The European System of Financial Supervision (ESFS) is the framework for financial supervision in the "European Union in operation since 2011. The system consists of the European Supervisory Authorities, the "European Systemic Risk Board, the Joint Committee of the European Supervisory Authorities, and the national supervisory authorities of EU member states. It was proposed by the "European Commission in 2009 in response to the "financial crisis of 2007–08.
There are three European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs). They are responsible for "microprudential oversight at the European Union level:
To complement these authorities, the "European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) is responsible for "macroprudential oversight across the European Union. It includes representatives from the "European Central Bank, national central banks and supervisory authorities of EU member states, and the "European Commission. The ESRB is based at the ECB in Frankfurt.
A deal to set up the EBA in London, ESMA in Paris and EIOPA in Frankfurt received backing from the "European Parliament in September 2010, after an initial agreement reached between the European Commission and member states in December 2009 had triggered parliamentary criticisms. The three institutions began operations on 1 January 2011 and replaced the Committees of Supervisors.