An equality impact assessment (EqIA) is a process designed to ensure that a policy, project or scheme does not discriminate against any disadvantaged or vulnerable people.
The EqIA process aims to prevent discrimination against people who are categorised as being disadvantaged or vulnerable within society. These categories are called equality target groups (ETGs) and are currently designated by the "Greater London Authority as:
Within the UK, EqIAs are still popular as a means of ensuring that the public-sector equality duty is met.["citation needed] However, on 19 November 2012, prime minister "David Cameron announced that EqIAs would no longer be undertaken for government decisions.
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Burningham, K. & Thrush, D. (2001) Local environmental concerns in disadvantaged neighbourhoods 
Capacity Global (2004) BME Communities Tackling Environmental and Social Inequalities 
Davies, A. and Binsted, A. (2007) Environmental Equity and Equality Impact Assessment in the United Kingdom (07-1568) - TRB Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM, TRB 86th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2007 
Friends of the Earth (2000) Pollution injustice 
Friends of the Earth (2001) Pollution and Poverty – Breaking the Link 
Gay, R., Jeffery, B., and Saunders, P. (2005) Burden of disease: environmental inequalities 
Greater London Authority (2003) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them 
Transport for London (2004) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them