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Frank Lautenberg
""Frank Lautenberg, official portrait, 112th portrait.jpg
"United States Senator
from "New Jersey
In office
January 3, 2003 – June 3, 2013
Preceded by "Robert Torricelli
Succeeded by "Jeffrey Chiesa
In office
December 27, 1982 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by "Nicholas Brady
Succeeded by "Jon Corzine
Personal details
Born Frank Raleigh Lautenberg
(1924-01-23)January 23, 1924
"Paterson, New Jersey, U.S.
Died June 3, 2013(2013-06-03) (aged 89)
"New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting place "Arlington National Cemetery
Political party "Democratic
Spouse(s) Lois Levenson (m. 1956; div. 1988)
Bonnie Englebardt (m. 2004; his death 2013)
Children 4
Education "Columbia University ("BA)
Signature ""
Military service
Allegiance  "United States
Service/branch  "United States Army
Years of service 1942–1946
Rank ""US Army WWII T5C.svg "Technician Fifth Grade[1]
Unit "Army Signal Corps
 • 3185th Signal Service Battalion
Battles/wars "World War II

Frank Raleigh Lautenberg ("/ˈlɔːtənbɜːrɡ/; January 23, 1924 – June 3, 2013) was a "United States Senator from "New Jersey and a member of the "Democratic Party. He was originally from "Paterson, New Jersey.

Lautenberg was elected to five terms as a Senator. He first took office in December 1982 and served three terms, retiring from the Senate in 2001. Called upon to run again one year later due to circumstances surrounding his Senate colleague "Robert Torricelli's re-election campaign, Lautenberg returned to the Senate in January 2003 and was elected to one additional term in 2008. He died during his second term. He is also the longest serving senator from New Jersey, having served a total of 28 years, 5 months and 8 days.

Before entering politics, he was an early partner in, and became the chairman and chief executive officer of "Automatic Data Processing, Inc. In his early years, he served overseas in the "U.S. Army Signal Corps from 1942 to 1946 as a part of the war effort, and after returning home his interest in "American political events increased. He has been called "the last of the "New Deal "liberals" and was known for his legislative efforts against "drunk driving, and his support of spending for "Amtrak and "urban public transportation, for stronger "environmental regulations, greater "consumer protections, and investigations of wrongdoing by "Wall Street.[2]

Contents

Early life and career[edit]

Lautenberg was born in "Paterson, New Jersey, the son of Mollie (née Bergen) and Sam Lautenberg, "Jewish "immigrants from Poland and Russia, who had arrived in the United States as infants.[3][4] He was named after his maternal grandfather, Frank Bergen, and close family friend and Paterson community activist, Raleigh Weintrob.[5][6][7][8]

When Lautenberg was 19, his father who worked in silk mills, sold coal, farmed and once ran a tavern, died of cancer. His mother then opened a sandwich shop to support the family.[9]

After graduating from "Nutley High School in 1941, Lautenberg served overseas in the "United States Army Signal Corps during "World War II from 1942 to 1946.[10] Then, financed by the "GI Bill, he attended and graduated from "Columbia Business School in 1949 with a degree in economics.[9]

He worked as a salesman for "Prudential Insurance and was the first salesman at "Automatic Data Processing (ADP), a payroll-management company. He became the company's CEO in 1975.[9] He was the executive commissioner of the "Port Authority of New York and New Jersey from 1978 to 1982.[9]

U.S. Senator[edit]

Early years[edit]

""
""
Lautenberg first served in the US Senate in 1982.

Lautenberg contributed to Democratic candidates for years.[9] He donated $90,000 to "George McGovern's campaign for President in "1972, earning himself a place on one of "Richard Nixon's enemies lists.[11] In "1982, he ran for the Democratic nomination for the U.S. Senate. He faced nine other candidates: former State Banking Commissioner Angelo Bianchi, former "Morristown "Mayor "Donald Cresitello, former Congressman "Joseph A. LeFante, labor leader Frank Forst, former Congressman "Andrew Maguire, Richard McAleer, businessman Howard Rosen, "Princeton "Mayor "Barbara Boggs Sigmund, and "Passaic County "Freeholder Cyril Yannarelli.[12] Maguire was the favorite but Boggs' entry took votes away from him and Lautenberg spent a considerable amount of his own money. Lautenberg won with a plurality, taking 26% of the vote to Maguire's 23%, LeFante's 20% and Sigmund's 11%.[12][13]

