Folk and popular dance and music also varies greatly among Hispanics. For instance, the music from Spain is a lot different from the "Hispanic American, although there is a high grade of exchange between both continents. In addition, due to the high national development of the diverse "nationalities and regions of Spain, there is a lot of music in the "different languages of the Peninsula ("Catalan, "Galician and "Basque, mainly). See, for instance, "Music of Catalonia or "Rock català, "Music of Galicia, Cantabria and Asturias, and "Basque music. "Flamenco is also a very popular music style in Spain, especially in "Andalusia. Spanish ballads "romances" can be traced in Mexico as "corridos" or in Argentina as "milongas", same structure but different scenarios.
On the other side of the ocean, Hispanic America is also home to a wide variety of music, even though "Latin" music is often erroneously thought of, as a single genre. Hispanic Caribbean music tends to favor complex polyrhythms of African origin. "Mexican music shows combined influences of mostly Spanish and Native American origin, while traditional Northern Mexican music — "norteño and "banda — is more influenced by country-and-western music and the "polka, brought by "Central European settlers to "Mexico. The music of Hispanic Americans — such as "tejano music — has influences in "rock, "jazz, "R&B, "pop, and "country music as well as traditional Mexican music such as "Mariachi. Meanwhile, native "Andean sounds and melodies are the backbone of Peruvian and Bolivian music, but also play a significant role in the popular music of most South American countries and are heavily incorporated into the folk music of Ecuador and Chile and the tunes of Colombia, and again in Chile where they play a fundamental role in the form of the greatly followed "nueva canción. In U.S. communities of immigrants from these countries it is common to hear these styles. "Latin pop, "Rock en Español, "Latin hip-hop, "Salsa, "Merengue, colombian cumbia and "Reggaeton styles tend to appeal to the broader Hispanic population, and varieties of Cuban music are popular with many Hispanics of all backgrounds.
Spanish-language literature and folklore is very rich and is influenced by a variety of countries. There are thousands of writers from many places, and dating from the Middle Ages to the present. Some of the most recognized writers are "Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (Spain), "Lope de Vega (Spain), "Calderón de la Barca (Spain), "Jose Rizal (Philippines), "Carlos Fuentes (Mexico), "Octavio Paz (Mexico), "Miguel Ángel Asturias (Guatemala), "George Santayana (US), "José Martí (Cuba), "Sabine Ulibarri (US), "Federico García Lorca (Spain), "Miguel de Unamuno (Spain), "Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia), "Rafael Pombo (Colombia), "Horacio Quiroga (Uruguay), "Rómulo Gallegos (Venezuela), "Luis Rodriguez Varela (Philippines), "Rubén Darío (Nicaragua), "Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru), "Giannina Braschi (Puerto Rico), "Cristina Peri Rossi (Uruguay), "Luisa Valenzuela (Argentina), Roberto Quesada (Honduras), "Julio Cortázar (Argentina), "Pablo Neruda (Chile), "Gabriela Mistral (Chile), "Jorge Luis Borges (Argentina), "Pedro Henríquez Ureña (Dominican Republic), "Ernesto Sabato (Argentina), "Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel (Equatorial Guinea), "Ciro Alegría (Peru), "Joaquin Garcia Monge (Costa Rica), and "Jesus Balmori (Philippines).
In the majority of the Hispanic countries, "association football is the most popular sport. The men's national teams of Argentine, Uruguay and Spain have won the "FIFA World Cup a total five times. The Spanish "La Liga is one of the most popular in the world, known for "FC Barcelona and "Real Madrid. Meanwhile, the "Argentine Primera División and "Mexican Primera División are two of the strongest leagues in the Americas.
However, "baseball is the most popular sport in some Central American and Caribbean countries (especially Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Venezuela), as well as in the diaspora in the United States. Notable Hispanic teams in early baseball are the "All Cubans, "Cuban Stars and "New York Cubans. The "Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum recognizes Hispanic baseball personalities. Nearly 30 percent (22 percent foreign-born Latinos) of "MLB players today have Hispanic heritage.
Several Hispanic sportspeople have been successful worldwide, such as "Diego Maradona, "Alfredo di Stefano, "Lionel Messi, "Diego Forlán (association football), "Juan Manuel Fangio, "Juan Pablo Montoya, "Eliseo Salazar, "Fernando Alonso, "Marc Gené, "Carlos Sainz (auto racing), "Ángel Nieto, "Dani Pedrosa, "Jorge Lorenzo, "Marc Márquez, "Marc Coma, "Nani Roma (motorcycle racing), "Emanuel Ginóbili, "Pau Gasol, "Marc Gasol (basketball), "Julio César Chávez, "Saúl Álvarez, "Carlos Monzón (boxing), "Miguel Indurain, "Alberto Contador, "Santiago Botero, "Rigoberto Urán, "Nairo Quintana (cycling), "Roberto de Vicenzo, "Ángel Cabrera, "Sergio García, "Severiano Ballesteros, "José María Olazábal (golf), "Luciana Aymar (field hockey), "Rafael Nadal, "Marcelo Ríos, "Guillermo Vilas, "Gabriela Sabatini, "Juan Martín del Potro (tennis).
Notable Hispanic sports television networks are "ESPN Latin America, "Fox Sports Latin America and "TyC Sports.
With regard to religious affiliation among Spanish-speakers, "Christianity — specifically "Roman Catholicism — is usually the first religious tradition that comes to mind["citation needed]. The Spaniards and the Portuguese took the Roman Catholic faith to Ibero-America and the Philippines, and Roman Catholicism remains the predominant religion amongst most Hispanics. A small but growing number of Hispanics belong to a "Protestant denomination.
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There are also Spanish-speaking "Jews, most of whom are the descendants of "Ashkenazi Jews who migrated from Europe (German Jews, Russian Jews, Polish Jews, etc.) to Hispanic America, particularly "Argentina, "Uruguay, "Peru and "Cuba (Argentina is host to the third largest Jewish population in the Western Hemisphere, after the United States and Canada) in the 19th century and following World War II. Many Spanish-speaking Jews also originate from the small communities of reconverted descendants of "anusim — those whose Spanish "Sephardi Jewish ancestors long ago hid their Jewish ancestry and beliefs in fear of persecution by the "Spanish Inquisition in the "Iberian Peninsula and Ibero-America. The Spanish Inquisition led to a large number of forced conversions of Spanish Jews.
Genetic studies on the (male) "Y-chromosome conducted by the "University of Leeds in 2008 appear to support the idea that the number of forced conversions have been previously underestimated significantly. They found that twenty percent of Spanish males have Y-chromosomes associated with Sephardic Jewish ancestry. This may imply that there were more forced conversions than was previously thought.
There are also thought to be many Catholic-professing descendants of "marranos and Spanish-speaking "crypto-Jews in the "Southwestern United States and scattered through Hispanic America. Additionally, there are Sephardic Jews who are descendants of those Jews who fled Spain to Turkey, "Syria, and North Africa, some of whom have now migrated to Hispanic America, holding on to some Spanish/Sephardic customs, such as the "Ladino language, which mixes Spanish, Hebrew, Arabic and others, though written with Hebrew and Latin characters. Though, it should be noted, that "Ladinos were also African slaves captive in Spain held prior to the colonial period in the Americas. (See also "History of the Jews in Hispanic America and "List of Hispanic American Jews.)
Among the Spanish-speaking Catholics, most communities celebrate their homeland's "patron saint, dedicating a day for this purpose with festivals and religious services. Some Spanish-speakers syncretize Roman Catholicism and African or Native American rituals and beliefs. Such is the case of "Santería, popular with "Afro-Cubans, which combines old African beliefs in the form of Roman Catholic saints and rituals. Other syncretistic beliefs include "Spiritism and "Curanderismo.
While a tiny minority, there are some Muslims in Latin America, in the US, and in the Philippines. Those in the Philippines live predominantly in the "Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao province.
In the United States, some 65% of Hispanics and Latinos report themselves Catholic and 21% Protestant, with 13% having no affiliation. A minority among the Roman Catholics, about one in five, are "charismatics. Among the Protestant, 85% are ""Born-again Christians" and belong to "Evangelical or "Pentecostal churches. Among the smallest groups, less than 4%, are Jewish.
Cultural heritage according to UNESCO
The Hispanic world, according to the United Nations World Heritage Committee, has contributed substantially more than any other ethnicity to the cultural heritage of the world. A World Heritage Cultural Site is a place such as a building, city, complex, or monument that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural significance. Of a total of 802 Cultural World Heritage Sites recognized by the United Nations as of July 2015, 114 are located in Hispanic countries. Spain alone has 39 cultural sites, only second in the world to Italy.
- "Spanish language
- "Latin Americans
- "Hispanic and Latino Americans
- "Culture of Spain
- "Spanish Filipino
- "Ibero-America ("Iberian Peninsula)
- "Latin Union
- "Hispanic Ancestry userbox
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'Hispanic Americans,' which includes persons of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race...
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SBA has defined 'Hispanic American' as an individual whose ancestry and culture are rooted in South America, Central America, Mexico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, or Spain.
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