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The Hlubi (or amaHlubi) are an ethnic group who originate from the "Samburu people of Kenya and the "Shubi, an ethnic and linguistic group based in the "Kagera Region of "Tanzania. The amaHlubi took part in the southward migration of the eMbo group/nation or amaLala from central Africa. After settling briefly along the "Lubombo mountains, a mountain range which extends from northern (present day) Zululand northwards along the Swaziland-Mozambique border, they migrated still further south and settled in what today is known as KwaZulu-Natal as long ago as the 13th century, leaving behind a section of their group which later became the "amaSwazi nation. For at least two centuries they have been a part of the Nguni, Mbo or Lala nation. At present they live in "Mozambique, "Swaziland and the "Republic of South Africa in the "KwaZulu-Natal, "Eastern Cape and "North West provinces. They were traditionally hunters and warriors but now are predominantly agriculturalists. The amaHlubi are the oldest in origin and are a much older tribe than either the "amaZulu or "amaXhosa. Little is documented about this tribe, as most of the literature concerns the time of King "Langalibalele, which consequently offers little in terms of the roots of the amaHlubi nation.
Below is a traditional estimation of the Hlubi kings that ruled from 1300 till the present day. Note that Hlubi history comes mainly from oral sources and especially the earlier estimated dates may be inaccurate.
|Busobengwe (Bhungane I)||1350–1370|
|Ncobo and later, Hadebe||1650–1675|
|Mthimkhulu II (Ngwadlazibomvu)||1800–1818|
|Dlomo II and later, Mthethwa (commonly known as "Langalibalele I)||1839–1889|
|Muziwenkosi (Langalibalelle ll)||1974 –|
The Hlubi dialect is endangered, and most Hlubi speakers are elderly and illiterate. There are attempts by Hlubi intellectuals to revive the language and make it one of the eleven recognised languages in South Africa.
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