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This article is part of a series on the
"politics and government of
European Union

Eurostat is a "Directorate-General of the "European Commission located in "Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the "institutions of the "European Union (EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its "member states and "candidates for accession as well as "EFTA countries. The organisations in the different countries that cooperate with Eurostat are summarised under the concept of the European Statistical System.



Eurostat operates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. As a Directorate-General of the Commission, Eurostat is allocated to the portfolio of the "European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility, a position occupied as of April 2015 by "Marianne Thyssen.[1]

The acting "Director-General of Eurostat is As of January 2017 "Mariana Kotzeva, former Deputy Director-General of Eurostat and President of the "National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria.[2]


Directors General[edit]

Name Nationality Term
Rolf Wagenführ  "West Germany 1952–1966
Raymond Dumas  "France 1966–1973
Jacques Mayer  "France 1973–1977
Aage Dornonville de la Cour  "Denmark 1977–1982
"Pieter de Geus  "Netherlands 1982–1984
Silvio Ronchetti  "Italy 1984–1987
Yves Franchet  "France 1987–2003
"Michel Vanden Abeele  "Belgium 2003–2004
Günther Hanreich  "Austria 2004–2006
"Hervé Carré  "France 2006–2008
Walter Radermacher (de)  "Germany 2008–2016
"Mariana Kotzeva (acting)  "Bulgaria 2017–present


The Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the "European Parliament and of the "Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics establishes the legal framework for the European statistics[6].

Amending Regulation (EU) 759/2015 clarifies that heads of NSIs coordinate national level activities for European statistics and decide on processes, methods, standards and procedures of their respective statistics.[7].

Previous Eurostat regulations were a Decision on Eurostat (2012/504/EU), and the earlier Decision on Eurostat (97/281/EC).

Main areas of statistical activities[edit]

The Eurostat statistical work is structured into Themes and Sub-themes.

EU Policy Indicators
  • Structural Indicators
  • Euro indicators/ Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEI)
  • Sustainable Development Indicators
General and regional statistics
  • Regions and cities
  • International Co-operation
  • Co-operation with Mediterranean countries-MEDSTAT programme
  • Candidate and potential candidate countries
Economy and finance
  • National accounts (including GDP)
  • ESA 95 Input-Output tables
  • European sector accounts
  • Government finance statistics
  • Financial accounts
  • Exchange rates
  • Interest rates
  • Monetary and other financial statistics
  • Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP)
  • Balance of payments
Population and social conditions
  • Population
  • Health (Public health/ Health and safety at work)
  • Education and training
  • Labour market (including LFS - Labour Force Survey)
  • Living conditions and social protection
  • Crime and criminal justice
  • Culture
Industry, trade and services
Agriculture and fisheries
  • Agriculture
  • Forestry
  • Fisheries
  • Food: from farm to fork
External trade Transport
Environment and energy
  • Environment
  • Energy
Science and technology

General statistical activities related to the European Statistical system are:

Geographical scope[edit]

Currently Eurostat data are aggregated at EU-28 level, known as EU-28. While Brexit is planned for 29 March 2019, it is expected that after the "Brexit date they will be computed for the EU-27 only as the Brexit will make the UK to be a third country. Nonetheless, to avoid confusion with the previous EU-27 group of 27 member state — which was used in series of statistical data before the accession on the member state number 28 — another name for the future EU 27 — without UK — might be defined after, according to Eurostat[8]. The concept of EU 28 is used from 1st January 2014, also according to Eurostat Methodological manual on city statistics 2017 edition.

Local data are also computed at "NUTS level.

Access to Eurostat statistics[edit]

The most important statistics are made available via press releases. They are placed on the Eurostat website at 11:00 in the morning. This is also the time that the press release content may be distributed to the public by press agencies.

Eurostat disseminates its statistics free of charge via its Internet and its statistical databases that are accessible via the Internet. The statistics are hierarchically ordered in a navigation tree. Tables are distinguished from multi-dimensional datasets from which the statistics are extracted via an interactive tool.

In addition various printed publications are available either in electronic form free on the internet or in printed form via the EU Bookshop. Only larger publications are charged for as printed copies.

Since September 2009 Eurostat has pioneered a fully electronical way of publishing, Statistics Explained,[9] like Wikipedia based on Mediawiki open source software and with a largely similar structure and navigation. Statistics Explained is not only a dissemination format, however, but also a wiki working platform for producing flagship publications like the Eurostat Yearbook.[10]

Ireland now has the lowest tax-to-GDP measure across 30 European countries, new figures from Eurostat have shown. The metric is calculated by dividing the tax revenue collected by the Government from the gross domestic product (GDP).

Statistical data for research purposes[edit]

Microdata, which in principle allows the identification of the statistical unit (e.g. a person in the labour force survey or a company for innovation statistics), is treated as strictly confidential. Under tight security procedures various anonymised datasets are provided to research institutions for validated research projects.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

"Coordinates: 49°37′59″N 6°10′13″E / 49.6330°N 6.1702°E / 49.6330; 6.1702

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