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Diplomatic relations between world states and the United States
  United States
  Countries where the United States has an embassy
  Countries where the United States does not have an embassy
  Disputed territories
  Antarctica

The "United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. This includes all U.N. member states except for "Bhutan, "Iran, "North Korea and "Syria. Additionally, the U.S. has diplomatic relations with the "European Union, the "Holy See and Kosovo. The United States federal statutes relating to foreign relations can be found in "Title 22 of the United States Code.

Contents

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Australia 1940[1] See "Australia–United States relations

Australia's relations with the United States are excellent.[2] Australia and the United States have long been close and strategic allies and have traditionally been aligned with the "Commonwealth of Nations. It has, however, strengthened its relationship with the "United States since 1942, as Britain's influence in Asia declined, to establish its current position as a staunch American ally. At the governmental level, United-States-Australia relations are formalized by the "ANZUS treaty and the "Australia–United States Free Trade Agreement.["citation needed]

 "Fiji 1971[3] See "Fiji–United States relations

Relations are currently poor, due to the United States' opposition to Fiji's unelected government, which "came to power through a military coup in December 2006. The "United States suspended $2.5 million in aid money pending a review of the situation, following the 2006 coup.[4]

 "Kiribati 1980[5] See "Kiribati–United States relations

Relations between Kiribati and the United States are excellent. Kiribati signed a treaty of friendship with the United States after independence in 1979. The United States has no consular or diplomatic facilities in the country. Officers of the American Embassy in "Suva, "Fiji, are concurrently accredited to Kiribati and make periodic visits. The U.S. "Peace Corps maintained a program in Kiribati from 1974 to 2008.

 "Marshall Islands 1986 See "Marshall Islands–United States relations

The Marshall Islands is a "sovereign nation in "free association" with the United States. The Marshall Islands and the United States maintain excellent relations. After more than a decade of negotiation, the Marshall Islands and the United States signed the Compact of Free Association on June 25, 1983. The Compact gives the U.S. full authority and responsibility over defense of the Marshall Islands. The Marshall Islands and the United States both lay claim to "Wake Island. The Compact that binds the U.S. and the Marshall Islands is the same one that binds the United States and the "Federated States of Micronesia and "Palau

 "Federated States of Micronesia 1986[6] See "Federated States of Micronesia–United States relations

Reflecting a strong legacy of "Trusteeship cooperation, over 25 U.S. federal agencies continue to maintain programs in the FSM. The United States and the FSM share very strong relations. Under the Amended Compact, the U.S. has full authority and responsibility for the defense of the FSM. This security relationship can be changed or terminated by mutual agreement. The Compact that binds the U.S. and the FSM is the same one that binds the United States to the "Marshall Islands and to "Palau.

 "Nauru 1976[7] See "Nauru–United States relations

Relations between Nauru and the United States are complicated. While the new U.S. Ambassador to Fiji has promised Nauru assistance in economic development, there have been disagreements about Cuba and "Foreign policy of the United States, and the United States does not have an embassy in Nauru; instead, the U.S. Embassy staff in "Suva, Fiji make periodical visits

 "New Zealand 1942[8] See "New Zealand–United States relations

Relations are strong, but complex. The United States has historically assisted New Zealand in times of turmoil; for instance, during "World War II and with the "2010 Canterbury earthquake. New Zealand has reciprocated; for example, by participating in the "Vietnam War. However, the United States "suspended its mutual defense obligations to New Zealand because of that state's "non-nuclear policies.

 "Palau 1996[9] See "Palau–United States relations

On October 1, 1994, after five decades of U.S. administration, the country of Palau became the last component of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands to gain its independence. In 1978, Palau decided not to join the Federated States of Micronesia, due to culture and language differences, and instead sought independence. In 1986, the Compact of Free Association agreement between Palau and the United States was approved, paving the way for Palau's independence.

 "Papua New Guinea 1975[10] See "Papua New Guinea–United States relations
 "Samoa 1962[11] See "Samoa–United States relations
 "Solomon Islands 1978[12] See "Solomon Islands–United States relations

After independence in 1978, the United States kept its close relations with the Solomon Islands. Both cooperate within regional organizations in the Pacific, and the United States has an embassy at "Port Moresby.

