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ISO 3166-1 is part of the "ISO 3166 "standard published by the "International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines "codes for the names of "countries, "dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes. It defines three sets of "country codes:[1]

The alphabetic country codes were first included in ISO 3166 in 1974, and the numeric country codes were first included in 1981. The country codes have been published as ISO 3166-1 since 1997, when ISO 3166 was expanded into three parts, with "ISO 3166-2 defining codes for "subdivisions and "ISO 3166-3 defining codes for "former countries.[2]

As a widely used international standard, ISO 3166-1 is implemented in other standards and used by "international organizations[3] to allow facilitation of the exchange of goods and information.[4] However, it is not the only standard for country codes. "Other country codes used by many international organizations are partly or totally incompatible with ISO 3166-1,[5] although some of them closely correspond to ISO 3166-1 codes.

Contents

Criteria for inclusion[edit]

Currently 249 countries, territories, or areas of geographical interest are assigned official codes in ISO 3166-1. According to the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), the only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:[6]

To be listed in the bulletin Country Names, a country must be at least one of the following:[7]

The list of names in Country and Region Codes for Statistical Use of the UN Statistics Division is based on the bulletin Country Names and other UN sources.

Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default.

The ISO 3166/MA may reserve code elements for other entities that do not qualify for inclusion based on the above criteria.[8] For example, because the "European Union is not a country, it is not formally included in ISO 3166-1, but for practical reasons, the ISO 3166/MA has "reserved the two-letter combination EU for the purpose of identifying the European Union within the framework of ISO 3166-1".[9]

Information included[edit]

ISO 3166-1 is published officially in both "English and "French. Since the second edition of ISO 3166-1, the following columns are included for each entry:

  1. Country Name – English (or French) short name (all upper-case)
  2. English (or French) short name (upper/lower case)
  3. English (or French) full name
  4. "Alpha-2 code
  5. "Alpha-3 code
  6. "Numeric code
  7. Remarks
  8. Independent (# denotes the country is considered a "sovereign state)
  9. Additional information: "Administrative language(s) "alpha-2 code element(s)
  10. Additional information: Administrative language(s) "alpha-3 code element(s)
  11. Additional information: "Local short name(s)

Naming and code construction[edit]

Naming and disputes[edit]

""A blue rectangle with a white line drawing of a sphere inside divided longitudinally and latitudinally and emblazoned with the letters "ISO" in white
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The "International Organization for Standardization uses the country names chosen by the "United Nations, some of which are disputed.

The country names used in ISO 3166-1 are taken from the two UN sources mentioned above. Some country names used by the UN, and accordingly by ISO, are subject to dispute:

Short name upper case in ISO 3166 Short name lower case in ISO 3166 Independent or not in ISO 3166 Local short name Language(s) Disputes
CHINA China Yes[10] Zhongguo Chinese "Sovereignty dispute: "China is de facto divided into the People's Republic of China as the full name in ISO 3166 and the "Republic of China (Taiwan) not widely recognized.
CYPRUS Cyprus Yes[11] Kýpros

Kıbrıs
Greek

Turkish
"Sovereignty dispute: "Cyprus is de facto divided into the Republic of Cyprus as the full name in ISO 3166 and the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus not widely recognized.
FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS) Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas] No[12] Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas] English "Sovereignty dispute: The United Kingdom administers the Falkland Islands[13] and Argentina claims this group of islands as Malvinas.
MACEDONIA, THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) Yes[14] Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija Macedonian "Naming dispute: ISO 3166 follows the provisional reference used by the United Nations for the "Republic of Macedonia.
PALESTINE, STATE OF Palestine, State of No[15] Dawlat Filasţīn Arabic "Sovereignty dispute: Following the "recognition of Palestine as a non-member UN state in 2012, the official designation used in ISO 3166-1 was changed from ""Palestinian Territory, Occupied" to ""Palestine, State of".[16]
TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA "Taiwan (Province of China) No[17] Taiwan Chinese Sovereignty and naming dispute:[9] In 2007, the "Republic of China filed a lawsuit before a Swiss civil court against the ISO, arguing that the ISO's use of the "United Nations name rather than "Republic of China (Taiwan)" violates "Taiwan's name rights.[18] On 9 September 2010, a panel of the "Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland decided, by three votes to two, to dismiss the suit as presenting a "political question not subject to Swiss civil jurisdiction.[19][20][21]
WESTERN SAHARA "Western Sahara No[22] Aş Şaḩrā' al Gharbīyah Arabic "Sovereignty dispute: "Morocco de facto controls the territory, claimed by the "Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

