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A federal district is a type of "administrative division of a "federation, usually under the direct control of a federal government and organized with a single municipal body, much like "city-states. Federal districts often include "capital districts, and they exist in various countries worldwide.
The "seat of the "U.S. federal government in "Washington is located in a federal district called the "District of Columbia. Other federally administered areas that are within one of the 50 "states, but not under its jurisdiction are called "federal enclaves.
Additionally, the "U. S. federal court system divides each state, the "District of Columbia, and "Puerto Rico, into one or more "federal judicial districts. A "United States district court and a "bankruptcy court are located in each. There are also regional "federal judicial circuits, each consisting of a group of states (except for the "District of Columbia Circuit, which consists of the federal district, and the "Federal Circuit, whose jurisdiction is based on specific subject matter instead of geography); Puerto Rico and the "United States territorial courts are also assigned to circuits. Each circuit has a "United States court of appeals.
In "Malaysia, the term "Federal Territory (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan) is used for the three territories governed directly by the federal government, namely "Kuala Lumpur (national capital), "Putrajaya (federal government administrative centre) and "Labuan (international "offshore financial centre).
In "India, the term "Union Territory is used for the seven territories governed directly by the "federal national government with its own "Chief minister and "Governor. They include — "Andaman and Nicobar Islands, "Chandigarh, "Dadra and Nagar Haveli, "Daman and Diu, "Delhi, "Lakshadweep and "Puducherry. Of these Delhi and Puducherry possess partial state hoods with their own elected chief ministers.
There are nine "federal districts of Russia, which function as an additional administrative layer between other subdivisions and the "Russian Federation as a whole state. There are also "three cities of federal significance, established by the Constitution — "Moscow, "Saint Petersburg and "Sevastopol (although Sevastopol is contested territory, and most of the international community regards it and the "Autonomous Republic of Crimea as part of "Ukraine). Each city is treated as separate subject of federation, and has its own legislative body.