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See also: "American entry into World War I

He supported Wilson once the United States entered the war. In June 1916, he scotched talk that he might contend for the Republican presidential nomination, stating that he was too old to bear the burden of the Presidency.[15] At the "Republican National Convention, Root reached his peak strength of 103 votes on the first ballot. The Republican presidential nomination went to "Charles Evans Hughes, who lost the election to the Democrat "Woodrow Wilson.

In June 1917, at age 72, Root went to "Russia, which had just overthrown the czar. He headed a mission sent by President Wilson, the Root Commission, to arrange American co-operation with the new revolutionary government. Root remained in "Petrograd for close to a month, and was not much impressed by what he saw. American financial aid to the new regime was possible only if the Russians would fight on the Allied side. The Russians, he said, "are sincerely, kindly, good people but confused and dazed." He summed up the Provisional Government very trenchantly: "No fight, no loans."[16]

Root was the founding chairman of the "Council on Foreign Relations, established in 1918 in New York.

Later career[edit]

In the Senate fight in 1919 over American membership in the "League of Nations, Root supported Lodge's proposal of membership with certain reservations that allowed the United States government to decide whether or not it would go to war. The US never joined, but Root supported the League of Nations and served on the commission of jurists, which created the "Permanent Court of International Justice. In 1922, when Root was 77, President "Warren G. Harding appointed him as a delegate of an American team headed by Secretary of State "Charles Evans Hughes. They participated in the "Washington Naval Conference (International Conference on the Limitation of Armaments).[17]

Root's former home in "Washington, D.C.

Root also worked with "Andrew Carnegie in programs for international peace and the advancement of science, becoming the first president of the "Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Root was also among the founders of the "American Law Institute[18] in 1923, and also helped create the "Hague Academy of International Law in the "Netherlands. Root served as vice president of the "American Peace Society, which publishes "World Affairs, the oldest U.S. journal on international relations.

In addition to receiving the Nobel Prize, Root was awarded the Grand Cross of the "Order of the Crown (from Belgium) and the Grand Commander of the "Order of George I (from Greece). Root joined the Empire State Society of the "Sons of the American Revolution in 1895, based on his descent from Elihu Root (1772–1843), and was the second cousin twice removed of publisher "Henry Luce. Root was the last surviving member of the McKinley Cabinet.

Death and Legacy[edit]

Root died in 1937 in "New York City, with his family by his side. His son, Elihu Root, Jr., like his father graduated from Hamilton College and became an attorney (as well as married the daughter of Hamilton's president, "M. Woolsey Stryker).[19] His daughter Edith married Ulysses S. Grant III. A simple service was held in Clinton, led by Episcopal bishop E.H. Coley of the "Episcopal Diocese of Central New York.[20] Root is buried along with his wife Clara (who died in 1928) at the Hamilton College Cemetery.[21]

Root's home in Clinton, which he purchased in 1893, became known as the "Elihu Root House, and was declared a "National Historic Landmark in 1972. The United States Army Reserve Base in "New York Mills, New York bears his name.

Elihu Root Gold Medal

The Elihu Root Gold Medal is awarded to the six highest scoring civilian competitors in the National Trophy Rifle Team Match and are subsequently named as team members. The captain and coach of the highest-scoring civilian team are named as the coach and captain of the team. All eight members receive Elihu Root gold medals.

Works by Elihu Root[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Robert Muccigrosso, ed., Research Guide to American Historical Biography (1988) 3:1329–33
  2. ^ Cross, Graham (2012). The Diplomatic Education of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1882-1933. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 71. "ISBN "978-1-137-01453-5. 
  3. ^ Muccigrosso, ed., Research Guide to American Historical Biography (1988) 3:1330
  4. ^ "Tells How Allies Failed in Russia: Col. Robins Says Boastful American Propaganda Led Russian Army to Quit; Root Mission Knifed Here". New York Times. March 7, 1919. p. 18. 
  5. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography: Being the History of the United States as Illustrated in the Lives of the Founders, Builders, and Defenders of the Republic, and of the Men and Women who are Doing the Work and Moulding the Thought of the Present Time, Volume 11 page 15
  6. ^ History of the Society, Rutgers.edu, accessed Oct 9, 2009
  7. ^ http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2013/02/constitutional-conservatives-in-the-progressive-era-elihu-root-william-howard-taft-and-henry-cabot-lodge-sr
  8. ^ http://threerivershms.com/rcautica.htm
  9. ^ "Chester A. Arthur, Theta '48, Second to take Oath in New York as President". The Diamond of Psi Upsilon. Chicago, IL: Psi Upsilon Fraternity. January 1, 1930. p. 106. 
  10. ^ Hartford, William J. (January 1, 1900). "Hon Elihu Root, Secretary of War". The Successful American. New York, NY: Press Biographical Company. p. 26. 
  11. ^ James R. Arnold (2011). The Moro War: How America Battled a Muslim Insurgency in the Philippine Jungle, 1902–1913. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 171–72. 
  12. ^ "The United States and France". The Times (36835). London. 1 August 1902. p. 3. 
  13. ^ "Root For Adoption of Tax Amendment," New York Times, March 1, 1910
  14. ^ McCoy, Alfred (15 September 2015). "Barack Obama Is a Foreign Policy Grandmaster". The Nation. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  15. ^ Stefan Lorant, The Glorious Burden (New York: Harper & Row, 1968), page 540.
  16. ^ David Mayers (1997). The Ambassadors and America's Soviet Policy. Oxford University Press. p. 77. 
  17. ^ u-s-history.com Washington Naval Conference – Retrieved 2011-12-18
  18. ^ American Law Institute - Certification of Incorporation - Feb 23, 1923
  19. ^ Exhibition by Elihu Root, Jr. at Hamilton College (https://www.hamilton.edu/gallery/exhibitions/history-of-exhibitions/elihu-root-jr-class-of-1903-lawyer-painter)
  20. ^ http://cdsun.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/cornell?a=d&d=CDS19370210.2.33&e=-------en-20--1--txt-txIN------#
  21. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=20982138


External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
"Russell A. Alger
"U.S. Secretary of War
Served under: "William McKinley, "Theodore Roosevelt

August 1, 1899 – January 31, 1904
Succeeded by
"William Howard Taft
Preceded by
"John Hay
"U.S. Secretary of State
Served under: "Theodore Roosevelt

July 19, 1905 – January 27, 1909
Succeeded by
"Robert Bacon
"United States Senate
Preceded by
"Thomas C. Platt
"U.S. Senator (Class 3) from New York
March 4, 1909 – March 3, 1915
Served alongside: "Chauncey Depew, "James O'Gorman
Succeeded by
"James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr.
Honorary titles
Preceded by
"Adelbert Ames
"Oldest living U.S. Senator
April 12, 1933 – February 7, 1937
Succeeded by
"Newell Sanders
) )