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European Parliament election, 1984

← "1979 14–17 June 1984 "1989 →

All 434 seats to the "European Parliament
218 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 61% Decrease 2.0 "pp
  First party Second party Third party
  ""No image.svg ""Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F061785-0005, Hamburg, CDU-Bundesparteitag, Egon Klepsch (cropped).jpg ""No image.svg
Leader Rudi Arndt "Egon Klepsch "Henry Plumb
Party "SOC "EPP "ED
Leader's seat "Germany "Germany "Cotswolds
Last election 113, 27.6% 107, 26.1% 64, 15.6%
Seats won 130* 110* 50*
Seat change Increase17 Increase3 Decrease14
Percentage 30% 25.3% 11.5%
Swing Increase2.4% Decrease0.8% Decrease4.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  ""No image.svg ""Simone Veil, gymnase Japy 2008 02 27 n5.jpg ""No image.svg
Leader Gianni Cervetti "Simone Veil "Christian de La Malène
Leader's seat "North-West Italy "France "France
Last election 44, 10.7% 40, 9.8% 22, 5.4%
Seats won 41 31 29
Seat change Decrease3 Decrease9 Increase7
Percentage 9.4% 7.1% 6.7
Swing Decrease1.3% Decrease2.7% Increase1.3%

""European Parliament election, 1984.png
* The number of seats was increased from 410 to 434 – so this is a nominal figure

Majority Leader before election


Majority Leader-Elect


""Flag of Europe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
"politics and government of
European Union

The 1984 election to the European Parliament was the first since the inaugural election of 1979 and the 1981 enlargement of the "European Community to include "Greece. It was also the last before the accession of Spain and "Portugal in 1987.

Results showed centre-left and right wing MEPs profiting at the expense of the far-left and centre-right. The Socialists consolidated their position as the biggest group in the Parliament and there were notable changes for the smaller groups, with far-right MEPs forming a group and the coalescence of the Green and Regionalist group known as "Rainbow". Overall turnout dropped to 61%. No majority was achieved.



Seat changes[edit]

"National distribution of seats
State Seats State Seats
 "West Germany 81  "Belgium 24
 "United Kingdom 81  "Greece 24
 "France 81  "Denmark 16
 "Italy 81  "Ireland 15
 "Netherlands 25  "Luxembourg 6

The number of seats was the same as before for each member state that took part in the 1979 election. Greece, which had joined in 1981, was allocated 24 new seats. This raised the number of seats to 434 from 410.


Election and regrouping[edit]


The Socialists increased their share by six seats to 130 seats, up from 124 before the elections. The Democratic Alliance (formerly Progressive Democrats) also made gains, up by seven to 29 seats. The People's Party's, the European Democrats, Communists and Liberals all lost seats. The French National Front and the Italian Social Movement founded a group called the "European Right": the first far-right group in the Parliament. The Technical Group of Independents was replaced by the Rainbow Group, a mixture of "Greens and Regionalists.

Final results[edit]

European Parliament election, 1984 - Final results at 23-26 July 1984
"Group Description Chaired by "MEPs
  "SOC "Social Democrats Rudi Arndt 130 ""European Parliament Composition 1984.svg
  "EPP "Christian Democrats "Egon Klepsch 110
  "ED "Conservatives "Henry Plumb 50
  "COM "Communists and the "Far Left Gianni Cervetti 41
  "LD "Liberals and Liberal Democrats "Simone Veil 31
  "EDA "National Conservatives "Christian de La Malène 29
  "RBW "Greens and "Regionalists "Else Hammerich
Jaak Vandemeulebroucke
"Bram van der Lek
Paul Staes
  "ER "Far Right Nationalists "Jean-Marie Le Pen 16
  "NI Independents none 7 Total: 434 Sources: [1][2]



External links[edit]

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