See more Fredericksburg, Virginia articles on AOD.

Powered by
TTSReader
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia


See also: "National Register of Historic Places listings in Fredericksburg, Virginia
Fredericksburg Historic District
"U.S. National Register of Historic Places
"U.S. Historic district
"Virginia Landmarks Register
""Presbyterian church fredericksburg VA.jpg
Location Roughly bounded by Rappahannock River, Hazel Run, Prince Edward and Canal Sts.,
Fredericksburg, Virginia
Area 200 acres (81 ha)
NRHP Reference #

71001053

[32]
VLR # 111-0132
Significant dates
Added to NRHP September 22, 1971
Designated VLR March 2, 1971[33]
""
""
Kenmore Plantation

Despite recent decades of suburban growth, reminders of the area's past abound. The 40-block Fredericksburg Historic District, on the "National Register of Historic Places, embraces the city's downtown area and contains more than 350 buildings dating to the 18th and 19th centuries. Crowds of tourists are drawn to the historic district of Fredericksburg during the summer months.

""
""
St. George's "Episcopal Church in downtown Fredericksburg was established in 1720.

Within the historic district, four 18th-century historic sites have been managed by "Preservation Virginia but, following a full, statewide reorganization by that organization, the newly created "Washington Heritage Museums" group will acquire the sites by 2014: the "Mary Washington House, where "George Washington's mother spent her final years; the late 18th century "Rising Sun Tavern and the "Hugh Mercer Apothecary Shop (the fourth is only open on "Historic Garden Week). Important public buildings include the 1852 courthouse designed by "James Renwick, whose works include the "Smithsonian Institution's castle building in Washington and "St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City, and the 1816 town hall and market house. The latter building housed the Fredericksburg Area Museum and Cultural Center which was closed in 2015 due to a lack of funding. Another site of interest is "St. George's Church. The James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library is located on the site where Monroe practiced law from 1786 to 1788. The museum is housed in a building that is made up of three individual structures, constructed at different times, beginning in 1816.

Nearby the historic district is Kenmore, the plantation home of Washington's sister "Betty and her husband patriot "Fielding Lewis.

The area's Civil War battles are commemorated in "Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Formed by an act of Congress in 1927, the national military park preserves portions of the battlefields of "Fredericksburg, "Chancellorsville, "the Wilderness, and "Spotsylvania Court House. The "Fredericksburg National Cemetery, also part of the park, is located on Marye's Heights on the Fredericksburg battlefield and contains more than 15,000 Union burials from the area's battlefields.

Notable 20th-century sites and structures include the campus of the "University of Mary Washington (begun in 1908), and "Carl's Ice Cream, an Art Moderne roadside ice cream stand on the National Register of Historic Places on "U.S. Route 1.

Nearby points of interest include "Ferry Farm historic site in "Stafford County where Washington spent his boyhood immediately across the river from Fredericksburg, and the "George Washington Birthplace National Monument, located 38 miles to the east in "Westmoreland County. The historic community of "Falmouth lies across the Rappahannock to the north and includes the historic house Belmont, home of American Impressionist artist "Gari Melchers.

Parks[edit]

Public parks run by the city include:[34]

Public Library[edit]

"Central Rappahannock Regional Library

Education[edit]

""
""
Monroe Hall, built in 1911, at the "University of Mary Washington.

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The Fredericksburg City Public Schools are run independent of the surrounding counties. The public primary and secondary schools include:[36]

Private schools include:

Higher education[edit]

The "University of Mary Washington, established in 1908 and opening in 1911, is a four-year public university within the city.

Media[edit]

Fredericksburg's daily newspaper is "The Free Lance–Star. The Free Lance was first published in 1885, and competed with two twice-weekly papers in the city during the late 19th century, the Fredericksburg News and The Virginia Star. While the News folded in 1884, the Star moved to daily publication in 1893. In 1900, the two companies merged, with both newspapers continuing publication until 1926, when they merged as a single daily newspaper under the current title. Until June 19, 2014, the Free Lance–Star was owned and operated by members of the Rowe family of Fredericksburg. At that time, Sandton Capital Partners purchased the paper. On December 31, 2015 the newspaper and associated website were purchased by "Berkshire Hathaway′s BH Media Group.[37] Fredericksburg.Today, an online "hyperlocal news site began operation following the 2014 bankruptcy of The Free Lance–Star.[38]

