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French Sign Language
Francosign
Geographic
distribution
Before 1850, "Western Europe, and "North America; today parts of "Europe, "the Americas, "Africa, and "Asia.
"Linguistic classification One of the world's sign "language families
Early form
"Glottolog lsfi1234[1]

The French Sign Language (LSF) or Francosign family is a "language family of "sign languages which includes "French Sign Language and "American Sign Language.

The FSL family descends from "Old French Sign Language, which developed among the deaf community in Paris. The earliest mention of Old French Sign Language is by the abbé "Charles-Michel de l'Épée in the late 17th century, but it could have existed for centuries prior. Several European sign languages, such as "Russian Sign Language, derive from it, as does "American Sign Language, established when French educator "Laurent Clerc taught his language at the "American School for the Deaf. Others, such as "Spanish Sign Language, are thought to be related to French Sign Language even if they are not directly descendant from it.

Contents

Languages[edit]

"Henri Wittmann (1991)[2] lists the following suspected members of the family, with date of establishment or earliest attestation:

"French Sign Language (1752; may be different from Old French Sign Language)

and, perhaps,

Wittnann believes "Lyons Sign Language, "Spanish Sign Language, "Brazilian Sign Language, and "Venezuelan Sign Language, which are sometimes counted in the French family, had separate origins, though with some contact through "stimulus diffusion, and it was Lyons rather than French Sign Language that gave rise to "Belgian Sign Language. "Chilean Sign Language (1852)["citation needed] has also been included in the French family but is not listed by Wittmann.

Anderson (1979)[edit]

Anderson (1979)[4] had previously postulated the following classification of FSL and its relatives, with derivation from Medieval monks' sign systems, though some lineages are apparently traced by their manual alphabets and thus irrelevant for actual classification:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "LSFic". "Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Wittmann, Henri (1991). "Classification linguistique des langues signées non vocalement." Revue québécoise de linguistique théorique et appliquée 10:1.215–88.[1]
  3. ^ SIL reports that it is mutually intelligible with "Swedish Sign Language, which Wittmann assigns to the "BANZSL family and other authors suspect is an independent family.
  4. ^ Lloyd Anderson & David Peterson, 1979, A comparison of some American, British, Australian, and Swedish signs: evidence on historical changes in signs and some family relationships of sign languages
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