 "Tonga 1886; 1972[13] See "Tonga–United States relations
 "Tuvalu 1978[13] See "Tuvalu–United States relations

Relations between the two countries are generally amicable, or neutral, but there have been notable disagreements regarding the issues of climate change and the "Kyoto Protocol.

 "Vanuatu 1986[14] See "United States–Vanuatu relations

The "United States and "Vanuatu established diplomatic relations on September 30, 1986 - three months to the day after Vanuatu had established diplomatic relations with the "Soviet Union.[15] Relations were often tense in the 1980s, under the prime ministership of Father "Walter Lini in Vanuatu, but eased after that. At present, bilateral relations consist primarily in U.S. aid to Vanuatu.

Americas[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Argentina 1823[16] See "Argentina–United States relations

Argentina was integrated into the British international economy in the late 19th century; there was minimal trade with the United States. When the United States began promoting the "Pan American Union, some Argentines were suspicious that it was indeed a device to lure the country into the US economic orbit, but most businessmen responded favorably and bilateral trade grew briskly. The "United States has a positive bilateral relationship with "Argentina based on many common strategic interests, including "non-proliferation, counternarcotics, "counter-terrorism, the fight against "human trafficking, and issues of regional stability, as well as the strength of commercial ties. Argentina is a participant in the Three-Plus-One regional mechanism (Argentina, "Brazil, "Paraguay, and the U.S.), which focuses on coordination of counter-terrorism policies in the tri-border region. Argentina has endorsed the "Proliferation Security Initiative, and has implemented the "Container Security Initiative and the Trade Transparency Unit, both of which are programs administered by the "U.S. Department of Homeland Security/"Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

 "Belize 1981[17] See "Belize–United States relations
 "Bolivia 1849[18] See "Bolivia–United States relations

Although President "Evo Morales has been publicly "critical of U.S. policies, the "United States and "Bolivia had a tradition of cordial and cooperative relations. Development assistance from the United States to Bolivia dates from the 1940s, and the U.S. remains a major partner for economic development, improved health, democracy, and the environment. In 1991, the "U.S. Government forgave all of the $341 million debt owed by Bolivia to the "U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) as well as 80% ($31 million) of the amount owed to the "U.S. Department of Agriculture for food assistance. The United States has also been a strong supporter of forgiveness of Bolivia's multilateral debt under the HIPC initiatives.

 "Brazil 1824[19] See "Brazil–United States relations

The United States was the first country to recognize the independence of Brazil, doing so in 1808. Brazil-United States relations have a long history, characterized by some moments of remarkable convergence of interests but also by sporadic and critical divergences on sensitive international issues.[20] The "United States has increasingly regarded "Brazil as a significant power, especially in its role as a stabilizing force and skillful interlocutor in "Latin America.[21] As a significant political and economic power, Brazil has traditionally preferred to cooperate with the United States on specific issues rather than seeking to develop an all-encompassing, privileged relationship with the United States.[22]

 "Canada 1926[23] See "Canada–United States relations

Relations between Canada and the United States span more than two centuries, marked by a shared "British colonial heritage, conflict during the early years of the "U.S., and the eventual development of one of the most successful international relationships in the modern world. The most serious breach in the relationship was the "War of 1812, which saw an American invasion of then "British North America and counter invasions from British-Canadian forces. The border was demilitarized after the war and, apart from minor raids, has remained peaceful. Military collaboration began during the "World Wars and continued throughout the "Cold War, despite "Canadian doubts about certain American policies. A high volume of trade and migration between the U.S. and Canada has generated closer ties.

 "Chile 1824[24] See "Chile–United States relations

Relations between Chile and the United States have been better in the period 1988 to 2008 than any other time in history. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the United States government applauded the rebirth of "democratic practices in Chile, despite having facilitated the "1973 Chilean coup d'état, the build-up to which included destabilizing the country's economy and politics. Regarded as one of the least corrupt and most vibrant democracies in "South America, with a healthy economy, Chile is noted as being a valuable ally of the United States in the Southern Hemisphere. A prime example of cooperation includes the landmark 2003 "Chile–United States Free Trade Agreement.

