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""Coat of arms
This article is part of a series on the
"politics and government of
Croatia
"Constitution

The "Republic of Croatia is a sovereign country at the crossroads of "Central Europe, "Southeast Europe, and the "Mediterranean that declared its independence from "SFR Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991. Croatia is a member of the "European Union (EU), "United Nations (UN), the "Council of Europe, "NATO, the "World Trade Organization (WTO), "Union for the Mediterranean and a number of many other international organizations. Croatia has established diplomatic relations with 181 countries. "President and the "Government, through the "Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, co-operate in the formulation and implementation of foreign policy.

The main objectives of Croatian foreign policy during the 1990s were gaining international recognition and joining the United Nations. After these objectives have been achieved by year 2000, two main goals became "NATO and "EU membership. Croatia fulfilled both of these goals, first in 2009, second in 2013. Current Croatian goals in foreign policy are: positioning within the EU institutions and in the region, cooperation with NATO partners and strengthening multilateral and bilateral cooperation worldwide.[1]

Contents

History[edit]

""
""
Foreign relation of Croatia
  diplomatic relations established
  diplomatic recognition only

"Croatian "foreign policy has focused on greater Euro-Atlantic integration, mainly entering the "European Union and "NATO. In order to gain access to European and "trans-Atlantic institutions, it has had to undo many negative effects of the "breakup of Yugoslavia and the "war that ensued, and improve and maintain good relations with its neighbors.

Key issues over the last decade have been the implementation of the "Dayton Accords and the "Erdut Agreement, nondiscriminatory facilitation of the return of "refugees and "displaced persons from the 1991-95 war including property restitution for ethnic "Serbs, resolution of border disputes with "Slovenia, "Bosnia and Herzegovina, "Serbia and "Montenegro, and general "democratization.

Croatia has had an uneven record in these areas between 1996 and 1999 during the "right-wing "HDZ government, inhibiting its relations with the "European Union and the "United States. Improvement in these areas severely hindered the advance of Croatia's prospects for further Euro-Atlantic integration. Progress in the areas of Dayton, Erdut, and refugee returns were evident in 1998, but progress was slow and required intensive international engagement.

Croatia's unsatisfactory performance implementing broader "democratic reforms in 1998 raised questions about the ruling party's commitment to basic democratic principles and norms. Areas of concern included restrictions on "freedom of speech, one-party control of "public TV and radio, repression of independent media, unfair electoral regulations, a "judiciary that is not fully independent, and lack of "human and "civil rights protection.

A "centre-left "coalition government was elected in early "2000. The "SDP-led government slowly relinquished control over public media companies and did not interfere with freedom of speech and independent media, though it did not complete the process of making "Croatian Radiotelevision independent. Judiciary reforms remained a pending issue as well.

Major Croatian advances in foreign relations during this period have included:

The EU application was the last major international undertaking of the "Račan government, which submitted a 7,000-page report in reply to the questionnaire by the "European Commission.

Foreign relations were severely affected by the government's hesitance and stalling of the extradition of Croatian general "Janko Bobetko to the "International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), and inability to take general "Ante Gotovina into custody for questioning by the Court.

Refugee returns accelerated since 1999, reached a peak in 2000, but then slightly decreased in 2001 and 2002. The "OSCE mission in Croatia has continued to monitor the return of refugees and is still recording civil rights violations. "Croatian Serbs continue to have problems with restitution of property and acceptance to the reconstruction assistance programmes. Combined with lacking economic opportunities in the rural areas of "former Krajina, the return process is highly troubled.

