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European Union Military Staff
""Coat of arms of the European Union Military Staff.svg
Coat of arms
Active 2004–present
Allegiance  "European Union
Type "Military staff
Role Supervises "CSDP "operations, provides strategic advice to the "High Representative, reports to the "EUMC.
Size 200+ personnel
Part of "European External Action Service
Location Avenue de Cortenbergh 150, "Brussels, "Belgium
Website europa.eu
"High Repr. "Federica Mogherini
"Director General "Lieutenant General "Esa Pulkkinen
"Deputy Director General "Major General Giovanni Manione

The European Union Military Staff (EUMS) is the Directorate-General of the "European Union's (EU) "External Action Service (EEAS) that contributes to the EU's "Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) by providing strategic advice to the "High Representative (HR/VP) and commanding non-combat operations through its "Military Planning and Conduct Capability (MPCC) operational headquarters. EU officials have indicated that a review in 2018 might extend the MPCC's mandate to also include executive missions.[1][2]

The EUMS also reports to the "European Union Military Committee (EUMC), representing "member states' "Chiefs of Defence, and performs "early warning", situation assessment and strategic planning.

The EUMS currently consists of 200+ military and civilian personnel, and is located in the Kortenberg building in Brussels.



""European Union Military Staff is located in Brussels
European Union Military Staff
Location of the Kortenberg building in Brussels

1993–2000: Background[edit]

The "Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was introduced as a "pillar of the EU by the "Treaty of Maastricht in 1993, based on the earlier 1970 "European Political Cooperation (EPC). The CFSP was to include ‘all questions related to the security of the Union, including the eventual framing of a common defence policy, which might in time lead to a common defence’.

In December 1998 the Franco-British "Saint-Malo declaration stated that the EU ‘must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed up by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them, and a readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises’. This marked a British change of course, as it previously had blocked any development of EU autonomous military capabilities.

At the European Council in Cologne in June 1999 the European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) - formed in 1996 as a project between "Western European Union's (WEU) and the "North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) - was transfererred to the EU and renamed the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). The main goal of this newly established CSDP was to deal with crisis management outside EU territory.

2001: Creation as a Council body[edit]

In 2000 and 2001 a number of "Council bodies were established as part of the ESDP:

In 2003 the "Treaty of Nice provided the ESDP's legal foundation, in terms of competences, organisation, structures and assets.

2009: Transfer to the External Action Service[edit]

Upon the entry into force of the "Treaty of Lisbon in 2009 the EUMS was transferred from the Council's General Secretariat to become a Directorate-General (DG) of the newly established "European External Action Service (EEAS) - the EU's diplomatic service, a hybrid Council-Commission body resulting from a merger of the external relations departments of the Council and relevant international relations departments of the "European Commission.

2016: Addition of the MPCC[edit]

In 2016 "European Union Global Strategy was presented by HR Federica Mogherini and welcomed by the "European Council. The implementation of this strategy in the field of CSDP has included the establishment of the "Military Planning and Conduct Capability (MPCC), which gives the EUMS the role of commanding operations directly.


The EUMS performs a supervisory function in relation to "Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) "operations:

The EUMS has supervised a "number of deployments since its establishment.


The CSDP command structure involving the "High Representative, the Military Staff and "Military Committee as of 1 November 2017:[3] Colour key:
     "High Representative (a "Vice-President of the "Commission)
     ""Coat of arms of the European Union Military Committee.svg "Military Committee (a "Council body)
     ""Coat of arms of the European Union Military Staff.svg Military Staff (a Directorate-General of the "External Action Service)

"High Representative
"Military Committee
""Golden star.svg""Golden star.svg""Golden star.svg""Golden star.svg
Working Group
""Golden star.svg
Working Group/Headline Goal Task Force
Military Staff
"Director General
""Golden star.svg""Golden star.svg""Golden star.svg
Legal advisor
"Deputy Director General
""Golden star.svg""Golden star.svg
Horizontal Coordination
Assistant Chief of Staff for Synchronisation EU cell at "SHAPE
EU Liaison at the "UN in NY Assistant Chief of Staff for External Relations
"NATO Permanent Liaison Team
Directorate A:
Concepts & Capabilities
""Golden star.svg
Directorate B:
""Golden star.svg
Directorate C:
""Golden star.svg
Directorate D:
""Golden star.svg
Directorate E:
Communications & Information Systems
""Golden star.svg
"Military Planning and
Conduct Capability

Chief of Staff
""Golden star.svg
Working Group
Current Operations

The EUMS is a Directorate-General of the "External Action Service (EADS) that is located in the Kortenberg building in Brussels and currently consists of 200+ military and civilian personnel.

Director General[edit]

"Lieutenant General "Esa Pulkkinen has served as Director General since 2016

The EUMS is led by the Director General (DGEUMS, a "three-star general).[4]

Since 2017 DGEUMS has also served as Director of the "Military Planning and Conduct Capability, and as such assumes the function of the single commander for all non-executive military missions, exercising command and control over the current three training Missions and other possible future non-executive military Missions.

DGEUMS is assisted by the Deputy Director General and the Chef of Staff (DDG/COS, a "two-star general).[5]

Military Planning and Conduct Capability[edit]

The Military Planning and Conduct Capability (MPCC) is an EUMS facility that provides a permanent operational headquarters at the military strategic level for non-executive military missions. The MPCC will be reporting to the "Political and Security Committee (PSC), and informing the "European Union Military Committee (EUMC).[6]

The MPCC will at present control the three EU training missions in Central African Republic, Mali and Somalia.

The MPCC will cooperate with its existing civilian counterpart, the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC), through a Joint Support Coordination Cell (JSCC).

EU officials have indicated that a review in 2018 might extend the MPCC's mandate to also include operations with combat elements - or so-called executive missions.[7] Such a development could establish the MPCC as a single EU military operational headquarters (OHQ), replacing the previous practice in which the EUMS has not controlled EU military missions directly, and where the "Council has determined a dedicated ad hoc OHQ for each operation, typically out of one of the following categories:


The EUMS has five directorates, each led by a "one-star commander.[8]

Concepts and Capabilities[edit]

The Concepts and Capabilities Directorate (CON/CAP) is responsible for EUMS concepts, doctrine and the planning and development of capabilities including crisis management exercises, training, analysis and lessons learned, and for cooperation with the "European Defence Agency (EDA), ensuring coherency between the EU military concepts and the crisis management procedures.[9]


The Intelligence Directorate (INT) has the following tasks:[10]


The Operations Directorate (OPS) has the following tasks:[11]


The Logistics Directorate (LOG) provides administrative support, logistic planning expertise, logistic concepts, doctrine related to crisis response planning. LOG also assesses operations and exercises.[12]

Communication and Information Systems[edit]

The Communication and Information Systems Directorate (CIS) is has the following tasks:[13]

Other units[edit]

Other units at the EUMS include:[14]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

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