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Statistics in the "European Union are collected by "Eurostat (European statistics body).

Area and population[edit]

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EU population "cartogram

As of 1 January 2006, the population of the EU was about 493 million people.[1] Many countries are expected to experience a decline in population over the coming decades,[2] though this could be offset with new countries planning to join the EU within the next 20 years. The most populous member state is Germany, with an estimated 80.4 million people. France and Ireland have the highest birth-rates.[3] The most "densely populated country is the island of "Malta, which is also the smallest, while the largest in area is France. The least densely populated country is "Finland.

Population figures in the table below are from 2006 or 2007 estimates. The highest and lowest figures in each column have been marked in bold.

Member State Population
in millions
Population
 % of EU
Area
km2
Area
% of EU
Pop. density
People/km2
 "European Union 494.8 100% 4,422,773 100% 112
 "Austria 8.3 1.7% 83,858 1.9% 99
 "Belgium 10.5 2.1% 30,510 0.7% 344
 "Bulgaria 7.7 1.6% 110,912 2.5% 70
 "Croatia 4.3 0.9% 56,594 1.3% 75.8
 "Cyprus 0.8 0.2% 9,250 0.2% 84
 "Czech Republic 10.3 2.1% 78,866 1.8% 131
 "Denmark 5.4 1.1% 43,094 1.0% 126
 "Estonia 1.4 0.3% 45,226 1.0% 29
 "Finland 5.3 1.1% 337,030 7.6% 16
 "France[4] 65.03 13.% 643,548 14.6% 111
 "Germany 80.4 16.6% 357,021 8.1% 225
 "Greece 11.1 2.2% 131,940 3.0% 84
 "Hungary 10.1 2.0% 93,030 2.1% 108
 "Ireland 4.6 0.9% 70,280 1.6% 60
 "Italy 58.8 11.9% 301,320 6.8% 195
 "Latvia 2.3 0.5% 64,589 1.5% 35
 "Lithuania 3.4 0.7% 65,200 1.5% 45
 "Luxembourg 0.5 0.1% 2,586 0.1% 181
 "Malta 0.4 0.1% 316 0.0007% 1,261
 "Netherlands 17 3.3% 41,526 0.9% 394
 "Poland 38.1 7.7% 312,685 7.1% 122
 "Portugal 10.6 2.1% 92,931 2.1% 114
 "Romania 21.6 4.4% 238,391 5.4% 91
 "Spain 44.7 9.0% 504,782 11.4% 87
 "Slovakia 5.4 1.1% 48,845 1.1% 111
 "Slovenia 2.0 0.4% 20,253 0.5% 99
 "Sweden 10 1.8% 449,964 10.2% 20
 "United Kingdom 60.7 12.3% 244,820 5.5% 246

Economy[edit]

For statistics relating to economy, please see "Economy of the European Union.

EU budget[edit]

The primary resource for funding the European Union is the contributions sought from member states. Each member state contributes to the "EU budget, and receives funding back from the EU, depending on the relative wealth of the states, i.e. their ability to pay.

The table below shows the contributions as a percentage of the total budget. This takes into account the special considerations given to the United Kingdom to reduce its contribution through a "rebate. Expenditure in Luxembourg, Belgium and France include items for the EU administrative centres in each of those countries.