Accession to the European Union[edit]

At the time of Croatia's application to the European Union, three EU members states were yet to ratify the Stabilization and Association Agreement: "United Kingdom, the "Netherlands and "Italy. The new "Sanader government elected in "2003 elections repeated the assurances that Croatia will fulfill the missing political obligations, and expedited the extradition of several ICTY inductees. The "European Commission replied to the answers of the questionnaire sent to Croatia on April 20, 2004 with a positive opinion. The country was finally accepted as EU candidate in July 2004. Italy and United Kingdom ratified the Stabilization and Association Agreement shortly thereafter, while the ten EU member states that were admitted to membership that year ratified it all together at a 2004 European Summit. In December 2004, the EU leaders announced that accession negotiations with Croatia would start on March 17, 2005 provided that Croatian government cooperates fully with the ICTY. The main issue, the flight of general "Gotovina, however, remained unsolved and despite the agreement on an accession negotiation framework, the negotiations did not begin in March 2005. On October 4, 2005 Croatia finally received green light for accession negotiations after the Chief Prosecutor of the ICTY "Carla Del Ponte officially stated that Croatia is fully cooperating with the Tribunal. This has been the main condition demanded by EU foreign ministers for accession negotiations. The ICTY called upon other southern European states to follow Croatia's good example. Thanks to the consistent position of "Austria during the meeting of EU foreign ministers, a long period of instability and the questioning of the determination of the Croatian government to extradite alleged war criminals has ended successfully. Croatian Prime minister "Ivo Sanader declared that full cooperation with the Hague Tribunal will continue. The accession process was also complicated by the insistence of "Slovenia, an EU member state, that the "two countries' border issues be dealt with prior to Croatia's accession to the EU.

Croatia finished accession negotiations on 30 June 2011,[2] and on 9 December 2011, signed the "Treaty of Accession. A "referendum on EU accession was held in Croatia on 22 January 2012, with 66% of participants voting in favour of joining the Union.[3][4][5][6] The ratification process was concluded on 21 June 2013, and entry into force and accession of Croatia to the EU took place on 1 July 2013.[7]

Current events[edit]

The main objective of the Croatian foreign policy is positioning within the EU institutions and in the region, cooperation with NATO partners and strengthening multilateral and bilateral cooperation.

Government officials in charge of foreign policy include the "Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, currently "Marija Pejčinović Burić, and the "President of the Republic, currently "Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović.

Croatia has established diplomatic relations with 174 countries.[8] As of 2009, Croatia maintains a network of 51 embassies, 24 consulates and eight permanent diplomatic missions abroad. Furthermore, there are 52 foreign embassies and 69 "consulates in the Republic of Croatia in addition to offices of international organizations such as the "European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, "International Organization for Migration, "Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), "World Bank, "World Health Organization, "International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), "United Nations Development Programme, "United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and "UNICEF.[9]

International organizations[edit]

Republic of Croatia participates in the following international organizations: "CE, "CEI, "EAPC, "EBRD, "ECE, "EU, "FAO, "G11, "IADB, "IAEA, "IBRD, "ICAO, "ICC, "ICRM, "IDA, "IFAD, "IFC, "IFRCS, "IHO, "ILO, "IMF, "IMO, "Inmarsat, "Intelsat, "Interpol, "IOC, "IOM, "ISO, "ITU, "ITUC, "NAM (observer), "NATO, "OAS (observer), "OPCW, "OSCE, "PCA, "PFP, "SECI, "UN, "UNAMSIL, "UNCTAD, "UNESCO, "UNIDO, "UNMEE, "UNMOGIP, "UPU, "WCO, "WEU (associate), "WHO, "WIPO, "WMO, "WToO, "WTO

There exists a "Permanent Representative of Croatia to the United Nations.

Foreign support[edit]

Croatia receives support from donor programs of:

Between 1991 and 2003, the EBRD had directly invested a total of 1,212,039,000 "EUR into projects in Croatia.

In 1998, U.S. support to Croatia came through the Southeastern European Economic Development Program (SEED), whose funding in Croatia totaled $23.25 million. More than half of that money was used to fund programs encouraging sustainable returns of refugees and displaced persons. About one-third of the assistance was used for democratization efforts, and another 5% funded financial sector restructuring.