Coding[edit]

The codes are chosen, according to the ISO 3166/MA, "to reflect the significant, unique component of the country name in order to allow a visual association between country name and country code".[9] For this reason, common components of country names like "Republic", "Kingdom", "United", "Federal" or "Democratic" are normally not used for deriving the code elements. As a consequence, for example, the "United Kingdom is officially assigned the alpha-2 code GB rather than UK, based on its official name "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (although UK is reserved on the request of the United Kingdom). Some codes are chosen based on the native names of the countries. For example, "Germany is assigned the alpha-2 code DE, based on its native name "Deutschland".

Current codes[edit]

Officially assigned code elements[edit]

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding list of the countries which are assigned official codes. It is listed in alphabetical order by the English short country name (upper/lower case) used by the ISO 3166/MA.[23]

Note: Each country's "alpha-2 code is linked to more information about the assignment of its code elements.

English short name (upper/lower case) "Alpha-2 code "Alpha-3 code "Numeric code Link to "ISO 3166-2 subdivision codes Independent
"Afghanistan "AF AFG 004 "ISO 3166-2:AF Yes
"Åland Islands "AX ALA 248 "ISO 3166-2:AX No
"Albania "AL ALB 008 "ISO 3166-2:AL Yes
"Algeria "DZ DZA 012 "ISO 3166-2:DZ Yes
"American Samoa "AS ASM 016 "ISO 3166-2:AS No
"Andorra "AD AND 020 "ISO 3166-2:AD Yes
"Angola "AO AGO 024 "ISO 3166-2:AO Yes
"Anguilla "AI AIA 660 "ISO 3166-2:AI No
"Antarctica "AQ ATA 010 "ISO 3166-2:AQ No
"Antigua and Barbuda "AG ATG 028 "ISO 3166-2:AG Yes
"Argentina "AR ARG 032 "ISO 3166-2:AR Yes
"Armenia "AM ARM 051 "ISO 3166-2:AM Yes
"Aruba "AW ABW 533 "ISO 3166-2:AW No
"Australia "AU AUS 036 "ISO 3166-2:AU Yes
"Austria "AT AUT 040 "ISO 3166-2:AT Yes
"Azerbaijan "AZ AZE 031 "ISO 3166-2:AZ Yes
"Bahamas "BS BHS 044 "ISO 3166-2:BS Yes
"Bahrain "BH BHR 048 "ISO 3166-2:BH Yes
"Bangladesh "BD BGD 050 "ISO 3166-2:BD Yes
"Barbados "BB BRB 052 "ISO 3166-2:BB Yes
"Belarus "BY BLR 112 "ISO 3166-2:BY Yes
"Belgium "BE BEL 056 "ISO 3166-2:BE Yes
"Belize "BZ BLZ 084 "ISO 3166-2:BZ Yes
"Benin "BJ BEN 204 "ISO 3166-2:BJ Yes
"Bermuda "BM BMU 060 "ISO 3166-2:BM No
"Bhutan "BT BTN 064 "ISO 3166-2:BT Yes
"Bolivia (Plurinational State of) "BO BOL 068 "ISO 3166-2:BO Yes
"Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba "BQ BES 535 "ISO 3166-2:BQ No
"Bosnia and Herzegovina "BA BIH 070 "ISO 3166-2:BA Yes
"Botswana "BW BWA 072 "ISO 3166-2:BW Yes
"Bouvet Island "BV BVT 074 "ISO 3166-2:BV No
"Brazil "BR BRA 076 "ISO 3166-2:BR Yes
"British Indian Ocean Territory "IO IOT 086 "ISO 3166-2:IO No
"Brunei Darussalam "BN BRN 096 "ISO 3166-2:BN Yes
"Bulgaria "BG BGR 100 "ISO 3166-2:BG Yes
"Burkina Faso "BF BFA 854 "ISO 3166-2:BF Yes
"Burundi "BI BDI 108 "ISO 3166-2:BI Yes
"Cabo Verde "CV CPV 132 "ISO 3166-2:CV Yes
"Cambodia "KH KHM 116 "ISO 3166-2:KH Yes
"Cameroon "CM CMR 120 "ISO 3166-2:CM Yes
"Canada "CA CAN 124 "ISO 3166-2:CA Yes
"Cayman Islands "KY CYM 136 "ISO 3166-2:KY No
"Central African Republic "CF CAF 140 "ISO 3166-2:CF Yes
"Chad "TD TCD 148 "ISO 3166-2:TD Yes
"Chile "CL CHL 152 "ISO 3166-2:CL Yes
"China "CN CHN 156 "ISO 3166-2:CN Yes
"Christmas Island "CX CXR 162 "ISO 3166-2:CX No
"Cocos (Keeling) Islands "CC CCK 166 "ISO 3166-2:CC No
"Colombia "CO COL 170 "ISO 3166-2:CO Yes
"Comoros "KM COM 174 "ISO 3166-2:KM Yes
"Congo "CG COG 178 "ISO 3166-2:CG Yes
"Congo (Democratic Republic of the) "CD COD 180 "ISO 3166-2:CD Yes
"Cook Islands "CK COK 184 "ISO 3166-2:CK No
"Costa Rica "CR CRI 188 "ISO 3166-2:CR Yes
"Côte d'Ivoire "CI CIV 384 "ISO 3166-2:CI Yes
"Croatia "HR HRV 191 "ISO 3166-2:HR Yes
"Cuba "CU CUB 192 "ISO 3166-2:CU Yes
"Curaçao "CW CUW 531 "ISO 3166-2:CW No
"Cyprus "CY CYP 196 "ISO 3166-2:CY Yes
"Czechia "CZ CZE 203 "ISO 3166-2:CZ Yes
"Denmark "DK DNK 208 "ISO 3166-2:DK Yes
"Djibouti "DJ DJI 262 "ISO 3166-2:DJ Yes
"Dominica "DM DMA 212 "ISO 3166-2:DM Yes
"Dominican Republic "DO DOM 214 "ISO 3166-2:DO Yes
"Ecuador "EC ECU 218 "ISO 3166-2:EC Yes
"Egypt "EG EGY 818 "ISO 3166-2:EG Yes
"El Salvador "SV SLV 222 "ISO 3166-2:SV Yes
"Equatorial Guinea "GQ GNQ 226 "ISO 3166-2:GQ Yes
"Eritrea "ER ERI 232 "ISO 3166-2:ER Yes
"Estonia "EE EST 233 "ISO 3166-2:EE Yes
"Ethiopia "ET ETH 231 "ISO 3166-2:ET Yes
"Falkland Islands (Malvinas) "FK FLK 238 "ISO 3166-2:FK No
"Faroe Islands "FO FRO 234 "ISO 3166-2:FO No
"Fiji "FJ FJI 242 "ISO 3166-2:FJ Yes
"Finland "FI FIN 246 "ISO 3166-2:FI Yes
"France "FR FRA 250 "ISO 3166-2:FR Yes
"French Guiana "GF GUF 254 "ISO 3166-2:GF No
"French Polynesia "PF PYF 258 "ISO 3166-2:PF No
"French Southern Territories "TF ATF 260 "ISO 3166-2:TF No
"Gabon "GA GAB 266 "ISO 3166-2:GA Yes
"Gambia "GM GMB 270 "ISO 3166-2:GM Yes
"Georgia "GE GEO 268 "ISO 3166-2:GE Yes
"Germany "DE DEU 276 "ISO 3166-2:DE Yes
