The Ministry of Education of Turkmenistan is responsible for Education in "Turkmenistan at all levels.
Turkmenistan has 12 years of formal secondary education. Higher education now lasts 5 years.  In 2007, there were 1 million children attending secondary schools and around 100,000 started grade 1.  In 2010/2011 academic year, 931 272 students were enrolled in general educational institutions: 373 160 in urban areas and 558 112 in rural areas. There was a total of 1 730 schools – 1 232 in rural and 498 in urban areas (State Committee for Statistics). Some 69 437 teachers were employed. Turkmenistan introduces 11 year starting from 2013/2014 academic year. 
In 1996, The Ministry of Education of Turkmenistan has given opportunity for state and private entities to open and operate short term courses.
Currently number of state and private-owned course centers are operating in "Turkmenistan. They mainly provide courses in languages, computer skills, mathematics and accounting. They work on licence base given by Ministry of Education of Turkmenistan.
There are 23 higher education institutions in Turkmenistan. 18 of these are civil and 5 are military higher education institutions.
Some of the higher education institutions are Turkmen State University named after "Magtymguly, State Institute of World Languages named after Döwletmämmet Azady, University of Agriculture named after S. A. Niýazow, State Institute of Economy & Management, Institute of Education named after Seýitnazar Seýdi ("Turkmenabat), Institute of Electrical Technology ("Mary city), State Medical University.
There are 4 international higher education institutions operating in "Turkmenistan: International Oil & Gas University, International Relations Institute of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Turkmenistan, International University of Humanities and Development and International Turkmen-Turkish University.
Military-based higher education institutions: Institute of Ministry of Defence, Institute of Internal Affairs Ministry (alias Police Academy), Institute of Ministry of National Security, Institute of State Border Security.
Postgraduate education in Turkmenistan available at the "Turkmen Academy of Sciences, restored in 2007. Quota for a postgraduate education approved by the President of Turkmenistan. In 2013, the graduate school will be accepted 55 graduates of national universities, two more budget places will appear in the doctoral studies, 42 clinical residency, a place for 241 candidates for a degree of candidate of sciences, 9 seats for the doctoral degree.