 "Colombia 1822[25] See "Colombia–United States relations

Relations between Colombia and the United States have evolved from mutual cordiality during most of the 19th and early 20th centuries["citation needed] to a recent partnership that links the governments of both nations around several key issues, including fighting communism, the "War on Drugs, and especially since "9/11, the threat of "terrorism. During the last fifty years, different American governments and their representatives have become involved in Colombian affairs through the implementation of policies concerned with the above issues. Some critics of current U.S. policies in Colombia, such as Law Professor John Barry, consider that U.S. influences have catalyzed internal conflicts and substantially expanded the scope and nature of human rights abuses in Colombia.[26] Supporters, such as "Under Secretary of State "Marc Grossman, consider that the U.S. has promoted respect for human rights and the rule of law in Colombia, in addition to the fight against drugs and terrorism.[27]

 "Costa Rica 1851[28] See "Costa Rica–United States relations
 "Ecuador 1832[29] See "Ecuador–United States relations
 "El Salvador 1824; 1849[30] See "El Salvador–United States relations
 "Guatemala 1824; 1844[31] See "Guatemala–United States relations
 "Guyana 1966[32] See "Guyana–United States relations
 "Honduras 1824; 1853[33] See "Honduras–United States relations
 "Mexico 1822[34] See "Mexico–United States relations

The United States of America shares a unique and often complex relationship with the United Mexican States. The two countries have close economic ties, being each other's first and third largest trading partners. They are also closely connected demographically, with over one million U.S. citizens living in Mexico and Mexico being the largest source of immigrants to the United States. Illegal immigration and illegal trade in drugs and in fire arms have been causes of differences but also of cooperation.

 "Nicaragua 1824; 1849[35] See "Nicaragua–United States relations

Nicaragua and the United States have had diplomatic relations since 1824. Between 1912-1933, the United States occupied Nicaragua (see "United States occupation of Nicaragua). Following the United States occupation of Nicaragua, in 1933 the "Somoza family political dynasty came to power, and would rule Nicaragua until their ouster on July 19, 1979 during the "Nicaraguan Revolution. The era of Somoza family rule was characterized by rising inequality and political corruption, strong US support for the government and its military, as well as a reliance on US-based multinational corporations. This led to international condemnation of the regime and in 1977 the "Carter Administration in the U.S. cut off aid to the Somoza regime due to its human rights violations.

Then during the "Reagan Administration the diplomatic relations escalated during the "Iran-Contra affair and the "United States embargo against Nicaragua. Then in 1990 after "Violeta Chamorro won the "Nicaraguan general election, 1990 the diplomatic relations began to improve greatly. The United States has promoted national reconciliation, encouraging Nicaraguans to resolve their problems through dialogue and compromise. In the Summer 2003 Nicaragua sent around 370 soldiers to the "Iraq War as part of the U.S. coalition of countries that were engaging in war in this country. Immediately after April 2004 these troops were withdrawn by President "Enrique Bolanos. Although President "Daniel Ortega has been publicly "critical of U.S. policies, the "United States and "Nicaragua have normal diplomatic relations.

 "Panama 1903[36] See "Panama–United States relations

Panama gained its independence in 1901 due in part to American interest in building the "Panama Canal. Relations have been generally strong, with 25,000 U.S. citizens present in Panama and a mutual healthcare program. The U.S. invaded Panama in 1989 to "remove then Panamanian leader Manual Noriega.

 "Paraguay 1852[37] See "Paraguay–United States relations
 "Peru 1826[38] See "Peru–United States relations
 "Suriname 1975[39] See "Suriname–United States relations
 "Uruguay 1836[40] See "Uruguay - United States relations

In 2002, Uruguay and the U.S. created a Joint Commission on Trade and Investment (JCTI) to exchange ideas on a variety of economic topics. In March 2003, the JCTI identified six areas of concentration until the eventual signing of the "Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA): customs issues, "intellectual property protection, investment, labor, "environment, and trade in goods. In late 2004, Uruguay and the U.S. signed an Open Skies Agreement, which was ratified in May 2006. In November 2005, they signed a "Bilateral investment treaty (BIT), which entered into force on November 1, 2006. A "Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) was signed in January 2007. More than 80 U.S.-owned companies operate in Uruguay, and many more market U.S. goods and services.