"Ghana "GH GHA 288 "ISO 3166-2:GH Yes
"Gibraltar "GI GIB 292 "ISO 3166-2:GI No
"Greece "GR GRC 300 "ISO 3166-2:GR Yes
"Greenland "GL GRL 304 "ISO 3166-2:GL No
"Grenada "GD GRD 308 "ISO 3166-2:GD Yes
"Guadeloupe "GP GLP 312 "ISO 3166-2:GP No
"Guam "GU GUM 316 "ISO 3166-2:GU No
"Guatemala "GT GTM 320 "ISO 3166-2:GT Yes
"Guernsey "GG GGY 831 "ISO 3166-2:GG No
"Guinea "GN GIN 324 "ISO 3166-2:GN Yes
"Guinea-Bissau "GW GNB 624 "ISO 3166-2:GW Yes
"Guyana "GY GUY 328 "ISO 3166-2:GY Yes
"Haiti "HT HTI 332 "ISO 3166-2:HT Yes
"Heard Island and McDonald Islands "HM HMD 334 "ISO 3166-2:HM No
"Holy See "VA VAT 336 "ISO 3166-2:VA Yes
"Honduras "HN HND 340 "ISO 3166-2:HN Yes
"Hong Kong "HK HKG 344 "ISO 3166-2:HK No
"Hungary "HU HUN 348 "ISO 3166-2:HU Yes
"Iceland "IS ISL 352 "ISO 3166-2:IS Yes
"India "IN IND 356 "ISO 3166-2:IN Yes
"Indonesia "ID IDN 360 "ISO 3166-2:ID Yes
"Iran (Islamic Republic of) "IR IRN 364 "ISO 3166-2:IR Yes
"Iraq "IQ IRQ 368 "ISO 3166-2:IQ Yes
"Ireland "IE IRL 372 "ISO 3166-2:IE Yes
"Isle of Man "IM IMN 833 "ISO 3166-2:IM No
"Israel "IL ISR 376 "ISO 3166-2:IL Yes
"Italy "IT ITA 380 "ISO 3166-2:IT Yes
"Jamaica "JM JAM 388 "ISO 3166-2:JM Yes
"Japan "JP JPN 392 "ISO 3166-2:JP Yes
"Jersey "JE JEY 832 "ISO 3166-2:JE No
"Jordan "JO JOR 400 "ISO 3166-2:JO Yes
"Kazakhstan "KZ KAZ 398 "ISO 3166-2:KZ Yes
"Kenya "KE KEN 404 "ISO 3166-2:KE Yes
"Kiribati "KI KIR 296 "ISO 3166-2:KI Yes
"Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) "KP PRK 408 "ISO 3166-2:KP Yes
"Korea (Republic of) "KR KOR 410 "ISO 3166-2:KR Yes
"Kuwait "KW KWT 414 "ISO 3166-2:KW Yes
"Kyrgyzstan "KG KGZ 417 "ISO 3166-2:KG Yes
"Lao People's Democratic Republic "LA LAO 418 "ISO 3166-2:LA Yes
"Latvia "LV LVA 428 "ISO 3166-2:LV Yes
"Lebanon "LB LBN 422 "ISO 3166-2:LB Yes
"Lesotho "LS LSO 426 "ISO 3166-2:LS Yes
"Liberia "LR LBR 430 "ISO 3166-2:LR Yes
"Libya "LY LBY 434 "ISO 3166-2:LY Yes
"Liechtenstein "LI LIE 438 "ISO 3166-2:LI Yes
"Lithuania "LT LTU 440 "ISO 3166-2:LT Yes
"Luxembourg "LU LUX 442 "ISO 3166-2:LU Yes
"Macao "MO MAC 446 "ISO 3166-2:MO No
"Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) "MK MKD 807 "ISO 3166-2:MK Yes
"Madagascar "MG MDG 450 "ISO 3166-2:MG Yes
"Malawi "MW MWI 454 "ISO 3166-2:MW Yes
"Malaysia "MY MYS 458 "ISO 3166-2:MY Yes
"Maldives "MV MDV 462 "ISO 3166-2:MV Yes
"Mali "ML MLI 466 "ISO 3166-2:ML Yes
"Malta "MT MLT 470 "ISO 3166-2:MT Yes
"Marshall Islands "MH MHL 584 "ISO 3166-2:MH Yes
"Martinique "MQ MTQ 474 "ISO 3166-2:MQ No
"Mauritania "MR MRT 478 "ISO 3166-2:MR Yes