Member State Total contribution
in Euro
Total contribution
as % of total EU budget
Total expenditure
year 2006 in Euro
Total expenditure
as % of total EU budget
Net contribution
in Euro
Net contribution
in Euro per capita
Total contribution
in Euro per capita
 "European Union 105,259,468,772 100.00% 106,575,500,000 100.00% -1,316,031,228 -3 213
 "Germany 22,218,438,941 21.11% 12,242,400,000 11.49% 9,976,038,941 124 276
 "France 17,303,107,859 16.44% 13,496,200,000 12.66% 3,806,907,859 59 266
 "Italy 14,359,479,157 13.64% 10,922,300,000 10.25% 3,437,179,157 58 244
 "United Kingdom 13,739,900,046 13.05% 8,294,200,000 7.78% 5,445,700,046 90 226
 "Spain 8,957,286,488 8.51% 12,883,000,000 12.09% -3,925,713,512 -88 200
 "Netherlands 5,552,933,781 5.28% 2,190,400,000 2.06% 3,362,533,781 198 327
 "Belgium 4,035,286,807 3.83% 5,625,100,000 5.28% -1,589,813,193 -151 384
 "Sweden 2,832,862,800 2.69% 1,573,400,000 1.48% 1,259,462,800 126 283
 "Austria 2,308,432,030 2.19% 1,830,100,000 1.72% 478,332,030 58 278
 "Denmark 2,130,860,212 2.02% 1,501,900,000 1.41% 628,960,212 116 395
 "Poland 2,099,087,114 1.99% 5,305,600,000 4.98% -3,206,512,886 -84 55
 "Greece 1,882,611,879 1.79% 6,833,700,000 6.41% -4,951,088,121 -446 170
 "Finland 1,544,832,284 1.47% 1,280,400,000 1.20% 264,432,284 50 291
 "Portugal 1,443,049,602 1.37% 3,634,800,000 3.41% -2,191,750,398 -207 136
 "Ireland 1,341,281,313 1.27% 2,461,800,000 2.31% -1,120,518,687 -244 292
 "Hungary 1,003,119,411 0.95% 1,842,200,000 1.73% -839,080,589 -83 99
 "Czech Republic 932,392,859 0.89% 1,330,000,000 1.25% -397,607,141 -39 91
 "Slovakia 393,148,777 0.37% 696,200,000 0.65% -303,051,223 -56 73
 "Slovenia 299,993,572 0.29% 406,000,000 0.38% -106,006,428 -53 150
 "Luxembourg 241,439,011 0.23% 1,194,800,000 1.12% -953,360,989 -1,907 483
 "Lithuania 221,997,405 0.21% 799,800,000 0.75% -577,802,595 -170 65
 "Cyprus 144,556,416 0.14% 239,600,000 0.22% -95,043,584 -119 181
 "Latvia 115,205,431 0.11% 402,600,000 0.24% -287,394,569 -125 50
 "Estonia 100,756,308 0.10% 300,000,000 0.28% -199,243,692 -142 72
 "Malta 57,409,269 0.05% 157,000,000 0.14% -99,590,731 -249 144
 "Bulgaria 360,600,000 0.34% -360,600,000 -47
 "Romania 693,100,000 0.65% -693,100,000 -32

Freedom and governance-related rankings[edit]

There are many indices available on issues such as corruption, "development, and "freedom.

Freedom of the press[edit]

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  "Finland 1
2  "Netherlands 2
3  "Luxembourg 4
4  "Denmark 6
5  "Sweden 10
6  "Estonia 11
7  "Austria 12
8  "Ireland 15
9  "Czech Republic 16
10  "Germany 17
11  "Belgium 21
12  "Poland 22
13  "Slovakia 23
14  "Cyprus 24
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  "Portugal 28
16  "United Kingdom 29
17  "Lithuania 33
18  "Slovenia 35
19  "Spain 36
20  "France 37
21  "Latvia 39
22  "Romania 42
23  "Malta 45
24  "Hungary 56
25  "Italy 57
26  "Greece 84
27  "Bulgaria 87

"Reporters sans frontières conducts an annual survey on the "freedom of the press and produces scores (not shown here) for each country. In 2013, Finland was proclaimed as having the freest press in the European Union, and indeed the world, with a score of 6.38. "Bulgaria was ranked as having the least free press in the European Union, with a score of 28.58. [1]

Economic freedom[edit]

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  "Denmark 9
2  "Ireland 11
3  "Estonia 13
4  "United Kingdom 14
5  "Luxembourg 15
6  "Finland 16
7  "Netherlands 17
8  "Sweden 18
9  "Germany 19
10  "Lithuania 22
11  "Austria 25
12  "Czech Republic 29
13  "Belgium 40
14  "Cyprus 41
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  "Slovakia 42
16  "Spain 46
17  "Hungary 47
18  "Malta 48
19  "Latvia 55
20  "Poland 57
21  "Romania 59
22  "Bulgaria 60
23  "France 62
24  "Portugal 67
25  "Slovenia 76
26  "Italy 83
27  "Greece 117

An "index of Economic Freedom is produced by the "Wall Street Journal and the "Heritage Foundation. It uses 50 different variables to compile the survey, in areas such as trade policy and government intervention.

A similar index produced by the "World Economic Forum is its "Global Competitiveness Index.

Source: 2013 Index of Economic Freedom.

