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Frederick J. Kroesen, Jr.
""Frederick Kroesen VCSA.JPG
Kroesen as commander of NATO Central Army Group
Born (1923-02-11) February 11, 1923 (age 95)
"Phillipsburg, New Jersey
Allegiance  "United States of America
Service/branch  "United States Army
Years of service 1943—1983
Rank ""US-O10 insignia.svg "General
Commands held "United States Army Forces Command
U.S. Army Europe
Seventh Army
"23rd Infantry Division
"82nd Airborne Division
Battles/wars "World War II
"Korean War
"Vietnam War
Awards "Defense Distinguished Service Medal
"Army Distinguished Service Medal
"Silver Star (2)
"Legion of Merit (3)
"Distinguished Flying Cross
"Bronze Star with "V" (3)
Other work Chairman, Military Professional Resources Inc

Frederick James Kroesen, Jr. (born February 11, 1923) is a "United States Army four-star general and was the Commanding General of the "Seventh United States Army and the commander of "NATO Central Army Group from 1979 to 1983, and Commanding General, "United States Army Forces Command from 1976 to 1978. He also served as Vice Chief of Staff of the Army from 1978 to 1979. He commanded troops in "World War II, the "Korean War, and the "Vietnam War, enabling him to be one of the very small number who ever was entitled to wear the Combat Infantryman Badge with two Stars, denoting active combat in three wars.



Early life[edit]

Born in Phillipsburg, New Jersey,[1] Kroesen is a 1944 graduate of "Rutgers University, where he earned a "Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture. He earned "Bachelor of Arts (1962) and "Master of Arts (1966) degrees in International Affairs at "George Washington University. He is a member of the "Sons of the American Revolution based on the service of his ancestor, Johannes Kroesen, who served as a second lieutenant in the Bucks County Pennsylvania Militia during the "Revolutionary War. In addition, he is also a member of "Delta Upsilon fraternity to which his membership traces back to his days at Rutgers University.

World War II[edit]

In 1944 General Kroesen was commissioned through the Infantry Officer Candidate School at Fort Benning, Ga., then fought in World War II with the 254th Infantry Regiment of the "63rd Infantry Division. He was a company grade officer, serving as "platoon leader and "company commander, in the fighting in the "Colmar Pocket and into Germany. He participated in the particularly tough fighting in "Jebsheim.

Red Army Faction attack[edit]

As Commander of the "United States Army Forces Command

General Kroesen was injured in "Heidelberg on September 15, 1981, when his "armoured "Mercedes was targeted with an "RPG-7 "anti-tank rocket. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by the "Kommando "Gudrun Ensslin" of the "Red Army Faction (aka Baader-Meinhof Gang).[2][3] In 1991, West German prosecutors announced that former "East German secret police leader "Erich Mielke had been indicted for collusion with the attack.[4]

Later life[edit]

After retiring from the Army in 1983, Kroesen became a businessman.[5] He is currently chairman of the board of "Military Professional Resources Inc. and a senior "fellow at the Institute of Land Warfare of the "Association of the United States Army. He is additionally the Vice-President of the "American Security Council Foundation.

General Kroesen is a Compatriot of the George Washington Chapter of the Virginia Society of the "Sons of the American Revolution. [6]

Military education[edit]

Senior assignments[edit]

Awards and decorations[edit]

Military awards[edit]

""CIB3.gif "Combat Infantryman Badge, third award
""Master Parachutist badge (United States).svg "Master Parachutist Badge
""Fallschirmspringerabzeichen der Bundeswehr in Bronze.jpg Silver "German Parachutist Badge
""United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png "Army Staff Identification Badge
""Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg "Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
Kroesen in 2005
"" "Defense Distinguished Service Medal
"" "Army Distinguished Service Medal
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
"Silver Star, with "oak leaf cluster
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
"Legion of Merit, with two oak leaf clusters
"" "Distinguished Flying Cross
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
"Bronze Star, with "valor device & two oak leaf clusters
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
"Purple Heart, with oak leaf cluster
""""Award numeral 2.png""Award numeral 9.png "Air Medal, with bronze "award numeral 29
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
"Army Commendation Medal, with two oak leaf clusters
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
""Bronze oak leaf cluster
"Army Presidential Unit Citation, with two oak leaf clusters
"" "Army Good Conduct Medal
"" "American Campaign Medal
""Bronze star
""Bronze star
""Bronze star
"European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, with three "service stars
"" "World War II Victory Medal
"" "Army of Occupation Medal
""Bronze star
"National Defense Service Medal, with 1 service star
""Bronze star
"Korean Service Medal, with 1 service star
""Silver star
""Bronze star
""Bronze star
""Bronze star
"Vietnam Service Medal, with eight service stars
"" "Army Service Ribbon
""""Award numeral 3.png "Army Overseas Service Ribbon, with award numeral 3
"" French "Legion of Honour (Officer)
"" "National Order of Vietnam (Officer)
"" "National Order of Vietnam (Knight)
"" "Vietnam Army Distinguished Service Order, 1st Class
"" "Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Knight Commander's Cross)
"" "Vietnam Military Merit Medal
"" "Vietnam Gallantry Cross with palm (four awards)
"" "Korean Presidential Unit Citation
"" "Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
"" "United Nations Korea Medal
"" "Korean War Service Medal
"" "Vietnam Campaign Medal

Other honors[edit]



  1. ^ Mrozek, Steven J. (1997). 82nd Airborne Division (Google books). Turner Publishing Company. p. 194. "ISBN "1-56311-364-3. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Stars and Stripes Published: August 5, 2005
  3. ^ Jessup, John E. (1998). An encyclopedic dictionary of conflict and conflict resolution, 1945-1996 (Google books). Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 409. "ISBN "0-313-28112-2. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "World IN BRIEF : GERMANY : Ex-Security Chief Accused in Attack", "Los Angeles Times, March 27, 1991.
  5. ^ Center for Military Readiness
  6. ^ http://www.gwsar.org/honoring-patriots/chapter_veterans/
  7. ^ a b c General Kroesen bio Archived 2012-04-26 at the "Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Gen. "Walter T. Kerwin, Jr.
"Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1978 – 1979
Succeeded by
Gen. "John William Vessey, Jr.
Preceded by
"George S. Blanchard
Commanding General of U.S. Army Europe
May 29, 1979 to April 15, 1983
Succeeded by
"Glenn K. Otis
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