The seat had been occupied by Democrat "Harrison A. Williams, who resigned on March 11, 1982, after being implicated in the "Abscam scandal. After Williams' resignation, Republican Governor "Thomas Kean appointed Republican "Nicholas F. Brady to the seat. Brady served in the Senate through the primary and general elections but did not run for the seat himself. In the general election, Lautenberg faced popular Republican congresswoman "Millicent Fenwick. She ran on a very progressive platform and polls in the Summer of 1982 put her ahead by 18 points. Even Lautenberg quipped that she was "the most popular candidate in the country."[13] Lautenberg spent more of his own money, eventually out-spending Fenwick two-to-one. He emphasised "President Reagan's unpopularity, reminded the voters that she would be a vote for a Republican majority in the Senate and called Fenwick, who was 72, "eccentric" and "erratic" but denied that he was referring to her age.[9][13] He did however point out that she would be almost 80 at the end of her first term and was therefore unlikely to gain much seniority in the Senate.[13] Lautenberg won by 51% to 48%, in what was considered a major upset.[13] Brady, who had just a few days left in his appointed term, resigned on December 27, 1982, allowing Lautenberg to take office several days before the traditional swearing-in of senators, which gave him an edge in seniority over the other freshman senators.

In his first term, Lautenberg pushed the "National Minimum Drinking Age Act, which was passed in 1984.[11] The same year, he spoke at the "Democratic National Convention, though he was overshadowed by New York Governor "Mario Cuomo, who gave the keynote speech.[13]

In "the 1988 elections, Lautenberg was opposed by Republican "Wall Street executive, former college football star Brigadier General "Pete Dawkins, who won the 1958 "Heisman Trophy for the "Army Black Knights. After trailing in early polls, the Lautenberg campaign, headed by Democratic consultant "James Carville, ran an aggressive advertising campaign enumerating Lautenberg's legislative accomplishments and raising the possibility that Dawkins' candidacy was intended solely as a stepping stone to the presidency, as well as pointing out his lack of roots in New Jersey. Lautenberg ultimately came from behind to win re-election, 54% to 46%.[9][13] The race was named the 17th-nastiest in American political history by political scientist "Kerwin Swint in his book Mudslingers: The 25 Dirtiest Political Campaigns of All Time.[11]

Following his re-election, Lautenberg became a member of the President's Commission on Aviation Security and Terrorism (PCAST), which was set up in September 1989 to review and report on aviation security policy in light of the sabotage of "Pan Am Flight 103 on December 21, 1988.[14]

Lautenberg was re-elected in the "Republican Revolution of "1994, defeating New Jersey State Assembly Speaker "Chuck Haytaian by 50% to 47%.

In 1999, two popular Republicans were considering running against Lautenberg: the incumbent Governor "Christine Todd Whitman and former Governor "Thomas Kean.[13] Polling showed Lautenberg trailing both of them.[13] Lautenberg also did not get along with his New Jersey Senate colleague "Robert Torricelli, and suspected that he was encouraging Whitman to run against him.[13] Torricelli's relationship with Lautenberg had been very rocky, especially when Lautenberg directly accused Torricelli of encouraging Whitman to challenge him for his Senate seat. Lautenberg raised his concerns in a meeting with Democratic Senators in 1999, and Torricelli responded by shouting, "You’re a fucking piece of shit, and I’m going to cut your balls off!"[15] Lautenberg was also less than enthusiastic at the prospect of fundraising for a grueling campaign, and did not want to have to spend more of his own money.[16]

He announced his retirement in 2000, but denied it was because he thought he would lose to Whitman or Kean, saying that he had been vulnerable in previous elections, and, "Mr. Vulnerable always wins."[13] His fellow Democrat and businessman, "Jon Corzine, was elected to replace him.

