|J. Howard McGrath|
|60th "United States Attorney General|
August 23, 1949 – April 3, 1952
|President||"Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||"Tom C. Clark|
|Succeeded by||"James P. McGranery|
|"United States Senator
from "Rhode Island
January 3, 1947 – August 23, 1949
|Preceded by||"Peter G. Gerry|
|Succeeded by||"Edward L. Leahy|
|Chair of the "Democratic National Committee|
|Preceded by||"Robert E. Hannegan|
|Succeeded by||"William M. Boyle|
|27th "Solicitor General of the United States|
|Preceded by||"Charles Fahy|
|Succeeded by||"Philip Perlman|
|60th "Governor of Rhode Island|
January 7, 1941 – October 6, 1945
|"Lieutenant||Louis W. Cappelli|
|Preceded by||"William Henry Vanderbilt III|
|Succeeded by||"John O. Pastore|
|"United States Attorney for Rhode Island|
|President||"Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Preceded by||Henry M. Boss, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||George F. Troy|
|Born||James Howard McGrath
November 28, 1903
"Woonsocket, Rhode Island, "U.S.
|Died||September 2, 1966
"Narragansett, Rhode Island
|Resting place||"St. Francis Cemetery, "Pawtucket, Rhode Island, "U.S.|
|Spouse(s)||Estelle Cadorette McGrath|
|Children||James David "Mark" McGrath|
|"Alma mater||"Providence College
James Howard McGrath (November 28, 1903 – September 2, 1966) was an "American politician and "attorney from the "U.S. state of "Rhode Island. McGrath, a "Democrat, served as "U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island before becoming "Governor, "U.S. Solicitor General, "U.S. Senator, chairman of the "Democratic National Committee, and "Attorney General of the United States.
Born in "Woonsocket, Rhode Island. McGrath was the son of James J. McGrath and the former Ida E. May. He graduated from the "La Salle Academy in 1922, attended "Providence College, and went to the "Boston University Law School in 1929. McGrath married Estelle A. Cadorette on November 28, 1929. They "adopted a son.
From 1930 to 1934, he was the "city solicitor of "Central Falls, Rhode Island. During this time he was also interested in the "real estate, "insurance, and "banking industries. He served as "United States Attorney for the District of "Rhode Island from 1934 to 1940.
From 1941 until 1945, he was "Governor of Rhode Island, reorganizing the "juvenile court system while sponsoring a workers' compensation fund and a labor relations board, but he resigned in the middle of his third term to accept appointment as "Solicitor General of the United States (1945–1946). As Governor, McGrath presided over a limited-purpose state constitutional convention in 1944. McGrath was elected as a "Democrat to the "United States Senate from Rhode Island in 1946 to join a Congress (the "Eightieth, 1947 to 1949), where the opposition "Republican Party had just replaced Democratic majorities in both houses. (See "United States elections, 1946.)
He was briefly chairman of the "U.S. Senate Committee on the District of Columbia for the "81st Congress (to which the "1948 election had returned Democratic majorities). In the Senate, McGrath opposed reducing wartime economic controls and taxes, wishing to spend the latter instead on Social Security, national health insurance, and education.
He was chairman of the "Democratic National Committee from 1947 to 1949. In managing President "Harry Truman's successful 1948 election campaign, McGrath alienated white Southerners but won over crucial black constituencies by integrating the Democratic national headquarters staff.
Truman appointed Sen. McGrath "Attorney General of the United States on August 24, 1949. He resigned on April 3, 1952, after he had refused to cooperate in a corruption investigation initiated by his own department. Truman asked for and received McGrath's resignation.
Alternative accounts have contradictorily suggested that after a meeting of the "Joint Chiefs of Staff at Truman's "Little White House" in Key West, the "Secretary of the Navy, along with other members, had threatened to resign if they, too, were forced to comply with Special Assistant Attorney General "Newbold Morris's request for the personal records of all those members who might have received gifts under the scope of the corruption investigation. Under pressure to follow through with the Justice Department corruption investigation, along with the threats of resignation, McGrath agreed that Morris's request was asking too much and that the best thing to do at that point was to clean up the department from that point forward and leave the past alone. Truman had been backed into a corner and the only way out was to ask for McGrath's resignation. This account was corroborated by a letter from Truman to McGrath, which hung in the hallway of McGrath's summer home from the "Narragansett, Rhode Island into up from a time of his death in 1966.
McGrath entered the private practice of law in "Washington, D.C. and Providence. In 1960, he was an unsuccessful candidate to succeed the retiring U.S. Sen. "Theodore Francis Green (Democrat of Rhode Island), losing the Democratic primary (also contested by former Governor "Dennis J. Roberts) to "Claiborne Pell.
There is a bust of Senator McGrath outside the House chamber in the "Rhode Island State House.
"...convention convened at the Rhode Island College of Education auditorium in Providence, March 28, 1944 for the purpose of amending the State constitution to eliminate voting registration requirements by members of the armed forces, merchant marines or persons absent from the state performing services connecting with military operations. Delegate continent totaled 200 with Governor J. Howard McGrath serving as president & William A. Needham of Providence as Secretary. Proposal put before the voters at a special election held April 11, 1944. Amendment passed with 7,122 voting for & 119 against."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Howard McGrath.|
"William H. Vanderbilt
|"Governor of Rhode Island
"John O. Pastore
"Peter G. Gerry
|"U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Rhode Island
Served alongside: "Theodore F. Green
"Edward L. Leahy
"Charles H. Fahy
"Philip B. Perlman
"Tom C. Clark
|"U.S. Attorney General
Served under: "Harry S. Truman
"James P. McGranery