"Mauritius "MU MUS 480 "ISO 3166-2:MU Yes
"Mayotte "YT MYT 175 "ISO 3166-2:YT No
"Mexico "MX MEX 484 "ISO 3166-2:MX Yes
"Micronesia (Federated States of) "FM FSM 583 "ISO 3166-2:FM Yes
"Moldova (Republic of) "MD MDA 498 "ISO 3166-2:MD Yes
"Monaco "MC MCO 492 "ISO 3166-2:MC Yes
"Mongolia "MN MNG 496 "ISO 3166-2:MN Yes
"Montenegro "ME MNE 499 "ISO 3166-2:ME Yes
"Montserrat "MS MSR 500 "ISO 3166-2:MS No
"Morocco "MA MAR 504 "ISO 3166-2:MA Yes
"Mozambique "MZ MOZ 508 "ISO 3166-2:MZ Yes
"Myanmar "MM MMR 104 "ISO 3166-2:MM Yes
"Namibia "NA NAM 516 "ISO 3166-2:NA Yes
"Nauru "NR NRU 520 "ISO 3166-2:NR Yes
"Nepal "NP NPL 524 "ISO 3166-2:NP Yes
"Netherlands "NL NLD 528 "ISO 3166-2:NL Yes
"New Caledonia "NC NCL 540 "ISO 3166-2:NC No
"New Zealand "NZ NZL 554 "ISO 3166-2:NZ Yes
"Nicaragua "NI NIC 558 "ISO 3166-2:NI Yes
"Niger "NE NER 562 "ISO 3166-2:NE Yes
"Nigeria "NG NGA 566 "ISO 3166-2:NG Yes
"Niue "NU NIU 570 "ISO 3166-2:NU No
"Norfolk Island "NF NFK 574 "ISO 3166-2:NF No
"Northern Mariana Islands "MP MNP 580 "ISO 3166-2:MP No
"Norway "NO NOR 578 "ISO 3166-2:NO Yes
"Oman "OM OMN 512 "ISO 3166-2:OM Yes
"Pakistan "PK PAK 586 "ISO 3166-2:PK Yes
"Palau "PW PLW 585 "ISO 3166-2:PW Yes
"Palestine, State of "PS PSE 275 "ISO 3166-2:PS No
"Panama "PA PAN 591 "ISO 3166-2:PA Yes
"Papua New Guinea "PG PNG 598 "ISO 3166-2:PG Yes
"Paraguay "PY PRY 600 "ISO 3166-2:PY Yes
"Peru "PE PER 604 "ISO 3166-2:PE Yes
"Philippines "PH PHL 608 "ISO 3166-2:PH Yes
"Pitcairn "PN PCN 612 "ISO 3166-2:PN No
"Poland "PL POL 616 "ISO 3166-2:PL Yes
"Portugal "PT PRT 620 "ISO 3166-2:PT Yes
"Puerto Rico "PR PRI 630 "ISO 3166-2:PR No
"Qatar "QA QAT 634 "ISO 3166-2:QA Yes
"Réunion "RE REU 638 "ISO 3166-2:RE No
"Romania "RO ROU 642 "ISO 3166-2:RO Yes
"Russian Federation "RU RUS 643 "ISO 3166-2:RU Yes
"Rwanda "RW RWA 646 "ISO 3166-2:RW Yes
"Saint Barthélemy "BL BLM 652 "ISO 3166-2:BL No
"Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha "SH SHN 654 "ISO 3166-2:SH No
"Saint Kitts and Nevis "KN KNA 659 "ISO 3166-2:KN Yes
"Saint Lucia "LC LCA 662 "ISO 3166-2:LC Yes
"Saint Martin (French part) "MF MAF 663 "ISO 3166-2:MF No
"Saint Pierre and Miquelon "PM SPM 666 "ISO 3166-2:PM No
"Saint Vincent and the Grenadines "VC VCT 670 "ISO 3166-2:VC Yes
"Samoa "WS WSM 882 "ISO 3166-2:WS Yes
"San Marino "SM SMR 674 "ISO 3166-2:SM Yes
"Sao Tome and Principe "ST STP 678 "ISO 3166-2:ST Yes
"Saudi Arabia "SA SAU 682 "ISO 3166-2:SA Yes
"Senegal "SN SEN 686 "ISO 3166-2:SN Yes
"Serbia "RS SRB 688 "ISO 3166-2:RS Yes
