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See also: "National Register of Historic Places listings in Fredericksburg, Virginia
|This section does not "cite any "sources. (November 2013)
Despite recent decades of suburban growth, reminders of the area's past abound. The 40-block Fredericksburg Historic District, on the "National Register of Historic Places, embraces the city's downtown area and contains more than 350 buildings dating to the 18th and 19th centuries. Crowds of tourists are drawn to the historic district of Fredericksburg during the summer months.
St. George's "Episcopal
Church in downtown Fredericksburg was established in 1720.
Within the historic district, four 18th-century historic sites have been managed by "Preservation Virginia but, following a full, statewide reorganization by that organization, the newly created "Washington Heritage Museums" group will acquire the sites by 2014: the "Mary Washington House, where "George Washington's mother spent her final years; the late 18th century "Rising Sun Tavern and the "Hugh Mercer Apothecary Shop (the fourth is only open on "Historic Garden Week). Important public buildings include the 1852 courthouse designed by "James Renwick, whose works include the "Smithsonian Institution's castle building in Washington and "St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City, and the 1816 town hall and market house. The latter building housed the Fredericksburg Area Museum and Cultural Center which was closed in 2015 due to a lack of funding. Another site of interest is "St. George's Church. The James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library is located on the site where Monroe practiced law from 1786 to 1788. The museum is housed in a building that is made up of three individual structures, constructed at different times, beginning in 1816.
Nearby the historic district is Kenmore, the plantation home of Washington's sister "Betty and her husband patriot "Fielding Lewis.
The area's Civil War battles are commemorated in "Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Formed by an act of Congress in 1927, the national military park preserves portions of the battlefields of "Fredericksburg, "Chancellorsville, "the Wilderness, and "Spotsylvania Court House. The "Fredericksburg National Cemetery, also part of the park, is located on Marye's Heights on the Fredericksburg battlefield and contains more than 15,000 Union burials from the area's battlefields.
Notable 20th-century sites and structures include the campus of the "University of Mary Washington (begun in 1908), and "Carl's Ice Cream, an Art Moderne roadside ice cream stand on the National Register of Historic Places on "U.S. Route 1.
Nearby points of interest include "Ferry Farm historic site in "Stafford County where Washington spent his boyhood immediately across the river from Fredericksburg, and the "George Washington Birthplace National Monument, located 38 miles to the east in "Westmoreland County. The historic community of "Falmouth lies across the Rappahannock to the north and includes the historic house Belmont, home of American Impressionist artist "Gari Melchers.
Public parks run by the city include:
- Old Mill Park
- Alum Spring Park
- Hurkamp Park
- Dixon Park
"Central Rappahannock Regional Library
Primary and secondary schools
The Fredericksburg City Public Schools are run independent of the surrounding counties. The public primary and secondary schools include:
Private schools include:
- "Fredericksburg Academy
- Fredericksburg Christian School
- Saint Michael the Archangel High School
- Lighthouse Academy
The "University of Mary Washington, established in 1908 and opening in 1911, is a four-year public university within the city.
Fredericksburg's daily newspaper is "The Free Lance–Star. The Free Lance was first published in 1885, and competed with two twice-weekly papers in the city during the late 19th century, the Fredericksburg News and The Virginia Star. While the News folded in 1884, the Star moved to daily publication in 1893. In 1900, the two companies merged, with both newspapers continuing publication until 1926, when they merged as a single daily newspaper under the current title. Until June 19, 2014, the Free Lance–Star was owned and operated by members of the Rowe family of Fredericksburg. At that time, Sandton Capital Partners purchased the paper. On December 31, 2015 the newspaper and associated website were purchased by "Berkshire Hathaway′s BH Media Group. Fredericksburg.Today, an online "hyperlocal news site began operation following the 2014 bankruptcy of The Free Lance–Star.
Fredericksburg and the nearby region have several radio stations, including (on the "FM dial) "WYAU (89.5, "Public Radio), "WJYJ (90.5, Christian), "WFLS (93.3, country), "WGRQ (95.9, "SuperHits", licensed to nearby Fairview Beach), "WWUZ (96.9, classic rock, licensed to nearby Bowling Green), "WVBX (99.3, "The Vibe", rhythmic contemporary, licensed to nearby Spotsylvania), "WBQB ("B-101.5", adult contemporary) and "WGRX ("Thunder 104.5", country, licensed to nearby Falmouth). Fredericksburg "AM stations include "WFVA (1230, nostalgia) and "WNTX (1350, talk, news, and sports). WGRQ and WGRX are owned locally by Telemedia Broadcasting. WFLS, WWUZ, WVBX, and WYSK are owned by "Alpha Media.
In 2001, the "Arbitron media service began listing the Fredericksburg area as a nationally rated radio market. As of the fall of 2014, the area ranked 146th out of 272 markets surveyed, with a total market population of more than 325,000. Large broadcast companies like "Clear Channel Communications and "Cumulus Broadcasting are not active in the local market; almost all of its stations remain locally or regionally owned.
In television, Fredericksburg is part of the Washington market. One local television station, "NBC affiliate "WHFV, was briefly on the air in the 1970s.
There are no professional sports teams in Fredericksburg. In October 2013, the "Hagerstown Suns minor league baseball team formally applied to relocate there for the 2015 season, but plans fell apart by November 2014.
Sports at the secondary education level are run through the "Virginia High School League. On the collegiate level are the "University of Mary Washington Eagles. Other amateur athletics include "Fredericksburg FC of the "National Premier Soccer League (NPSL); and the Rappahannock Rugby Club, a senior men's rugby club competing in Division III of the Potomac Rugby Union.
Fredericksburg is traversed by a series of rural and suburban four-lane highways and a multitude of small, two-lane roads. Among the major arterial roads is "U.S. Route 1, providing north-south transportation from the region to Stafford County, Washington, D.C., and points beyond. "Route 3 (Plank Road) is a major east-west route that connects downtown Fredericksburg (via the Blue and Gray Parkway bypass), southern Stafford and King George counties, and "Route 301 to the east with the large shopping centers, Spotsylvania Town Center and Central Park. To the west, Route 3 reaches "Culpeper, where it meets "Route 29 and "Route 15.
Most of Fredericksburg's traffic flow is to or from the north (Washington, D.C. metropolitan area) during peak commuting hours, primarily via "Interstate 95 and US-1. The US-1 bridge over the Rappahannock River is often a traffic bottleneck, and Route 3 has become increasingly jammed as residential development has grown west, along with a major regional shopping center.
As an alternative to I-95, some commuters use the "Virginia Railway Express rail service to Washington. Long-distance rail service is available on "Amtrak, which serves Fredericksburg via the "Northeast Regional and "Carolinian/"Piedmont routes. "Fredericksburg Regional Transit (FRED) is a recently started bus service in Fredericksburg which serves most area communities, retail shopping centers, two VRE stations, and downtown Fredericksburg.
Wounded soldiers being tended at Marye's House in Fredericksburg in May 1864[note 2]
Another look at downtown Fredericksburg
James Monroe Museum in downtown Fredericksburg
18th century and before
- Lewis Craig (brother of "Elijah Craig), "Baptist preacher imprisoned for religious freedom issues before the "American Revolution, leader of "The Travelling Church that migrated to Kentucky (see "History of Baptists in Kentucky)
- "Henry Crist, former "Congressman from "Kentucky 
- "John Paul Jones, American naval commander
- "Fielding Lewis, brother-in-law of George Washington
- "Elizabeth "Betty" Washington, sister of George Washington
- "Hugh Mercer, soldier and physician
- "James Monroe, fifth President of the United States
- "Augustine Washington, father of George Washington
- "George Washington, first President of the United States, leader of the "American Revolutionary War
- "Mary Ball Washington, mother of George Washington
- "George Weedon, brigadier general in the Continental Army
19th century to present
- "Oliver Ackermann, guitarist and vocalist for "A Place to Bury Strangers
- "Urbane F. Bass, doctor and Army officer during WWI
- "Julien Binford, artist
- "Al Bumbry, baseball player
- "Jermon Bushrod, NFL player drafted by the "New Orleans Saints (125th pick) in 2007 draft
- "Caressa Cameron, "Miss America 2010
- "George Coghill, retired defensive back for the "Denver Broncos
- "James L. Farmer, Jr., civil rights leader
- "Derek Hartley, radio show host
- "Kelvin Jones, professional soccer player
- "Mark Lenzi, Olympic diver and gold medalist
- "John Maine, "New York Mets starting pitcher
- "Danny McBride, actor
- "Erin McKeown, musician
- "George C. Rawlings, "Virginia House of Delegates
- "Judge Reinhold, actor
- "Jeff Rouse, Olympic swimmer, gold medalist and former world record holder
- "Dave Smalley, musician, member of "All, "Dag Nasty, "Down by Law, The Sharpshooters
- "Torrey Smith, NFL football player
- "William P. Taylor, Congressman
- "Keller Williams, musician
- "Monty Williams, basketball player
- ^ The Uniform Crime Reporting program was developed and is administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It provides a nationwide view of crime based on the submission of statistical data from law enforcement agencies across the country. The crime information is collected under the National Incident Based Reporting System format
- ^ Sometimes mistakenly labeled as taken in the field after the "Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863.
- ^ Sometimes mistakenly labeled as taken at siege of "Petersburg, Virginia.
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- ^ Official website of the city of Fredericksburg, Virginia
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- ^ Crime in Virginia 2011
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- ^ "John Paul Jones wins in English waters". history.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
lived for a time in Fredericksburg, Virginia, where his brother had a business
- ^ "Fielding Lewis (1725–1781 or 1782)". encyclopediavirginia.org. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
he moved to Fredericksburg in the 1740s
- ^ "Betty Washington Lewis". The George Washington Foundation. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
Upon her marriage, Betty moved into a large brick house in Fredericksburg
- ^ "Hugh Mercer dies from wounds received in Battle of Princeton". history.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
Mercer worked as an apothecary and practiced medicine in Fredericksburg
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- ^ "Augustine Washington". kenmore.org. The George Washington Foundation. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
In 1738, a 150-acre property just across the Rappahannock River from the fledgling town of Fredericksburg ... was sold ... to Augustine who moved the family there
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James L. Farmer, 79, the founder of the Congress of Racial Equality and the moving force behind some of the most dramatic episodes of the civil rights era of the 1960s, died yesterday at a hospital in Fredericksburg, Va.
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A delegation from Este, Italy is here. They are the city’s newest sister city.
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"Coordinates: 38°18′07″N 77°28′15″W / 38.301829°N 77.470778°W