In 2003 USAID considered Croatia to be on a "glide path for graduation" along with "Bulgaria. Its 2002/2003/2004 funding includes around $10 million for economic development, up to $5 million for the development of democratic institutions, about $5 million for the return of population affected by war and between 2 and 3 million dollars for the "mitigation of adverse social conditions and trends". A rising amount of funding is given to cross-cutting programs in anti-"corruption, slightly under one million dollars.

The European Commission has proposed to assist Croatia's efforts to join the European Union with 245 million euros from "PHARE, "ISPA and "SAPARD aid programs over the course of 2005 and 2006.

International disputes[edit]

Relations with neighbouring states have normalized somewhat since the breakup of "Yugoslavia. Work has begun — bilaterally and within the "Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe since 1999 — on political and economic cooperation in the region.

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

""
""
Consulate-General in "Banja Luka

Discussions continue between Croatia and "Bosnia and Herzegovina on various sections of the border, the longest border with another country for each of these countries.

Sections of the "Una river and villages at the base of Mount "Plješevica are in Croatia, while some are in Bosnia, which causes an excessive number of border crossings on a single route and impedes any serious development in the region. The "Zagreb-"Bihać-"Split railway line is still closed for major traffic due to this issue.

The border on the Una river between "Hrvatska Kostajnica on the northern, Croatian side of the river, and "Bosanska Kostajnica on the southern, Bosnian side, is also being discussed. A river island between the two towns is under Croatian control, but is also claimed by Bosnia. A shared border crossing point has been built and has been functioning since 2003, and is used without hindrance by either party.

The Herzegovinian "municipality of "Neum in the south makes the southernmost part of Croatia an "exclave and the two countries are negotiating special transit rules through Neum to compensate for that. Recently Croatia has opted to build a "bridge to the Pelješac peninsula to connect the Croatian mainland with the exclave but Bosnia and Herzegovina has protested that the bridge will close its access to "international waters (although Croatian territory and "territorial waters surround Bosnian-Herzegovinian territory and waters completely) and has suggested that the bridge must be higher than 55 meters for free passage of all types of ships. Negotiations are still being held.

Italy[edit]

The relations between Croatia and Italy have been largely cordial and friendly, although occasional incidents do arise on issues such as the "Istrian exodus or the "Ecological and Fisheries Protection Zone.

Montenegro[edit]

Croatia and Montenegro have a largely latent border dispute over the "Prevlaka peninsula.

Serbia[edit]

The "Danube border between Croatia and "Serbia is in dispute, particularly in "Baranja, the "Island of Vukovar and the "Island of Šarengrad.

Slovenia[edit]

Croatia and "Slovenia have several land and "maritime boundary disputes, mainly in the "Gulf of Piran, regarding Slovenian access to international waters, a small number of pockets of land on the right-hand side of the river "Dragonja, and around the "Sveta Gera peak.

Slovenia was disputing Croatia's claim to establish the "Ecological and Fisheries Protection Zone, an economic section of the "Adriatic.

Other issues that have yet to be fully resolved include:

Diplomatic relations[edit]

Europe[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Albania 1992-08-25 See "Albanian–Croatian relations
 "Andorra 1995-04-28
  • Croatia is represented in Andorra through its embassy in "Madrid (Spain).
  • Andorra is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Paris (France).
 "Armenia 1994-07-08 See "Armenia–Croatia relations
 "Austria 1992-01-15 See "Austria–Croatia relations
 "Azerbaijan 1995-01-26 See "Azerbaijan–Croatia relations
 "Belarus 1992-09-25 See "Belarus–Croatia relations
 "Belgium 1992-03-10
 "Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-07-21 See "Bosnia and Herzegovina – Croatia relations
 "Bulgaria 1992-08-13 See "Bulgaria–Croatia relations
 "Cyprus 1993-02-04
 "Czech Republic 1993-01-01
 "Denmark 1992-02-01 See "Croatia–Denmark relations
 "Estonia 1992-03-02
  • Croatia is represented in Estonia through its embassy in "Helsinki, Finland and honorary consulate in "Tallinn.
  • Estonia is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Rome, Italy and honorary consulate in "Zagreb.
  • Both countries are full members of the "European Union and "NATO.
 "Finland 1992-02-19
 "France 1992-04-24 See "Croatia-France relations
 "Georgia 1993-02-01
  • Croatia is represented in Georgia through its embassy in "Athens (Greece) and consulate in "Tbilisi.[20]
  • Georgia is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Budapest (Hungary).[21]
 "Germany 1992-01-15

