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Professor Johann Georg Bühler (July 19, 1837 – April 8, 1898) was a scholar of ancient Indian languages and law.
Bühler was born to Rev. Johann G. Bühler in "Borstel, "Hanover, attended grammar school in Hanover, where he mastered "Greek and "Latin, then university as a student of theology and philosophy at "Göttingen, where he studied classical "philology, "Sanskrit, "Zend, "Persian, "Armenian, and "Arabic. In 1858 he received his doctorate in eastern languages and "archaeology; his thesis explored the suffix -tês in Greek grammar. That same year he went to "Paris to study Sanskrit manuscripts, and in 1859 onwards to "London, where he remained until October 1862. This time was used mainly for the study of the "Vedic manuscripts at the India Office and the "Bodleian Library at "Oxford University. While in England, Bühler was first a private teacher and later (from May 1861) assistant to the Queen's librarian in "Windsor Castle.
In Fall 1862 Bühler was appointed assistant at the "Göttingen library; he moved there in October. While settling in, he received an invitation via Prof. "Max Müller to join the "Benares Sanskrit College in "India. Before this could be settled, he also received (again via Prof. Müller) an offer of Professor of Oriental Languages at the "Elphinstone College, "Bombay (now "Mumbai). Bühler responded immediately and arrived on February 10, 1863 in Bombay. Noted Sanskrit and legal scholar "Kashinath Trimbak Telang was then a student at the college. In the next year Bühler became a Fellow of "Bombay University and member of the Bombay Branch of the "Royal Asiatic Society. He was to remain in India until 1880. During this time he collected a remarkable number of texts for the Indian government and the libraries of "Berlin, "Cambridge University, and "Oxford University.
In the year 1878 he published his translations of the Paiyalachchhi, the oldest "Prakrit dictionary, with glossary and translation. He also took responsibility for the translation of the "Apastamba, "Dharmasutra etc. in Professor "Max Müller's monumental compilation and translation, the "Sacred Books of the East, vols. 2, 14, and 25.
On 8 April 1898 Bühler drowned in "Lake Constance, under somewhat mysterious circumstances. Contemporary accounts mostly attributed it to an accident, but it has been speculated that it was a suicide motivated by Bühler's connections to a scandal involving his former student "Alois Anton Führer.
In the Schriften der Wiener Akademie der Wissenschaften: