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Engraved portrait of Elisha Coles taken from a rare copy of his 1674 treatise on shorthand held by the "British Museum

Elisha Coles (c. 1640 – 1680) was a "17th-century English lexicographer and stenographer.



He was son of John Coles, schoolmaster of Wolverhampton, and nephew of "Elisha Coles the religious author. He became chorister of "Magdalen College, "Oxford, 1658–61; teacher of Latin and English in London, 1663; usher of "Merchant Taylors' School, 1677; first headmaster of "Erasmus Smith's school in "Galway, 1678.[1][2]

He published devotional verses, 1671, a treatise on shorthand, 1674, primers of English and Latin, 1674-5, an English dictionary, 1676, and a Latin dictionary, 1677.[1] The shorthand used by "Thomas Bayes has been identified as that of "Thomas Shelton, as modified by Coles.[3]

His 1676 Dictionary contains

"many words and phrases that belong to our "English Dialects in our several Counties, and where the particular Shire is not exprest, the distinction (according to the use) is more general into North and South-Country words."

Coles' dialectal entries are mostly collected from the glossary by "John Ray with some additions from the Dictionarium Rusticum in "John Worlidge's 1669 Systema Agriculturae.



  1. ^ a b c  Cooper, Thompson (1887). "Coles, Elisha (1640?-1680)". In "Stephen, Leslie. "Dictionary of National Biography. 11. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  2. ^ Quane, Michael (1964). "Galway Grammar School". Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society. 31 (1/2): 39–70. "JSTOR 25535416. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Andrew I. Dale (2 September 2003). Most Honourable Remembrance: The Life and Work of Thomas Bayes. Springer. pp. 421–. "ISBN "978-0-387-00499-0. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Elisha Coles (1671). Metrical paraphrase on the history of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Printed for Peter Parker, at the first shop in Popeshead-Ally, on the right hand going out of Cornhill. 
  5. ^ Life, Page. "Coles, Elisha". "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. "doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5892.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^ Elisha Coles (1717). An English Dictionary... S. Collins. 

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