See "Croatian–German relations

 "Greece 1992-07-20

See "Croatia–Greece relations

 "Holy See 1992-02-08 See "Croatia–Holy See relations
  • Croatia has a resident embassy to the Holy See in "Rome.[24]
  • Holy See has a "nunciature with a nuncio of ambassadorial rank with additional privileges in "Zagreb.
  • According to the 2011 census 86.28% of Croats are "Roman Catholic.
 "Hungary 1992-01-18 See "Croatia–Hungary relations
 "Iceland 1992-06-30
  • Croatia is represented in Iceland thought it embassy in "Copenhagen (Denmark) and consulate in "Reykjavik.[27]
  • Iceland is represented in Croatia thought it embassy in "Berlin (Germany) and consulate in "Zagreb.[27]
  • Iceland is the first fully sovereign country that recognized Croatia as an independent state. (December 19, 1991)
  • Both countries are full members of "NATO.
 "Ireland See "Croatia-Ireland relations
 "Italy 1992-01-17 See "Croatia-Italy relations
 "Kosovo 2008-06-30 See "Croatia–Kosovo relations
 "Latvia 1992-02-14
 "Liechtenstein 1992-02-04
  • Croatia is represented in Liechtenstein through its embassy in "Bern (Switzerland).
  • Liechtenstein is not represented in Croatia.
 "Lithuania 1992-03-18
 "Luxembourg 1992-04-29
  • Croatia is represented in Luxembourg through it embassy in "Brussels (Belgium).[35]
  • Luxembourg is represented in Croatia through it embassy in "Berlin (Germany).[36]
  • Both countries are full members of the "European Union and "NATO.
 "Macedonia 1992-03-30
  • Croatia has an embassy in "Skopje, and the general consulate in "Bitola.
  • Macedonia has an embassy in "Zagreb and 2 consulates in "Zadar and "Rijeka.
  • From 1918 to 1991 Croatia and Macedonia were part of "Yugoslavia.
  • Croatia is full member of the European Union and NATO while Macedonia is among candidates for membership.
 "Malta 1992-06-30
 "Sovereign Military Order of Malta 1992-12-22
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta has an embassy in "Zagreb.
 "Moldova 1992-07-28
 "Monaco 2007-12-14
  • Croatia is represented in Monaco through it embassy in "Paris (France) and honorary consulate in Monaco.[38]
  • Monaco is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Rome (Italy) and honorary consulate in "Zagreb.[39]
 "Montenegro 2006-07-07

See "Croatia–Montenegro relations

 "Netherlands 1992-04-23
 "Norway 1992-02-20

See "Croatia–Norway relations

 "Poland 1992-04-11
 "Portugal 1992-02-03
 "Romania 1992-08-29
 "Russia 1992-05-25 See "Croatia–Russia relations
 "San Marino 1993-02-11
  • Croatia is represented in San Marino through its embassy in "Rome (Italy).[51]
  • San Marino is represented in Croatia through its General embassy in San Marino.[52]
  • According to legend San Marino was founded in year 301 by sculptor "Saint Marinus from the Croatian island of "Rab.
 "Slovakia 1993-01-01
 "Slovenia 1992-02-06 See "Croatia–Slovenia relations
  • Croatia has an embassy in "Ljubljana and 2 honorary consulates in "Maribor and "Koper.
  • Slovenia has an embassy in "Zagreb and an honorary consulate in "Split.
  • Both countries shares 670 km of common border.
  • From 1918 to 1991 Croatia and Slovenia were part of "Yugoslavia.
  • Both countries are full members of the "European Union and "NATO.
 "Serbia 1996-09-09
then as "FR Yugoslavia and including "Montenegro
See "Croatia–Serbia relations
  • Croatia has an embassy in "Belgrade and a general consulate in "Subotica.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Zagreb and 2 general consulates in "Rijeka and "Vukovar.
  • Both countries shares 241 km of common border.
  • From 1918 to 1991 Croatia and Serbia were part of "Yugoslavia.
  • Croatia is full member of the "European Union while Serbia is candidate for membership.
 "Spain 1992-03-09 See "Croatia–Spain relations
 "Sweden 1992-01-29
  "Switzerland 1992-01-30
 "Turkey 1992-08-26
 "Ukraine 1992-02-18
 "United Kingdom 1992-06-24