"Seychelles "SC SYC 690 "ISO 3166-2:SC Yes
"Sierra Leone "SL SLE 694 "ISO 3166-2:SL Yes
"Singapore "SG SGP 702 "ISO 3166-2:SG Yes
"Sint Maarten (Dutch part) "SX SXM 534 "ISO 3166-2:SX No
"Slovakia "SK SVK 703 "ISO 3166-2:SK Yes
"Slovenia "SI SVN 705 "ISO 3166-2:SI Yes
"Solomon Islands "SB SLB 090 "ISO 3166-2:SB Yes
"Somalia "SO SOM 706 "ISO 3166-2:SO Yes
"South Africa "ZA ZAF 710 "ISO 3166-2:ZA Yes
"South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands "GS SGS 239 "ISO 3166-2:GS No
"South Sudan "SS SSD 728 "ISO 3166-2:SS Yes
"Spain "ES ESP 724 "ISO 3166-2:ES Yes
"Sri Lanka "LK LKA 144 "ISO 3166-2:LK Yes
"Sudan "SD SDN 729 "ISO 3166-2:SD Yes
"Suriname "SR SUR 740 "ISO 3166-2:SR Yes
"Svalbard and Jan Mayen "SJ SJM 744 "ISO 3166-2:SJ No
"Swaziland "SZ SWZ 748 "ISO 3166-2:SZ Yes
"Sweden "SE SWE 752 "ISO 3166-2:SE Yes
"Switzerland "CH CHE 756 "ISO 3166-2:CH Yes
"Syrian Arab Republic "SY SYR 760 "ISO 3166-2:SY Yes
"Taiwan, Province of China[a] "TW TWN 158 "ISO 3166-2:TW No
"Tajikistan "TJ TJK 762 "ISO 3166-2:TJ Yes
"Tanzania, United Republic of "TZ TZA 834 "ISO 3166-2:TZ Yes
"Thailand "TH THA 764 "ISO 3166-2:TH Yes
"Timor-Leste "TL TLS 626 "ISO 3166-2:TL Yes
"Togo "TG TGO 768 "ISO 3166-2:TG Yes
"Tokelau "TK TKL 772 "ISO 3166-2:TK No
"Tonga "TO TON 776 "ISO 3166-2:TO Yes
"Trinidad and Tobago "TT TTO 780 "ISO 3166-2:TT Yes
"Tunisia "TN TUN 788 "ISO 3166-2:TN Yes
"Turkey "TR TUR 792 "ISO 3166-2:TR Yes
"Turkmenistan "TM TKM 795 "ISO 3166-2:TM Yes
"Turks and Caicos Islands "TC TCA 796 "ISO 3166-2:TC No
"Tuvalu "TV TUV 798 "ISO 3166-2:TV Yes
"Uganda "UG UGA 800 "ISO 3166-2:UG Yes
"Ukraine "UA UKR 804 "ISO 3166-2:UA Yes
"United Arab Emirates "AE ARE 784 "ISO 3166-2:AE Yes
"United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland "GB GBR 826 "ISO 3166-2:GB Yes
"United States of America "US USA 840 "ISO 3166-2:US Yes
"United States Minor Outlying Islands "UM UMI 581 "ISO 3166-2:UM No
"Uruguay "UY URY 858 "ISO 3166-2:UY Yes
"Uzbekistan "UZ UZB 860 "ISO 3166-2:UZ Yes
"Vanuatu "VU VUT 548 "ISO 3166-2:VU Yes
"Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) "VE VEN 862 "ISO 3166-2:VE Yes
"Viet Nam "VN VNM 704 "ISO 3166-2:VN Yes
"Virgin Islands (British) "VG VGB 092 "ISO 3166-2:VG No
"Virgin Islands (U.S.) "VI VIR 850 "ISO 3166-2:VI No
"Wallis and Futuna "WF WLF 876 "ISO 3166-2:WF No
"Western Sahara "EH ESH 732 "ISO 3166-2:EH No
"Yemen "YE YEM 887 "ISO 3166-2:YE Yes
"Zambia "ZM ZMB 894 "ISO 3166-2:ZM Yes
"Zimbabwe "ZW ZWE 716 "ISO 3166-2:ZW Yes