 "Venezuela 1835[41] See "Venezuela - United States relations

Both countries maintained mutual diplomatic relationships since the early-19th century traditionally been characterized by an important trade and investment relationship and cooperation in controlling the production and transit of illegal "drugs. After the election of Presidents "Hugo Chávez of Venezuela and "George W. Bush of the "United States and particularly after the "Venezuelan failed coup attempt in 2002 against Chavez, tensions between the countries escalated, reaching a high in September 2008 when Venezuela broke off diplomatic relations with the U.S. Relations showed signs of improvement in 2009 with the election of the new U.S. President "Barack Obama, including the re-establishment of diplomatic relations in June 2009.

Caribbean[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Antigua and Barbuda 1981[42] See "Antigua and Barbuda–United States relations
 "Aruba See "Aruba–United States relations
 "Bahamas 1973[43] See "Bahamas–United States relations
 "Barbados 1966[44] See "Barbados–United States relations
 "Bermuda See "Bermuda–United States relations
 "Cayman Islands See "Cayman Islands–United States relations
 "Cuba 1902; 2015[45] See "Cuba–United States relations

Following the "Cuban Revolution of 1959 relations had deteriorated substantially, and until recently have been marked by tension and confrontation. The United States has initiated an embargo due to the Cuban regime refusal to move toward democratization and greater respect for "human rights,[46] hoping to see democratization that took place in Eastern Europe. Diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba were formally re-established on July 20, 2015 with the opening of embassies in both Havana and Washington, D.C.[47]

 "Dominican Republic 1866[48] See "Dominican Republic–United States relations
 "Dominica 1978[49] See "Dominica–United States relations
 "Grenada 1974[50] See "Grenada–United States relations
 "Haiti 1862[51] See "Haiti–United States relations
 "Jamaica 1962[52] See "Jamaica–United States relations
 "Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983[53] See "Saint Kitts and Nevis–United States relations
 "Saint Lucia 1979[54] See "Saint Lucia–United States relations
 "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1981[55] See "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines–United States relations
 "Trinidad and Tobago 1962[56] See "Trinidad and Tobago–United States relations

Asia[edit]

East Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "People's Republic of China 1844 ("Qing)[57]
1979 (PRC)
See "China–United States relations
The United States "acknowledges the People's Republic's "One-China policy.
 "Republic of China (Taiwan) 1844 ("Qing)[57]
1911 (ended 1979)
1979 ("Taiwan Relations Act - unofficial)
See "Taiwan–United States relations
The U.S. recognized the "Nationalist Government as the legitimate government of all of China throughout the "Chinese Civil War. The U.S. continued to recognize the Republic of China until 1979, when it shifted its recognition to the "People's Republic of China in accordance with the "One China policy. The U.S. continued to provide Taiwan with military aid after 1979, and continued informal relations through the "American Institute in Taiwan.
 "Hong Kong
 "Macau
1992[58]
1999[59]
See "Hong Kong–United States relations and "Macau–United States relations
See "United States–Hong Kong Policy Act and United States–Macau Policy Act
 "Japan 1854 [60]
See "Japan–United States relations

Since 1945, U.S.–Japan relations have improved greatly.

 "Mongolia 1987[61] See "Mongolia–United States relations
 "North Korea Never had relations See "North Korea–United States relations
North Korea has no embassy in Washington, DC, but it is represented in the United States through its mission to the United Nations.[62] For decades, the U.S. and North Korea have been locked in a stalemate over nuclear weapons.
 "South Korea 1882 ("Joseon);[63] 1949 (Republic)[64] See "South Korea–United States relations

Southeast Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Brunei 1984[65] See "Brunei–United States relations

The U.S. welcomed Brunei Darussalam's full independence from the United Kingdom on January 1, 1984, and opened an "embassy in "Bandar Seri Begawan on that date. Brunei opened its embassy in "Washington, D.C. in March 1984. "Brunei's armed forces engage in joint exercises, training programs, and other military cooperation with the U.S. A memorandum of understanding on defense cooperation was signed on November 29, 1994. The "Sultan of Brunei visited Washington in December 2002.

 "Burma 1948[66] See "Burma–United States relations

The political "relationship between the "United States and "Burma worsened after the 1988 military "coup and violent suppression of pro-"democracy "demonstrations. Subsequent repression, including the brutal crackdown on peaceful "protestors in September 2007, further strained the relationship. After 2010 elections and reforms started by President Than Sein and subsequent endorsement of reforms by leader of National League for Democracy (NLD) "Aung San Suu Kyi and participation in April 2012 by-elections to parliament has led to thawing of relationship with "United States President "Barack Obama visiting Burma. A first by a United States President.