2002 election[edit]

Almost immediately, Lautenberg regretted his decision, especially after neither Whitman nor Kean ran against Corzine in the general election (instead, Congressman "Bob Franks ran for the seat, and was defeated). He also was said to be missing his days working in the Senate.[13] He had considered reversing his decision and running for re-election, but since his rival, Senator Torricelli, had encouraged Corzine to run in the first place, Lautenberg would likely have had trouble restarting his campaign.[16] A little over a year after he left office, however, Lautenberg found a way to get back in. This way came at the expense of his long-time rival.

In 1996, then-Congressman Torricelli won against fellow Congressman "Dick Zimmer in a nasty campaign to succeed the retiring "Bill Bradley. Intending to run for a second term, Torricelli was to face off against Republican "Doug Forrester, the former mayor of "West Windsor Township, in the "November 2002 mid-term elections, and he was expected to win, as a Republican had not won election to a Senate seat in New Jersey since "Clifford P. Case won election to his fourth and last term in 1972.

However, Torricelli had been facing an ongoing probe into his activities, particularly regarding a series of campaign contributions he had been receiving. In 2002, the findings of the probe resulted in Torricelli being indicted on federal corruption charges, and turned the tide of the election against him.[9] Torricelli decided to cease his campaign for re-election, and announced his decision on September 30, 2002.[13][16][17] The New Jersey Democratic Party made overtures to the retired Senator Bradley, who declined, and to Congressmen "Robert Menendez and "Frank Pallone, who were both in the middle of their own campaigns for re-election, and thus were unavailable. Finally, the party reached out to Lautenberg, who accepted the offer.

Almost immediately, the New Jersey Republican Party challenged the replacing of Torricelli with Lautenberg, citing that the timing was too close to the election, and, per New Jersey law, the change could not be allowed. The ballot name change was unanimously upheld by the "New Jersey Supreme Court,[18] who cited that the law did not provide for a situation like Torricelli's, and said that leaving Torricelli on the ballot would be an unfair advantage for Forrester.[16] The "U.S. Supreme Court declined to take up the case. Lautenberg defeated Forrester in the general election, 54% to 44%, and took office for his fourth term in January 2003.

Back in the Senate[edit]

""
""
Lautenberg meets with Associate Justice nominee "Samuel Alito prior to his confirmation hearings. Lautenberg eventually voted against the nominee.
""
""
Lautenberg with "Barbara Boxer (right) and "Maria Cantwell (left) at a news conference discussing whether oil executives lied during a Congressional testimony regarding "price gouging.
""
""
Lautenberg (center) is joined by Sen. "Harry Reid (right) and outgoing Senator "Jon Corzine (second to left, with red tie) to welcome the new Senator "Bob Menendez (between Corzine and Lautenberg) on "Capitol Hill

Back in the Senate, Lautenberg was once again considered one of the chamber's most "liberal members. He was "pro-choice, supported gun control, introduced many bills increasing penalties for "carjacking and "car theft, and criticized the "Bush administration on "national security issues.[11] He was heavily involved in various anti-smoking and "airline safety legislation. He also co-sponsored legislation to increase drunk driving penalties. He was probably best known as the author of the legislation that banned smoking from most commercial airline flights.[19] He also is known for authoring the "Ryan White Care Act, which provides services to AIDS patients. Upon his return to the Senate, Lautenberg was the first U.S. senator to introduce legislation calling for homeland security funds to be distributed solely on the basis of risk and vulnerability.[20]

In 2005, he became a leading voice within the Senate in calling for an investigation into the "Bush administration payment of columnists.[21]

When "Jon Corzine resigned from the Senate to become "Governor of New Jersey, Lautenberg became the senior senator again in 2006. This also made him the only person to have been both the junior and senior senator from New Jersey twice each.["citation needed] Lautenberg received an "A" on the "Drum Major Institute's 2005 Congressional Scorecard on middle-class issues.[22]

In 2007, Lautenberg proposed the "Denying Firearms and Explosives to Dangerous Terrorists Act of 2007, designed to deny weapons purchases by persons that the government has placed on the terrorist watchlist. On June 21, 2007, Lautenberg passed "Clifford Case for the most votes on the Senate floor of any United States Senator in New Jersey history.[23]

