|Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU)|
|Headquarters||Jalan Imam Bonjol No. 29
|This article is part of a series on the
"politics and government of
|"Pancasila (national philosophy)|
The General Elections Commission ("Indonesian: Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU)) is the body that organises elections in Indonesia. Its responsibilities include deciding which parties can contest elections, organising the voting and announcing the results and seats won in the various branches of the government.
Following the "fall of President Suharto and the end of Indonesia's authoritarian "New Order, as a result of public pressure, "President Habibie brought forward the general elections planned for 2002 to 1999. On 1 February the "People's Representative Council passed Law No.3/1999 on the General Election, which mandated the establishment of a "free and independent General Elections Commission comprising members of political parties and the government" to oversee the elections. The commission was then established with 53 members and former home affairs minister Rudini as chair. As a result of further public pressure, the government appointed five independent people as its representatives, including noted human rights lawyer Adnan Buyung Nasution. Other independent members included former "Supreme Court judge Adi Andojo Soetjipto and political commentator Andi Mallarangeng. The "1999 elections were held on 7 June, and were a success thanks to the management of the KPU, although 27 of the 48 parties contesting the election (all but one of which won less than 0.7% of the vote) refused to sign the KPU document reporting the results. The KPU passed the problem on to President Habibie, who declared the results valid on 26 July.
The second incarnation of the KPU was established on 11 April 2001 to organise the "2004 elections, but this time was made up of individuals from academia and NGOs. In 2007 the People's Representative Council (DPR)passed Law No. 22/2007, which stipulated that members of the KPU serve a five-year term. It also stated that members of the KPU would be chosen by a selection committee that together with the president would put forward a list of names to the DPR, which would conduct a fit and proper test. As a result of this process, which lasted from 21 to 30 August 2007, the initial 45 candidates were whittled down to 21, and a vote was taken by the DPR to decide on the final membership. The seven people chosen for the 2007-2012 KPU were members of regional KPUs, academics, researchers and bureaucrats:
These members, minus Syamsul Bahri, who was facing legal problems, were appointed on 23 October 2007. Andi Nurapti left the KPU in 2010 after becoming an official of the "Democratic Party, and was replaced by Saut Hamonangan Sirait.
The Indonesian General Elections Commission is located in a building at Jalan Imam Bonjol 29. The building, designed by architect A.W. Gmelig Meyling, was completed in 1955 and was among the first to be built in the post-war architecture style in Indonesia. It was described as "impressive" at its completion. The building was originally used for the Pusat Perkebunan Negara (Ministry of Agriculture) office.
The 2012-2017 KPU consists of seven members: