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European Parliament election, 1994

← "1989 9–12 June 1994 "1999 →

All 567 seats to the "European Parliament
285 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 56.8% Decrease 1.7 "pp
  Majority party Minority party
  ""Pauline Green 20050423.jpg ""Wilfried Martens.jpg
Leader "Pauline Green "Wilfried Martens
Party "PES "EPP
Leader's seat "London North "Belgium (Dutch)
Last election 180 121
Seats won 198 157
Seat change Increase18 Increase36

""European Parliamentary Election 1994.svg

Majority Leader before election

"Jean-Pierre Cot

Majority Leader-Elect

"Pauline Green

The 1994 European Parliamentary Election was a "European election held across the 12 "European Union "member states in June 1994.

This election saw the merge of the "European People's Party and "European Democrats, an increase in the overall number of seats (567 members were elected to the "European Parliament) and a fall in overall turnout to 57%.

The five years which had passed since the "previous election had seen enormous political upheavals in Europe. These changes included the "end of communism in Europe, "German reunification, the "dissolution of the Soviet Union, the "Velvet Divorce in "Czechoslovakia and the "breakup of Yugoslavia. The integration of "five former East German states and "Berlin into the Federal Republic of Germany had constituted the first physical expansion of the EC "since 1986. The end of the "Cold War meant three "politically neutral states in Europe had begun a process of acceding to the EU that would culminate in the "1995 enlargement of the European Union. The EU itself had assumed its current name through adoption of the "Treaty of Maastricht in 1993.



European Parliament election, 1994 - Final results at 18-21 July 1994
"Group Description Chaired by "MEPs
  "PES "Social Democrats "Pauline Green 198 ""European Parliament Composition 1994.svg
  "EPP "Conservatives and "Christian Democrats "Wilfried Martens 157
  "ELDR "Liberals and Liberal Democrats "Gijs De Vries 43
  "EUL "Communists and the "Far Left "Alonso José Puerta 28
  "FE "Conservatives and "Christian Democrats "Giancarlo Ligabue 27
  "EDA "National Conservatives Jean-Claude Pasty 26
  "G "Greens "Alexander Langer
"Claudia Roth
  "ERA "Radicals, "Social Liberals and "Regionalists "Catherine Lalumière 19
  "EN "Eurosceptics "James Goldsmith 19
  "NI Independents none 27 Total: 567 Sources: [1][2][3]

The "Technical Group of the European Right no longer had enough MEPs to qualify as a Group, and its MEPs returned for the time being to the ranks of the independents. The members of the "European Democrats joined the "European People's Party (EPP), some as associate members such as the "British Conservatives who did not wish to subscribe to the EPP's pro-federalist position. Despite the merger, the EPP failed one more to become the largest party; the "Party of European Socialists once more claimed victory, with a 41-seat lead over the People's Party.

"Forza Italia was elected for the first time in 1994; it formed its own shortlived group, "Forza Europa, before this merged with the "European Democratic Alliance a year after the election to become the "Group Union for Europe. In addition to Forza Europa, another new group was founded following the fall of the European Right group: the "Europe of Nations Group (Coordination Group)—the first Eurosceptic group in the Parliament, which lasted until 1996.

Results by country[edit]

The national results as at 9–12 June 1994 are as follows:

"Belgium 4 "CVP

2 "PSC
1 "CSP

3 "PS

3 "SP

3 "VLD



1 "VU

2 "VB 25


Seat distribution[edit]

"National Distribution of Seats
State 1989 1994 State 1989 1994
 "Germany 81 99  "Belgium 24 25
 "United Kingdom 81 87  "Portugal 24 25
 "France 81 87  "Greece 24 25
 "Italy 81 87  "Denmark 16 16
 "Spain 60 64  "Ireland 15 15
 "Netherlands 25 31  "Luxembourg 6 6

The number of seats was changed to accommodate "Austria, "Finland and "Sweden who were joining the following year, holding elections then. They were granted 21,16 and 22 seats respectively. The total number of seats increased from 518 to 567.

External links[edit]

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