2008 election[edit]

In February 2006, Lautenberg announced his intention to run for re-election in "2008, saying that deciding not to run for re-election in 2000 "was among the worst decisions of his life."[24] Lautenberg formally announced his candidacy on March 31, 2008. His campaign manager was Brendan W. Gill.[25]

Congressman "Steve Rothman and State Senator "John Adler both mooted the possibility of running, but said they would defer to Lautenberg. In private he called them "the pallbearers".[13] Ultimately, both declined to run. Instead, Congressman "Rob Andrews announced he would challenge Lautenberg for renomination in the "Democratic primary. Also running was "Morristown "Mayor "Donald Cresitello, who had run against Lautenberg in the 1982 Senate primary. Andrews ran a poor campaign, "best remembered—if it's remembered at all—for its ineptness."[13] He was also tarred with his vote for the Iraq War. Lautenberg's New Jersey Senate colleague "Bob Menendez also came to his aid and Lautenberg defeated Andrews 59% to 35% in the June 3 primary.[13] He then defeated former Congressman "Dick Zimmer in the general election 56% to 43%.[26]

The New York Times editorial board endorsed Mr. Lautenberg's candidacy for Senate during the 2008 cycle.[27]

Both opponents cited Lautenberg's age among reasons to vote against him. Andrews, for example, referenced Lautenberg's own 1982 defeat of "Millicent Fenwick, in which Lautenberg was alleged to have referred to Fenwick's age (Fenwick was 72 at the time; Lautenberg was 84 in 2008). Lautenberg denied he made Fenwick's age an issue, saying he only ever questioned Fenwick's "ability to do the job."[28]

Final years[edit]

In June 2010, Lautenberg compared the "devil with "Dubai,[29] drawing stern criticism from some "Arab American groups after making comments relating to the "Dubai Ports World controversy.[30] Lautenberg was quoted as stating, "We wouldn't transfer the title to the devil, and we're not going to transfer it to "Dubai." According to a "Foreign Policy in Focus article, Lautenberg defended his remarks due to the "UAE's refusal to support U.S. policy toward Israel and Iran.[29] According to the "Arab American Institute, Lautenberg apologized in a letter upon meeting with Arab American Institute representatives.[31]

On February 14, 2013, Lautenberg announced he would not seek re-election.[32] In the press conference, Lautenberg joked "Is it too late to change my mind?" and joked that he would pray "something goes wrong" so he could be called on to run again.[11]

At the time of his death from viral pneumonia at age 89, Lautenberg was the oldest serving senator and the last remaining "World War II veteran in the Senate.[11][33][34]

Committee assignments[edit]

Lautenberg served on the following committees:[35]

Political positions and votes[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Family[edit]

Frank Lautenberg married Lois Levenson in 1956,[51] with whom he had four children: Ellen, Nan, Lisa, and Joshua.[52] Their 31-year marriage ended in divorce, in 1988.[52] On 25 January 2004, he married his companion of nearly 16 years, Bonnie S. Englebardt.[53] He also had two stepdaughters, Danielle Englebardt and Lara Englebardt Metz with Bonnie; and 13 grandchildren.

Lautenberg resided in "Montclair, New Jersey for much of his Senate career and last resided in nearby "Cliffside Park.[54][55]

Health[edit]

On February 19, 2010, his office announced that Lautenberg had been diagnosed with a diffuse large "b-cell lymphoma (an aggressive but curable "blood cancer that appears in organs like the stomach) at "Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York.[56] He had been hospitalized with profuse gastric bleeding following a fall in his "Cliffside Park, New Jersey, home shortly after returning from a "Haiti trip with a 12-member Congressional delegation.[57] He was released from the hospital on February 25, 2010.[58] Six to eight "chemotherapy treatments of the intensive "R-CHOP regimen followed every 21 days over several months, and a doctor for Lautenberg at the time said a full recovery was expected. Lautenberg continued his Senate work between treatments. On June 26, 2010, the senator announced that he was cancer-free.[59]

Wealth[edit]

In 2010, Lautenberg's wealth was estimated to be between $55 million and $116.1 million, making him the fifth-wealthiest Senator.[9] Lautenberg began collecting modern art after his election to the Senate, much of which was sold after his death.[60]

Death[edit]

""
""
Lautenberg's funeral train passes "Odenton, Maryland.