 "Cambodia 1950[67] See "Cambodia–United States relations
 "East Timor 2002[68] See "East Timor–United States relations
 "Indonesia 1949[69] See "Indonesia–United States relations
 "Laos 1950[70] See "Laos–United States relations
 "Malaysia 1957[70] See "Malaysia–United States relations
 "Philippines 1946[71] See "Philippines–United States relations

The Philippines and the United States have an extremely strong relationship with each other due to their long standing alliance. The Philippines was also a U.S. colony from 1898-1946.

The U.S. and the Philippines have fought together in many conflicts such as "World War I, "World War II, the "Korean War, "Vietnam War, "Islamic insurgency in the Philippines, "Gulf War and the "War on Terror.

The Philippines and the United States still maintain close, friendly, diplomatic, political and military relations with 100,000+ U.S. citizens and nationals living in the Philippines and more than 2 million Filipinos living in the United States. Both countries actively cooperate in the trade, investment and financial sectors. The U.S. is also the largest investor in the Philippine economy with an estimated total worth of $63 billion.

The United States and the Philippines conduct joint military exercises called the "Balikatan that take place once a year to boost relations between the two countries. The U.S. military also conduct humanitarian and aid missions in the Philippines. The Philippines is one out of two "major U.S. allies in South East Asia.

However, relations between the United States and the Philippines began to deteriorate in 2016, under "President "Rodrigo Duterte, wanting to form an alliance with "China and "Russia and separating the country from all connections and ties with the United States, both economically and socially.

 "Singapore 1965[72] See "Singapore–United States relations
 "Thailand 1833[73] See "Thailand–United States relations
 "Vietnam 1995[74] See "United States–Vietnam relations

After a 20-year hiatus of severed ties, "President "Bill Clinton announced the formal normalization of diplomatic relations with "Vietnam on July 11, 1995. Subsequent to President Clinton's normalization announcement, in August 1995, both nations upgraded their Liaison Offices opened during January 1995 to embassy status. As diplomatic ties between the nations grew, the "United States opened a "consulate general in "Ho Chi Minh City, and Vietnam opened a "consulate in "San Francisco.

Central Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Kazakhstan 2001[75] See "Kazakhstan–United States relations
 "Kyrgyzstan 1993[76] See "Kyrgyzstan–United States relations
 "Tajikistan 1991[77] See "Tajikistan–United States relations
 "Turkmenistan 1991[78] See "Turkmenistan–United States relations

The U.S. "Embassy, "USAID, and the "Peace Corps are located in "Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. The United States and Turkmenistan continue to disagree about the country's path toward "democratic and economic reform. The United States has publicly advocated industrial "privatization, market liberalization, and fiscal reform, as well as legal and regulatory reforms to open up the economy to foreign trade and investment, as the best way to achieve prosperity and true independence and sovereignty.

 "Uzbekistan 1991[79] See "United States–Uzbekistan relations

Relations improved slightly in the latter half of 2007, but the U.S. continues to call for Uzbekistan to meet all of its commitments under the March 2002 Declaration of Strategic Partnership between the two countries. The declaration covers not only security and economic relations but political reform, economic reform, and human rights. Uzbekistan has "Central Asia's largest population and is vital to U.S., regional, and international efforts to promote stability and security.

South Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Afghanistan 1935[80] See "Afghanistan–United States relations
 "Bangladesh 1972[81] See "Bangladesh–United States relations

Today the relationship between the two countries is based on what is described by American diplomats as the "three Ds", meaning Democracy, Development and Denial of space for terrorism. The United States is closely working with Bangladesh in combating Islamic extremism and terrorism and is providing hundreds of millions of dollars every year in economic assistance.

 "Bhutan Never had formal, only informal relations[82] See "Bhutan–United States relations

While the U.S. has no formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan, it maintains informal contact through its embassy in New Delhi, India. The U.S. has offered to resettle 60,000 of the 107,000 alleged "Bhutanese refugees of Nepalese origin now living in seven U.N. refugee camps in southeastern Nepal.

