Electronic harassment is the unproven belief of the use of "electromagnetic waves to harass a victim. Psychologists have identified evidence of "auditory hallucinations, "delusional disorders, or other "mental disorders in online communities supporting those who claim to be targeted.
Landlord harassment is the willing creation, by a "landlord or his agents, of conditions that are uncomfortable for one or more "tenants in order to induce willing abandonment of a "rental contract. Such a strategy is often sought because it avoids costly legal "expenses and potential problems with "eviction. This kind of activity is common in regions where "rent control laws exist, but which do not allow the direct extension of rent-controlled prices from one tenancy to the subsequent tenancy, thus allowing landlords to set higher prices. Landlord harassment carries specific legal penalties in some "jurisdictions, but enforcement can be very difficult or even impossible in many circumstances. However, when a "crime is committed in the process and motives similar to those described above are subsequently proven in court, then those motives may be considered an "aggravating factor in many jurisdictions, thus subjecting the offender(s) to a stiffer "sentence.
Mobile harassment refers to the sending of any type of "text message, "sext, "photo message, "video message, or "voicemail from a "mobile phone that threatens, torments, or humiliates the recipient of these messages. It is a form of "cyber bullying.
Harassment directs multiple repeating obscenities and derogatory comments at specific individuals focusing, for example, on the targets' race, religion, nationality, or sexual orientation. This often occurs in chat rooms, through newsgroups, and by sending hate e-mail to interested parties. This may also include stealing photos of the victim and their families, doctoring these photos in offensive ways, and then posting them on social media with the aim of causing emotional distress (see "cyber bullying, "cyber stalking, "hate crime, "online predator, and "stalking).
Unfair treatment conducted by law officials, including but not limited to "excessive force, "profiling, "threats, "coercion, and racial, ethnic, religious, gender/sexual, age, or other forms of "discrimination.
Power harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a political nature, often occurring in the environment of a workplace including hospitals, schools and universities. It includes a range of behavior from mild irritation and annoyances to serious "abuses which can even involve forced activity beyond the boundaries of the job description. Power harassment is considered a form of illegal "discrimination and is a form of political and "psychological abuse, and "bullying.
This is humiliating, intimidating or abusive behaviour which is often difficult to detect, leaving no evidence other than victim reports or complaints. This characteristically lowers a person’s self-esteem or causes one torment. This can take the form of verbal comments, engineered episodes of intimidation, aggressive actions or repeated gestures. Falling into this category is workplace harassment by individuals or groups "mobbing.
Community-based psychological harassment, meanwhile, is stalking by a group against an individual using repeated distractions that the individual is sensitized to. Media reports of large numbers of coordinated groups "stalking individual stalking victims, including a press interview given by an active duty police lieutenant, have described this community-based harassment as gang stalking.
The targeting of an individual because of their race or ethnicity. The harassment may include words, deeds, and actions that are specifically designed to make the target feel degraded due to their race or ethnicity.
Verbal, psychological or physical harassment is used against targets because they choose to practice a specific religion. Religious harassment can also include forced and involuntary conversions.
Harassment that can happen anywhere but is most common in the workplace and schools. It involves unwanted and unwelcome words, deeds, actions, gestures, symbols, or behaviours of a sexual nature that make the target feel uncomfortable. Gender and sexual orientation harassment fall into this family. When involving "children, the use of "gay" or "homo" as a common insult would fall into a category punishable by law["citation needed]. The main focus of groups working against sexual harassment has been the protection of women, but the protection of men from sexual harassment by other genders has been coming to light in recent years.
Workplace harassment is:
- the offensive, belittling or threatening behavior directed at an individual worker or a group of workers.
- the odious dealing through pitiless, malevolent, hurtful or embarrassing attempts to "undermine an individual worker or groups of workers.
