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Hyperion
"Titan of heavenly light
Member of "Titans
Abode "Tartarus
Battles "Titanomachy
Personal Information
Consort "Theia
Offspring "Helios, "Eos and "Selene
Parents "Uranus and "Gaia
Siblings

In "Greek mythology, Hyperion ("/hˈpɪəriən/; "Greek: Ὑπερίων, "translit. Huperíōn, "The High-One") was one of the twelve "Titan children of "Gaia (Earth) and "Uranus (Sky or Heaven) who, led by "Cronus, overthrew their father Uranus and were themselves later overthrown by the "Olympians. With his sister, the Titaness "Theia, Hyperion fathered "Helios (Sun), "Selene (Moon) and "Eos (Dawn).[1]

Contents

Mythology[edit]

Hyperion's son "Helios was referred to in early mythological writings as Helios Hyperion (Ἥλιος Ὑπερίων, "Sun High-one"). In "Homer's Odyssey, "Hesiod's "Theogony and the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, the Sun is once in each work called Hyperionides (Ὑπεριωνίδης, "son of Hyperion"), and Hesiod certainly imagines Hyperion as a separate being in other writings. In later Greek literature, Hyperion is always distinguished from Helios; the former was ascribed the characteristics of the "God of Watchfulness, Wisdom and the Light", while the latter became the physical incarnation of the Sun. Hyperion is an obscure figure in Greek culture and mythology, mainly appearing in lists of the twelve Titans:

"Of Hyperion we are told that he was the first to understand, by diligent attention and observation, the movement of both the sun and the moon and the other stars, and the seasons as well, in that they are caused by these bodies, and to make these facts known to others; and that for this reason he was called the father of these bodies, since he had begotten, so to speak, the speculation about them and their nature."

— "Diodorus Siculus (5.67.1)

There is little to no reference to Hyperion during the "Titanomachy, the epic in which the Olympians battle the ruling Titans.

As the father of "Helios, Hyperion was regarded as the ""first principle" by "Emperor Julian,[2] though his relevance in Julian's notions of "theurgy is unknown.

Genealogical Chart[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Morford, p. 40; Keightley, p. 47; Smith, "Hyperion" ; "Hesiod, "Theogony 134, 371; Hymn to Helios (31) 4–7; "Apollodorus, 1.1.3; 1.2.2 The Homeric Hymn to Helios calls Hyperion's sister and mate "Euryphaëssa" probably, an epithet of Theia, see Morford, p. 61 and West 2003, note 61 p. 215. Other accounts make Selene the daughter of the Titan "Pallas (Hymn to Hermes (4), 99–100) or of Helios ("Euripides, "The Phoenician Women 175 ff.; "Nonnus, "Dionysiaca 44.191).
  2. ^ "A Summary of Pythagorean Theology". 
  3. ^ "Hesiod, "Theogony 132–138, 337–411, 453–520, 901–906, 915–920; Caldwell, pp. 8–11, tables 11–14.
  4. ^ Although usually the daughter of Hyperion and Theia, as in "Hesiod, "Theogony 371–374, in the "Homeric Hymn to Hermes (4), 99–100, Selene is instead made the daughter of Pallas the son of Megamedes.
  5. ^ According to "Hesiod, "Theogony 507–511, Clymene, one of the "Oceanids, the daughters of "Oceanus and "Tethys, at "Hesiod, "Theogony 351, was the mother by Iapetus of Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus, and Epimetheus, while according to "Apollodorus, 1.2.3, another Oceanid, Asia was their mother by Iapetus.
  6. ^ According to "Plato, "Critias, 113d–114a, Atlas was the son of "Poseidon and the mortal "Cleito.
  7. ^ In "Aeschylus, "Prometheus Bound 18, 211, 873 (Sommerstein, pp. 444–445 n. 2, 446–447 n. 24, 538–539 n. 113) Prometheus is made to be the son of "Themis.

References[edit]

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