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"European Union
Flag of the European Union

This article is part of a series on the
"politics and government
of the European Union

""
""
European Parliament election constituencies, 2014

"Members of the "European Parliament (MEPs) are "elected by the population of the "member states of the European Union (EU), divided into "constituencies.

"Belgium, "France, "Ireland, "Italy, "Poland and the "United Kingdom are divided into constituencies, while the other member states have a single national constituency. In "Germany, political parties are entitled to present lists of candidates either at "Länder or national level.

The "Kingdom of Denmark was also historically subdivided in two constituencies, with a separate one for "Greenland which was dissolved in 1985 after the autonomous country in the Realm withdrew from the "EEC (later expanded to become the EU).

Currently, all member states hold elections to the European Parliament (EP) using various forms of "proportional representation.[note 1]

The number of representatives per head of population varies widely across constituencies. For example, "Malta has one representative for every 70,000 people, while "Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian (Poland) has only one seat for every 1,326,000 people. The quantity of MEPs representing each country, anyway, is approximately proportional to the population of that member state within the European Union. For more details, see "Apportionment in the European Parliament.

Data are for the 2014–2019 legislature.

Contents

Full list[edit]

Constituency Member State Area/Community Seats, 2014 Population, 2012[1] (thousands) Area[2] (km2) GDP, 2011[3] (million €)
Total Per seat Total Per seat Total Per seat
"Austria "Austria (Full country) 18 8,430 468 83,879 4,660 299,127 16,618
"Dutch-speaking electoral college "Belgium "Flemish Community 12 6,389 532 13,521 1,127 212,354 17,696
"French-speaking electoral college "French Community of Belgium 8 4,663 583 16,152 2,019 156,661 19,583
"German-speaking electoral college "German-speaking Community of Belgium 1 77 77 854 854 na na
"Bulgaria "Bulgaria (Full country) 17 7,306 430 110,900 6,524 38,505 2,265
"Cyprus "Cyprus (Full country) 6 864 144 9,251 1,542 17,979 2,997
"Croatia "Croatia (Full country) 11 4,269 388 56,594 5,145 44,384 4,035
"Czech Republic "Czech Republic (Full country) 21 10,511 501 78,866 3,756 155,486 7,404
"Denmark "Denmark (Full country) 13 5,592 430 42,916 3,301 230,978 17,768
"Estonia "Estonia (Full country) 6 1,323 220 45,227 7,538 16,216 2,703
"Finland "Finland (Full country) 13 5,414 416 338,435 26,033 188,656 14,512
"North-West "France Regions "Normandy (former regions "Lower Normandy, and "Upper Normandy), and "Hauts-de-France (former regions "Nord-Pas-de-Calais, and "Picardy) 10 9,298 930 61,720 6,172 229,998 23,000
"West Regions "Brittany, "Pays-de-la-Loire, and former region "Poitou-Charentes (now part of region "Nouvelle-Aquitaine) 9 8,683 965 85,099 9,455 222,722 24,747
"East Regions "Grand Est (former regions "Alsace, "Champagne-Ardenne, and "Lorraine), and "Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (former regions "Burgundy, and "Franche-Comté) 9 8,365 929 105,218 11,691 213,317 23,702
"South-West Region "Occitanie (former regions "Languedoc-Roussillon, and "Midi-Pyrénées), and former region "Aquitaine (now part of region "Nouvelle-Aquitaine) 10 8,941 894 114,032 11,403 228,573 22,857
"South-East Region "Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, territorial collectivity of "Corsica, and former region "Rhône-Alpes (now part of region "Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) 13 11,619 894 83,778 6,444 345,312 26,562
"Massif central–Centre Region "Centre-Val de Loire, and former regions "Auvergne (now part of region "Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes), and "Limousin (now part of region "Nouvelle-Aquitaine) 5 4,665 933 82,106 16,421 115,987 23,197
"Île-de-France Region "Île-de-France, and French citizens living abroad (and not registered as electors in another member country of the European Union) 15 11,948 797 12,012 801 608,648 40,577
"Overseas "French overseas departments and territories 3 2,714 905 112,447 37,482 50,962 16,987
"Germany "Germany (Full country) 96 81,932 853 357,162 3,720 2,609,898 27,186
"Greece "Greece (Full country) 21 11,093 528 131,957 6,284 208,530 9,930
"Hungary "Hungary (Full country) 21 9,920 472 93,024 4,430 98,921 4,711
"Dublin "Ireland Counties "Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, "Fingal and "South Dublin; and the city of "Dublin 3 1,271 424 921 307 65,925 21,975
"Midlands–North-West Counties "Cavan, "Donegal, "Galway, "Kildare, "Laois, "Leitrim, "Longford, "Louth, "Mayo, "Meath, "Monaghan, "Offaly, "Roscommon, "Sligo and "Westmeath; and the city of "Galway 4 1,635 409 37,282 9,321 40,416 10,104
