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Heath ministry
"1970–1974
""Edward Heath 4 Allan Warren (cropped).jpg
Date formed 19 June 1970 (1970-06-19)
Date dissolved 4 March 1974 (1974-03-04)
People and organisations
Head of state "Elizabeth II
Head of government "Edward Heath
Deputy head of government [note 1]
Total no. of ministers 211 appointments
Member party "Conservative Party
Status in legislature "Majority
Opposition cabinet "Second Wilson Shadow Cabinet
Opposition party "Labour Party
Opposition leader "Harold Wilson
History
Election(s) "1970 general election
Outgoing election "1974 general election
Legislature term(s) "45th UK Parliament
Predecessor "Second Wilson ministry
Successor "Third Wilson ministry

"Edward Heath of the "Conservative Party formed the Heath ministry and was appointed "Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by "Queen Elizabeth II on 19 June 1970, following the "18 June general election. Heath's ministry ended after the "February 1974 general election, which produced a "hung parliament, leading to the formation of a "minority government by "Harold Wilson of the "Labour Party.

Heath had been elected leader of the Conservative Party in 1965 to succeed "Alec Douglas-Home, within a few months of the party's election defeat after 13 years in government. His first general election as leader the following year ended in defeat as Wilson's Labour government increased its majority. The Conservatives enjoyed a surge in support over the next two years as the British economy went through a period of fluctuation being growth and contraction, with unemployment rising significantly, but when Harold Wilson called a general election for June 1970, the opinion polls all pointed towards a third successive Labour victory. It was a major surprise when the Conservatives won with a majority of 30 seats.[1]

Heath's government initially enjoyed a strong economy and relatively low unemployment, and on 1 January 1973 the United Kingdom became a member state of the "European Communities, principally the "European Economic Community (the Common Market). But then came the "1973 oil crisis, and just before Christmas, Heath declared a "three day week" in which the use of offices, factories and most public buildings was reduced to three days a week. He also faced a battle with the unions over pay freezes and restraints, which sparked a rise in strikes. The economy also "entered a recession.

Heath's response in February 1974 was to call a general election, urging the voters to decide whether it was the government or the unions which ran Britain. The election on 28 February 1974 resulted in a hung parliament, in which the Tories had the most votes but Labour had the most seats. After talks with the "Liberals about forming a coalition government failed, Labour formed a minority government on 4 March.[2] A second general election was widely anticipated later in 1974, and was called by "Harold Wilson for 10 October, in which the Labour Party gained a three-seat majority. This meant that Wilson had now won four of the five general elections he had contested, while Heath had now lost three of his four general elections, and it seemed inevitable that his leadership would soon end.[3]

Contents

Cabinet[edit]

June 1970 – March 1974[edit]

Changes[edit]

List of Ministers[edit]

Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.

