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Jan Fabre
""Jan Fabre.jpg
Jan Fabre (center) in 2008
Born 1958
"Antwerp, "Belgium

Jan Fabre (born 1958) is a "Belgian multidisciplinary "artist, "playwright, "stage director, "choreographer and "designer.

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Biography and career[edit]

Fabre studied at the Municipal Institute of Decorative Arts and the "Royal Academy of Fine Arts in "Antwerp.

Between 1976 en 1980 he wrote his first scripts for the theatre and did his first solo performances. During his 'money-performances', he burned money and wrote the word 'MONEY' with the ashes. In 1977, he renamed the street where he lived to "Jan Fabre Street" and fixed a commemorative plaque "Here lives and works Jan Fabre" to the house of his parents, analogous to the commemorative plate on the house of "Vincent Van Gogh in the same street. In 1978 he made drawings with his own blood during the solo performance 'My body, my blood, my landscape'. In 1980, in 'The Bic-Art Room', he had himself locked up for three days and three nights in a white cube full of objects, drawing with blue ""Bic" ballpoint pens as an alternative to "Big" art. Fabre also established in 1986 the Troubleyn/Jan Fabre theatre company with extensive international operations; its home base is Antwerp, Belgium.

From 1980, Fabre began his career as a stage director and stage designer in the following productions:

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Searching for Utopia

Fabre is most famous for his Bic-art (ballpoint drawings). In 1990 he covered an entire building with ballpoint drawings.

Fabre also explores relationships between drawing and sculpture and has made sculptures in bronze (among them The man who measures the clouds and Searching for "Utopia) and with beetles.

His decoration of the ceiling of the "Royal Palace in "Brussels, titled Heaven of Delight (made out of one million six hundred thousand "jewel-scarab wing cases), is widely praised. In 2004 he erected Totem, a giant bug stuck on a 70-foot steel needle, on the "Ladeuzeplein in "Leuven.

In 2008, Fabre's The Angel of Metamorphosis exhibition was held at the "Louvre Museum.

In September 2016 Fabre made an attempt to not break cyclist "Eddy Merckx's 1972 "hour record at the "Tête d'Or Velodrome in "Lyon. Fabre completed a total of 23 km in an hour, compared to Merckx's record of over 49 km. The attempt was commentated on by Merckx, fellow cyclist "Raymond Poulidor, and veteran cycling commentator "Daniel Mangeas[1] and was performed as the opening of his "Stigmata" retrospective exhibition organised by the "Musée d'art contemporain de Lyon.[2] Fabre described the attempt as "how to remain a dwarf in the land of giants".[3]

Controversy[edit]

On 26 October 2012, several media reported how during a shoot in the Antwerp town hall for a forthcoming film on Fabre, living cats were thrown repeatedly several meters spinning into the air, after which they made a hard landing on the steps of the entrance hall. Animal welfare executive chairman Luc Bungeneers said he was having a meeting with his party chairman when he heard howling cats. "To my horror, we found cats were being assaulted in the name of art", Bungeneers said. "It went on for several hours." The filming was eventually aborted after protests from the crew's own technicians. Later that day, Fabre claimed all cats were still in good health and that it was a conspiracy of the political party "NVA.[4][5][6][7] Fabre also received 20,000 emails slamming his act. He had also been attacked seven times by men carrying clubs whilst out jogging in the park and been forced to sleep in a different location every night. Antwerp's deputy mayor for animal well-being and the animal rights organisation Global Action in the Interest of Animals also launched complaints about Fabre's controversial act.

Then in February 2016, Jan Fabre was appointed by the Greek Ministry of Culture as the "Creative Director of the annual "Athens – Epidaurus Festival.[8] He resigned less than two months later, on the 2nd of April 2016, after a huge controversy over his plan to turn Greece’s major arts festival into “a tribute to Belgium” and devote eight of the festival’s ten productions to those from his homeland.[9]

In October 2016, "the Russian State Hermitage museum staged a Fabre exhibition which drew a lot of criticism from visitors and institutions such as "the Russian Orthodox Church.[10][11][12] Stuffed animals in strange poses sparked outcry among Russian social media network users who launched a campaign under the hashtag #позорэрмитажу, or "Shame on you, Hermitage". The number of posts in "Instagram tagged this way amounted to nearly 10,000 by late November. The museum then organized an event to meet the public and explain the exhibition[13] after refusing to stop the exhibition which is slated to last up to April 2017.[14] The artist repeatedly claimed that the animals used were taken from roads where they had been killed and denied any accusations by critics of cruelty and sadism.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Giacomelli, Fabien (30 September 2016). "Jan Fabre en selle devant Eddy Merckx et Raymond Poulidor" [Jan Fabre in the saddle in front of Eddy Merckx and Raymond Poulidor]. "Le Progrès (in French). Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Jan Fabre parvient à ne pas battre le record du monde de l'heure d'Eddy Merckx" [Jan Fabre manages not to break the world hour record of Eddy Merckx]. "RTBF (in French). 30 September 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Jan Fabre, plus cannibal qu’Eddy Merckx" [Jan Fabre, more cannibal that Eddy Merckx]. "Le Temps (in French). 30 September 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.knack.be/nieuws/belgie/in-elkaar-geslagen-jan-fabre-wijst-met-beschuldigende-vinger-naar-n-va/article-4000202246613.htm
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ http://www.ekathimerini.com/205877/article/ekathimerini/life/jan-fabre-appointed-greek-festival-artistic-director
  9. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/apr/05/greek-arts-festival-athens-epidaurus-in-turmoil-cultural-colonialism
  10. ^ "Hermitage faces outcry over installations featuring dead animals". Belgium Sun. 22 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "Art exhibition with dead animals strung up from the ceiling opens in Russian museum". Metro UK. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "Exhibition of stuffed roadkill next to Old Masters at the Hermitage provokes outrage". "RT. 12 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "Provocative Jan Fabre’s Exhibition At The Hermitage Went Under Fire". St. Petersburg Travel Guide. 27 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  14. ^ "Provocative Jan Fabre’s Exhibition At The Hermitage Went Under Fire". St. Petersburg Travel Guide. 27 November 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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