,000 [3]
Primary 1,427,000 [3]
Secondary 243,000 (Lower) [3]
136,000 (Upper) [3]

Education in Papua New Guinea is managed through nineteen "provinces and two district organisational units. It is tuition-free and attendance is not compulsory. With a literacy rate of 64.2%, "Papua New Guinea has the lowest literacy rate in "Oceania.

Contents

History[edit]

The first school in Papua New Guinea was established in 1873 by English missionaries.[4] Missionaries would continue providing the basis for education, with "English and "German as primary languages. In 1914, as part of World War I, Australia took control over German New Guinea and English became the sole official language.

The Currie Commission was created in 1964 to investigate the establishment of higher education in the "Territory of Papua and New Guinea. In 1965 the first university in Papua New Guinea, the "University of Papua New Guinea, was established. It was heavily influenced by the Australian education system.[5]

Education in Papua New Guinea has been tuition-free since 2012, as one of the election promises of the "People's National Congress.

Provision[edit]

Papua New Guinea's history of missionary education has led to a large part of education being provided by religious schools. The Department of Education has estimated that 29% of the country's lower secondary education is operated by churches. 3% is operated by private international schools, while the remainder is funded by the government.

Universities[edit]

There are six universities in Papua New Guinea. These are accredited under the PNG Office of Higher Education and have establishing Acts of Parliament. The six universities and the main campus of each are, in alphabetical order:

Language education[edit]

In 2015, "Papua New Guinean Sign Language became an official language in PNG. Based on "Auslan, it is used in "deaf education.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Papua New Guinea 2017 National Budget" pwc.com. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "The World Factbook" cia.gov. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d "Papua New Guinea National Education Profile" Education Policy And Data Center. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  4. ^ "Papua New Guinea - Educational System—overview" stateuniversity.com. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  5. ^ Richard Guy, Toshio Kosuge, Rieko Hayakawa (2000). Distance Education in the South Pacific: Nets and Voyages. Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific and Pacific Island Nations Fund, Sasakawa Peace Foundation. p. 115
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