|Hedgehog in the Fog|
|Directed by||"Yuriy Norshteyn|
|Written by||Sergei Kozlov|
|Music by||Mikhail Meyerovich|
|Edited by||Natalia Abramova|
|October 23, 1975|
|10 min 29 s|
Hedgehog in the Fog ("Russian: Ёжик в тумане, "tr. Yozhik v tumane, IPA: "[ˈjɵʐɨk f tʊˈmanʲɪ]) is a 1975 "Soviet "animated film directed by "Yuriy Norshteyn, produced by the "Soyuzmultfilm studio in "Moscow. The Russian script was written by Sergei Kozlov, who also published a book under the same name. In 2006, Norshteyn published a book titled Hedgehog in the Fog, listing himself as an author alongside Kozlov.
This is a story about a little "hedgehog (voiced by "Maria Vinogradova), who is on his way to visit his friend the bear cub. As explained in the introductory narration, the two would meet every evening to drink tea from the cub's "samovar, which was heated on a fire of "juniper twigs. As they drank their tea, the hedgehog and the bear would chat and count the stars together.
On this day, the hedgehog decides to bring the bear cub some raspberry "jam. As Hedgehog heads out, a sinister looking "eagle-owl is following him. Hedgehog passes through the woods and encounters a beautiful white horse standing in a fog. He is curious as to whether the horse would drown if it went to sleep in the fog. The hedgehog decides to explore the fog for himself. As he goes down an incline into the fog, it is soon so thick that the hedgehog cannot even see his own paw.
The fog alternately thickens and thins; when it thins the hedgehog briefly catches vague sight of objects and creatures which disappear again as the fog thickens. Hedgehog finds himself in a surreal and frightening world inhabited by shapes which are not always identifiable and various creatures ranging from predators to friendly animals, in a world of silence and rustles, darkness, tall grass and enchanting stars.
The owl, which has been following the hedgehog, appears near him suddenly and hoots; only to disappear again, prompting the Hedgehog to call it a psycho. The hedgehog is frightened, but his curiosity keeps him exploring the unknown. Occasionally, an unseen distant voice is heard calling out for Hedgehog. As Hedgehog explores a large hollow tree, he realizes he has lost the raspberry jam. As he stumbles along, a large dog finds him and gives it to him.
Hedgehog falls into a river and believes he is going to drown. He floats downstream on his back and is rescued, possibly by a fish, and is set on shore. The Hedgehog arrives at the campfire where bear cub is brewing tea. Bear (voiced by "Vyacheslav Nevinny) explains that he was calling for the hedgehog, worried that he was late. The two sit together drinking tea and the bear talks and the hedgehog thinks of the horse.
|Director||"Yuriy Norshteyn (Юрий Норштейн)|
|Writer||Sergei Kozlov (Сергей Козлов)|
|Art Director||"Francheska Yarbusova (Франческа Ярбусова)|
|Animator||"Yuriy Norshteyn (Юрий Норштейн)|
|Camera Operator||Alexandr Zhukovskiy (Александр Жуковский)|
|Composer||Mikhail Meyerovich (Михаил Меерович)|
|Sound Operator||Boris Filchikov (Борис Фильчиков)|
|Script Editor||Natalya Abramova (Наталья Абрамова)|
|Voice Actors||"Alexei Batalov (Алексей Баталов) Narrator
"Maria Vinogradova (Мария Виноградова) Hedgehog
"Vyacheslav Nevinny (Вячеслав Невинный) Bear cub
|Film Editor||Nadezhda Treshchyova (Надежда Трещёва)|
The fog effects were created by putting a very thin piece of paper on top of the scene and slowly lifting it up toward the camera frame-by-frame until everything behind it became blurry and white.
Soviet era children's animation and literature was faced with the task of producing politically acceptable content. Anthropologist Serguei Oushakine recognizes this atmosphere of indefinite deferment in the animation, stating: "The main thing is the work of imagination, or more precisely, the terror and pleasure with which it is linked. The final scene of pleasure, to which these various phantasmatic and/or realistic experiences should indeed have led, is not included in the plot." This is evident through the hedgehog's anxiety and fixation on the horse, even after he succeeds in meeting the bear for tea.
Hedgehog in the Fog was ranked #1 in a poll at the 2003 Laputa Animation Festival where 140 animators from around the world voted for the best animated films of all time.
The opening ceremonies for the "2014 Winter Olympics referenced this work, mentioning it in a list of signature Russian accomplishments and artists, including "Fyodor Dostoyevsky, "Leo Tolstoy, and Sputnik.["citation needed]