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Main article: "Ottawa Treaty

The "Mine Ban Treaty, or the "Ottawa Treaty, is the international agreement that bans "Anti-personnel mine. Officially entitled The Convention on the Prohibition, Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Antipersonnel Mines and on Their Destruction, the treaty is sometimes referred to as the "Ottawa Convention. The Mine Ban Treaty was adopted in Oslo, Norway, in September 1997 and signed by 122 States in Ottawa, Canada, on 3 December 1997. As of January 2013, there were 161 States Parties to the Ottawa Treaty.

The mine ban treaty suggest several agendas to member states:
1. Never use antipersonnel mines, nor to "develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer" them
2. Destroy mines in their stockpiles within four years
3. Clear mined areas in their territory within 10 years
4. In mine-affected countries, conduct mine risk education and ensure that mine survivors, their families and communities receive comprehensive assistance
5. Offer assistance to other States Parties, for example in providing for survivors or contributing to clearance programs
6. Adopt national implementation measures (such as national legislation) in order to ensure that the terms of the treaty are upheld in their territory

Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor[edit]

Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor is the ICBL-CMC's research and monitoring arm. It is the de facto monitoring regime for the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions. It monitors and reports on States Parties' implementation of and compliance with the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions, and more generally, it assesses the problems caused by landmines, cluster munitions, and other explosive remnants of war (ERW). The Monitor represents the first time that NGOs have come together in a coordinated, systematic, and sustained way to monitor humanitarian law or disarmament treaties, and to regularly document progress and problems, thereby successfully putting into practice the concept of civil society-based verification. Since its creation in 1998, Monitor research has been carried out by a global network of primarily in-country researchers, most of them ICBL-CMC campaigners, and all content undergoes rigorous editing by the Monitor's Editorial Team prior to publication.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ICBL: History,

2. UN Mine ban treaty text :

External links[edit]

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