Office Name Dates Notes
"Prime Minister,
"First Lord of the Treasury
and "Minister for the Civil Service
"Edward Heath 19 June 1970 – 4 March 1974  
Parliamentary Secretary for the Civil Service Department "David Howell 23 June 1970 – 26 March 1972  
"Kenneth Baker 7 April 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Geoffrey Johnson-Smith 5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Lord Chancellor "The Lord Hailsham 20 June 1970  
"Lord President of the Council
and "Leader of the House of Commons
"William Whitelaw 20 June 1970  
"Robert Carr 7 April 1972  
"Jim Prior 5 November 1972  
"Lord Privy Seal
and "Leader of the House of Lords
"The Earl Jellicoe 20 June 1970
"The Lord Windlesham 5 June 1973  
"Chancellor of the Exchequer "Iain Macleod 20 June 1970 Died in office, 20 July 1970
"Anthony Barber 25 July 1970  
"Chief Secretary to the Treasury "Maurice Macmillan 23 June 1970  
"Patrick Jenkin 7 April 1972  
"Tom Boardman 8 January 1974  
Minister of State, Treasury "Terence Higgins 23 June 1970  
"John Nott 7 April 1972  
"Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury "Francis Pym 20 June 1970  
"Humphrey Atkins 2 December 1973  
"Financial Secretary to the Treasury "Patrick Jenkin 23 June 1970  
"Terence Higgins 7 April 1972  
"Lords of the Treasury "Reginald Eyre 24 June 1970 – 23 September 1970  
"David Howell 24 June 1970 – 6 January 1971  
"Hector Monro 24 June 1970 – 28 July 1971  
"Bernard Weatherill 24 June 1970 – 17 October 1971  
"Walter Clegg 24 June 1970 – 7 April 1972  
"Victor Goodhew 21 October 1970 – 9 October 1973  
"Paul Hawkins 5 January 1971 – 2 December 1973  
"Tim Fortescue 8 November 1971 – 7 April 1972  
"Keith Speed 8 November 1971 – 21 September 1973  
"Hugh Rossi 7 April 1972 – 8 January 1974  
"Oscar Murton 7 April 1972 – 30 October 1973  
"Michael Jopling 30 October 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"Hamish Gray 30 October 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"John Stradling Thomas 30 October 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"Marcus Fox 2 December 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"Kenneth Clarke 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
"Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs "Sir Alec Douglas-Home 20 June 1970  
"Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs "Joseph Godber 23 June 1970 – 5 November 1972  
"Richard Wood 15 October 1970 – 4 March 1974  
"The Lady Tweedsmuir 7 April 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Julian Amery 5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Lord Balniel 5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs "The Marquess of Lothian 24 June 1970 – 7 April 1972  
"Anthony Royle 24 June 1970 – 8 January 1974  
"Anthony Kershaw 15 October 1970 – 5 June 1973  
"Peter Blaker 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
"Minister for Overseas Development "Richard Wood 15 October 1970  
"Secretary of State for the Home Department "Reginald Maudling 20 June 1970  
"Robert Carr 18 July 1972  
"Minister of State for Home Affairs "Richard Sharples 23 June 1970 – 7 April 1972  
"The Lord Windlesham 23 June 1970 – 26 March 1972  
"Mark Carlisle 7 April 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"The Viscount Colville 21 April 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs "Mark Carlisle 24 June 1970  
"David Lane 7 April 1972  
"Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food "James Prior 20 June 1970  
"Joseph Godber 5 November 1972  
Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food "Anthony Stodart 7 April 1972 New post
"Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food "Anthony Stodart 24 June 1970 – 7 April 1972  
"Peter Mills 7 April 1972 – 5 November 1972  
"Peggy Fenner 5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"The Earl Ferrers 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
Minister for Aviation Supply "Frederick Corfield 15 October 1970 New post. Abolished 1 May 1971 and functions transferred to "Ministry of Defence
Parliamentary Secretary for Aviation Supply "David Price 15 October 1970 New post. Abolished 1 May 1971 and functions transferred to "Ministry of Defence
"Secretary of State for Defence "The Lord Carrington 20 June 1970  
"Ian Gilmour 8 January 1974  
Minister of State for Defence "Lord Balniel 23 June 1970  
"Ian Gilmour 5 November 1972  
"George Younger 8 January 1974  
"Minister of State for Defence Procurement "Ian Gilmour 7 April 1971 Office abolished 5 November 1972
Under-Secretary of State for the Navy "Peter Kirk 24 June 1970  
"Antony Buck 5 November 1972  
"Under-Secretary of State for the Air Force "Antony Lambton 24 June 1970  
"Anthony Kershaw 5 June 1973  
"The Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal 8 January 1974  
