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( => ( => ( => European Parliament election, 1979 (United Kingdom) [pageid] => 628673 ) =>
United Kingdom European Parliament election, 1979
"United Kingdom
7 June 1979 "1984 →

81 seats to the "European Parliament
Turnout 32.7%
  First party Second party
  ""Margaret Thatcher (1983).jpg ""James Callaghan.JPG
Leader "Margaret Thatcher "James Callaghan
Party "Conservative "Labour
Alliance "EPP "PES
Leader since "11 February 1975 "5 April 1976
Seats won 60 17
Popular vote 6,508,492 4,253,247
Percentage 48.4% 31.6%

Leader of Largest Party

"Margaret Thatcher
"Conservative

The European Assembly Election, 1979, was the first European election to be held in the United Kingdom after the "European Community (EC) decided to directly elect representatives to the "European Parliament. It was held on 7 June. Elections were also held in eight other EC states. European elections were incorporated into UK law by the "European Assembly Elections Act 1978. Out of the 410 members of the European Parliament, 81 were elected from the UK. The "electoral system was "First Past the Post in England, "Scotland and "Wales (electing 78 MEPs in total) and "Single Transferable Vote in Northern Ireland (electing 3 MEPs).

The result was a landslide victory for the "Conservative Party, which won 60 of the 78 seats available in England, Wales and Scotland. Their decisive victory in the "general election of the previous month and divisions within the "Labour party on whether to stay in the "EC probably helped the Conservatives to such a comprehensive victory. There was a very low turnout in the election compared with other states, the lowest in Europe. Voter apathy was an explanation, but it is likely the large number of elections in 1979 had a significant negative effect on turnout. There were "referendums in Scotland and Wales on "devolution in March and the "general election in May, as well as "local elections in England (not including London) and Wales.

Contents

Result (UK-wide)[edit]

Source: UK Parliament Briefing

Party Votes won  % of vote Seats  % of seats
"Conservative 6,508,492 48.4 60 75.0
"Labour 4,253,247 31.6 17 21.3
"Liberal 1,690,638 12.6 0
"SNP 247,836 1.8 1 1.3
"DUP 170,688 1.3 1 1.3
"SDLP 140,622 1.0 1 1.3
"UUP 125,169 0.9 1 1.3
"Plaid Cymru 83,399 0.6 0
"Alliance 39,026 0.3 0
"Independent Unionist 38,198 0.3 0
"Independent Republican 33,969 0.3 0
United Against the Common Market 27,506 0.2 0
"Independent 23,539 0.2 0
"Ecology 17,953 0.1 0
"Mebyon Kernow 10,205 0.1 0
United Community 9,383 0.1 0
"United Labour 6,122 0.0 0
"Independent Conservative 4,804 0.0 0
"Workers' Party 4,418 0.0 0
"Unionist Party NI 3,712 0.0 0
Independent Democratic 2,473 0.0 0
"International Marxist 1,635 0.0 0
Ulster Liberal Party 932 0.0 0
EFP 497 0.0 0
Others 1,628 0.0 0

Results Breakdown[edit]

England, Scotland and Wales[edit]

""
""
Map of the Scottish results.
""
""
Map of Northern Irish results

Source: UK Parliament Briefing

Party Votes won  % of vote Seats  % of seats
"Conservative 6,508,492 50.6 60 76.9
"Labour 4,253,247 33.0 17 21.8
"Liberal 1,690,638 13.1 0
"SNP 247,836 1.9 1 1.3
"Plaid Cymru 83,399 0.6 0
United Against the Common Market 27,506 0.2 0
"Independent 23,539 0.2 0
"Ecology 17,953 0.1 0
"Mebyon Kernow 10,205 0.1 0
"Independent Conservative 4,804 0.0 0
Independent Democratic 2,473 0.0 0
"International Marxist 1,635 0.0 0
EFP 497 0.0 0
Others 1,628 0.0 0

Total votes cast – 12,873,852.

