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The gross national income (GNI) is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product ("GDP), plus "factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 2011: 44) (all figures in millions of US dollars). Comparing the GNI and GDP shows whether a nation's resources are put to capital creation or declining toward abroad.

The gross national income has gradually replaced the "gross national product (GNP) in international statistics.[1][2] While being conceptually identical, it is calculated differently.[3]

Gross national income is the basis of calculation of the largest part of contributions to the "budget of the European Union.[4]

## Comparison of GNI and GDP

${\displaystyle GNI=GDP+Money~flowing~from~foreign~countries-Money~flowing~to~foreign~countries}$

Comparison of GNI ("Atlas method), GNI and GDP
2016 World Bank (millions of current US\$)
No. Country GNI ("Atlas method)[5] GNI[6] GDP[7]
value (a) a - GDP value (b) b - GDP
1  "United States 18,357,322 -267,153 18,968,714 344,239 18,624,475
2  "China 11,374,227 175,082 11,154,194 -44,951 11,199,145
3  "Japan 4,816,892 -123,267 5,096,371 156,212 4,940,159
4  "Germany 3,624,638 146,841 3,536,579 58,783 3,477,796
5  "United Kingdom 2,778,488 130,590 2,587,657 -60,242 2,647,899
6  "France 2,590,030 124,576 2,504,684 39,230 2,465,454
7  "India 2,212,306 -51,486 2,235,524 -28,268 2,263,792
8  "Italy 1,923,095 64,182 1,863,085 4,172 1,858,913
9  "Brazil 1,835,993 39,806 1,758,527 -37,660 1,796,187
10  "Canada 1,584,177 54,417 1,508,495 -21,265 1,529,760

## GNI ("Atlas method) nominal

Nominal, Atlas method – millions of current "US\$ (top 15)[1]

Rank 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
1  "United States 17,611,491  "United States 17,001,290  "United States 16,501,016  "United States 15,727,291  "United States 15,143,137  "United States 14,740,580  "United States 15,002,428  "United States 14,651,211  "United States 14,345,565
2  "China 10,096,966  "China 9,110,333  "China 7,934,721  "China 6,726,270  "China 5,752,320  "China 4,856,999  "Japan 4,835,553  "Japan 4,812,119  "Japan 4,931,413
3  "Japan 5,339,076  "Japan 5,899,905  "Japan 6,101,579  "Japan 5,775,633  "Japan 5,376,601  "Japan 4,797,984  "China 4,070,860  "Germany 3,348,291  "Germany 3,160,529
4  "Germany 3,853,623  "Germany 3,809,927  "Germany 3,754,154  "Germany 3,801,607  "Germany 3,662,524  "Germany 3,588,452  "Germany 3,601,765  "China 3,283,519  "China 2,685,206
5  "France 2,844,284  "France 2,869,883  "France 2,824,713  "France 2,889,304  "France 2,847,703  "France 2,831,553  "United Kingdom 2,904,224  "United Kingdom 2,835,805  "United Kingdom 2,645,489
6  "United Kingdom 2,801,499  "United Kingdom 2,695,974  "United Kingdom 2,612,525  "United Kingdom 2,542,593  "United Kingdom 2,540,957  "United Kingdom 2,666,939  "France 2,800,864  "France 2,576,642  "France 2,414,820
7  "Brazil 2,429,720  "Brazil 2,486,874  "Brazil 2,432,061  "Italy 2,237,958  "Italy 2,234,508  "Italy 2,227,358  "Italy 2,222,143  "Italy 2,093,640  "Italy 1,989,288
8  "Italy 2,147,247  "Italy 2,130,760  "Italy 2,143,583  "Brazil 2,207,921  "Brazil 1,916,260  "Brazil 1,572,431  "Spain 1,490,975  "Canada 1,356,017  "Spain 1,241,641
9  "India 2,027,964  "Russia 1,981,791  "India 1,892,548  "India 1,755,712  "India 1,555,615  "Spain 1,519,339  "Canada 1,484,345  "Spain 1,353,031  "Canada 1,224,994
10  "Russia 1,930,634  "India 1,952,847  "Russia 1,823,299  "Canada 1,617,083  "Canada 1,511,465  "Canada 1,447,937  "Brazil 1,427,429  "Brazil 1,152,772  "South Korea 966,585
11  "Canada 1,785,099  "Canada 1,848,274  "Canada 1,773,264  "Russia 1,547,010  "Spain 1,496,363  "India 1,392,779  "Russia 1,368,593  "India 1,117,463  "India 941,326
12  "Australia 1,444,201  "Australia 1,514,269  "Spain 1,396,221  "Spain 1,455,758  "Russia 1,425,123  "Russia 1,318,495  "India 1,229,139  "South Korea 1,091,726  "Mexico 921,879
13  "Spain 1,366,027  "Spain 1,376,929  "Australia 1,359,417  "South Korea 1,125,787  "South Korea 1,053,302  "South Korea 1,037,381  "South Korea 1,118,647  "Russia 1,079,991  "Brazil 898,063
14  "South Korea 1,365,797  "South Korea 1,298,958  "South Korea 1,232,164  "Australia 1,119,902  "Mexico 1,026,316  "Mexico 988,663  "Mexico 1,074,555  "Mexico 1,000,700  "Russia 830,146
15  "Mexico 1,237,533  "Mexico 1,202,800  "Mexico 1,167,292  "Mexico 1,068,140  "Australia 1,025,186  "Australia 954,754  "Australia 900,062  "Netherlands 809,106  "Netherlands 753,205

## GNI ("Atlas method) PPP

"PPP – millions of "international dollars (top 15)[2]

Rank 2016 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
1  "China 21,366,057  "China 17,966,893  "United States 17,091,162  "United States 16,596,084  "United States 15,802,898  "United States 15,121,133  "United States 14,494,460  "United States 14,791,194  "United States 14,585,723  "United States 14,140,770
2  "United States 18,749,688  "United States 17,823,200  "China 16,418,959  "China 15,112,256  "China 13,680,536  "China 12,305,378  "China 11,017,654  "China 10,090,052  "China 8,991,462  "China 7,637,790
3  "India 8,594,226  "India 7,292,778  "India 6,699,996  "India 6,179,567  "India 5,794,517  "India 5,314,158  "India 4,783,856  "Japan 4,433,212  "Japan 4,408,333  "Japan 4,180,595
4  "Japan 5,443,842  "Japan 4,846,688  "Japan 4,844,841  "Japan 4,700,740  "Japan 4,522,723  "Japan 4,437,371  "Japan 4,192,471  "India 4,376,743  "India 4,138,987  "India 3,658,435
5  "Germany 4,094,786  "Germany 3,843,163  "Germany 3,707,775  "Germany 3,590,009  "Germany 3,534,151  "Germany 3,305,460  "Germany 3,107,922  "Germany 3,186,644  "Germany 3,070,077  "Germany 2,906,891
6  "Russia 3,305,725  "Russia 3,237,388  "Russia 3,108,506  "Russia 3,254,184  "Russia 3,124,400  "Russia 2,837,672  "Russia 2,678,150  "Russia 2,797,648  "United Kingdom 2,325,258  "United Kingdom 2,270,766
7  "Brazil 3,075,469  "Brazil 3,209,390  "Brazil 3,081,266  "Brazil 2,984,015  "Brazil 2,923,559  "Brazil 2,757,522  "Brazil 2,453,733  "Brazil 2,436,486  "Russia 2,324,769  "Brazil 2,103,694
8  "Indonesia 2,929,424  "France 2,655,517  "France 2,625,346  "France 2,494,655  "France 2,495,100  "France 2,381,563  "France 2,291,855  "United Kingdom 2,343,012  "Brazil 2,288,657  "France 2,094,160
9  "France 2,835,242  "Indonesia 2,592,315  "United Kingdom 2,483,802  "United Kingdom 2,394,758  "United Kingdom 2,343,934  "United Kingdom 2,281,280  "United Kingdom 2,272,667  "France 2,310,555  "France 2,224,097  "Russia 2,071,669
10  "United Kingdom 2,763,382  "United Kingdom 2,550,078  "Indonesia 2,436,810  "Indonesia 2,275,802  "Italy 2,124,755  "Italy 2,054,019  "Italy 2,016,501  "Italy 2,050,607  "Italy 1,971,909  "Italy 1,865,144
11  "Italy 2,316,529  "Italy 2,155,153  "Italy 2,148,502  "Italy 2,134,839  "Indonesia 2,106,961  "Indonesia 1,949,021  "Indonesia 1,798,541  "Indonesia 1,705,066  "Indonesia 1,568,263  "Indonesia 1,434,248
12  "Mexico 2,262,919  "Mexico 2,111,206  "Mexico 1,939,753  "Mexico 1,941,682  "Mexico 1,859,264  "Mexico 1,710,132  "Mexico 1,597,656  "Mexico 1,611,372  "Mexico 1,516,236  "Mexico 1,432,295
13  "Turkey 1,907,486  "South Korea 1,696,955  "South Korea 1,652,081  "South Korea 1,627,812  "South Korea 1,568,631  "South Korea 1,506,812  "Spain 1,492,658  "Spain 1,508,412  "Spain 1,447,718  "Spain 1,346,277
14  "South Korea 1,833,914  "Canada 1,576,495  "Saudi Arabia 1,549,822  "Spain 1,497,167  "Spain 1,494,181  "Spain 1,486,687  "South Korea 1,393,108  "South Korea 1,405,612  "South Korea 1,350,407  "South Korea 1,246,382