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Environmental management system (EMS) refers to the management of an organization's "environmental programs in a comprehensive, systematic, planned and documented manner. It includes the organizational structure, planning and resources for developing, implementing and maintaining policy for "environmental protection.
More formally, EMS is "a system and database which integrates procedures and processes for training of personnel, monitoring, summarizing, and reporting of specialized environmental performance information to internal and external stakeholders of a firm".
The most widely used standard on which an EMS is based is "International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 2004. Alternatives include the "EMAS.
An environmental management information system (EMIS) or Environmental Data Management System (EDMS) is an "information technology solution for tracking "environmental data for a company as part of their overall environmental management system.
The goals of EMS are to increase compliance and reduce waste:
- "Compliance is the act of reaching and maintaining minimal legal standards. By not being compliant, companies may face fines, government intervention or may not be able to operate.
- "Waste reduction goes beyond compliance to reduce environmental impact. The EMS helps to develop, implement, manage, coordinate and monitor environmental policies. Waste reduction begins at the design phase through pollution prevention and waste minimization. At the end of the life cycle, waste is reduced by recycling.
To meet these goals, the selection of environmental management systems is typically subject to a certain set of criteria: a proven capability to handle high frequency data, high performance indicators, transparent handling and processing of data, powerful calculation engine, customised factor handling, multiple integration capabilities, automation of workflows and QA processes and in-depth, flexible reporting.
An environmental management system (EMS):
- Serves as a tool, or process, to improve environmental performance and information mainly "design, pollution control and waste minimization, training, reporting to top management, and the setting of goals"
- Provides a systematic way of managing an organization’s environmental affairs
- Is the aspect of the organization’s overall management structure that addresses immediate and long-term impacts of its products, services and processes on the environment. EMS assists with planning, controlling and monitoring policies in an organization.
- Gives order and consistency for organizations to address environmental concerns through the allocation of resources, assignment of responsibility and ongoing evaluation of practices, procedures and processes
- Creates environmental buy-in from management and employees and assigns accountability and responsibility.
- Sets framework for training to achieve objectives and desired performance.
- Helps understand legislative requirements to better determine a product or service's impact, significance, priorities and objectives.
- Focuses on continual improvement of the system and a way to implement policies and objectives to meet a desired result. This also helps with reviewing and auditing the EMS to find future opportunities.
- Encourages contractors and suppliers to establish their own EMS.
- Facilitates e-reporting to federal, state and provincial government environmental agencies through direct upload.
An EMS follows a "Plan-Do-Check-Act, or PDCA, Cycle. The diagram shows the process of first developing an environmental policy, planning the EMS, and then implementing it. The process also includes checking the system and acting on it. The model is continuous because an EMS is a process of continual improvement in which an organization is constantly reviewing and revising the system.
This is a model that can be used by a wide range of organizations — from manufacturing facilities to service industries to government agencies.
Environmental Data Management Systems (EDMS) can be accredited under the UK Environment Agency's "Monitoring Certification Scheme (MCERTS) for performance standards and test procedures.
An EMS can also be classified as
- a system which monitors, tracks and reports emissions information, particularly with respect to the "oil and "gas industry. EMSs are becoming "web-based in response to the "EPA's mandated "greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting rule, which allows for reporting GHG emissions information via the internet.
- a centrally controlled and often automated network of devices (now frequently wireless using "z-wave and "zigbee technologies) used to control the internal environment of a building. Such a system namely acts as an interface between end user and "energy (gas/electricity) consumption.
- ^ a b Sroufe, Robert. "Effects of Environmental Management Systems on Environmental Management Practices and Operations." Production and Operations Management. 12-3 (2003): 416-431.
- ^ a b Melnyk, Steven A., Robert P. Sroufe, and Roger Calantone. "Assessing the Impact of Environmental Management Systems on Corporate and Environmental Performance."
- ^ El-Gayar, Omar; Fritz, Brian D. (2006). "Environmental Management Information Systems (EMIS) for Sustainable Development: A Conceptual Overview". Communications of the Association for Information Systems. "Association for Information Systems. 17 (1 (article 34)). "ISSN 1529-3181. "OCLC 796028508.
- ^ Sayre, D., 1996. Inside ISO 14001: the competitive advantage of environmental management. St. Lucie Press, Delray,Beach, FL.
- ^ "Selecting Environmental Data Management Software: Key Considerations". Emisoft. 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- ^ "Environmental Regulatory Compliance & Corporate performance - Can You Have It All?". www.emisoft.com. Emisoft.
- ^ Mali, Ria. "ERA Environmental Introduces Direct Upload to TCEQ's STEERS". Retrieved 2017-05-04.
- ^ "Taking the First Step with PDCA". 2 February 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- ^ René, Gastl, (2005). Kontinuierliche Verbesserung im Umweltmanagement : die KVP-Forderung der ISO 14001 in Theorie und Unternehmenspraxis. Zürich: Vdf, Hochsch.-Verl. an der ETH. "ISBN "9783728130341. "OCLC 181467595.
- ^ "MCERTS: performance standards and test procedures for environmental data management software". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- ^ "Stedelijke ontwikkeling Archives - Hans Middendorp Advies". Hans Middendorp Advies (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- ^ "echome.co.uk - This website is for sale! - echome Resources and Information". www.echome.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- Boiral, O 2007, ‘Corporate Greening Through IS0 14001: A Rational Myth?’, Organisation Science, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 127–146.
- Burden, L. (2010). "How to up the EMS ante".
- Clements, R.B 1996, Complete Guide to ISO 14000, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
- Florida, R., & Davison, D. (2001). Gaining from green management: Environmental management systems inside and outside the factory. California Management Review, 43 (3), 64-85.
- Gastl, R (2009). "CIP in Environmental Management". Archived from the original on 12 February 2011.
English management summary of: Gastl, R 2009, Kontinuierliche Verbesserung im Umweltmanagement - die KVP-Forderung der ISO 14001 in Theorie und Unternehmenspraxis, 2nd Edition, vdf, Zurich-Switzerland
- Melnyk, Steven A.; Robert P. Sroufe & Roger Calantone (2003). "Assessing the Impact of Environmental Management Systems on Corporate and Environmental Performance". Journal of Operations Management. 21 (3): 329–51. "doi:10.1016/S0272-6963(02)00109-2.
- Sroufe, Robert. "Effects of Environmental Management Systems on Environmental Management Practices and Operations." Production and Operations Management. 12-3 (2003): 416-431.