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Enghien
Edingen  ("Dutch)
"Municipality
""StadsbeeldEdingen.jpg
""Coat of arms of Enghien
Coat of arms
""Enghien is located in Belgium
Enghien
Enghien
Location in Belgium
Location of Enghien in Hainaut
""Enghien Hainaut Belgium Map.png
Coordinates: 50°42′N 04°02′E / 50.700°N 4.033°E / 50.700; 4.033"Coordinates: 50°42′N 04°02′E / 50.700°N 4.033°E / 50.700; 4.033
Country "Belgium
"Community "French Community
"Region "Wallonia
"Province "Hainaut
"Arrondissement "Soignies
Government
 • Mayor Olivier Saint-Amand(Ecolo)
 • Governing party/ies "Ecolo, "MR, "PS
Area
 • Total 40.59 km2 (15.67 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total 13,563
 • Density 330/km2 (870/sq mi)
"Postal codes 7850
"Area codes 02
Website www.enghien-edingen.be

Enghien ("Dutch: Edingen, "Walloon: Inguî, "West Flemish: Enge) is a "Walloon "municipality located in the "Belgian province of "Hainaut. On 1 January 2006, Enghien had a total population of 11,980. The total area is 40.59 square kilometres (15.67 sq mi), which gives a "population density of 295 inhabitants per km².

The municipality comprises the city of Enghien, and the towns of Marcq (fr) ("Dutch: Mark) and "Petit-Enghien ("Dutch: Lettelingen). It is situated on the language border in the country, and restricted language rights are granted to the Dutch speaking minority (so-called "language facilities).

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History[edit]

Enghien gave its name to a French "duchy and to the "commune of "Enghien-les-Bains, a suburb of Paris, due to a complex series of family successions: in 1487, "Mary of Luxembourg (d. 1547), the only heir of "Peter II of Luxembourg (d. 1482), "Count of "Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise and member of one of the branches of the "House of Luxembourg, married "François de Bourbon-Vendôme (d. 1495), the great-grandfather of King "Henry IV of France. Mary of Luxembourg brought as her "dowry the fief of "Condé-en-Brie ("Aisne "département, France) and the "county of Enghien, among others. These fiefs passed to her grandson "Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, uncle of King Henry IV of France, who started the line of the "Princes of Condé, the famous cadet branch of the French royal family.

In 1566, the county of Enghien was elevated to a "duchy-"peerage. However, the necessary registration process was not completed, so the title became extinct at the death of Louis I de Bourbon in 1569. In 1633, "Henry II, Prince of Condé, grandson of Louis I de Bourbon, inherited the "duchy of Montmorency, near Paris, after the execution of "Henri II de Montmorency, brother of his wife "Charlotte-Marguerite de Montmorency. In 1689, King "Louis XIV allowed "Henry III, Prince of Condé, grandson of Henry II, Prince of Condé, to rename the duchy of Montmorency as ""duchy of Enghien", in memory of the duchy of Enghien which the Princes of Condé had lost in 1569 at the death of Louis I de Bourbon.

The city of "Montmorency, at the heart of the duchy, continued to be known as "Montmorency", despite the official name change, but the name "Enghien" stuck to the nearby lake and marshland that developed later as a "spa resort and was incorporated as the "commune of "Enghien-les-Bains in the 19th century.

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