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Not to be confused with "Gross national product or "Gross domestic product.

The gross national income (GNI) is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product ("GDP) plus "factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 2011: 44) (all figures in millions of US dollars). Comparing the GNI and GDP shows whether a nation's resources are put to capital creation or declining toward abroad.

The gross national income has gradually replaced the "gross national product (GNP) in international statistics.[1][2] While being conceptually identical, it is calculated differently.[3]

Gross national income is the basis of calculation of the largest part of contributions to the "budget of the European Union.[4]

Contents

Table, GNI nominal[edit]

Nominal, Atlas method - millions of current "US$ (top 15)[1]

Rank 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
1  "United States 17,611,491  "United States 17,001,290  "United States 16,501,016  "United States 15,727,291  "United States 15,143,137  "United States 14,740,580  "United States 15,002,428  "United States 14,651,211  "United States 14,345,565
2  "China 10,096,966  "China 9,110,333  "China 7,934,721  "China 6,726,270  "China 5,752,320  "China 4,856,999  "Japan 4,835,553  "Japan 4,812,119  "Japan 4,931,413
3  "Japan 5,339,076  "Japan 5,899,905  "Japan 6,101,579  "Japan 5,775,633  "Japan 5,376,601  "Japan 4,797,984  "China 4,070,860  "Germany 3,348,291  "Germany 3,160,529
4  "Germany 3,853,623  "Germany 3,809,927  "Germany 3,754,154  "Germany 3,801,607  "Germany 3,662,524  "Germany 3,588,452  "Germany 3,601,765  "China 3,283,519  "China 2,685,206
5  "France 2,844,284  "France 2,869,883  "France 2,824,713  "France 2,889,304  "France 2,847,703  "France 2,831,553  "United Kingdom 2,904,224  "United Kingdom 2,835,805  "United Kingdom 2,645,489
6  "United Kingdom 2,801,499  "United Kingdom 2,695,974  "United Kingdom 2,612,525  "United Kingdom 2,542,593  "United Kingdom 2,540,957  "United Kingdom 2,666,939  "France 2,800,864  "France 2,576,642  "France 2,414,820
7  "Brazil 2,429,720  "Brazil 2,486,874  "Brazil 2,432,061  "Italy 2,237,958  "Italy 2,234,508  "Italy 2,227,358  "Italy 2,222,143  "Italy 2,093,640  "Italy 1,989,288
8  "Italy 2,147,247  "Italy 2,130,760  "Italy 2,143,583  "Brazil 2,207,921  "Brazil 1,916,260  "Brazil 1,572,431  "Spain 1,490,975  "Canada 1,356,017  "Spain 1,241,641
9  "India 2,027,964  "Russia 1,981,791  "India 1,892,548  "India 1,755,712  "India 1,555,615  "Spain 1,519,339  "Canada 1,484,345  "Spain 1,353,031  "Canada 1,224,994
10  "Russia 1,930,634  "India 1,952,847  "Russia 1,823,299  "Canada 1,617,083  "Canada 1,511,465  "Canada 1,447,937  "Brazil 1,427,429  "Brazil 1,152,772  "South Korea 966,585
11  "Canada 1,785,099  "Canada 1,848,274  "Canada 1,773,264  "Russia 1,547,010  "Spain 1,496,363  "India 1,392,779  "Russia 1,368,593  "India 1,117,463  "India 941,326
12  "Australia 1,444,201  "Australia 1,514,269  "Spain 1,396,221  "Spain 1,455,758  "Russia 1,425,123  "Russia 1,318,495  "India 1,229,139  "South Korea 1,091,726  "Mexico 921,879
13  "Spain 1,366,027  "Spain 1,376,929  "Australia 1,359,417  "South Korea 1,125,787  "South Korea 1,053,302  "South Korea 1,037,381  "South Korea 1,118,647  "Russia 1,079,991  "Brazil 898,063
14  "South Korea 1,365,797  "South Korea 1,298,958  "South Korea 1,232,164  "Australia 1,119,902  "Mexico 1,026,316  "Mexico 988,663  "Mexico 1,074,555  "Mexico 1,000,700  "Russia 830,146
15  "Mexico 1,237,533  "Mexico 1,202,800  "Mexico 1,167,292  "Mexico 1,068,140  "Australia 1,025,186  "Australia 954,754  "Australia 900,062  "Netherlands 809,106  "Netherlands 753,205

Table, GNI PPP[edit]

"PPP - millions of "international dollars (top 15)[2]