Reserved and user-assigned code elements[edit]

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.[24]

Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. Codes are usually reserved for former countries, overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status. The reserved alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes can be divided into the following four categories (click on the links for the reserved codes of each category):

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following codes can be user-assigned:[25]

Changes[edit]

The ISO 3166/MA updates ISO 3166-1 when necessary. A country is usually assigned new ISO 3166-1 codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. In general, new alphabetic codes are assigned if a country changes a significant part of its name, while a new numeric code is assigned if a country changes its territorial boundaries. Codes for formerly used country names that were deleted from ISO 3166-1 are published in "ISO 3166-3.

ISO used to announce changes in newsletters which updated the currently valid standard, and releasing new editions which comprise a consolidation of newsletter changes. As of July 2013, changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore. Past newsletters remain available on the ISO website.[26]

Edition/Newsletter Date issued Contents
ISO 3166:1974 1974 First edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1981 1981 Second edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1988 1988-08-15 Third edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1994 1994-02-10 Fourth edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166-1:1997 1997-09-25 First edition of ISO 3166-1 (ISO 3166 expanded into three parts)
Newsletter V-1 1998-02-05 Change of official name ("Samoa)
Newsletter V-2 1999-10-01 Inclusion of new country name and code elements ("Palestinian Territory, Occupied)
Newsletter V-3 2002-02-01 Change of alpha-3 Code Element ("Romania)
Newsletter V-4 2002-05-20 Name changes ("Afghanistan, "Azerbaijan, "Bahrain, "Bosnia and Herzegovina, "Fiji, "Hong Kong, "Kazakhstan, "Kiribati, "Macao, "Niue, "Somalia, "Venezuela)
Newsletter V-5 2002-05-20 Change of names and alphabetical code elements of "East Timor
Newsletter V-6 2002-11-15 Change of names of "East Timor
Newsletter V-7 2003-01-14 Change of official name of "Comoros
Newsletter V-8 2003-07-23 Deletion of ""Yugoslavia"; inclusion of ""Serbia and Montenegro" with new alphabetical code elements
Newsletter V-9 2004-02-13 Inclusion of an entry for "Åland Islands
Newsletter V-10 2004-04-26 Name changes ("Afghanistan, "Åland Islands)
Newsletter V-11 2006-03-29 Inclusion of an entry for "Jersey, "Guernsey and "Isle of Man. Change of remark for the "United Kingdom
Newsletter V-12 2006-09-26 Inclusion of the new entries for ""Serbia" and ""Montenegro" (replacing "Serbia and Montenegro)
ISO 3166-1:2006 2006-11-20 Second edition of ISO 3166-1
ISO 3166-1:2006/
Cor 1:2007
2007-07-15 First Technical Corrigendum to ISO 3166-1:2006
Newsletter VI-1 2007-09-21 Assignment of code elements for "Saint Barthélemy and "Saint Martin and update of "France and other French Territories ("French Polynesia, "French Southern Territories, "Guadeloupe, "Réunion)
Newsletter VI-2 2008-03-31 Name changes for "Moldova, "Montenegro and other minor corrections ("Madagascar, "Palestinian Territory, Occupied, "Saint Barthélemy)
Newsletter VI-3 2008-09-09 Name change for "Nepal and other minor corrections ("Greenland, "Guernsey, "Moldova, "Nigeria)
Newsletter VI-4 2009-01-07 Name change for the "Republic of Moldova and other minor corrections ("Central African Republic, "Comoros)
Newsletter VI-5 2009-03-03 Name change for "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and other minor corrections ("Kiribati, "Tuvalu)
Newsletter VI-6 2009-05-08 Name change for "Plurinational State of Bolivia
Newsletter VI-7 2010-02-22 Name change for "Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Newsletter VI-8 2010-12-15 Code elements for "Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba, "Curaçao and "Sint Maarten (Dutch part), update of other territories ("Netherlands, "Netherlands Antilles) and minor corrections ("Bosnia and Herzegovina, "Croatia)