Northern Ireland[edit]

Source Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive

Party Candidate(s) Seats First Preference Votes
Number  % of vote
"DUP "Ian Paisley 1 170,688 29.8
"SDLP "John Hume 1 140,622 25.5
"UUP "John Taylor,
"Harry West
1 125,169 21.9
"Alliance "Oliver Napier 0 39,026 6.8
"Independent Unionist "James Kilfedder 0 38,198 6.7
"Independent Republican "Bernadette McAliskey 0 33,969 5.9
United Community "David Bleakley 0 9,383 1.6
"United Labour "Paddy Devlin 0 6,122 1.1
"Workers' Party Brian Brennan,
Francis Donnelly
0 4,418 0.8
"Unionist Party NI Eddie Cummings 0 3,712 0.6
"Liberal James Murray 0 932 0.2

Total votes cast – 572,239.

Constituency results[edit]

Constituency Constituency result by party Winning party 1984
Con Lab Lib PC SNP Others
"Bedfordshire "Conservative
"Birmingham North "Conservative
"Birmingham South "Conservative
"Bristol "Conservative
"Cambridgeshire "Conservative
"Cheshire East "Conservative
"Cheshire West "Conservative
"Cleveland "Conservative
"Cornwall and Plymouth "Conservative
"Cotswolds "Conservative
"Cumbria "Conservative
"Derbyshire "Conservative
"Devon "Conservative
"Durham "Labour
"Essex North East "Conservative
"Essex South West "Conservative
"Glasgow 41,144 73,846 11,073 24,776 "Labour
"Greater Manchester North "Labour
"Greater Manchester South "Conservative
"Greater Manchester West "Conservative
"Hampshire West "Conservative
"Hereford and Worcester "Conservative
"Hertfordshire "Conservative
"Highlands and Islands 30,776 10,846 36,109 39,991 "SNP
"Humberside "Conservative
"Kent East "Conservative
"Kent West "Conservative
"Lancashire Central "Conservative
"Lancashire East "Conservative
"Lancashire West "Conservative
"Leeds "Labour
"Leicester "Conservative
"Lincolnshire "Conservative
"Liverpool "Conservative
"London Central 84,915 45,721 19,010 6,448 "Conservative
"London East 77,955 64,925 16,783 "Conservative
"London North 74,042 59,077 15,838 "Conservative
"London North East 36,200 61,004 8,839 "Labour
"London North West 87,596 49,268 21,618 "Conservative
"London South 98,298 44,967 23,526 "Conservative
"London South East 94,180 54,798 21,494 890 "Conservative
"London South Inner 60,652 67,830 10,509 "Labour
"London South West 83,498 51,742 21,251 3,810 "Conservative
"London West 89,433 67,193 17,077 1,635 "Conservative
"Lothians 66,761 61,180 29,518 29,935 "Conservative
"Mid and West Wales 67,226 77,474 17,628 22,730 1,826 "Labour
"Mid Scotland and Fife 66,255 58,768 18,112 45,426 "Conservative
"Midlands Central "Conservative
"Midlands East "Conservative
"Midlands West "Conservative
"Norfolk "Conservative
"North East Scotland 51,930 38,139 38,516 28,886 "Conservative
"North Wales 74,173 46,627 21,989 34,171 "Conservative
"Northamptonshire "Conservative
"Northumbria "Labour
"Nottingham "Labour
"Salop and Stafford "Conservative
"Sheffield "Labour
"Somerset "Conservative
"South East Wales 51,478 93,093 10,534 12,469 2,182 "Labour
"South of Scotland 66,816 43,145 16,825 28,694 "Conservative
"South Wales 66,852 77,784 17,811 14,029 "Labour
"Staffordshire East "Conservative
"Strathclyde East 41,482 72,263 10,325 21,013 "Labour
"Strathclyde West 65,608 63,781 17,955 29,115 "Conservative
"Suffolk "Conservative
"Surrey "Conservative
"Sussex East "Conservative
"Sussex West "Conservative
"Thames Valley "Conservative
"Tyne South and Wear "Labour
"Upper Thames "Conservative
"Wessex "Conservative
"Wight and Hampshire East "Conservative
"Wiltshire "Conservative
"Yorkshire North "Conservative
"Yorkshire South "Labour
"Yorkshire South West "Labour
"Yorkshire West "Labour

Party Leaders in June 1979[edit]

See also[edit]

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