|"High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy|
1 November 2014
|Preceded by||"Cathy Ashton|
|"Minister of Foreign Affairs|
22 February 2014 – 31 October 2014
|Prime Minister||"Matteo Renzi|
|Preceded by||"Emma Bonino|
|Succeeded by||"Paolo Gentiloni|
|Member of the "Chamber of Deputies|
13 May 2008 – 30 September 2014
|Born||Federica Maria Mogherini
16 June 1973
|Political party||"Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Matteo Rebesani (m. 2007)|
|"Alma mater||"Sapienza University|
Federica Maria Mogherini (Italian pronunciation: "[fedeˈriːka moɡeˈriːni]; born 16 June 1973) is an Italian politician who has served as "High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy since November 2014. She previously served as "Italy's Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation from February 2014 to October 2014, in the "centre-left "Renzi Cabinet. She was a Member of the "Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 2008 to 2014.
Federica Mogherini was born on 16 June 1973 in Rome, Italy, to the family of the film director and set designer "Flavio Mogherini (1922–1994).
Mogherini attended the "Sapienza University of Rome where she studied "Political Science graduating with a specialization in "Political Philosophy with a final dissertation entitled "relationship between religion and politics in Islam", which she wrote whilst on the "Erasmus programme at "Aix-en-Provence, France ("Sciences Po Aix).
A member of the "Italian Communist Youth Federation, upon joining in 1988. In 1996, Mogherini joined the Youth Left after the dissolution of the "Italian Communist Party and its transformation into a "Social Democratic Party. In 2001, she became a member of the National Council of the "Democrats of the Left (DS), later serving on its National Executive Board and Political Committee. In 2003, she started working at the DS's Foreign Affairs Section, where she was given responsibility for relations with international movements and parties, later becoming the team's coordinator; after that she was given responsibility for Foreign Affairs and International Relations on the staff of DS Party chairman "Piero Fassino. In this role, she oversaw the policies on Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as the Middle East peace process. Mogherini was in charge of maintaining relations with the "Party of European Socialists, the "Socialist International and other left-wing parties, including with the US "Democratic Party.
In 2008, Mogherini was elected to the "Chamber of Deputies, representing the constituency of "Veneto. Serving in the 16th legislature, she became secretary of its Defence Committee, a member of the Italian parliamentary delegation to the Council of Europe, and of Italy's parliamentary delegation to the "Western European Union.
On 24 February 2009, she was appointed to the staff of the incoming chairman of the PD "Dario Franceschini, with responsibility for equal opportunity. After than she was notable as a member of Franceschini's faction (Area Democratica). She has also served as Vice-President of the "Italy-USA Foundation.
In February 2013, Mogherini was returned to parliament for the "Emilia-Romagna constituency. During the 17th Italian legislature she served again on the Defence Committee (replacing "Lapo Pistelli after he was appointed Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs), on the Committee on Foreign Affairs and on the Italian delegation to the "Parliamentary Assembly of NATO, and later its president from April 2013. On 1 August 2013, she was elected as head of the Italian delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly for "NATO.
On 9 December 2013, the new chairman of the PD "Matteo Renzi appointed Mogherini to his staff, with the responsibility of European relations.
Around this time, Mogherini voiced her support for the "Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, an organisation which campaigns for democratic reformation of the United Nations, and the creation of a more accountable international political system.
Mogherini joined the "Renzi Cabinet as "Minister of Foreign Affairs, the third woman after "Susanna Agnelli and "Emma Bonino to hold this post. Her first public engagement following her appointment was to meet, along with Italy's Defence Minister, the wives of Massimiliano Latorre and Salvatore Girone, the two Italian marines detained in "India after the "Enrica Lexie incident.
Under her direction, the Foreign Ministry worked for the release of "Mariam Ibrahim. Italy's good relations with "Sudan helped in securing the release of this Sudanese woman who was finally permitted to fly to "Italy on an Italian government plane.
In July 2014, given the large number of Italian MEPs belonging to the "S&D group following the "2014 European election, the "European Council considered her as a candidate for the position of "High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, in "Jean-Claude Juncker's new "Commission. On 13 July 2014, the "Financial Times among other European newspapers reported that her nomination proposal had been opposed by the Baltic states and several Central-European countries, including "Latvia, "Estonia, "Lithuania and "Poland, where her stance towards "Russia concerning the Ukrainian crisis was considered to be too soft. "Sweden, "Ireland, "Netherlands and the "United Kingdom raised concerns also, claiming the position should be filled by should be filled by someone from the "center-right and by a candidate from outside "Germany, "France and "Italy.