Newsletter VI-9 2011-06-12
(corrected
2011-07-14)
Name changes for "Fiji and "Myanmar as well as other minor corrections ("Åland Islands, "Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, "Bulgaria, "Netherlands, "Niue)
Newsletter VI-10 2011-08-09 Code elements for "South Sudan (and new numeric code for "Sudan)
Newsletter VI-11 2011-11-08 Name change for "Libya
Newsletter VI-12 2012-02-15 Name change for "Hungary and other minor corrections ("Bangladesh, "Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, "Central African Republic, "Equatorial Guinea, "Eritrea, "Germany)
Newsletter VI-13 2012-08-02 Name change for "Eritrea and other minor corrections ("Germany, "Sri Lanka)
Newsletter VI-14 2013-02-06 Name change for "State of Palestine and other minor corrections ("Bulgaria, "Bouvet Island, "Jersey, "Saint Martin (French part), "Seychelles, "Sint Maarten (Dutch part), "Viet Nam)
Newsletter VI-15 2013-05-10 Name change for "Papua New Guinea
Newsletter VI-16 2013-07-11 Name change for "Somalia
ISO 3166-1:2013 2013-11-19 Third edition of ISO 3166-1 (changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Taiwan is included as a subdivision of China because of "its political status within the "United Nations, as, even though it is de facto under the jurisdiction of the "Republic of China instead of the "People's Republic of China, the United Nations does not recognize the Republic of China and considers Taiwan as part of China. In ISO 3166-1, Taiwan is listed as "Taiwan, Province of China".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ISO 3166 – FAQs – General questions". International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 
  2. ^ "Development of ISO 3166". ISO. 
  3. ^ "Implementation of ISO 3166-1". ISO. 
  4. ^ "You and ISO 3166". ISO. 
  5. ^ "Links". ISO. 
  6. ^ "ISO 3166-1 and ccTLDs". ISO. 
  7. ^ "Qualifying top-level domain strings: Eligible categories of top-level domains". Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "ISO 3166 – FAQs – General Questions". ISO. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06. 
  9. ^ a b c "ISO 3166 – FAQs – Specific". ISO. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. 
  10. ^ "ISO 3166 information for CN". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  11. ^ "ISO 3166 information for CY". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  12. ^ "ISO 3166 information for FK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  13. ^ "Falkland Islands Government". Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  14. ^ "ISO 3166 information for MK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  15. ^ "ISO 3166 information for PS". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. Remark: Conventional names. 
  16. ^ "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations". United Nations Statistics Division. 
  17. ^ "ISO 3166 information for TW". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  18. ^ "Taiwan sues ISO over incorrect reference". Taipei Representative Office in the UK. 
  19. ^ Felber, René (10 September 2010). "Umweg über Zivilrichter unzulässig: Taiwans Kampf um seinen Namen". "Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). p. 14. 
  20. ^ "Urteil vom 9. September 2010 (5A_329/2009)" [Decision of 9 September 2010 (5A_329/2009)] (PDF) (in German). Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. 
  21. ^ "Arrêt du 9 septembre 2010 (5A_329/2009)" [Decision of 9 September 2010 (5A_329/2009)] (PDF) (in French). Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. 
  22. ^ "ISO 3166 information for EH". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-25. Remark: Provisional name. 
  23. ^ "Country names and code elements". ISO.  – Note: The source actually shows only the "Country Name" element, in all upper-case. The table here has been upper/lower-cased per Wikipedia standards, but should closely resemble the upper/lower-case elements that are not freely available from the ISO.
  24. ^ "Customizing ISO 3166-1". ISO. 
  25. ^ "ISO 3166 – FAQs – General Questions". ISO. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06. 
  26. ^ "Updates on ISO 3166". ISO. 

Sources and external links[edit]

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