 "India 1947[83] See "India–United States relations
 "Maldives 1965[84] See "Maldives–United States relations
   "Nepal 1947[85] See "Nepal–United States relations
 "Pakistan 1947[86] See "Pakistan–United States relations
 "Sri Lanka 1947[87] See "Sri Lanka–United States relations

West Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Bahrain 1971[88] See "Bahrain–United States relations
 "Iran 1883 (ended 1980)[89] See "Iran–United States relations

The United States and the Kingdom of Persia recognized each other in 1850. Diplomatic relations were established in 1883 and severed in 1980.

 "Iraq 1931;1984; 2004[90] See "Iraq–United States relations
 "Israel 1949[91] See "Israel–United States relations
 "Jordan 1949[92] See "Jordan–United States relations
 "Kuwait 1961[93] See "Kuwait–United States relations
 "Lebanon 1944[94] See "Lebanon–United States relations
 "Oman 1972[95] See "Oman–United States relations
 "Qatar 1972[96] See "Qatar–United States relations
 "Saudi Arabia 1940[97] See "Saudi Arabia–United States relations
 "Syria 1944 (ended 2012)[98] The Syrian Arab Republic cut off relations with United States in 2012 in response to American support of the Syrian rebels. See "Syria–United States relations
 "Turkey 1831[99] See "Turkey–United States relations
 "United Arab Emirates 1972[100] See "United Arab Emirates–United States relations

The United States was the third country to establish formal diplomatic relations with the UAE and has had an "ambassador resident in the UAE since 1974. The two countries have enjoyed friendly "relations with each other and have developed into friendly government-to-government ties which include "security assistance. UAE and U.S. had enjoyed private commercial ties, especially in "petroleum. The quality of U.S.-UAE relations increased dramatically as a result of the U.S.-led coalition's campaign to end the Iraqi occupation of "Kuwait. UAE ports host more "U.S. Navy ships than any port outside the U.S.

 "Yemen 1946[101] See "United States–Yemen relations

Traditionally, United States – Yemen relations have been tepid, as the lack of strong military-to-military ties, commercial relations, and support of Yemeni President "Ali Abdullah Saleh has hindered the development of strong bilateral ties. During the early years of the "George W. Bush administration, relations improved under the rubric of the "War on Terror, though "Yemen's lack of policies toward wanted terrorists has stalled additional "U.S. support.[102]

Europe[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "European Union See "United States–European Union relations
 "Albania 1922[103] See "Albania–United States relations
 "Andorra 1995[104] See "Andorra–United States relations
 "Armenia 1920; 1991[105] See "Armenia–United States relations
 "Austria 1921[106] See "Austria–United States relations
 "Azerbaijan 1918-1928, 1991[107] See "Azerbaijan–United States relations
 "Belarus 1991[108] See "Belarus–United States relations
The United States has tense relations with Belarus relating to Belarus' human rights record and election irregularities.
 "Belgium 1832[109] See "Belgium–United States relations
 "Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992[110] See "Bosnia and Herzegovina–United States relations
 "Bulgaria 1903[111] See "Bulgaria–United States relations
 "Croatia 1992[112] See "Croatia–United States relations
 "Cyprus 1960[113] See "Cyprus–United States relations
 "Czech Republic 1993[114] See "Czech Republic–United States relations
 "Denmark 1801[115] See "Denmark–United States relations
 "Estonia 1922; 1991[116] See "Estonia–United States relations
 "Finland 1919[117] See "Finland–United States relations
 "France 1778[118] See "France–United States relations
 "Georgia 1992[119] See "Georgia–United States relations
 "Germany 1797[120] See "Germany–United States relations
 "Greece 1868[121] See "Greece–United States relations
 "Holy See 1984[122] See "Holy See–United States relations
 "Hungary 1921[123] See "Hungary–United States relations
 "Iceland 1944[124] See "Iceland–United States relations
 "Ireland 1924[125] See "Ireland–United States relations
 "Italy 1861[126] See "Italy–United States relations
 "Kosovo 2008[127] See "Kosovo–United States relations
The United States was one of the first countries to recognize Kosovo.
 "Latvia 1922; 1991[128] See "Latvia–United States relations
 "Liechtenstein 1997[129] See "Liechtenstein–United States relations
 "Lithuania 1922; 1991[130] See "Lithuania–United States relations
 "Luxembourg 1903[131] See "Luxembourg–United States relations
 "Malta 1964[132] See "Malta–United States relations
 "Moldova 1992[133] See "Moldova–United States relations
 "Monaco 2006[134] See "Monaco–United States relations
 "Montenegro 1905; 2006[135] See "Montenegro–United States relations
 "Netherlands 1781[136] See "Netherlands–United States relations
The Dutch colony of "Sint Eustatius was the first foreign state to recognize the independence of the United States, doing so in 1776. However, the "Dutch Republic neither authorized the recognition nor ratified it, therefore "Morocco remains the first sovereign nation to officially recognize the United States.
 "Norway 1905[137] See "Norway–United States relations
 "Poland 1919[138] See "Poland–United States relations
 "Portugal 1791[139] See "Portugal–United States relations
 "Republic of Macedonia 1995[140] See "Republic of Macedonia–United States relations
 "Romania 1880[141] See "Romania–United States relations
 "Russia 1809; 1991[142] See "Russia–United States relations
 "San Marino 1861[143] See "San Marino–United States relations
 "Serbia 1882; 2000[144] See "Serbia–United States relations
 "Slovakia 1993[145] See "Slovakia–United States relations
 "Slovenia 1992[146] See "Slovenia–United States relations
 "Spain 1783[147] See "Spain–United States relations
 "Sweden 1818[148] See "Sweden–United States relations
  "Switzerland 1853[149] See "Switzerland–United States relations
 "Ukraine 1991[150] See "Ukraine–United States relations
 "United Kingdom 1783[151] See "United Kingdom–United States relations

13 U.S. States declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1776. Since "World War II, the two countries have shared a "Special Relationship.

Africa[edit]

North Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Algeria 1962[152] See "Algeria–United States relations

The official U.S. presence in Algeria is expanding following over a decade of limited staffing, reflecting the general improvement in the security environment. During the past three years, the U.S. Embassy has moved toward more normal operations and now provides most embassy services to the American and Algerian communities.

 "Arab League See "Arab–American relations

The Arab League has an Embassy, and several Offices in the U.S.

 "Egypt 1922[153] See "Egypt–United States relations

After the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Egyptian foreign policy began to shift as a result of the change in Egypt's leadership from President Gamal Abdel-Nasser to Anwar Sadat and the emerging peace process between Egypt and Israel. Sadat realized that reaching a settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict is a precondition for Egyptian development. To achieve this goal, Sadat ventured to enhance U.S.-Egyptian relations to foster a peace process with Israel.

 "Libya 1951[154] See "Libya–United States relations

In 2011, the United States cut diplomatic relations with the "Gaddafi regime. The United States recognized the "National Transitional Council as the legitimate government of Libya on July 15, 2011.[155]

 "Morocco 1777[156] See "Morocco–United States relations

Morocco was the first sovereign nation to recognize the United States of America in 1776. American-Moroccan relations were formalized in a "1787 treaty, which is still in force and is the oldest unbroken bilateral treaty in American history.

 "Sudan 1956[157] See "Sudan–United States relations
 "Tunisia 1795[158] See "Tunisia–United States relations

Sub-Saharan Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 "Angola 1994[159] See "Angola–United States relations

Relations were tense during the "Angolan Civil War when the U.S. government backed "UNITA rebels, but have warmed since the Angolan government renounced "Marxism in 1992.

 "Benin 1960[160] See "Benin–United States relations

The two nations have had an excellent history of relations in the years since Benin embraced "democracy. The U.S. Government continues to assist Benin with the improvement of living standards that are key to the ultimate success of Benin's experiment with democratic government and economic liberalization, and are consistent with U.S. values and national interest in reducing "poverty and promoting growth. The bulk of the U.S. effort in support of consolidating democracy in Benin is focused on long-term human resource development through "U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) programs.[161]

 "Botswana 1966[162] See "Botswana–United States relations
 "Burkina Faso 1960[163] See "Burkina Faso–United States relations
 "Burundi 1962[164] See "Burundi–United States relations
 "Cameroon 1960[165] See "Cameroon–United States relations
 "Cape Verde 1975[166] See "Cape Verde–United States relations
 "Central African Republic 1960[167] See "Central African Republic–United States relations
 "Chad 1960[168] See "Chad–United States relations
 "Comoros 1977[169] See "Comoros–United States relations
 "Côte d'Ivoire 1960[170] See "Côte d'Ivoire–United States relations
 "Democratic Republic of the Congo 1960[171] See "Democratic Republic of the Congo–United States relations
 "Djibouti 1977[172] See "Djibouti–United States relations
 "Equatorial Guinea 1968[173] See "Equatorial Guinea–United States relations
 "Eritrea 1993[174] See "Eritrea–United States relations
 "Ethiopia 1903[175] See "Ethiopia–United States relations
 "Gabon 1960[176] See "Gabon–United States relations
 "Ghana 1957[177] See "Ghana–United States relations
 "Guinea 1959[178] See "Guinea–United States relations
 "Guinea-Bissau 1975[179] See "Guinea-Bissau–United States relations
 "Kenya 1964[180] See "Kenya–United States relations
 "Lesotho 1966[181] See "Lesotho–United States relations
 "Liberia 1864[182] See "Liberia–United States relations
 "Madagascar 1874[183] See "Madagascar–United States relations
 "Malawi 1964[184] See "Malawi–United States relations
 "Mali 1960[185] See "Mali–United States relations
 "Mauritania 1960[186] See "Mauritania–United States relations
 "Mauritius 1968[187] See "Mauritius–United States relations
 "Mozambique 1975[188] See "Mozambique–United States relations
 "Namibia 1990[189] See "Namibia–United States relations
 "Niger 1960[190] See "Niger–United States relations
 "Nigeria 1960[191] See "Nigeria–United States relations
 "Republic of the Congo 1960[192] See "Republic of the Congo–United States relations
 "Rwanda 1962[193] See "Rwanda–United States relations
 "São Tomé and Príncipe 1976[194] See "São Tomé and Príncipe–United States relations
 "Senegal 1960[195] See "Senegal–United States relations
 "Seychelles 1976[196] See "Seychelles–United States relations
 "Sierra Leone 1961[197] See "Sierra Leone–United States relations
 "Somalia 1960[198] See "Somalia–United States relations
 "South Africa 1929[199] See "South Africa–United States relations
 "South Sudan 2011[200] See "South Sudan–United States relations
 "Swaziland 1968[201] See "Swaziland–United States relations
 "Tanzania 1961[202] See "Tanzania–United States relations
 "The Gambia 1965[203] See "The Gambia–United States relations
 "Togo 1960[204] See "Togo–United States relations
 "Uganda 1962[205] See "Uganda–United States relations

Bilateral relations between the United States and Uganda have been good since "Yoweri Museveni assumed power, and the United States has welcomed his efforts to end human rights abuses and to pursue economic reform. Uganda is a strong supporter of the Global "War on Terror. The United States is helping Uganda achieve export-led economic growth through the "African Growth and Opportunity Act and provides a significant amount of development assistance. At the same time, the United States is concerned about continuing human rights problems and the pace of progress toward the establishment of genuine political pluralism.

 "Zambia 1964[206] See "United States–Zambia relations

The diplomatic relationship between the "United States and "Zambia can be characterized as warm and cooperative. The United States works closely with the "Zambian Government to defeat the "HIV/AIDS "pandemic that is ravaging Zambia, to promote "economic growth and "development, and to effect political reform needed to promote responsive and responsible government. The United States is also supporting the government's efforts to root out corruption. Zambia is a beneficiary of the "African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). The U.S. Government provides a variety of technical assistance and other support that is managed by the "U.S. Department of State, "U.S. Agency for International Development, "Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Threshold Program, "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "U.S. Department of Treasury, "U.S. Department of Defense, and "Peace Corps. The majority of U.S. assistance is provided through the "President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), in support of the fight against HIV/AIDS.

 "Zimbabwe 1980[207] See "United States–Zimbabwe relations

After "Morgan Tsvangirai, Mugabe's rival and leader of the "Movement for Democratic Change, became "Prime Minister of Zimbabwe under a power-sharing agreement, the "Barack Obama "administration extended its congratulations to Tsvangirai, but said that the U.S. would wait for evidence of Mugabe's cooperation with the MDC before it would consider lifting its sanctions.[208] In early March 2009, Obama proclaimed that U.S. sanctions would be protracted provisionally for another year, because Zimbabwe's political crisis is as yet unresolved.[209]

Countries with visa services suspended[edit]

[210]

Countries with no U.S. embassy[edit]

[210]

Unrecognized countries with no relations with the United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

 This article incorporates "public domain material from the "United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm ("Background Notes).

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