Lautenberg died at "NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital in Manhattan on June 3, 2013, of "viral pneumonia.[61] He was 89.

Lautenberg was returned to Washington by a special "Amtrak train. "Amtrak is honored to be chosen to carry him back to Washington, D.C. one final time," wrote Amtrak Chairman Tony Cosica and President/CEO "Joseph Boardman in a joint public statement of condolence, "thank you Sen. Lautenberg for your service to the nation."[62]

On June 6, 2013, his body "lay in repose atop the "Lincoln Catafalque within the Senate chamber at the Capitol.[63] He was buried on June 7, 2013, with full military honors at "Arlington National Cemetery.[64]

The "United States House of Representatives passed on September 20, 2013, a spending bill, H.J.Res.59 – Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2014, which is being reviewed by the "United States Senate. It includes a $174,000 tax-free death benefit payment to his widow. An annual salary payment to the widow or family member of a deceased lawmaker is a long-standing tradition for the "United States Congress going back to the 1800s.[65]

Succession[edit]

On June 4, 2013, Governor Chris Christie announced that a "special election to fill the vacant Senate seat will be held on October 16, 2013. A special primary, which was won by "Cory Booker as the "Democrat and "Steve Lonegan as the "Republican "candidate, was held on August 13, 2013.[66][67]

On June 6, 2013, Christie appointed Republican "New Jersey Attorney General "Jeffrey Chiesa to fill the Senate seat until the elected winner can be sworn in.[68]

On October 17, 2013, Democrat Cory Booker was announced the winner of the special election.

Electoral history[edit]

