Gipuzkoan (Gipuzkera in "Basque, Guipuzcoano in "Spanish) is a "dialect of the "Basque language spoken mainly in the province of "Gipuzkoa in "Basque Country but also in a small part of "Navarre. It is a central dialect, spoken in the central and eastern part of Gipuzkoa. In the traditional dialectal classification of the language based on research carried out by "Lucien Bonaparte in the 19th century, the varieties of the valleys Sakana and Burunda are also included in Gipuzkoan, while this approach has been disputed by modern Basque linguists.
Gipuzkoan is spoken not in all of Gipuzkoan but ib the area between the "Deba River and the "River Oiartzun. The strip of "Gipuzkoa from "Leintz-Gatzaga to "Elgoibar is part of the "Biscayan (Western) dialect area, and the River Oiartzun flowing past "Errenteria outlines the border with the "Upper Navarrese dialect. However, borders between Gipuzkoan and High Navarrese are gradually disappearing, as Standard Basque is beginning to blur the differences among traditional dialects, especially for younger Basques.
Some of the features of Gipuzkoan, as perceived by speakers of other dialect, are the following:
Gipuzkoan had four main variants:
Gipuzkoan is one of the four dialects known as the literary dialects of Basque ("Biscayan, "Lapurdian, "Souletin and Gipuzkoan). It was used in "Basque literature from the 17th century onward, but like for Souletin and Biscayan, it had only a minor role because of the Lapurdian dialect's dominance. That was because the centre of Basque literary production was in "Labourd for the 16th century, 17th century and most of the 18th century.