Fredericksburg and the nearby region have several radio stations, including (on the "FM dial) "WYAU (89.5, "Public Radio), "WJYJ (90.5, Christian), "WFLS (93.3, country), "WGRQ (95.9, "SuperHits", licensed to nearby Fairview Beach), "WWUZ (96.9, classic rock, licensed to nearby Bowling Green), "WVBX (99.3, "The Vibe", rhythmic contemporary, licensed to nearby Spotsylvania), "WBQB ("B-101.5", adult contemporary) and "WGRX ("Thunder 104.5", country, licensed to nearby Falmouth). Fredericksburg "AM stations include "WFVA (1230, nostalgia) and "WNTX (1350, talk, news, and sports). WGRQ and WGRX are owned locally by Telemedia Broadcasting. WFLS, WWUZ, WVBX, and WYSK are owned by "Alpha Media.["citation needed]

In 2001, the "Arbitron media service began listing the Fredericksburg area as a nationally rated radio market.["citation needed] As of the fall of 2014, the area ranked 146th out of 272 markets surveyed, with a total market population of more than 325,000. Large broadcast companies like "Clear Channel Communications and "Cumulus Broadcasting are not active in the local market; almost all of its stations remain locally or regionally owned.["citation needed]

In television, Fredericksburg is part of the Washington market. One local television station, "NBC affiliate "WHFV, was briefly on the air in the 1970s.["citation needed]

Sports[edit]

There are no professional sports teams in Fredericksburg. In October 2013, the "Hagerstown Suns minor league baseball team formally applied to relocate there for the 2015 season,[39] but plans fell apart by November 2014.[40]

Sports at the secondary education level are run through the "Virginia High School League. On the collegiate level are the "University of Mary Washington Eagles. Other amateur athletics include "Fredericksburg FC of the "National Premier Soccer League (NPSL); and the Rappahannock Rugby Club, a senior men's rugby club competing in Division III of the Potomac Rugby Union.["citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

""

Fredericksburg is traversed by a series of rural and suburban four-lane highways and a multitude of small, two-lane roads. Among the major arterial roads is "U.S. Route 1, providing north-south transportation from the region to Stafford County, Washington, D.C., and points beyond. "Route 3 (Plank Road) is a major east-west route that connects downtown Fredericksburg (via the Blue and Gray Parkway bypass), southern Stafford and King George counties, and "Route 301 to the east with the large shopping centers, Spotsylvania Town Center and Central Park. To the west, Route 3 reaches "Culpeper, where it meets "Route 29 and "Route 15.["citation needed]

Most of Fredericksburg's traffic flow is to or from the north (Washington, D.C. metropolitan area) during peak commuting hours, primarily via "Interstate 95 and US-1. The US-1 bridge over the Rappahannock River is often a traffic bottleneck, and Route 3 has become increasingly jammed as residential development has grown west, along with a major regional shopping center.["citation needed]

As an alternative to I-95, some commuters use the "Virginia Railway Express rail service to Washington. Long-distance rail service is available on "Amtrak, which serves Fredericksburg via the "Northeast Regional and "Carolinian/"Piedmont routes. "Fredericksburg Regional Transit (FRED) is a recently started bus service in Fredericksburg which serves most area communities, retail shopping centers, two VRE stations, and downtown Fredericksburg.["citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

""
""
Wounded soldiers being tended at Marye's House in Fredericksburg in May 1864[note 2]
""
""
"American Civil War: "Union Army soldiers of 6th Corps, "Army of the Potomac, in trenches before storming "Marye's Heights at the "Second Battle of Fredericksburg during the Chancellorsville campaign, Virginia, May 1863 (#B-157).[note 3]
""
""
Another look at downtown Fredericksburg
""
""
James Monroe Museum in downtown Fredericksburg

18th century and before[edit]

19th century to present[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The Uniform Crime Reporting program was developed and is administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It provides a nationwide view of crime based on the submission of statistical data from law enforcement agencies across the country. The crime information is collected under the National Incident Based Reporting System format
  2. ^ Sometimes mistakenly labeled as taken in the field after the "Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2, 1863.
  3. ^ Sometimes mistakenly labeled as taken at siege of "Petersburg, Virginia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fredericksburg city, Virginia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. ["permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". "United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". "United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Metropolitan and NECMA Counties in Alphabetical Order, by State, with Area Titles". "U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Fredericksburg Overview". Virginia Tourism Corporation. Retrieved January 10, 2015. 
  7. ^ Official website of the city of Fredericksburg, Virginia
  8. ^ Owen, Karen (May 11, 2008). "Are we Northern Virginia?". "The Free Lance–Star. Retrieved October 24, 2008. 
  9. ^ Kelly, Matthew (May 11, 2008). "We can avoid the circle of Hell". "The Free Lance–Star. Retrieved October 24, 2008. 
  10. ^ Connors, Hap (May 11, 2008). "A 'tweener': We must play smart". "The Free Lance–Star. Retrieved October 24, 2008. 
  11. ^ Farley, Catherine A. (May 11, 2008). "Robert E. Lee might not recognize the place". "The Free Lance–Star. Retrieved October 24, 2008. 
  12. ^ Swanton, John R. (1952), The Indian Tribes of North America, Smithsonian Institution, pp. 61–62, "ISBN "0-8063-1730-2, "OCLC 52230544 
  13. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  14. ^ Frances Benjamin Johnston (1927)
  15. ^ Harrington, Richard (November 22, 2005). "Prophet of the Rock Guitar". "The Washington Post. Retrieved October 24, 2008. 
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". "United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Station Name: VA FREDERICKSBURG SEWAGE". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Station Name: VA FREDERICKSBURG NP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  23. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  24. ^ "American Factfinder, Community Facts, Fredericksburg city, Virginia, Origins and Language, Census 2000, Selected Social Characteristics (Household and Family Type, Disability, Citizenship, Ancestry, Language, ...)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  25. ^ "American Factfinder, Community Facts, Fredericksburg city, Virginia, Origins and Language, 2014 American Community Survey, Selected Social Characteristics (Household and Family Type, Disability, Citizenship, Ancestry, Language, ...), 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  26. ^ "American Factfinder, Community Facts, Fredericksburg city, Virginia, Origins and Language, 2014 American Community Survey, Selected Social Characteristics (Household and Family Type, Disability, Citizenship, Ancestry, Language, ...)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  27. ^ "American FactFinder". "United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  28. ^ Crime in Virginia 2011
  29. ^ a b "2008 Presidential Election Results By County". "The New York Times. December 9, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2012. 
  30. ^ Sidersky, Robyn (May 1, 2012). "Greenlaw, Kelly, Devine win Fredericksburg elections". The Free Lance-Star. The Free Lance-Star Publishing. Retrieved March 24, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Mary Katherine Greenlaw wins a second term as Fredericksburg mayor". Fredericksburg.com. Retrieved May 27, 2016. 
  32. ^ "National Park Service (July 9, 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  33. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  34. ^ "map of parks in Fredericksburg VA" (PDF). Fredericksburg City Parks and Recreation. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  35. ^ Crookshanks, Barbara (October 28, 2004). "Alum Spring Park: A Walk Through History". Historypoint.org. The Central Rappahannock Regional Library. Archived from the original on November 13, 2004. 
  36. ^ "homepage". Fredericksburg City Public Schools. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Berkshire Hathaway Buys Newspaper in Fredericksburg, Virginia". "Bloomberg News. December 31, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  38. ^ "Patch Lays off Hundreds, Shuttered Editor to Start Indie News Site". PotomacLocal.com. January 30, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  39. ^ Freehling, Bill (October 1, 2013). "Hagerstown Suns apply to relocate to Fredericksburg". Business Insider. Fredericksburg.com. Retrieved October 23, 2013. 
  40. ^ Gould, Pamela (November 25, 2014). "Baseball deal out in city". Fredericksburg.com. Fredericksburg Free Lance-Star. Retrieved January 12, 2015. 
  41. ^ "For Area Baptists: The First Hundred Years Were the Hardest". Town & County. The Free Lance-Star. 83 (272). November 8, 1967. p. A-3. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  42. ^ United States Congress. "Fredericksburg, Virginia (id: C000910)". "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. 
  43. ^ "John Paul Jones wins in English waters". history.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved April 18, 2017. lived for a time in Fredericksburg, Virginia, where his brother had a business 