Under-Secretary of State for the Army "Ian Gilmour 24 June 1970  
"Geoffrey Johnson-Smith 7 April 1971  
"Peter Blaker 5 November 1972  
"Dudley Smith 8 January 1974  
"Secretary of State for Education and Science "Margaret Thatcher 20 June 1970  
Minister of State, Education and Science "Norman St John-Stevas 5 June 1973 Minister for the Arts
Under-Secretary of State, Education and Science "The Lord Belstead 24 June 1970 – 5 June 1973  
"William van Straubenzee 24 June 1970 – 5 November 1972  
"Norman St John-Stevas 5 November 1972 – 2 December 1973  
"Timothy Raison 5 June 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"The Lord Sandford 2 December 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"Secretary of State for Employment "Robert Carr 20 June 1970 Employment and Productivity until 12 November 1970
"Maurice Macmillan 7 April 1972  
"William Whitelaw 2 December 1973  
Minister of State, Employment "Paul Bryan 23 June 1970  
"Robin Chichester-Clark 7 April 1972  
Under-Secretary of State, Employment "Dudley Smith 24 June 1970 – 7 January 1974  
"David Howell 5 January 1971 – 26 March 1972  
"Nicholas Scott 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
"Secretary of State for Energy "The Lord Carrington 8 January 1974  
Minister for Energy "Patrick Jenkin 8 January 1974 In Cabinet
Minister of State, Energy "David Howell 8 January 1974  
Under-Secretary of State, Energy "Peter Emery 8 January 1974  
"Secretary of State for the Environment "Peter Walker 15 October 1970  
"Geoffrey Rippon 5 November 1972  
Minister for Local Government and Development "Graham Page 15 October 1970  
Minister for Housing and Construction "Julian Amery 15 October 1970  
"Paul Channon 5 November 1972  
"Minister for Transport Industries "John Peyton 15 October 1970  
Under-Secretary of State, Environment "Eldon Griffiths 15 October 1970 – 4 March 1974  
"Paul Channon 15 October 1970 – 26 March 1972  
"The Lord Sandford 15 October 1970 – 5 June 1973  
"Michael Heseltine 15 October 1970 – 7 April 1972  
"Keith Speed 7 April 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Reginald Eyre 7 April 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"Lady Young 5 June 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"Hugh Rossi 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
"Secretary of State for Social Services "Sir Keith Joseph 20 June 1970  
Minister of State, Health and Social Security "The Lord Aberdare 23 June 1970 – 8 January 1974  
Parliamentary Secretary, Health and Social Security "Paul Dean 24 June 1970 – 4 March 1974  
"Michael Alison 24 June 1970 – 4 March 1974  
Secretary of State for Housing and Local Government "Peter Walker 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Part of Environment from 15 October 1970
Minister of State, Housing and Local Government "Graham Page 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Part of Environment from 15 October 1970
Parliamentary Secretary, Housing and Local Government "Eldon Griffiths 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Part of Environment from Oct 1970
"Paul Channon 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970
"The Lord Sandford 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970
"Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster "Anthony Barber 20 June 1970 With special responsibility for Europe
"Geoffrey Rippon 28 July 1970  
"John Davies 5 November 1972  
"Secretary of State for Northern Ireland "William Whitelaw 24 March 1972  
"Francis Pym 2 December 1973  
Minister of State, Northern Ireland "Paul Channon 26 March 1972 – 5 November 1972  
"The Lord Windlesham 26 March 1972 – 5 June 1973  
"William van Straubenzee 5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"David Howell 5 November 1972 – 8 January 1974  
Under-Secretary of State, Northern Ireland "David Howell 26 March 1972 – 5 November 1972  
"Peter Mills 5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"The Lord Belstead 5 June 1973 – 4 March 1974  
"Minister of Overseas Development "Richard Wood 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Reorganised under Foreign Office, 12 November 1970
"Paymaster-General "The Viscount Eccles 23 June 1970 Minister for Arts. Not in Cabinet
"Maurice Macmillan 2 December 1973  
"Minister without Portfolio "The Lord Drumalbyn 15 October 1970  
"The Lord Aberdare 8 January 1974  
Minister for Posts and Telecommunications "Christopher Chataway 24 June 1970  
"Sir John Eden 7 April 1972  
"Minister of Public Buildings and Works "Julian Amery 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Reorganised under Department of Environment 15 October 1970
Parliamentary Secretary, Public Buildings and Works "Anthony Kershaw 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970
"Secretary of State for Scotland "Gordon Campbell 20 June 1970  