Recently, matters of "workplace harassment have gained interest among practitioners and researchers as it is becoming one of the most sensitive areas of effective workplace management. In "Oriental countries, it attracted lots of attention from researchers and governments since the 1980s, because a significant source of work stress is associated with aggressive behaviors in the workplace. Third world countries are far behind oriental countries in that there are limited efforts to investigate the questions on workplace harassment. It is almost unseen and the executive leaders (managers) are almost reluctant or unconscious about it in the third world countries. Under "occupational health and safety laws around the world, workplace harassment and "workplace bullying are identified as being core psychosocial hazards.
||The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a "worldwide view of the subject. (August 2015) ("Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Harassment, under the laws of the United States, is defined as any repeated or continuing un-consented contact that serves no useful purpose beyond creating alarm, annoyance, or emotional distress. In 1964, the United States Congress passed Title VII of the "Civil Rights Act which prohibited discrimination at work on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin and sex. This later became the legal basis for early harassment law. The practice of developing workplace guidelines prohibiting harassment was pioneered in 1969, when the U.S. Department of Defense drafted a Human Goals Charter, establishing a policy of equal respect for both sexes. In "Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, "477 "U.S. 57 (1986): the U.S. Supreme Court recognized harassment suits against employers for promoting a sexually hostile work environment. In 2006, U.S.A. President "George W. Bush signed a law which prohibited the transmission of annoying messages over the "Internet (aka "spamming) without disclosing the sender's true identity.
New Jersey's Law Against Discrimination ("LAD")
The LAD prohibits employers from discriminating in any job-related action, including recruitment, interviewing, hiring, promotions, discharge, compensation and the terms, conditions and privileges of employment on the basis of any of the law's specified protected categories. These protected categories are race, creed, color, national origin, nationality, ancestry, age, sex (including pregnancy and sexual harassment), marital status, domestic partnership status, affectional or sexual orientation, atypical hereditary cellular or blood trait, genetic information, liability for military service, or mental or physical disability, including "HIV/AIDS and related illnesses. The LAD prohibits intentional discrimination based on any of these characteristics. Intentional discrimination may take the form of differential treatment or statements and conduct that reflect discriminatory animus or bias.
In 1984, the "Canadian Human Rights Act prohibited sexual harassment in workplaces under federal jurisdiction.
In the UK, there are a number of laws protecting people from harassment, including the "Protection from Harassment Act 1997 and the "Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.
- J. Amyot, Œuvres morales, p. 181
- M. Lescarbot, Histoire de la Nouvelle France, I, 479
- Etymology of harassement in the French etymologic dictionary CNRTL (in French)
- The original text of the chant
- Etymology of harasser in the French etymologic dictionary CNRTL (in French)
- "Centre national de ressources textuelles et lexicales". Cnrtl.fr. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Etymology of haro
- Etymology of haras
- "Harassment - Define Harassment at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.com.
- "Online Etymology Dictionary". etymonline.com.
- "Harass - Definition of harass by Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com.
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- Candice Nguyen, Central Coast News (January 29, 2011). "Gang Stalking, "Bullying on Steroids"". Central Coast News, KION 46, FOX 35, California. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- Joe Conger (February 17, 2010). "Stalked, drugged and raped: Is it happening in San Antonio?". KENS 5, San Antonio, TX. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- "Religious terrorism
- Rokonuzzaman, M. and Rahman, M. M. (2011), “Workplace Harassment and Productivity: A Comprehensive Role of Strategic Leadership”, Journal of General Education, Vol. 1, "ISSN 2223-4543, p41-49
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- Concha-Barrientos, M., Imel, N.D., Driscoll, T., Steenland, N.K., Punnett, L., Fingerhut, M.A.,Prüss-Üstün, A., Leigh, J., Tak, S.W., Corvalàn, C. (2004). Selected occupational risk factors. In M. Ezzati, A.D. Lopez, A. Rodgers & C.J.L. Murray (Eds.), Comparative Quantification of Health Risks. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- "McCullagh, Declan (9 January 2006). "Create an e-annoyance, go to jail". CNET news. Archived from the original on 15 March 2007.
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