  44. ^ "Fielding Lewis (1725–1781 or 1782)". encyclopediavirginia.org. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved April 18, 2017. he moved to Fredericksburg in the 1740s 
  45. ^ "Betty Washington Lewis". The George Washington Foundation. Retrieved April 18, 2017. Upon her marriage, Betty moved into a large brick house in Fredericksburg 
  46. ^ "Hugh Mercer dies from wounds received in Battle of Princeton". history.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved April 18, 2017. Mercer worked as an apothecary and practiced medicine in Fredericksburg 
  47. ^ "James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library | James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library Home Page". Umw.edu. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  48. ^ "Augustine Washington". kenmore.org. The George Washington Foundation. Retrieved April 18, 2017. In 1738, a 150-acre property just across the Rappahannock River from the fledgling town of Fredericksburg ... was sold ... to Augustine who moved the family there 
  49. ^ "Freeman, Douglas Southall (1948). George Washington, a Biography. v.7. New York: Scribner. "OCLC 732644234. :1:15–72
  50. ^ George Washington: A Life by Willard Stearne Randall (1997). New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc. page 440. "ISBN 0-8050-5992-X
  51. ^ Frank E. Grizzard (2002). George Washington: A Biographical Companion. ABC-CLIO. pp. 346–. "ISBN "978-1-57607-082-6. 
  52. ^ Oliver Ackermann:
    Gluckin, Tzvi (March 5, 2015). "A Place to Bury Strangers: Controlled Anarchy". Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
    "Finally: A Tribute To Skywave, The Shoegaze Band Virginia Ignored". Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
    Colletti, Justin. "Made in New York: Oliver Ackermann's Death By Audio". Trust Me I'm a Scientist. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  53. ^ Bass:
    "Urbane Bass Stained Glass Window". World War I Memorial Inventory Project. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
    "Virginia World War 1 Casualties". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  54. ^ Bonner, Judith H.; Pennington, Estill Curtis (2013-01-14). The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture: Volume 21: Art and Architecture. UNC Press Books. "ISBN "978-0-8078-6994-9. :242
  55. ^ "Al Bumbry Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  56. ^ "Jermon Bushrod". SI.com. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  57. ^ McCaslin, John (2017-01-22). "United in song, and more, at MLK celebration". Rappahannock News. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  58. ^ "George Webster Coghill". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  59. ^ "Civil Rights Leader James Farmer Dies". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-05-19. James L. Farmer, 79, the founder of the Congress of Racial Equality and the moving force behind some of the most dramatic episodes of the civil rights era of the 1960s, died yesterday at a hospital in Fredericksburg, Va. 
  60. ^ "Reality Bytes: Gay 'Shock Jock' Hartley". 
  61. ^ Holtzman, Kellen. "U16 boys notch milestone win for Virginia Legacy; Jones tabbed state coach of year". vagazette.com. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  62. ^ "Mark Lenzi dies at 43;Olympic diving champion". Los Angeles Times. 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2012-04-10. 
  63. ^ "John Maine Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  64. ^ Hedelt, Rob (January 24, 2008). "Movie, TV projects fall in line for local native". fredericksburg.com. The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved February 10, 2009. 
  65. ^ McKenna, Dave. "Jill Sobule and Erin McKeown: Live Last Night". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  66. ^ Delano, Frank (2009-04-23). "State political force George Rawlings dies". Fredericksburg Free Lance-Star. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  67. ^ "ACTOR HAS FOND MEMORIES OF HIS SMALL TOWN, USA". DeseretNews.com. 1988-05-29. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  68. ^ "Jeff Rouse Weds - Swimming World News". Swimming World News. 1999-08-23. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  69. ^ Beaujon, Andrew (2009-10-29). "The Advancement of Dave Smalley". Washington City Paper. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  70. ^ Eck, Kevin (2017-04-17). "Former Terps, Ravens Torrey Smith Remains Involved In Baltimore". PressBox. 232 (April 2017). Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  71. ^ Congressional Biographical Directory, "William Taylor"
  72. ^ Keller's Cellar kellerwilliams.net, Retrieved May 7, 2008.
  73. ^ "Monty Williams | Basketball-Reference.com". Basketball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  74. ^ "Why Italian Flags Downtown?". "WFVA. June 17, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2015. A delegation from Este, Italy is here. They are the city’s newest sister city. 
  75. ^ a b Baroody, Timothy J. "Sister Cities". Fredericksburg, Virginia. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  76. ^ Jett, Cathy (Dec 15, 2015). "Fredericksburg Forming Sister City With Kathmandu". Free Lance-star. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  77. ^ Larson, Susan (December 17, 2012). "City Adds Schwetzingen, Germany as Sister City". Fredericksburg Patch. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 

External links[edit]

"Coordinates: 38°18′07″N 77°28′15″W / 38.301829°N 77.470778°W / 38.301829; -77.470778

) )