The results for Lautenberg's elections to the US Senate:[69]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Once a Soldier... Always a Soldier" (PDF). Legislative Agenda. "Association of the United States Army. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 21, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ Nichols, John (June 3, 2013). "Frank Lautenberg, the Last of the New Deal Liberals". "The Nation. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  3. ^ Ruby, Walter (July 25, 2008). "Still Legislating, After All These Years". 221 (11). "The Jewish Week (Manhattan edition). p. 26. 
  4. ^ The Congressional minyan: the Jews of Capitol Hill – Kurt F. Stone – Google Books. Books.google.ca. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ Almanza, Andrew S. (July 26, 2013). "Tracing A Legacy". "New Jersey Jewish Standard. 
  6. ^ "Raleigh Weintrob". FindAGrave.com. 
  7. ^ Should America Remain a Nation of Immigrants?. US Senate. August 11, 1997. 
  8. ^ "Silk Arithmatic: Interview with Frank R. Lautenberg". Library of Congress. March 22, 1995. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Arnold, Laurence (June 3, 2013). "Frank Lautenberg, U.S. Senator From New Jersey, Dies at 89". "Bloomberg News. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  10. ^ US Senator Frank R. Lautenberg Archived August 6, 2013, at the "Wayback Machine.. Retrieved November 21, 2007.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Friedman, Matt (June 3, 2013). "U.S. Senator Frank Lautenberg dies at 89". NJ.com. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Edge, Wally (April 2, 2008). "Democrats, 11-0 in U.S. Senate races after '72, have had just three contested Senate primaries". Politicker NJ. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Kornacki, Steve (January 14, 2013). "When Lautenberg's Age Met Booker's Ambition: An Elegy for the Swamp Dog". Capital New York. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Lautenberg profile at US Senate website". Lautenberg.senate.gov. September 12, 2003. Archived from the original on March 4, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  15. ^ York, Anthony (April 30, 2001). "Torricelli to Senator: "I'm Going to Cut Your Balls Off!"". "Salon. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c d Kornacki, Steve (June 3, 2013). "The luckiest day of Frank Lautenberg's life". "Salon. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  17. ^ Fitzgerald, Barbara (October 6, 2002). "Up Front: Worth Noting; The Last Laugh Goes to Lautenberg". "The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  18. ^ http://fl1.findlaw.com/news.findlaw.com/nytimes/docs/torricelli/njdpsmsn100202scord.pdf
  19. ^ a b c d Plumer, Brad (June 3, 2013). "How Frank Lautenberg changed public health in America". "The Washington Post. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  20. ^ http://www.stanford.edu/~jgrimmer/Website/LautPress/LautPair83.txt
  21. ^ Lautenberg Requests All Documents From White House Relating to Discredited "Journalist" James D. Guckert, also known as Jeff Gannon Archived January 11, 2006, at the "Wayback Machine., Lautenberg press release, dated February 10, 2005
  22. ^ Congress at the Midterm: Their 2005 Middle-Class Record Archived January 5, 2016, at the "Wayback Machine.. Retrieved June 28, 2006.
  23. ^ Trujillo, Mario (June 3, 2014). "NJ senators remember Lautenberg a year after his death". TheHill.com. Retrieved November 16, 2017. 
  24. ^ ["dead link] [1]. "The Star-Ledger.
  25. ^ "Essex Freeholder Brendan Gill on new consulting firm, politics and the future". Observer.com. November 26, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2017. 
  26. ^ Liebman, Steve (June 3, 2008). "It's Lautenberg Versus Zimmer for Senate in November". "The Star Ledger. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Frank Lautenberg, Democrat". New York Times. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "Issue of Age Still Follows Lautenberg". "The Philadelphia Inquirer. February 17, 2008. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  29. ^ a b Zunes, Stephen (June 28, 2010). "The Dubai Ports World Controversy: Jingoism or Legitimate Concerns?". Fpif.org. Archived from the original on September 10, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Lautenberg's 'Devil and Dubai' Comments Prompt Outrage". Archived from the original on June 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  31. ^ "Lautenberg apologizes for Dubai remark". Aaiusa.org. July 3, 2006. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Senator Lautenberg will not seek re-election". WABC TV. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  33. ^ Friedman, Matt (February 15, 2013). "Lautenberg's retirement does not signify end of hard work, he urges". NJ.com. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  34. ^ Jackson, Herb (June 3, 2013). "Frank Lautenberg, 1924–2013: Politics Take a Rest as Praise Pours in [video]". "The Record. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Sen. Frank Lautenberg". Govtrack.us. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Project Vote Smart – Senator Lautenberg on S Amdt 3695 – Limit on Farm Subsidies". Votesmart.org. December 13, 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  37. ^ ["dead link]"Dem Sen: Republicans 'Don't Deserve Freedoms in the Constitution'". "WHO (AM). March 25, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Benson, Guy (March 25, 2011). "Democrat Senator: Republicans "Don't Deserve" Constitutional Freedoms". "Townhall.com. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  39. ^ Pizarro, Max (June 16, 2008). "Summertime Gas Spat: Lautenberg and Menendez Go After Bush and the GOP". "PolitickerNJ.com. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  40. ^ "S.3044: Consumer-First Energy Act of 2008 – U.S. Congress". OpenCongress. Archived from the original on October 6, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Senator Frank R. Lautenberg". Lautenberg.senate.gov. May 5, 2008. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  42. ^ Tamari, Jonathan (June 3, 2013). "Frank Lautenberg, Defiant Liberal of the Senate, Dies". "The Philadelphia Inquirer (via "Philly.com). Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  43. ^ ["dead link] [2]["permanent dead link]. "Associated Press (via "Google News). June 12, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