Colour Codes
Free
Mostly Free
Moderately Free
Mostly Unfree

Perception of corruption[edit]

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  "Denmark =1
2  "Finland 3
3  "Sweden 4
4  "Netherlands 8
5  "Germany 10
=  "Luxembourg =10
=  "United Kingdom =10
8  "Belgium =15
9  "Austria 17
10  "Ireland 19
11  "Estonia 22
12  "France 23
13  "Portugal =29
=  "Poland =29
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  "Slovenia =31
16  "Lithuania =38
17  "Spain =41
18  "Latvia 44
19  "Cyprus =47
=  "Czech Republic =47
=  "Malta =47
22  "Slovakia 54
23  "Croatia =55
24  "Hungary =57
=  "Romania =57
26  "Italy =60
27  "Greece 69
28  "Bulgaria =75

"Transparency International is an international NGO publishing an annual "Global Corruption Report indicating the perception of corruption around the world. The rankings of the table refer to the Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 [2].

Human development[edit]

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  "Netherlands 4
2  "Germany 6
3  "Denmark 10
4  "Ireland 11
5  "Sweden 12
6  "United Kingdom 14
7  "France 20
8  "Austria =21
=  "Belgium =21
=  "Luxembourg =21
11  "Finland 24
12  "Slovenia 25
13  "Italy 26
14  "Spain 27
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  "Czech Republic 28
16  "Greece 29
17  "Cyprus 32
18  "Estonia 33
19  "Lithuania =35
20  "Poland =35
21  "Slovakia 37
22  "Malta 39
23  "Portugal 41
24  "Hungary 43
25  "Croatia 47
26  "Latvia 48
27  "Romania 54
28  "Bulgaria 58

The "Human Development Index is a measure produced by the United Nations which covers three aspects of human development:

The rankings of the table refer to the "UNDP Human Development Report 2014 (2013 data). The UN lists all EU member states except Romania and Bulgaria as countries with very high human development.

Income equality[edit]

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  "Denmark 2
2  "Sweden 4
3  "Czech Republic 5
4  "Slovakia 6
5  "Hungary 10
=  "Finland 10
7  "Germany 14
8  "Slovenia 15
9  "Austria 18
10  "Bulgaria 19
11  "Netherlands 25
12  "Romania 26
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
13  "France 32
14  "Belgium 33
15  "Ireland 40
=  "Greece 40
17  "Poland 44
18  "Spain 47
19  "Estonia 50
20  "Lithuania 51
=  "Italy 51
=  "United Kingdom 51
23  "Latvia 57
24  "Portugal 59

"Income inequality, measured by the "gini coefficient is how evenly incomes are distributed through the population. "Denmark has the least income inequality with a gini coefficient score of 24.4, whilst "Portugal has the most income inequality with a score of 38.5. "Malta, Luxembourg, and "Cyprus have no statistics available, and so are not included in this table. These statistics have been compiled by the United Nations (see [3])

Ease of doing business[edit]

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  "Denmark 3
2  "United Kingdom 7
3  "Sweden 9
4  "Estonia 12
5  "Finland 13
6  "Latvia 14
7  "Germany 17
8  "Ireland 18
9  "Austria 19
10  "Lithuania 21
11  "Poland 24
12  "Portugal 25
13  "Czech Republic 27
14  "Netherlands 28
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  "France 29
16  "Slovenia 30
17  "Spain 32
18  "Slovakia 33
19  "Romania 36
20  "Bulgaria 39
21  "Hungary 41
22  "Belgium 42
23  "Croatia 43
24  "Cyprus 45
25  "Italy 50
26  "Luxembourg 59
27  "Greece 61
28  "Malta 76

The "Ease of Doing Business Index is created by the "World Bank and based on the study of laws and regulations, with the input and verification by more than 3,500 government officials, lawyers, business consultants, accountants and other professionals who routinely advise on or administer legal and regulatory requirements.

The data in the table are from the 2017 report.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Total Population as of 01.01.06", EUROSTAT. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  2. ^ "The EU's baby blues", BBC News, 27 March 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006.
  3. ^ "France claims EU fertility crown ", BBC News, 16 January 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2007.
  4. ^ Figures for France include the four "overseas departments ("French Guiana, Guadeloupe, "Martinique, Réunion) which are integral parts of the European Union, but do not include the "overseas collectivities and "territories, which are not part of the European Union. Figures for "Metropolitan France proper are: population 63.6 million, area 551 695 km², and population density 113/km².
  5. ^ http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings/

External links[edit]

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