Rank 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
1  "China 17,966,893  "United States 17,091,162  "United States 16,596,084  "United States 15,802,898  "United States 15,121,133  "United States 14,494,460  "United States 14,791,194  "United States 14,585,723  "United States 14,140,770
2  "United States 17,823,200  "China 16,418,959  "China 15,112,256  "China 13,680,536  "China 12,305,378  "China 11,017,654  "China 10,090,052  "China 8,991,462  "China 7,637,790
3  "India 7,292,778  "India 6,699,996  "India 6,179,567  "India 5,794,517  "India 5,314,158  "India 4,783,856  "Japan 4,433,212  "Japan 4,408,333  "Japan 4,180,595
4  "Japan 4,846,688  "Japan 4,844,841  "Japan 4,700,740  "Japan 4,522,723  "Japan 4,437,371  "Japan 4,192,471  "India 4,376,743  "India 4,138,987  "India 3,658,435
5  "Germany 3,843,163  "Germany 3,707,775  "Germany 3,590,009  "Germany 3,534,151  "Germany 3,305,460  "Germany 3,107,922  "Germany 3,186,644  "Germany 3,070,077  "Germany 2,906,891
6  "Russia 3,237,388  "Russia 3,108,506  "Russia 3,254,184  "Russia 3,124,400  "Russia 2,837,672  "Russia 2,678,150  "Russia 2,797,648  "United Kingdom 2,325,258  "United Kingdom 2,270,766
7  "Brazil 3,209,390  "Brazil 3,081,266  "Brazil 2,984,015  "Brazil 2,923,559  "Brazil 2,757,522  "Brazil 2,453,733  "Brazil 2,436,486  "Russia 2,324,769  "Brazil 2,103,694
8  "France 2,655,517  "France 2,625,346  "France 2,494,655  "France 2,495,100  "France 2,381,563  "France 2,291,855  "United Kingdom 2,343,012  "Brazil 2,288,657  "France 2,094,160
9  "Indonesia 2,592,315  "United Kingdom 2,483,802  "United Kingdom 2,394,758  "United Kingdom 2,343,934  "United Kingdom 2,281,280  "United Kingdom 2,272,667  "France 2,310,555  "France 2,224,097  "Russia 2,071,669
10  "United Kingdom 2,550,078  "Indonesia 2,436,810  "Indonesia 2,275,802  "Italy 2,124,755  "Italy 2,054,019  "Italy 2,016,501  "Italy 2,050,607  "Italy 1,971,909  "Italy 1,865,144
11  "Italy 2,155,153  "Italy 2,148,502  "Italy 2,134,839  "Indonesia 2,106,961  "Indonesia 1,949,021  "Indonesia 1,798,541  "Indonesia 1,705,066  "Indonesia 1,568,263  "Indonesia 1,434,248
12  "Mexico 2,111,206  "Mexico 1,939,753  "Mexico 1,941,682  "Mexico 1,859,264  "Mexico 1,710,132  "Mexico 1,597,656  "Mexico 1,611,372  "Mexico 1,516,236  "Mexico 1,432,295
13  "South Korea 1,696,955  "South Korea 1,652,081  "South Korea 1,627,812  "South Korea 1,568,631  "South Korea 1,506,812  "Spain 1,492,658  "Spain 1,508,412  "Spain 1,447,718  "Spain 1,346,277
14  "Canada 1,576,495  "Saudi Arabia 1,549,822  "Spain 1,497,167  "Spain 1,494,181  "Spain 1,486,687  "South Korea 1,393,108  "South Korea 1,405,612  "South Korea 1,350,407  "South Korea 1,246,382
15  "Spain 1,556,600  "Canada 1,535,440  "Saudi Arabia 1,488,100  "Canada 1,401,447  "Canada 1,336,646  "Canada 1,279,702  "Canada 1,313,134  "Canada 1,271,027  "Canada 1,212,200

Alternative sources and further countries[edit]

The Atlas method from The World Bank seems to be without alternatives for a few years. Although NationsOnline lists GNI data from the early 2000s[5] and points to the International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database[6] and the CIA World Factbook,[7] neither of these references, nor the IMF eLibrary[8] includes GNI data.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "World Bank. "GNI, Atlas method". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  2. ^ a b "World Bank. "GNI, PPP (international $)". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  3. ^ "Glossary:Gross national income (GNI)". Eurostat statistic explained. "Eurostat. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  4. ^ "Monitoring GNI for own resource purposes". Eurostat statistic explained. "Eurostat. Retrieved 2016-06-23. 
  5. ^ National Economic Accounts for Countries and Regions around the World
  6. ^ IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2014
  7. ^ The World Factbook, CIA
  8. ^ IMF eLibrary Data
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