|Frank B. Kellogg|
|45th "United States Secretary of State|
March 5, 1925 – March 28, 1929
|Preceded by||"Charles Evans Hughes|
|Succeeded by||"Henry L. Stimson|
|"United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom|
January 14, 1924 – February 10, 1925
|Prime Minister||"Stanley Baldwin
|Preceded by||"George B. M. Harvey|
|Succeeded by||"Alanson B. Houghton|
|"United States Senator
March 4, 1917 – March 4, 1923
|Preceded by||"Moses E. Clapp|
|Succeeded by||"Henrik Shipstead|
|Born||Frank Billings Kellogg
December 22, 1856
"Potsdam, New York
|Died||December 21, 1937
"St. Paul, Minnesota
|Awards||"Legion of Honour|
Frank Billings Kellogg (December 22, 1856 – December 21, 1937) was an "American lawyer, "politician and statesman who served in the "U.S. Senate and as "U.S. Secretary of State. He co-authored the "Kellogg–Briand Pact, for which he was awarded the "Nobel Peace Prize in 1929.
Kellogg was born in "Potsdam, New York on December 22, 1856 to Frederick A. Kellogg (1851–1928) and Amy F. ("née Bird) Kellogg (1855–1925). His brother was Clifford Frank Kellogg (1881–1946). His family moved to "Minnesota in 1865.
Kellogg was a self-trained lawyer who began practicing law in "Rochester, Minnesota, in 1877. He served as city attorney of Rochester 1878–1881 and county attorney for "Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1882 to 1887. He moved to "St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1886.
In 1905, Kellogg joined the federal government when "Theodore Roosevelt asked Kellogg to prosecute a federal "antitrust case. In 1906, Kellogg was appointed special counsel to the "Interstate Commerce Commission for its investigation of "E. H. Harriman. In 1908, he was appointed to lead the federal prosecution against "Union Pacific Railroad, under the "Sherman Antitrust Act. His most important case was "Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, 221 U.S. 1 (1911). Following this successful prosecution, he was elected president of the "American Bar Association (1912–1913).
In 1916, Kellogg was elected as a "Republican to the "United States Senate from Minnesota and served from March 4, 1917 to March 4, 1923 in the "65th, "66th, and "67th Congresses. During the ratification battle for the "Treaty of Versailles, he was one of the few Republicans who supported ratification. He lost his re-election bid in 1922 and, in 1923, he was a delegate to the Fifth "International Conference of American States at "Santiago, Chile.
In 1924, he was appointed by President "Calvin Coolidge as "Ambassador "Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Great Britain, serving from January 14, 1924 to February 10, 1925. He succeeded "George Brinton McClellan Harvey who served under "Warren G. Harding and was succeeded by "Alanson B. Houghton so that Kellogg could assume the role of Secretary of State.
From 1925 until 1929, he served as the "United States Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Coolidge. In 1928, he was awarded the "Freedom of the City in "Dublin, Ireland and in 1929 the government of France made him a member of the "Legion of Honour.
As Secretary of State, he was responsible for improving "U.S.–Mexican relations and helping to resolve the long-standing "Tacna–Arica controversy between Peru and Chile. His most significant accomplishment, however, was the "Kellogg–Briand Pact, signed in 1928. Proposed by its other namesake, French foreign minister "Aristide Briand, the treaty intended to provide for "the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy." He was awarded the 1929 "Nobel Peace Prize in recognition.
He died from pneumonia, following a stroke, on the eve of his 81st birthday in "St. Paul. He was buried at the "Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in "Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C.
In 1937, he endowed the "Kellogg Foundation for Education in International Relations at "Carleton College, where he was a trustee. His house in St. Paul, the "Frank B. Kellogg House was listed as a "National Historic Landmark in 1976.
The following were named in his honor:
Frank B. Kellogg's papers are available for research use at the "Minnesota Historical Society. They include correspondence and miscellaneous papers, State Department duplicates, news clippings scrapbooks, awards, floor plans, honorary degrees, maps, memorials and memoranda.
Frank B. Kellogg, former World Court judge and Secretary of State, died at 7:28 P. M., Guy Chase, his law partner, announced tonight.
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"Moses E. Clapp
|"U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Minnesota
Served alongside: "Knute Nelson
|"U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain
"Alanson B. Houghton
"Charles Evans Hughes
|"U.S. Secretary of State
Served under: "Calvin Coolidge, "Herbert Hoover
"Henry L. Stimson