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European Environment Agency
""EEA agency logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 30 October 1993 (1993-10-30)
Jurisdiction "European Union
Headquarters "Copenhagen, "Denmark
55°40′52″N 12°35′12″E / 55.681208°N 12.586609°E / 55.681208; 12.586609"Coordinates: 55°40′52″N 12°35′12″E / 55.681208°N 12.586609°E / 55.681208; 12.586609
Agency executives
Key document
Website www.eea.europa.eu
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European Environment Agency Building in Copenhagen in winter

The European Environment Agency (EEA) is the "agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent information on the environment, thereby helping those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, as well as informing the general public. The agency is governed by a management board composed of representatives of the governments of its 33 member states, a "European Commission representative and two scientists appointed by the "European Parliament, assisted by a committee of scientists.

The EEA was established by the "European Economic Community (EEC) Regulation 1210/1990 (amended by EEC Regulation 933/1999 and EC Regulation 401/2009) and became operational in 1994. It is headquartered in "Copenhagen, "Denmark.

The current Executive Director of the agency is Professor "Hans Bruyninckx, who has been appointed for a five-year term. He is the successor of Professor "Jacqueline McGlade.

The "member states of the union are members; however the Council Regulation establishing it provided that other states may become members of it by means of agreements concluded between them and the EU.

It was the first EU body to open its membership to the 13 candidate countries (pre-"2004 enlargement).

The EEA has 33 member countries and six cooperating countries. The European environment information and observation network (Eionet) is a partnership network of the EEA and the countries. The EEA is responsible for developing the network and coordinating its activities. To do so, the EEA works closely together with national focal points, typically national environment agencies or environment ministries. They are responsible for coordinating national networks involving many institutions (about 350 in all).

The 33 member countries include the 28 European Union Member States together with Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey.

The six Balkans countries are cooperating countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia as well as Kosovo under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99. These cooperation activities are integrated into Eionet and are supported by the European Union under the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance.

The EEA is an active member of the "EPA Network.[1]

Contents

Member countries[edit]

The 33 member countries include the 28 "European Union member states together with "Iceland, "Liechtenstein, "Norway, "Switzerland and "Turkey. The six "Western Balkan countries are cooperating countries: "Albania, "Bosnia and Herzegovina, the "Republic of Macedonia, "Montenegro, "Serbia as well as "Kosovo under the "UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99.[2]

EU Member countries non-EU Member countries Cooperating countries
 "Austria  "Iceland  "Albania
 "Belgium  "Liechtenstein  "Bosnia and Herzegovina
 "Bulgaria  "Norway  "Kosovo[3]
 "Croatia   "Switzerland  "Macedonia
 "Czech Republic  "Turkey  "Montenegro
 "Cyprus  "Serbia
 "Denmark
 "Estonia
 "Finland
 "France
 "Germany
 "Greece
 "Hungary
 "Ireland
 "Italy
 "Latvia
 "Lithuania
 "Luxembourg
 "Malta
 "Netherlands
 "Poland
 "Portugal
 "Romania
 "Slovakia
 "Slovenia
 "Spain
 "Sweden
 "United Kingdom

Reports[edit]

The European Environment Agency (EEA) reported in 2017 that climate-related extreme events accounted ca €400 billion ($430 billion) of economic losses in EEA area from 1980 to 2013, and were responsible for 85,000 deaths during 1980-2013.[4]

European environment information and observation network[edit]

The European environment information and observation network (Eionet) is a partnership network of the EEA and its member and cooperating countries. The EEA is responsible for developing the network and coordinating its activities. To do this, the EEA works closely together with the National Focal Points (NFPs), typically national environment agencies or environment ministries in the member countries.

The NFPs are responsible for coordinating networks of the National Reference Centres (NRCs), bringing altogether around 1000 experts from over 350 national institutions and other bodies dealing with environmental information.

Apart from the NFPs and NRCs, Eionet currently covers six European Topic Centres (ETCs) in the areas of air and climate change, biological diversity, climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, water, land use and spatial information and analysis and sustainable consumption and production.

Annual discharge process[edit]

On February 2012, the "European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control published a draft report[5] identifying potential areas of concern in the use of funds and influence for the 2010 budget. The EEA's Executive Director refuted allegations of irregularities in a public hearing[6]

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) voted on the report on 27 March 2012[7] and commended the cooperation between the Agency and NGOs working in the environmental area. On 23 October 2012, the European Parliament voted and granted the discharge to the European Environment Agency for its 2010 budget.

On 17 April 2013, the European Parliament (MEPs) voted and granted the discharge to the European Environment Agency for its 2011 budget.

Executive directors[edit]

Name Nationality Term(s)
Domingo Jiménez-Beltrán "Spain "Spain 1994 – 2003
"Jacqueline McGlade "United Kingdom "United Kingdom 2003 – 2013
"Hans Bruyninckx "Belgium "Belgium 2013 –

International cooperation[edit]

In addition to its 33 members and six "Balkan cooperating countries, the EEA also cooperates and fosters partnerships with its neighbours and other countries and regions, mostly in the context of the "European Neighbourhood Policy:[8]

Additionally the EEA cooperates with multiple international organizations and the corresponding agencies of the following countries:

Official languages[edit]

The 26 official languages used by the EEA are: "Bulgarian, "Czech, "Croatian, "Danish, "German, "Greek, "English, "Spanish, "Estonian, "Finnish, "French, "Hungarian, "Icelandic, "Italian, "Lithuanian, "Latvian, "Malti, "Dutch, "Norwegian, "Polish, "Portuguese, "Romanian, "Slovak, "Slovene, "Swedish and "Turkish.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ European Network of the Heads of Environment Protection Agencies.
  2. ^ Countries and Eionet, European Environment Agency, Retrieved on 24 July 2013.
  3. ^ (under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99)
  4. ^ South, southeast face Europe's most adverse climate change impact: agency Reuters Jan 25, 2017
  5. ^ Draft Report on discharge in respect of the implementation of the budget of the European Environment Agency for the financial year 2010
  6. ^ EU agencies rebuked over spending by Valentina Pop, 2 March 2012. From the EU Observer website.
  7. ^ Agenda for March 27, 2011 meeting of the Committee on Budgetary Control.
  8. ^ "International Cooperation". eea.europa.eu. European Environment Agency. July 22, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2017.  (scroll down to "European Neighborhood Project")
  9. ^ EU-OSHA.

External links[edit]

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