"Minister of State for Scotland "The Lady Tweedsmuir 23 June 1970  
"The Lord Polwarth 7 April 1972  
"Under-Secretary of State for Scotland "Alick Buchanan-Smith 24 June 1970 – 4 March 1974  
"George Younger 24 June 1970 – 8 January 1974  
"Teddy Taylor 24 June 1970 – 28 July 1971  
"Hector Monro 28 July 1971 – 4 March 1974  
"Teddy Taylor 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
"Minister of Technology "Geoffrey Rippon 20 June 1970  
"John Davies 28 July 1970 – 15 October 1970 Office reorganised under Trade & Industry 15 October 1970
Minister of State, Ministry of Technology "Sir John Eden 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Office reorganised under Trade & Industry 15 October 1970
"The Earl of Bessborough 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970
Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Technology "David Price 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Office reorganised under Trade & Industry 15 October 1970
"Nicholas Ridley 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970
"President of the Board of Trade "Michael Noble 20 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Office reorganised under Trade & Industry 15 October 1970
Minister of State, Board of Trade "Frederick Corfield 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Office reorganised under Trade & Industry 15 October 1970
"Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade "Anthony Grant 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Office reorganised under Trade & Industry 15 October 1970
"Secretary of State for Trade and Industry "John Davies 15 October 1970  
"Peter Walker 5 November 1972  
"Minister of State for Trade "Michael Noble 15 October 1970 – 5 November 1972  
Minister of State, Trade and Consumer Affairs "Sir Geoffrey Howe 5 November 1972 In Cabinet
Under-Secretary of State for Trade "Anthony Grant 15 October 1970  
"The Earl of Limerick 7 April 1972  
Minister of State for Industry "Sir John Eden 15 October 1970  
"Tom Boardman 7 April 1972 Office eliminated 8 January 1974
Under-Secretary of State for Industry "Nicholas Ridley 15 October 1970  
"Peter Emery 7 April 1972 Office eliminated 8 January 1974
Minister for Aerospace "Frederick Corfield 1 May 1971  
"Michael Heseltine 7 April 1972 Consolidated with Shipping 5 November 1972
Under-Secretary of State for Aerospace "David Price 1 May 1971  
"Cranley Onslow 7 April 1972 Consolidated with Shipping 5 November 1972
Minister for Industrial Development "Christopher Chataway 7 April 1972  
Under-Secretary of State for Industrial Development "Anthony Grant 7 April 1972  
"Minister of Transport "John Peyton 23 June 1970 – 15 October 1970 Transport merged with Environment Oct 1970
"Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport "Michael Heseltine 24 June 1970 – 15 October 1970
"Secretary of State for Wales "Peter Thomas 20 June 1970  
"Minister of State for Wales "David Gibson-Watt 23 June 1970  
"Attorney General Sir "Peter Rawlinson 23 June 1970  
"Solicitor General Sir "Geoffrey Howe 23 June 1970  
Sir "Michael Havers 5 November 1972  
"Lord Advocate "Norman Wylie 23 June 1970  
"Solicitor General for Scotland "David William Robert Brand 23 June 1970  
"William Stewart 5 November 1972 Not an MP
"Treasurer of the Household "Humphrey Atkins 24 June 1970  
"Bernard Weatherill 2 December 1973  
"Comptroller of the Household "Walter Elliott 24 June 1970  
"Reginald Eyre 24 September 1970  
"Bernard Weatherill 7 April 1972  
"Walter Clegg 2 December 1973  
"Vice-Chamberlain of the Household "Jasper More 24 June 1970  
"Bernard Weatherill 17 October 1971  
"Walter Clegg 7 April 1972  
"Paul Hawkins 2 December 1973  
"Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms "The Earl St Aldwyn 24 June 1970  
"Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard "The Viscount Goschen 24 June 1970  
"The Lord Denham 20 November 1971  
"Lords in Waiting "The Lord Mowbray 24 June 1970 – 4 March 1974  
"The Lord Denham 24 June 1970 – 20 November 1971  
"The Lord Bethell 24 June 1970 – 5 January 1971  
"The Earl Ferrers 5 January 1971 – 8 January 1974  
"The Marquess of Lothian 7 April 1972 – 27 July 1973  
"The Earl of Gowrie 7 April 1972 – 4 March 1974  
"The Baroness Young 21 April 1972 – 5 June 1973  
"The Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal 27 June 1973 – 8 January 1974  
"The Lord Sandys 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
"The Earl Cowley 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  
"The Earl Alexander of Tunis 8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974  

References[edit]

Notes
Sources

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"Second Wilson ministry
"Government of the United Kingdom
1970–1974
Succeeded by
"Third Wilson ministry
) )