See "Croatia–United Kingdom relations

Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Algeria 1992-10-15
 "Angola 1994-11-16
  • Croatia is represented in Angola through its embassy in "Lisbon (Portugal).[64]
  • Angola is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Vienna (Austria).[65]
 "Benin 2001-03-26
  • Croatia is represented in Benin through its embassy in "Paris (France).[66]
  • Benin is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Geneva (Switzerland).[67]
 "Botswana 2005-09-09

Diplomatic relations between Botswana and Croatia were established on September 9, 2005.[68][69]

 "Burkina Faso 1995-05-18
  • Croatia is represented in Burkina Faso through its embassy in "Paris (France).
  • Burkina Faso is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Vienna (Austria) and consulate in "Zagreb.[70]
 "Cape Verde 1994-08-13
  • Croatia is represented in Cape Verde through its embassy in "Lisbon (Portugal).
  • Cape Verde is not represented in Croatia.
 "Chad 1999-09-17
  • Croatia is represented in Chad through its embassy in "Paris (France).
  • Chad is not represented in Croatia.
 "Comoros 1999-06-29
  • Croatia is represented in Comoros through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).
  • Comoros is not represented in Croatia.
 "Côte d'Ivoire 1995-10-17
 "Egypt 1992-10-01 See "Croatia–Egypt relations
 "Eritrea 1999-06-04
  • Croatia is represented in Eritrea through its embassy in "Cairo (Egypt).
  • Eritrea is not represented in Croatia.
 "Ethiopia 1995-10-17
  • Croatia is represented in Ethiopia through its embassy in "Cairo (Egypt).
  • Ethiopia is not represented in Croatia.
 "Gabon 2001-10-22
  • Croatia is represented in Gabon through its embassy in "Rabat (Morocco).
  • Gabon is not represented in Croatia.
 "Gambia 1998-10-16
  • Croatia is represented in Gambia through its embassy in "London (UK).
  • Gambia is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "London (UK).
 "Ghana 1993-02-17
  • Croatia is represented in Ghana through its embassy in "London (UK).
  • Ghana is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Rome (Italy).
 "Guinea-Bissau 1995-10-19
  • Croatia is represented in Guinea-Bissau through its embassy in "Lisbon (Portugal).
  • Guinea-Bissau is not represented in Croatia.
 "Kenya 1992-05-22
  • Croatia is represented in Kenya through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).[71]
  • Kenya has a consulate in "Zagreb, accredited to its embassy in "Rome (Italy).[72]
 "Lesotho 1998-11-06
  • Croatia is represented in Lesotho through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).
  • Lesotho is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Rome (Italy).
 "Libya 2000-03-30 See "Croatia–Libya relations
 "Madagascar 2006-09-27

Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 27, 2006.[73][74]

 "Malawi 1998-10-13

Both countries established diplomatic relations on November 13, 1998.[73][75]

 "Mali 1995-09-20
  • Croatia is represented in Mali through its embassy in "Rabat (Morocco).
  • Mali is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Rome (Italy).
 "Mauritania 2004-11-11
  • Croatia is represented in Mauritania through its embassy in "Rabat (Morocco).
  • Mauritania is not represented in Croatia.
 "Mauritius 1997-09-03
  • Croatia is represented in Mauritius through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).
  • Mauritius is not represented in Croatia.
 "Morocco 1992-06-26
 "Mozambique 1996-08-23
  • Croatia is represented in Mozambique through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).
  • Mozambique is not represented in Croatia.
 "Namibia 1998-06-22

