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Industry "Automotive
Fate Scooter sector (independent company) in 1971, car production 1993, using marque 1996
Founded 1947
Defunct 1997
Headquarters "Milan, Italy
Key people
"Ferdinando Innocenti, founder
Products "Automobiles
"Parent "De Tomaso, then "Fiat ("FCA Italy)

Innocenti was an "Italian machinery works originally established by "Ferdinando Innocenti in 1920. Over the years they produced "Lambretta scooters as well as a range of automobiles, mainly of "British Leyland origins. The brand was retired in 1996, six years after a takeover by "Fiat.



After World War II, the company was famous for many years for "Lambretta scooters models such as LI125, LI150, TV175, "TV200, SX125, SX150, "SX200, GP125, GP150 and GP200.

From 1961 to 1976 Innocenti built under licence the "BMC (later the "British Leyland Motor Corporation / BLMC) "Mini, with 848, 998 cc and 1,275 cc engines, followed by other models, including, from 1973, the Regent ("Allegro), with engines up to 1,485 cc. The company of this era is commonly called Leyland Innocenti. The Innocenti Spyder (1961–70) was a rebodied version of the "Austin-Healey MKII Sprite (styling by "Ghia). The car was produced by "OSI, near Milan. In 1972 BLMC took over control of the company.

In 1972 the company's land, buildings and equipment were purchased by "British Leyland in a deal involving approximately £3 million.[1] The British company had high hopes for its newly acquired subsidiary at a time when, they reported to the UK press, Italian Innocenti sales were second only to those of "Fiat, and ahead of "Volkswagen and "Renault:[1] there was talk of further increasing annual production from 56,452 in 1971 to 100,000. However, the peak production under BLMC was 62,834 in 1972, in spite of exports increasing from one (1) car in 1971 to more than 17,000 in 1974.[2] Demonstrating their ambitions, the British company installed as Managing Director one of their youngest UK based senior executives, the then 32-year-old former Financial Controller "Geoffrey Robinson.[1] Three years later BLMC ran out of money and was nationalised by the UK government.

Innocenti I4

In February 1976, the company passed to "Alejandro de Tomaso and was reorganised by the "De Tomaso Group under the name Nuova Innocenti. Benelli had a share and British Leyland retained five percent, with De Tomaso owning forty-four percent with the aid of a rescue plan from GEPI (an Italian public agency intended to provide investment for troubled corporations).[3] Management was entirely De Tomaso's responsibility, however, and later in 1976 GEPI and De Tomaso combined their 95% of Innocenti (and all of "Maserati) into one new holding company.[4]

However, with the loss of the original Mini, the Austin I5, and the (admittedly slow-selling) Regent, sales were in freefall. Production was nearly halved in 1975 and was down to about a fifth of the 1974 levels in 1976. After this crisis, however, the new "Bertone-bodied Mini began selling more strongly and production climbed to a steady 40,000 per annum by the end of the '70s.[2] The first model had "Bertone-designed five-seater bodywork and was available with Leyland's 998 cc and 1275 cc engines.

Exports, which had been carried out mainly by British Leyland's local concessionaires, began drying up in the early eighties as BL did not want to see internal competition from the Innocenti Mini. Sales to France (Innocenti's biggest export market) ended in 1980, with German sales coming to a halt in 1982.[5] Around the same time, the engine deal with Leyland ended, and production soon dropped into the low twenty thousands. Later models, from model year 1983 on, used 993 cc three-cylinder engines made by "Daihatsu of Japan. De Tomaso developed a "turbocharged version of this engine for Daihatsu which found use in both Innocenti and Daihatsu cars.[6]