  44. ^ ("registration required) [3]. "The New York Times.
  45. ^ "Philadelphia Inquirer: Search Results". October 22, 1999. 
  46. ^ "Philadelphia Inquirer: Search Results". June 8, 2004. 
  47. ^ Ahearn, James (December 13, 2009). "Ahearn: Democrats Hatch a Partisan Ploy". "The Record. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  48. ^ Curry, Tom (August 13, 2004). "McGreevey Confession Doesn't Reveal All – Analysis: Case Resembles 2003 Kentucky Scandal". "NBC News. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  49. ^ Pagan, Michael (June 10, 2008). "Lautenberg Blasts Bush Veto Threat on Amtrak". "PolitickerNJ. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  50. ^ Frassinelli, Mike (June 5, 2013). "U.S. Sen. Frank Lautenberg Gets One Last Ride at the Secaucus Station That Bears His Name". "The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  51. ^ "New Jersey Sen. Lautenberg, last surviving WWII vet in the Senate, dies at 89". "FoxNews.com. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  52. ^ a b Clymer, Adam (3 June 2013). "Frank Lautenberg, New Jersey Senator in His 5th Term, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  53. ^ Smothers, Ronald (27 January 2004). "Senator Lautenberg Marries And Goes Back to Work". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  54. ^ Rosenfeld, Stacey (June 6, 2013). "Sen. Lautenberg, of Cliffside Park, was elected into office in 1982; dies at age 89". Cliffside Park Citizen. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  55. ^ Segedin, Andrew (February 25, 2013). "Deputy Mayor: Sen. Frank Lautenberg 'Montclair's favorite son'". The Montclair Times. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  56. ^ Halbfinger, David M.; Altman, Lawrence K. (February 19, 2010). "Lautenberg's Cancer Is Curable, Doctor Says". "The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  57. ^ via "Associated Press. "Aide: Sen. Lautenberg doing OK after fall", "USA Today, February 16, 2010. Accessed March 22, 2011. "Long-serving U.S. Sen. Frank Lautenberg fell at his home Monday night and was taken to a hospital as a precaution, an aide said. The 86-year-old Democrat, the first New Jersey senator to be elected to five terms, was conscious when he was taken from his Cliffside Park home to the hospital, spokesman Caley Gray said."
  58. ^ "Lautenberg diagnosed with stomach cancer". Politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com. February 19, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  59. ^ "Frank Lautenberg Cancer-Free: Oldest Senator Says Cancer Is Gone". "The Huffington Post. June 28, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  60. ^ "Flag painting from Lautenberg's art collection fetches $4.2M at Christie's of New York auction". NJ.com. Retrieved November 16, 2017. 
  61. ^ Staff (June 3, 2013). "Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J., Dies at Age 89". "CBS News. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  62. ^ "AMTRAK HONORED TO CARRY SEN. LAUTENBERG BACK TO WASHINGTON, D.C" (PDF). National Railroad Passenger Corporation. June 5, 2013. 
  63. ^ Miga, Andrew (June 6, 2013). "Frank Lautenberg Receives Final Capitol Tribute, Lies In Repose In Senate". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 15, 2013. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/06/06/frank-lautenberg-capitol-tribute_n_3395953.html
  64. ^ "Senator Frank Lautenberg laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery". WABC TV. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  65. ^ Chakraborty, Barnini (September 24, 2013). "Watchdog questions $174G death benefit for millionaire senator's wife". "Fox News. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  66. ^ Sullivan, Sean (June 4, 2013). "Christie Sets October Special Election for Lautenberg Seat". Post Politics (blog of "The Washington Post). Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  67. ^ Celock, John (August 27, 2013). "New Jersey Senate Election: Cory Booker Wins Democratic Primary". Huffington Post. 
  68. ^ Aaron Blake (June 6, 2013). "Christie to appoint Jeff Chiesa to Senate". "Washington Post. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  69. ^ "U.S. Election Atlas". Retrieved June 4, 2013.  Searchable database of election results. Senatorial results for New Jersey available by selecting the state and election type. This website is recommended for researchers looking for state-by-state election results from the U.S. Library of Congress: [4].

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
"Harrison Williams
"Democratic nominee for "Senator from "New Jersey
("Class 1)

"1982, "1988, "1994
Succeeded by
"Jon Corzine
Preceded by
"Robert Torricelli
"Democratic nominee for "Senator from "New Jersey
("Class 2)

"2002, "2008
Succeeded by
"Cory Booker
"U.S. Senate
Preceded by
"Nicholas Brady
"United States Senator (Class 1) from New Jersey
1982–2001
Served alongside: "Bill Bradley, "Robert Torricelli
Succeeded by
"Jon Corzine
Preceded by
"Robert Torricelli
"United States Senator (Class 2) from New Jersey
2003–2013
Served alongside: "Jon Corzine, "Bob Menendez
Succeeded by
"Jeffrey Chiesa
) )