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Genealogy of the offspring of Chaos

In "Greek mythology, Erebus "/ˈɛrəbəs/, also Erebos ("Greek: Ἔρεβος, "deep darkness, shadow"),[1] was often conceived as a "primordial deity, representing the personification of darkness; for instance, "Hesiod's "Theogony identifies him as one of the first five beings in existence, born of "Chaos.[2]


Erebus features little in Greek mythological tradition and literature, but is said to have fathered several other deities with "Nyx; depending on the source of the mythology, this union includes "Aether, "Hemera, the "Hesperides, "Hypnos, the "Moirai, "Geras, "Styx, "Charon, and "Thanatos.

In "Greek literature, the name Erebus is also used as a region of the "Greek underworld where the dead pass immediately after dying, and is sometimes used interchangeably with "Tartarus.[3][4][5][6][7]

The perceived meaning of Erebus is "darkness"; the first recorded instance of it was "place of darkness between earth and Hades". The name Ἔρεβος itself originates from "PIE *h1regʷ-es/os- "darkness"[8][9] (cf. "Sanskrit rájas, "Gothic riqis, "Old Norse røkkr).[1]

According to the Greek oral poet "Hesiod's "Theogony, Erebus is the offspring of "Chaos, and brother to "Nyx: "From Chaos came forth Erebus and black Night (Nyx); but of Night were born "Aether and Day ("Hemera), whom she conceived and bore from union in love with Erebus." Hesiod, Theogony (120–125)[10]

The Roman writer "Hyginus, in his Fabulae, described Erebus as the father of "Geras, the god of old age.[11]



  1. ^ a b Ἔρεβος. "Liddell, Henry George; "Scott, Robert; "A Greek–English Lexicon at the "Perseus Project.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 116–124.
  3. ^ Elizabeth, Alice (1896). The Sources of Spenser's Classical Mythology. New York: Silver, Burdett and Company. pp. 52, 55. 
  4. ^ Morford, Mark P. O. (1999). Classical Mythology: Sixth Edition. New York: Oxford University Press US. pp. 36, 84, 253, 263, 271. "ISBN "0-19-514338-8. , "ISBN "9780195143386
  5. ^ Peck, Harry Thurston (1897). Harper's Dictionary of Classical Literature and Antiquities, Volume 1. New York: Harper. p. 620. 
  6. ^ Rengel, Marian (2009). Greek and Roman Mythology A to Z. Infobase Publishing. p. 51. "ISBN "1-60413-412-7. , "ISBN "9781604134124
  7. ^ Turner, Patricia (2001). Dictionary of Ancient Deities. Oxford University Press. p. 170. "ISBN "0-19-514504-6. , "ISBN "9780195145045
  8. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Online Etymology Dictionary: Erebus". Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  9. ^ "R. S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 451.
  10. ^ Evelyn-White (1914)
  11. ^ Atsma, Aaron. "Hyginus, Fabulae 1–49". Theoi E-Texts Library. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 


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