In addition to building their own cars, De Tomaso also had Innocenti use their factory capacity in producing bodywork for and providing final assembly of the "Maserati Biturbo,[6] "Quattroporte, and the "Chrysler TC by Maserati. As production kept decreasing, and prices vis-à-vis competing Fiat products increased, Innocenti attempted to stay relevant by adding ever higher and more individual equipment.[7] Innocenti kept building their own cars until early 1993. Beginning in 1990, when "Fiat took over, Innocenti also sold Yugo's "Koral and "Brazilian-sourced versions of the "Fiat Uno (Elba station wagon and Uno Mille) in the Italian market.[8] The marque ended when sales of these rebadged models came to a halt in 1996.[9]

List of Innocenti vehicles[edit]

Innocenti A40
Innocenti 950-S Spider
Innocenti C Coupe


Year[n 1] 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975
Production 35,967[12] 46,026[12] 47,760 50,630 61,950 62,834 58,471 60,711 33,061
Exports 10 1 1 205 6,690 17,421 11,003
Year 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Production 12,789 38,120 40,719 39,991[13] 39,770[13] 23,187[14] 21,646[14] 13,688[15] 17,151[15] 15,218[16]
Exports 754 10,169 8,862
Year 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Production 12,687[16] 10,443[17] 10,331[18] 10,100[19] 4,221[19] 10,550[20] 8,600[21] 0[21]


  1. ^ 1969–1978 production and export numbers are from Quattroruote, March 1979.[2]
  1. ^ a b c Garnier, Peter, ed. (11 May 1972). "Worldwide news and comment: Innocenti under the BL wing". "Autocar. 136 (3969): 3. 
  2. ^ a b c Mazzocchi, Gianni, ed. (March 1979). "Il bilancio è migliore di quanto dicano le cifre ufficiali" [The Results Are Better Than the Official Figures Say]. Quattroruote (in Italian). Editoriale Domus. 24 (280): 125. 
  3. ^ Norbye, Jan P (1980), De Tomaso Pantera: '351' V8 Pantera, L, GTS, Gr3, GT4, London, UK: Osprey Publishing, p. 123, "ISBN "0-85045-382-8 
  4. ^ Norbye, p. 124
  5. ^ Heitz, Rudolf, ed. (1983). Auto Katalog 1984 (in German). 27. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. pp. 245, 247. 
  6. ^ a b Heitz, Rudolf, ed. (1985-08-01). Auto Katalog 1986 (in German). 29. Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 104. 81530/85001. 
  7. ^ Heitz, Rudolf, ed. (1987). Auto Katalog 1988 (in German). 31. Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 125. 
  8. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1992). Automobil Revue 1992 (in German and French). 87. Hallwag AG. p. 316. "ISBN "3-444-00539-3. 
  9. ^ "Innocenti". Austin-rover.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  10. ^ a b "The Innocenti "C"". www.innocentispider.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-19. 
  11. ^ History and Specifications, www.innocentispyder.com Archived 2015-04-16 at the "Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 19 March 2014
  12. ^ a b Gloor, Roger (13 March 1969). Braunschweig, Robert; et al., eds. "Die Personenwagen-Weltproduktion 1968/La production mondiale de voitures en 1968" [The world's car production 1968]. Automobil Revue - Katalognummer 1969/Revue Automobile - Numéro catalogue 1969 (in German/French). Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. 64: 526. 
  13. ^ a b Freund, Klaus, ed. (August 1981). Auto Katalog 1982 (in German). 25. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 251. 
  14. ^ a b Auto Katalog 1984, p. 243
  15. ^ a b Auto Katalog 1986, p. 252
  16. ^ a b Auto Katalog 1988, p. 289
  17. ^ Dackevall, Gunnar, ed. (1988). BilKatalogen 1989 (Swedish edition of German Auto Katalog) (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden: PM Press AB. p. 261. 0284-365X. 
  18. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (8 March 1990). Automobil Revue 1990 (in German and French). 85. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 635. "ISBN "3-444-00495-8. 
  19. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 (in German and French). 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 637. "ISBN "3-444-00514-8. 
  20. ^ Automobil Revue 1992, p. 609
  21. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (10 March 1994). Automobil Revue 1994 (in German and French). 89. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 590. "ISBN "3-444-00584-9. 

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