"South Counties "Cork, "Kerry, "Limerick, "Tipperary and "Waterford; and the cities of "Cork, "Limerick and "Waterford 4 1,675 419 31,935 7,984 50,147 12,537
"North-West "Italy "Aosta Valley, "Liguria, "Lombardy, "Piedmont 20 15,807 790 57,928 2,896 511,484 25,574
"North-East "Emilia-Romagna, "Friuli-Venezia Giulia, "Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, "Veneto 14 11,482 820 62,327 4,452 364,561 26,040
"Central "Latium, "Marche, "Tuscany, "Umbria 14 11,637 831 58,084 4,149 340,669 24,334
"Southern "Abruzzo, "Apulia, "Basilicata, "Calabria, "Campania, "Molise 17 13,975 822 73,800 4,341 243,895 14,347
"Islands "Sardinia, "Sicily 8 6,639 830 49,932 6,242 117,031 14,629
"Latvia "Latvia (Full country) 8 2,034 254 64,573 8,072 20,182 2,523
"Lithuania "Lithuania (Full country) 11 2,988 272 65,300 5,936 30,958 2,814
"Luxembourg "Luxembourg (Full country) 6 531 88 2,586 431 41,730 6,955
"Malta "Malta (Full country) 6 420 70 316 53 6,631 1,105
"Netherlands "Netherlands (Full country) 26 16,755 644 41,540 1,598 593,258 22,818
"Pomeranian "Poland "Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 2,287 762 18,310 6,103 20,921 6,974
"Kuyavian-Pomeranian "Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 2,097 699 17,972 5,991 16,597 5,532
"Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian "Podlaskie Voivodeship and "Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship 2 2,651 1,326 44,360 22,180 18,407 9,204
"Warsaw City of "Warsaw and part of the "Masovian Voivodeship ("powiats: "Grodzisk Mazowiecki, "Legionowo, "Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, "Otwock, "Piaseczno, "Pruszków, "Warsaw West and "Wołomin) 5 2,795 559 11,205 2,241 65,215 13,043
"Masovian The remaining part of the "Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: "Ciechanów, "Gostyń, "Mława, "Płock, "Płońsk, "Przasnysz, "Sierpc, "Sochaczew, "Żuromin, "Żyrardów, "Białobrzegi, "Grójec, "Kozienice, "Lipsko, "Przysucha, "Radom, "Szydłowiec, "Zwoleń, "Garwolin, "Łosice, "Maków, "Mińsk, "Ostrołęka, "Ostrów Mazowiecka, "Pułtusk, "Siedlce, "Sokołów, "Węgrów, "Wyszków and the cities of "Płock, "Radom, "Ostrołęka and "Siedlce) 3 2,499 833 24,353 8,118 17,715 5,905
"Łódź "Łódź Voivodeship 2 2,529 1,265 18,219 9,110 22,631 11,316
"Greater Poland "Greater Poland Voivodeship 5 3,350 670 15,183 3,037 27,653 5,531
"Lublin "Lublin Voivodeship 2 2,169 1,084 25,122 12,561 14,208 7,104
"Subcarpathian "Subcarpathian Voivodeship 3 2,129 710 17,846 5,949 13,840 4,613
"Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie "Lesser Poland Voivodeship and "Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship 7 4,735 676 41,537 5,934 43,750 6,250
"Silesian "Silesian Voivodeship 7 4,621 660 12,333 1,762 48,124 6,875
"Lower Silesian and Opole "Lower Silesian Voivodeship and "Opole Voivodeship 6 3,928 655 29,359 4,893 39,645 6,608
"Lubusz and West Pomeranian "Lubusz Voivodeship and "West Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 2,745 915 36,880 12,293 22,145 7,382
"Portugal "Portugal (Full country) 21 10,515 501 92,212 4,391 170,942 8,140
"Romania "Romania (Full country) 32 21,385 668 238,391 7,450 131,359 4,105
"Slovakia "Slovakia (Full country) 13 5,408 416 49,036 3,772 68,975 5,306
"Slovenia "Slovenia (Full country) 8 2,057 257 20,273 2,534 36,150 4,519
"Sweden "Sweden (Full country) 20 9,519 476 438,576 21,929 385,342 19,267
"Spain "Spain (Full country) 54 46,773 866 505,991 9,370 1,045,263 19,357
"London "United Kingdom "Greater London 8 7,836 980 1,595 199 394,759 49,345
"South East England "South East 10 8,520 852 19,405 1,941 255,188 25,519
"South West England "South West, "Gibraltar 6 5,303 884 24,395 4,066 131,444 21,907
"West Midlands "West Midlands 7 5,456 779 13,004 1,858 126,337 18,048
"North West England "North West 8 6,983 873 14,920 1,865 166,395 20,799
"North East England "North East 3 2,606 869 8,676 2,892 53,604 17,868
"Yorkshire and the Humber "Yorkshire and the Humber 6 5,301 884 15,564 2,594 120,310 20,052
"East Midlands "East Midlands 5 4,481 896 15,811 3,162 103,712 20,742
"East of England "Eastern 7 5,832 833 19,572 2,796 148,692 21,242
"Northern Ireland "Northern Ireland 3 1,799 600 14,130 4,710 37,813 12,604
"Scotland "Scotland 6 5,223 871 80,239 13,373 137,863 22,977
"Wales "Wales 4 3,007 752 21,225 5,306 60,428 15,107
Total 751 507,403 676 4,487,367 5,975 12,665,528 16,865

Regional constituencies by member state[edit]

Full lists[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The "German-speaking electoral college in "Belgium has only one seat, thus its election is essentially "first-past-the-post.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eurostat (14 March 2014). "Average annual population (1000) by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Eurostat (19 May 2014). "Total area and land area by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Eurostat (19 May 2014). "Regional Gross Domestic Product by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

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