Diplomatic relations between Croatia and Namibia were established on June 22, 1998.[68][69]

 "Nigeria 1993-01-07
  • Croatia is represented in Nigeria through its embassy in "London (UK).
  • Nigeria is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Budapest (Hungary).
 "São Tomé and Príncipe 1993-05-23
  • Croatia is represented in São Tomé and Príncipe through its embassy in "Lisbon (Portugal).
  • São Tomé and Príncipe is not represented in Croatia.
 "Senegal 1997-10-01
  • Croatia is represented in Senegal through its embassy in "Rabat (Morocco).
  • Senegal is not represented in Croatia.
 "Seychelles 1997-09-30
  • Croatia is represented in Seychelles through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).
  • Seychelles is not represented in Croatia.
 "South Africa 1992-11-19
 "Sudan 1992-07-17
  • Croatia is represented in Sudan through its embassy in "Cairo (Egypt).
  • Sudan is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Rome (Italy).
 "Tanzania 1993-07-02
  • Croatia is represented in Tanzania through its embassy in "Pretoria, (South Africa).[79]
  • Tanzania is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Rome, (Italy).[80]
 "Togo 1993-12-20
  • Croatia is represented in Tongo through its embassy in "Paris (France).
  • Togo is not represented in Croatia.
 "Tunisia 1993-01-30
 "Uganda 1999-03-10
  • Croatia is represented in Uganda through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).
  • Uganda is not represented in Croatia.
 "Zambia 1995-09-20
  • Croatia is represented in Zambia through its embassy in "Pretoria (South Africa).
  • Zambia is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Paris (France).

Asia[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Bahrain 1993-01-18
  • Croatia is represented in Bahrain through its embassy in "Cairo (Egypt).
  • Bahrain is not represented in Croatia.
 "Iran 1992-04-18 See "Croatia–Iran relations
  • Croatia has an embassy in "Tehran.
  • Iran has an embassy and a cultural centre in "Zagreb.
  • Croatia and Iran signed 24 agreements of cooperation.
 "Iraq 2005-01-05
  • Croatia is represented in Iraq through its embassy in "Baghdad.[81]
  • Iraq is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Vienna.[82]
 "Israel 1997-09-04 See "Croatia–Israel relations
 "Jordan 1994-06-29
 "Kuwait 1994-08-10
  • Croatia is represented in Kuwait through its embassy in "Doha (Qatar).[84]
  • Kuwait is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Prague (Czech Republic) and consulate in "Zagreb.[85]
 "Lebanon 1994-12-05
 "Qatar 1992-12-05 See "Croatia–Saudi Arabia relations
 "Saudi Arabia 1995-06-08
  • Croatia is represented in Saudi Arabia through its embassy in "Cairo (Egypt).
  • Saudi Arabia is not represented in Croatia but citizens that need any assistance are advised to contact the Saudi Arabia embassy in "Sarajevo (BiH).
 "Syria 1997-08-29 See "Croatia–Syria relations
 "United Arab Emirates 1992-06-23
  • Croatia is represented in United Arab Emirates through its embassy in "Cairo (Egypt).[93]
  • United Arab Emirates are represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Berlin (Germany).[94]
 "Yemen 1993-01-17
  • Croatia is represented in Yemen through its embassy in "Cairo (Egypt).
  • Yemen is represented in Croatia through its embassy in Vienna (Austria) and consulate in "Zagreb.

Central Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Afghanistan 1996-01-03
 "Kazakhstan 1992-10-20
 "Kyrgyzstan 1996-12-23
  • Croatia is represented in Kyrgyzstan through its embassy in "Ankara ("Turkey).
 "Tajikistan 1999-04-01
 "Turkmenistan 1996-07-02
 "Uzbekistan 1995-02-06
  • Croatia is represented in Uzbekistan through its embassy in "Ankara ("Turkey).

South Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "India 1992-07-09

See "Croatia–India relations

 "Maldives 1997-04-08
  • Croatia is represented in Maldives through its embassy in "New Delhi (India).
  • Maldives is not represented in Croatia.
   "Nepal 1998-02-06
  • Croatia is represented in Nepal through its embassy in "New Delhi and consulate in "Kathmandu.
  • Nepal is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Geneva (Switzerland).[102]
 "Pakistan 1994-07-20
 "Sri Lanka 1997-02-14
  • Croatia is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "New Delhi and consulate in "Colombo.[104]
  • Sri Lanka is represented in Sri Lanka through its embassy in "Vienna (Austria) and consulate in "Zagreb.[105]

Southeast Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Burma 1999-09-03
 "Cambodia 1996-09-10
  • Croatia is represented in Cambodia through its embassy in "Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).
  • Cambodia is not represented in Croatia.
 "Indonesia 1992-09-03
 "Laos 1996-03-04
 "Malaysia 1992-05-04
  • Croatia is represented in Malaysia through its embassy in "Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).
  • Malaysia has embassy in "Zagreb.
 "Philippines 1993-02-25
 "Singapore 1992-11-23
 "Thailand 1992-09-09
 "Timor-Leste 2003-02-05
 "Viet Nam 1994-07-01

East Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "China (People's Republic) 1992-05-13 See also: "China–Croatia relations
 "Japan 1993-03-05
 "Mongolia 1993-03-10
 "North Korea 1992-11-30
  • Croatia is represented in North Korea through its embassy in "Beijing (China).[118]
  • North Korea is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Bucharest (Romania).[119]
  • In January 2016, former Croatian president "Stjepan Mesić visited North Korea.[120]
 "South Korea 1992-11-18 See "Croatia–South Korea relations

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Australia 1992-02-13
 "Fiji 1997-06-14

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 July 1997.[126][73]

 "Nauru 2000-12-14
  • Croatia is represented in Nauru through its embassy in "Canberra (Australia).[127]
  • Nauru is not represented in Croatia.
 "New Zealand 1992-02-25
 "Samoa 1994-03-08
  • Croatia is represented in Samoa through its embassy in "Canberra (Australia).
  • Samoa is not represented in Croatia.
 "Vanuatu 2000-04-18
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 April 2000.[130][73]

Americas[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Antigua and Barbuda 1999-09-20
  • Croatia is represented in Antigua and Barbuda through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (USA).[131]
  • Antigua and Barbuda is represented in Croatia through its through its embassy in "Vienna (Austria).
 "Bahamas 2017-01-31
  • Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of "Croatia and the Commonwealth of Bahamas was signed on the 31 January 2017.[132]
 "Belize 1996-01-23
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 23, 1996.[73][133]
 "Cuba 1992-09-23
 "Dominica 2013[134]
  • Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of "Croatia and the Commonwealth of Dominica was signed on the 30 July 2013.[134]
 "Guyana February 25, 2003
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on February 25, 2003.[135]
  • Croatia is represented in Guyana through its Permanent Mission in "New York City.[136]
 "Grenada 2000-05-19
  • Croatia is represented in Grenada through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (USA).
 "Jamaica 1996-10-09
  • Croatia is represented in Jamaica through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (USA).[137]
 "Saint Lucia 1997-12-10
  • Croatia is represented in Saint Lucia through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (USA).
 "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1994-10-07
  • Croatia is represented in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (USA).
 "Trinidad and Tobago 2011-12-14

Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 14, 2011.[138][139]