On 30 August, Europe's socialist Prime Ministers met prior to the convening of the "European Council, at which she received the approval of the "Party of European Socialists. On the same day the President "Herman Van Rompuy announced that the European Council had decided to appoint the Italian Minister as its new High Representative, effective from 1 November 2014. The group of commissioners involved in external relations — neighborhood and EU enlargement, trade, development, emergency and humanitarian aid, migration, energy and transport — meets monthly, with Mogherini in the chair.
In 2015, Mogherini won praise for her role in negotiating the "Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an international agreement on the "nuclear program of Iran, and along with Iranian Foreign Minister "Mohammad Javad Zarif was the one to announce the accord to the world. In 2016, she appointed chief negotiator Helga Schmid as Secretary General of the "European External Action Service (EEAS), following the resignation of "Alain Le Roy.
In October 2017, Mogherini announced plans to argue the EU case for "America to remain supportive of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the "Iran nuclear deal", by holding talks with the "Trump administration in "Washington DC following "Trump's "Denial of Recertification.
In January 2015, Mogherini circulated a discussion paper among "EU foreign ministers exploring a potential rapprochement with "Russia, including a pathway to ease some "economic sanctions against the country during the Ukraine crisis and opening dialogue on a range of topics such as visas and energy policy; the proposal drew a harsh response from the "United Kingdom and "Poland as the fighting intensified in eastern Ukraine. In February 2017, Mogherini said that "as long as the Minsk agreements are not fully implemented, [anti-Russian] sanctions would remain in place". In March 2017, dozens of journalists, analysts, and politicians signed an open letter, initiated by "European Values Think-Tank, criticising Mogherini's response to Russia, saying she was "trying to avoid naming Russia as the main creator of hostile disinformation" and "constantly [appeasing] Russian aggression."
On 27 April 2017, on her first official visit to Russia, Mogherini met with "Sergei Lavrov. Their discussion covered the implementation of the Minsk Agreement, the "Annexation of Crimea, "homophobic discrimination in "Chechnya, and other topics. Mogherini said that she supported policies in the spirit of "cooperation rather than confrontation".
Mogherini has expressed that she wants the EU to play a leading role in trying to restart "Israeli-Palestinian peace talks after a U.S.-brokered process foundered in April 2014. She visited the region within days of starting her new job. She pushed to revitalise the "Middle East Quartet – together with the United Nations, the United States, and Russia – and to involve key Arab countries in relaunching the peace process: the first “Quartet plus” meeting, with Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the Arab League, took place on the sides of the UN General Assembly in New York, on 30 September 2014.
In her capacity of "EU High Representative she coordinated the last rounds of negotiations on Iran's nuclear programme, which led to an agreement on 14 July 2015. "US Secretary of State "John Kerry praised her for "expertly coordinating international efforts during the final stage" of the talks.
In 2017, Mogherini stirred controversy and diplomatic confusion over her statement that the "trade agreements between Morocco and the EU would not be affected by the 2016 ruling by the "European Court of Justice on the scope of trade with Morocco. This ruling confirmed that bilateral trade deals, such as the "EU–Morocco Fisheries Partnership Agreement, cover only agricultural produce and fishing products originating within the internationally recognized borders of Morocco, thus explicitly excluding any product sourced from "Western Sahara or its territorial waters. The "international community, including the EU, unanimously rejects "Morocco's territorial claim to Western Sahara.
An admirer of the "United States, Mogherini told "Reuters in 2014 that one day she would like to work there. In the negotiations on a "Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, she pushed for an energy chapter, arguing that it would "set a benchmark" in terms of transparent, rules based energy markets to the rest of the world.
Following the election of "Donald Trump as "US President and his support of "Brexit, Mogherini criticized Trump for interfering in internal European matters, stating "We do not interfere in US politics … and Europeans expect that America does not interfere in European politics."
Mogherini has also caused controversy since her appointment to the European Commission by stating publicly that "Islam is part of Europe's history and future. In a speech in "Brussels on 24 June 2015, she said:
Islam holds a place in our Western societies. Islam belongs in Europe. It holds a place in Europe's history, in our culture, in our food and—what matters most—in Europe's present and future. Like it or not, this is the reality.
And continuing from the same speech:
I am not afraid to say that "political Islam should be part of the picture. Religion plays a role in politics – not always for good, not always for bad. Religion can be part of the process. What makes the difference is whether the process is democratic or not.
Some analysts claim that Mogherini's speech has been misquoted. For example, according to columnist Klaus Jurgens, Mogherini believes that "political Islam should be part of the equation in fighting terror and in particular the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" and "she did not say that political Islam should become Europe's new masterplan".
|"Minister of Foreign Affairs
Fernando Nelli Feroci
|"Italian European Commissioner
|"High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy