Fabbrini in 2011 identified a cycle in anti-Americanism in Europe: modest in the 1990s, it grew explosively between 2003–2008, then declined after 2008. He sees the current version as related to images of American foreign policy-making as unrestrained by international institutions or world opinion. Thus it is the unilateral policy process and the arrogance of policy makers, not the specific policy decisions, that are decisive.
In the wake of the "Euromaidan protests the Obama administration had embraced the new government of Prime Minister "Arseniy Yatsenyuk. After Russia began to occupy the Crimean peninsula Obama warned Russia of "severe consequences" if Russia annexes the region and attempted to negotiate a withdraw of Russian troops. To date, all negotiations have been unsuccessful. On December 18, 2014 Obama signed into law "Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014.
Tensions remained as Russia pushed back against the expansion of NATO and the European community into areas once under the control of the Russian and Soviet Empires. "Georgia and "Ukraine were the major flash points. Early on, Obama called for a "reset" of relations with Russia, and in 2009 the policy became known as the "Russian reset; but critics debated whether or not it could improve bilateral relations or was about to concede too much to Russia.
At the end of March 2014, president Obama dismissed Russia as a “regional power” that did not pose a major security threat to the U.S. The statement was later sharply criticised by Putin as ″disrespectful″ and an attempt to prove America's "exceptionalism as well as by the president of the "European Commission "Jean-Claude Juncker who in November 2016 said, ″We have a lot to learn about the depths of Russia, we are very ignorant about it at the moment. <...> Russia is not, as President Obama said, ′a regional power′. This was a big error in assessment.″
After Russia′s "military intervention in "Syria in 2015 and the "alleged interference in the 2016 "election campaign in the U.S., relations between the Russian government and Obama administration became more strained. In September 2016, the U.S. government publicly accused Russia of ″flagrant violations of international law″ in Syria. "Thomas Friedman opined, ″Obama believed that a combination of pressure and engagement would moderate Putin’s behavior. That is the right approach, in theory, but it’s now clear that we have underestimated the pressure needed to produce effective engagement, and we’re going to have to step it up. This is not just about the politics of Syria and Ukraine anymore. It’s now also about America, Europe, basic civilized norms and the integrity of our democratic institutions.″ "George Robertson, a former UK defense secretary and NATO secretary-general, said that Obama had “allowed Putin to jump back on the world stage and test the resolve of the West”, adding that the legacy of this disaster would last.
In mid-November 2016, the Kremlin accused president Barack Obama’s administration of trying to damage the U.S.′ relationship with Russia to a degree that would render normalisation thereof impossible for the incoming administration of "Donald Trump.
War in Iraq
During his campaign for the presidency, "Barack Obama advocated a phased redeployment of troops out of "Iraq within 16 months of being sworn in as president. In order to accomplish this Obama stated that he would, based on the conditions on the ground, redeploy between one and two "battalions a month. Some of the forces would return to the U.S., while others would be redeployed as part of a focus on the broader region including "Afghanistan and "Pakistan to confront terrorism.
Obama was in office for 3 years of the Iraq war. The U.S. gradually completed its withdrawal of military personnel in December 2011. In late February 2009, newly elected U.S. President Barack Obama announced an 18-month withdrawal window for combat forces, with approximately 50,000 soldiers remaining in the country. In November 2013 Obama met with Iraqi prime minister Nouri Maliki. He vowed a continuing partnership but said there would be no public aid, and urged to prime minister to be more inclusive, especially with regards to the Sunni population. Obama also encouraged wider political participation and passing an election law. They discussed how to curb a resurgent al-Qaeda and how to more thoroughly incorporate democracy in the country. President Obama changed the timeline of withdrawing troops from Iraq within 16 months of his taking office as outlined in the election to 19 months after taking office.
Obama appointed several "Special Envoys including a Special Envoy for Middle East peace ("George Mitchell) and a Special Envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan ("Richard C. Holbrooke). In 2013, Obama urged the leaders of the middle east to do more to stem or address the multiple locations where Sunni-Shia sttrife is occurring in the middle east, including in Bahrain, Syria and Iraq.
In the wake of the shattering of the Iraqi military following "2014 Northern Iraq offensive Obama deployed thousands of American Marines, Special Forces troops and military advisers to shore up the remaining Iraqi forces. These troops were also tasked with securing the area around the American Embassy in Baghdad as well as taking control of the International Airport. Obama said that the actions of these men would be "targeted and precise".
The administration also moved a carrier battle group in to the Persian Gulf. Americans have been flying extensive reconnaissance flights, both manned and unmanned. American "F-18 attack aircraft have also been spotted in the skies over Iraq since mid-summer.
In early August the Administration announced a wide-ranging air campaign in northern Iraq aimed at Sunni militants, while undertaking a significant humanitarian efforts aimed at Iraq's imperiled minorities.
The "2009 Iranian presidential election was held on June 12, 2009. Candidates included Ahmadinejad, "Mir-Hossein Mousavi, the former Prime Minister of Iran, and "Mehdi Karroubi, a former Speaker of the "Iranian Parliament. There are reports that the upcoming election had influenced deliberations about the "timing for potential Iran Talks."  Obama signed the "Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 on July 1, 2010 to expand sanctions on Iran. The restrictions of the new law are so tight that third countries have warned about the interference with their trade. However under Obama, Iran's oil exports have been halved.
After the "election of centrist moderate "Hassan Rouhani as President in 2013, Iran started a new stage of dialogue in its foreign relations in a bid to improve relations with the west. At Rouhani's "official visit to "New York City to attend the "United Nations General Assembly, Obama requested a bilateral meeting with Rouhani, which didn't take place due to time restraints according to Rouhani. Rouhani stated that more time was needed to organise a proper meeting between the two countries' leaders due to the troubled past relationship of the two nations. On 27 September 2013, Iranian Foreign Minister "Mohammad Javad Zarif and Secretary of State "John Kerry held a one-on-one meeting, the first between the U.S. and Iran in a generation. The rare get-together was groundbreaking, according to Iranian analysts. One day later, Obama and Rouhani spoke with each other on the phone, the highest level of communication between the two nations leaders since the "Iranian Revolution of 1979.
Relations between the U.S. and Israel have deteriorated considerably under the "Barack Obama administration.["citation needed] While the overall alliance remains intact, antagonism between Barack Obama and current Israeli Prime Minister, "Benjamin Netanyahu, had eroded bilateral ties between the two nations. Israel announced it was pushing ahead with building 1,600 new homes in a Jewish area in "East Jerusalem in March 2010, as Vice-President "Joe Biden was visiting. It was described as "one of the most serious rows between the two allies in recent decades". Secretary of State "Hillary Clinton said Israel's move was "deeply negative" for US-Israeli relations. However Obama was the first United States president to supply Israel with modern bunker buster bombs. And under Obama, "United States Foreign Military Financing for Israel had increased to $3 billion for the first time in history. Obama had pledged support for Israeli military superiority in the region and had described his allegiance with Israel as being "sacrosanct". Under President Obama, United States increased aid for Israel's "Iron Dome.
On September 20, 2011, President Obama declared that the U.S. would veto a Palestinian application for statehood at the United Nations, asserting that "there can be no shortcut to peace". Furthermore, in February, the administration had vetoed a U.N. resolution declaring Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal.
In 2014 Obama said that only a "Two-state solution could ensure Israel's future as a Jewish-majority democracy. Ehud Barak described Obama's support for Israel as being unparalleled and the most supportive in history, stating that Obama had done "more than anything that I can remember in the past" and that Obama's support is "extremely deep and profound".
On December 23, 2016, the United States, under the Obama Administration, abstained from "United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334, effectively allowing it to pass. On December 28, U.S. Secretary of State "John Kerry strongly criticized Israel and its "settlement policies in a speech. Israeli Prime Minister "Benjamin Netanyahu strongly criticized the Adminsitration's actions, and the Israeli government withdrew its annual dues from the organization, which totaled $6 million in "United States dollars, on January 6, 2017. On January 5, 2017, the "United States House of Representatives voted 342-80 to condemn the UN Resolution.
Libya air attacks
After initial skepticism of international involvement to prevent "Libyan leader "Muammar Gaddafi from using violence to suppress "popular demonstrations in his country, the Obama administration crucially backed "United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 to create a "Libyan no-fly zone, with "United States Ambassador to the United Nations "Susan Rice successfully pushing to include language allowing the UN mandate free rein to launch air attacks on Libyan ground targets threatening civilians.
In March 2011, Obama authorized the firing of 110 "Tomahawk cruise missiles against targets in Libya, in response to regime actions against rebel forces, to enforce the UN no-fly zone.
After escalating demonstrations challenged the long-standing strong-man rule of Egyptian President "Hosni Mubarak, Obama and many European leaders called for him to step down and he did so in 2011. The Egyptians elected a new government based on the "Muslim Brotherhood. However the new President "Mohamed Morsi was "overthrown in 2013 by the military. President Obama noted that the crisis in Egypt is deplorable and tragic; the situations at the end of 2013 remained very tense.
In 2012, Obama, who had previously demanded the resignation of Syria′s president "Bashar al-Assad, said that the use of chemical weapons by the Assad government would be crossing a red line and would entail U.S. military action. After reports on 21 August 2013 "about the usage of chemical weapons in Syria, the Obama administration "formally blamed the incident on the Syrian government and sought Congressional approval for military action in Syria. Besides, Obama sought support from Britain and France for an attack in Syria. The Defense Secretary "Chuck Hagel approved plans for a barrage of Tomahawk cruise missile strikes to have those called off by Obama in September. On 11 September 2013, Obama put a military strike or combat operations on hold and achieved an agreement with Russia and the Syrian government to "destroy all chemical weapons in Syria.
Obama′s decision to allow the violation of a red line he himself had drawn to go unpunished is widely criticised by the U.S. political establishment, as well as the allies, as detrimental to America′s international credibility. However, in early 2016, Obama said he was "proud" of his decision, which repudiated what he referred to as the "Washington playbook" and avoided entangling the US in yet another "unfixable" situation in the Middle East. More broadly, regarding Obama's lack of meaningful support to the Syrian anti-government rebels, in 2015, "The Economist opined, "Rarely has an American president so abjectly abandoned his global responsibility", adding in 2016, "The agony of Syria is the biggest moral stain on Barack Obama’s presidency. And the chaos rippling from Syria—where many now turn to al-Qaeda, not the West, for salvation—is his greatest geopolitical failure." In 2016, "Nicholas Kristof described inaction in Syria as "Obama’s worst mistake", while "Jonathan Schanzer said "the White House Syria policy has been an unmitigated dumpster fire." "Michael Mullen, former chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, described the conflict in Syria as “Obama’s "Rwanda”.
In comments published on 1 December 2016, about the U.S. becoming increasingly sidelined by Moscow and Ankara, Emile Hokayem of the "International Institute for Strategic Studies, blamed the marginalisation of the U.S. in the "Syrian Civil War and the region at large on Barack Obama, “The American approach to this conflict guaranteed the US less and less relevance, not just in the Syrian conflict but also the broader regional dynamics. There has been a loss of face and a loss of leverage. The politics of the region are being transformed and this happened under Obama, whether by design or by failure.”
Some in the media questioned Obama's decision to welcome Bahrain in Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa in June 2011 because of the fierce crackdown on protesters in the country. The collaboration of Saudi Arabia and the other Gulf states with Bahrains royalty, had carried out mass repression since the middle of March. This included detaining, beating and torture of thousands. In June 2013, Obama urged meaningful reform in Bahrain. Bahraini officials rejected Obama's claims about sectarianism between Sunnis and Shias. Nevertheless, the Obama administration resumed providing arms and maintenance to the regime during its crackdown on pro-democracy groups, including ammunition, combat vehicle parts, communications equipment, Blackhawk helicopters, and an unidentified missile system. Accordingly, the administration's larger policy on dealing with the ""Arab Spring" is to continue propping up longtime client regimes while fostering "regime alteration."
The United States and Saudi Arabia continued their post-war alliance during the Obama presidency, and the Obama Administration supported the "Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen during the "Yemeni Civil War. However, tensions between the Saudis and the United States arose following the Iranian nuclear deal, as Saudi Arabia and Iran have "strained relations and have "competed for influence in the Middle East. The Obama administration attempted to defuse tensions between the two countries, as it hoped for cooperation with both countries in regards to the "Syrian Civil War and military operations against ISIS. Obama also criticized the human rights record of Saudi Arabia, particularly in regards to the imprisonment of "Raif Badawi. When once asked whether Saudi Arabia was America’s friend, Obama replied with “It’s complicated.” According to "The Economist, thanks in large part to Obama, America’s relationship with Saudi Arabia became "deeply strained" under his tenure.
President Obama made a state visit to Argentina on March 23–24, 2016 to improve the "Argentina–United States relations under the administration of newly elected Argentine president, "Mauricio Macri. This followed strained relations under predecessors "Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and "Néstor Kirchner regarding investments. Obama and Macri discussed ways to strengthen cooperation in promoting ""universal values and interests," such as in the areas of security, energy, health and human rights, where the two presidents have agreed for American help to assist "Argentina's counter-terrorism efforts, to contribute to "peacekeeping missions, combat "illegal drug trade and "organized crime, respond to diseases and "outbreaks like the "Zika virus, and develop resources and "renewable energy strategies.
Obama declared a "fresh era" of relations that would help Argentina's credibility in the Latin American region and the world, and announced trade and economic initiatives to reset the countries' relations after years of tension.
After "Obama's presidential election victory in 2008, it was announced that Mr. Obama's first international trip would be to Canada, which took place on February 19, 2009.
Aside from Canadian lobbying against "Buy American" provisions in the US "stimulus package, relations between the two administrations had been smooth up to 2011. On February 4, 2011, Harper and Obama issued a "Declaration on a Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness".
Prime Minister "Justin Trudeau, who was "elected on October 2015, visited the "White House for an official visit and "state dinner on March 10, 2016. Trudeau and Obama were reported to have shared warm personal relations during the visit, making humorous remarks about which country was better at "hockey and which country had better "beer. Obama complimented Trudeau's 2015 election campaign for its "message of hope and change" and "positive and optimistic vision". Obama and Trudeau also held "productive" discussions on "climate change and relations between the two countries, and Trudeau invited Obama to speak in the Canadian parliament in Ottawa later in the year.
Obama continued "Plan Colombia, a diplomatic aid initiative launched by President "Bill Clinton to aid Colombia's economy. Partially as a result of Plan Colombia, Colombian President "Juan Manuel Santos negotiated an agreement with the guerrilla organization "FARC. Though Colombia remained a major producer of drugs, it saw remarkable progress in the reduction of kidnappings, homicides, and unemployment. In addition to continuing Plan Colombia, Obama appointed "Bernard Aronson as a "special envoy to the "peace process between the Colombian government and FARC in order to facilitate negotiations. However, Congresswoman "Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and others criticized Obama for engaging with FARC, an organization that appears on the State Department's "list of terrorist organizations. Obama promised that the US would continue its policy of financial aid to Colombia in the aftermath of the proposed peace deal.
During his "presidential campaign in 2008, Obama asserted that his policy toward "Cuba would be based on "libertad", promising that as President of the United States, he would push the "Cuban government to embrace democratic reforms and free "political prisoners. After his election, former "Cuban President "Fidel Castro said he was "open" to the idea of meeting with the "president-elect. However most of his policies towards Cuba before 2014 were little changed from the Bush policies.
After Obama announced the closure of the "Guantánamo Bay detention camp shortly after his "inauguration, Cuban President "Raúl Castro said "Havana would continue to push for the U.S. to "liquidate" the entire "Guantanamo Bay Naval Base and return the land to Cuba. He was joined by his brother Fidel, who abandoned his magnanimity toward the new U.S. president and demanded that the base be retroceded to Cuba.
While the "United States House of Representatives passed legislation, backed by Obama, to ease certain travel and cash transactions imposed against Cuba by the U.S., on February 25, 2009, sanctions which were further eased by Obama unilaterally in April 2009, the president continues to oppose lifting the "embargo against Cuba. Obama professes to view the embargo as a useful tool for leverage on pushing for reform in Cuba. This is in contrast to what Obama stated in 2004 when he said that it was time "to end the embargo with Cuba" because it had "utterly failed in the effort to overthrow Castro." Obama's stance had met criticism from both Fidel Castro and members of the U.S. government, including ranking member of the "Senate Foreign Relations Committee "Richard Lugar. A panel with the "Washington-based "Brookings Institution released a report in late February 2009 urging Obama to normalize relations with Cuba.
On June 2, leading a delegation to "Honduras for the "Organization of American States General Assembly, Clinton affirmed that Cuba needs to reach a certain political and democratic standard to rejoin the organization. On 10 December 2013, Obama shook hands with Raul Castro at the "state funeral of Nelson Mandela.
In December 2014, after the secret meetings, it was announced that Obama, with "Pope Francis as an intermediary, had negotiated a restoration of relations with "Cuba, after nearly sixty years of détente. Popularly dubbed the "Cuban Thaw, "The New Republic deemed the Cuban Thaw to be "Obama's finest foreign policy achievement." On July 1, 2015, President Barack Obama announced that formal diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States would resume, and embassies would be opened in Washington and Havana. The countries' respective "interests sections" in one another's capitals were upgraded to embassies on July 20 and August 13, 2015, respectively.
Obama visited "Havana, Cuba for two days in March 2016, becoming the first sitting U.S. President to arrive since "Calvin Coolidge in 1928.
On June 28, 2009, President "Manuel Zelaya was arrested and exiled from the country. Obama condemned the action and described the event as a coup. On July 7, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met with Zelaya and agreed upon a U.S.-backed proposal for negotiations with the "Micheletti government, mediated by President "Óscar Arias of "Costa Rica. At the conclusion of the meeting, Clinton announced the suspension of economic and military aid to the Honduran government. However, the U.S. led a group of Western Hempishere countries supporting the outcome of "November 2009 presidential election of "Porfirio Lobo as a way forward to resolve the situation.
The Obama administration maintains a $5 million annual budget for backing opposition activities against the Venezuelan government.
While Barack Obama set a conciliatory tone for his relations with "Venezuela during his candidacy, saying he would be willing to meet with "Venezuelan President "Hugo Chávez without preconditions at a July 23, 2007, presidential debate, the Venezuelan leader had been fickle in his opinion of Obama. Even during the election he varied from liking Obama to saying that nothing would change with the US.
On February 15, 2009, Chávez said, "Any day is propitious for talking with President Barack Obama," but said later that month that he "couldn't care less" about meeting the new U.S. president ahead of an impending confrontation between the two leaders at the "Summit of the Americas in "Port-of-Spain, "Trinidad, in mid-April.
Chávez derided Obama as "a continuation of the Bush era" after a U.S. report on "narcotics trafficking was released in late February 2009. "Don't mess with me, Mr. Obama", warned Chávez, who had been president of Venezuela since 1999.
However, as recently as the first week of March, Chávez called upon Obama to follow the path to socialism, which he termed as the "only" way out of the "global recession. "Come with us, align yourself, come with us on the road to socialism. This is the only path. Imagine a socialist revolution in the United States", Chávez told a group of workers in the southern Venezuelan state of "Bolívar. He said that people were calling Obama a "socialist" for the measures of state intervention he is taking to counter the crisis, so it would not be too far-fetched to suggest that he might join the project of "21st century socialism" that the Venezuelan leader is heading.
Later in March he referred to Obama as a "poor ignoramus" for not knowing the situation in Latin America and even implied that Brazil's President Lula was not completely happy with his meeting with Obama. However the Brazilian Foreign Ministry denied that this was the case.
In Tokyo in early April, where he attended meetings to discuss trade deals with the Japanese, Chávez said he was not biased against the Obama administration and he fully supported the idea of a 21st-century free from conflict.
In "Trinidad on April 17, 2009, Obama and Chávez met for the first time, with the former asking in Spanish, "Come estás?" Later, Chávez walked over to Obama during the summit, and handed him a copy of The Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent by "Uruguayan author "Eduardo Galeano, an essay about U.S. and European economic and political interference in the region. During the summit, Obama is reported to have said, to much applause, "We have at times been disengaged, and at times we sought to dictate our terms, but I pledge to you that we seek an equal partnership. There is no senior partner and junior partner in our relations".["citation needed]
The Obama administration continued to develop closer relations with "New Zealand, particularly in the area of defense and intelligence cooperation. Relations with the "National government led by "Prime Minister "John Key have been smooth and friendly. This process had already begun under the previous George W. Bush administration in 2007, which culminated in a state visit by the-then "Labour Prime Minister "Helen Clark to the United States in July 2008. While the United States and New Zealand had been close allies since "World War II and were members of the tripartite "ANZUS security alliance with "Australia, US-NZ bilateral relations had deteriorated under the "Ronald Reagan Administration in February 1985 due to New Zealand's anti-nuclear policy which banned visits by nuclear-capable or nuclear-powered warships. As a result, no bilateral military exercises had taken place until April 2012 and New Zealand warships were barred from visiting US ports and participating in joint naval exercises until May 2013.
On 4 November 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and her New Zealand counterpart "Minister of Foreign Affairs "Murray McCully signed the Wellington Declaration which committed the two countries to a closer bilateral relationship with an increased emphasis on strategic partnership. This strategic partnership had two fundamental elements: "a new focus on practical cooperation in the Pacific region; and enhanced political and subject-matter dialogue - including regular Foreign Ministers' meetings and political-military discussions." The agreement also stressed the continued need for New Zealand and the United States to work together on global issues like nuclear proliferation, climate change and terrorism.
Following the "2011 Christchurch earthquake, President Obama expressed his condolences to Prime Minister Key. The US government also contributed $1 million in relief funds while the "United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the "Los Angeles County Fire Department contributed rescue teams. On 23 July 2011, Prime Minister John Key also visited President Obama at the White House. The John Key National government also continued to contribute military forces to support the US-led "War in Afghanistan, including the elite "New Zealand Special Air Service. The previous Labour government had also contributed military forces to "Afghanistan since October 2001. In April 2013, the last remaining NZ troops withdrew from Afghanistan.
On 19 June 2012, Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and his New Zealand counterpart "Minister of Defence "Jonathan Coleman signed the Washington Declaration which committed the US and New Zealand to a closer defense cooperation arrangement. It sought to restore defense cooperation between the two countries which had been curtailed by the ANZUS Split. Two key areas of this Declaration included the resumption of regular senior-level dialogues between the US Department of Defense and the "New Zealand Ministry of Defence and the "New Zealand Defence Force; and security cooperation. As a result of the Washington Declaration, New Zealand warships were allowed to visit US ports even though New Zealand's anti-nuclear policy remained intact. The Washington Declaration was also part of the Obama administration's pivot into the Asia-Pacific to counter the emerging influence of China.
NSA spying scandal
In early 2013 "Edward Snowden leaked to the media a trove of documents on the Obama administration's controversial mass surveillance campaign. These revelations have strained relationships between Obama and the foreign leaders that his administration is spying on. Fears of American spy software have also cost several American companies contracts for export work.
On January 26, 2009, Obama gave his first formal interview as president to the "Arabic-language television news channel "Al Arabiya. Obama said that, "My job to the Muslim world is to communicate that the Americans are not your enemy." Obama mentioned that he had spent several years growing up in the world's most populous Muslim nation, Indonesia, and called for resumed negotiations between Israel and Palestinians. Obama's gesture in reaching out to the Muslim world was unprecedented for a U.S. president.
President Obama's first trip to a "Muslim majority country occurred on April 6–7, 2009 when he visited Turkey and spoke to the "Grand National Assembly.
President Obama addressed the Muslim world in a speech in "Cairo, Egypt on June 4, 2009. In that speech President Obama issued a call for "a new beginning" in the relationship between the United States and Muslims around the world. He outlined his ideas about "engaging the Muslim world" and how to create "a new beginning."
"Farah Pandith was appointed as the State Department's "first ever Special Representative to Muslim Communities" and was sworn in on September 15, 2009.
She describes her responsibilities as including actively listening and responding to "the concerns of Muslims in Europe, Africa, and Asia."
In 2012 Obama promised more flexibility on missile defense after his reelection, this flexibility was demonstrated the next year when Kerry offered to reduce American defenses against Chinese missiles.
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- "Yemen model
- "Hillary Clinton's tenure as Secretary of State
- "List of presidential trips made by Barack Obama
- "Middle Eastern foreign policy of the Barack Obama administration
- "Global war on terrorism
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- Bentley, Michelle and Jack Holland. Obama's Foreign Policy: Ending the War on Terror (Routledge Studies in US Foreign Policy) (2013) excerpt and text search
- Bush, Richard C. "United States Policy towards Northeast Asia" SERI Quarterly (2013) 6#2 online re China and Korea
- Davis, John, ed. Foreign Policy Speeches of Obama (2011)
- Indurthy, Rathnam. "The Obama Administration's Strategy in Afghanistan," International Journal on World Peace (Sept 2011) 28#3 pp 7–52.
- Indyk, Martin S., Kenneth G. Lieberthal and Michael E. O'Hanlon. Bending History: Barack Obama's Foreign Policy (Brookings FOCUS Book) (2012) excerpt and text search
- Koffler, Keith Does Obama have any Foreign Policy successes? (2014),  general assessment by country
- Laïdi, Zaki. Limited Achievements: Obama's Foreign Policy (2012), a view from Paris
- Mann, James. The Obamians: The Struggle Inside the White House to Redefine American Power (2012)
- O'Hanlon, Michael E., et al. Bending History: Barack Obama's Foreign Policy (Brookings FOCUS Book) (2012)
- Rasul-Ronning, Zubaida. Conflicted Power: Obama's US Foreign and Strategic Policy in a Shifting World Order (2012) excerpt and text search
- Sanger, David E. Confront and Conceal: Obama's Secret Wars and Surprising Use of American Power (2012)
- Singh, Robert, Barack Obama's Post-American Foreign Policy: The Limits of Engagement (2012) excerpt and text search
- Watson, Robert P., ed. The Obama Presidency: A Preliminary Assessment (State University of New York Press; 2012) 443 pages; essays by scholars