Latin America[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Argentina 1992-04-13 See "Argentina–Croatia relations
 "Bolivia 1992-11-26
 "Brazil 1992-12-23
 "Chile 1992-04-15 See "Chile–Croatia relations
 "Colombia 1995-04-25
  • Colombia is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Vienna (Austria).
  • Croatia is represented in Colombia through its embassy in "Brasilia (Brazil).
  • Croatia is defined as an ally by Colombia on the war on drugs and as an example to follow after a post-conflict situation[143]
 "Costa Rica 1995-10-19
  • Croatia is represented in Costa Rica through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (US).
  • Costa Rica is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Vienna (Austria).
 "Ecuador 1996-02-22
  • Croatia is represented in Ecuador through its embassy in "Santiago (Chile).
  • Ecuador is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Budapest (Hungary).
 "El Salvador 1997-07-24
  • Croatia is represented in El Salvador through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (US).
  • El Salvador is not represented in Croatia.
 "Guatemala 1992-12-22
  • Croatia is represented in Guatemala through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (US).
  • Guatemala is not represented in Croatia.
 "Honduras 1999-09-20
  • Croatia is represented in Honduras through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York (US).
  • Honduras is not represented in Croatia.
 "Mexico 1992-12-06 See "Croatia–Mexico relations
 "Nicaragua 1996-03-29
  • Croatia is represented in Nicaragua through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (US) and embassy in "Brasilia (Brazil).
  • Nicaragua is not represented in Croatia.
 "Panama 1996-06-12
  • Croatia is represented in Panama through its embassy in "Washington, D.C. (US).
  • Panama is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Piraeus (Greece).[146]
 "Paraguay 1992-03-13
  • Croatia is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in "Buenos Aires (Argentina).
  • Paraguay is not represented in Croatia.
 "Peru 1993-01-12
  • Croatia is represented in Peru through its embassy in "Santiago (Chile) and consulate in "Lima.
  • Peru is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Bucharest (Romania) and consulate in "Zagreb.
  • There are around 6,500 people of Croatian descent living in Peru.
 "Suriname 1997-12-17
  • Croatia is represented in Suriname through its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in "New York (US) and embassy in "Brasilia (Brazil).[147]
  • Suriname is not represented in Croatia.
 "Uruguay 1993 -05-04 See "Croats in Uruguay
  • Croatia is represented in Uruguay through its embassy in "Buenos Aires (Argentina) and consulate in "Montevideo.
  • Uruguay is not represented in Croatia.
  • According to "UN estimates there are some 3,300 people of Croat descent living in Uruguay. Other estimates place the figure at around 5,000.
 "Venezuela 1992-10-09
  • Croatia is represented in Venezuela through its embassy in "Brasilia (Brazil).
  • Venezuela is represented in Croatia through its embassy in "Vienna (Austria).

North America[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Canada 1993-04-14
  • Croatia has an embassy in "Ottawa, a consulate general in "Mississauga, and an honorary consulate in "Saint John.
  • Canada has an embassy in "Zagreb.
  • Both countries are members on "NATO.
 "United States of America 1992-08-11 See "Croatia–United States relations

No diplomatic relations[edit]

Croatia hasn't established diplomatic relations with these 13 UN member states:

Country
 "Burundi
 "Bhutan
 "Central African Republic
 "Djibouti
 "Liberia
 "Marshall Islands
 "Niger
 "Rwanda
 "Somalia
 "South Sudan
 "Swaziland
 "Tonga
 "Tuvalu

Croatia hasn't established diplomatic relations with these 9 "states with limited recognition:

Country
 "Republic of Abkhazia
 "Republic of China
 "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
 "State of Palestine
 "Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
 "Republic of South Ossetia
 "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
 "Transnistria
 "Somaliland

According to the former Croatian diplomat Budimir Lončar, Croatia hasn't established diplomatic relations with 13 UN member states because those states are not present in international relations, nor are that much politically active so Croatia wasn't interested in initiating any diplomatic relations. Former "Yugoslavian diplomat, sociologist Ivica Maštruko discarded any political reasons, stating that those 13 countries are not internationally active and do not have diplomatic representatives in many international organizations and larger countries, nor they have elaborate diplomatic apparatus so Croatia shows no interest in developing diplomatic relations with them. Nevertheless, Croatia is the process of establishing diplomatic relations with Burundi and Djibouti thanks to the local Catholic missionaries who have been working in these two countries for many years.[148]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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