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Ethnicity "Guaycuru peoples
northern "Argentina, western "Paraguay, southern "Brazil
"Linguistic classification "Mataco–Guaicuru ?
  • Guaicuruan
"Glottolog guai1249[1]

Guaicuruan (Guaykuruan, Waikurúan, Guaycuruano, Guaikurú, Guaicurú, Guaycuruana) is a "language family spoken in northern "Argentina, western "Paraguay, and "Brazil ("Mato Grosso do Sul). The speakers of the languages are often collectively called the "Guaycuru peoples. For the most part the Guaycuruans lived in the "Gran Chaco and were nomadic and warlike until finally subdued by the various countries of the region in the 19th century.


Family division[edit]

Guaicuruan/Waikurúan languages are often classified as follows:

Abipón, Guachí, and Payaguá all are "extinct.

Harriet Klein argues against the assumption that Kadiweu is Guaicuruan. Most others accept the inclusion of Kadiweu into the family. The Guachi were absorbed by the Mbayá. The similarities with the Mbayá language may be due to borrowing rather than a familial relationship.[2]

Genetic relations[edit]

Jorge Suárez includes Guaicuruan with "Charruan in a hypothetical Waikuru-Charrúa stock. "Morris Swadesh includes Guaicuruan along with "Matacoan, "Charruan, and "Mascoyan within his Macro-Mapuche stock. Both proposals appear to be obsolete.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Guaicuruan". "Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Steward, Julian H. (1946), Handbook of South American Indians, Volume 1, The Marginal Tribes, Washington: Smithsonian Institution, p. 214


External links[edit]

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